Sneezing during pregnancy is common, just like it is at other times. Usually, sneezing doesn’t cause any harm to you or your baby. However, recurrent or continuous sneezing may cause some women to leak urine. In such cases, you can consult a doctor to determine the underlying cause of recurrent sneezing. In most cases, simple home remedies can effectively alleviate sneezing and related discomfort.
Read on as we share the causes of sneezing during pregnancy, its effects on you and the baby, and effective tips to help you deal with sneezing.
What Causes Sneezing In Pregnancy?
Here are a few reasons why you could sneeze during pregnancy:
1. Low immunity: Pregnancy weakens your immunity and makes the body sensitive to allergies such as:
- Indoor allergies caused due to dust or pet dander (microscopic skin-shed of animals with fur and feather).
- Seasonal allergies caused due to pollen and hay. It is a common cause for asthma and pregnancy aggravates the condition if you already have. As the immunity is compromised, it makes way for the viruses to invade your body, leading to common cold and flu.
As the immunity is compromised, it makes way for the viruses to invade your body, leading to common cold and flu.
2. Pregnancy rhinitis: It is nasal congestion caused without respiratory tract infection or an allergic cause. The condition, usually, disappears two weeks after delivery. A study has found that the rate of nasal congestion is 27% during the 12th week and 42% in the 36th week, indicating that nasal congestion increases in the third trimester (1).
How Do You Feel While Sneezing?
Sneezing can give you a lot of relief from a blocked nose but during pregnancy, it could be painful too. Sneezing can lead to the tightening of the round ligament, which supports the uterus. The tightening can result in sharp, radiating pain in the lower belly. However, it is not harmful in any way. The round ligament looks like a band of connective tissues. It connects the groin to the front of the uterus thereby supporting the uterus (2).
Does Sneezing Affect The Pregnant Mother And Her Baby?
Sneezing, as mentioned earlier, is due to an inflammation of the nasal passage or throat that doesn’t pose any risk to the baby or the mother. However, asthma or the congestion of nasal passage can cause breathing difficulty in the mother, and compromise oxygen supply to the fetus. If you are feeling breathless due to sneezing for a long time, consult your doctor.
Urine Leakage Due To Sneezing During Pregnancy
Urinary incontinence or urine leakage while sneezing is common during pregnancy . The hormonal changes and the pressure exerted by the uterus on the bladder cause the urethra to relax involuntarily, which results in urine leakage while sneezing.
How To Deal With Sneezing?
Though harmless, sneezing is discomforting. You can get relief through some remedies at home. Here are a few tips to follow:
- Use a humidifier in the night to clear the nasal congestion.
- Steam inhalation or saline nasal spray also helps clear the congestion.
- Use a neti-pot with water or saline solution to get relief from the inflammation of the throat and the nasal passage.
- If you are allergic to dust or mold, then use an air purifier.
- Drink ginger juice with a spoon of honey added to it as ginger has medicinal properties to relieve cold.
- Eating cooked or raw garlic helps prevent infections.
- Add black pepper to salads and soups to get relief from throat inflammation.
- Hold your lower belly while sneezing. It can help avoid the pain and stretching in the round ligaments.
- If the urine leakage is frequent, wear a panty liner to prevent wetting.
- Eat healthy foods, including fruits rich in vitamin C, and take up mild exercises to boost your immunity.
Medical treatment is not required for sneezes but if they are unbearable and you want to get some quick relief, then you might try the below:
It is best to avoid all medications in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. That’s a critical time for the development of your baby’s vital organs. Choose single medications for the symptoms you’re dealing with. You should also avoid using medications while pregnant unless recommended by your doctor.
- Chlorpheniramine (Triaminic Allergy) and diphenhydramine (Benadryl) can be used for sneezing.
- Antihistamines like loratadine work well for allergies (3).
- You may also get a flu shot during pregnancy (4).
Though these medications are safe, we’d suggest you talk to your doctor before taking any medicines during pregnancy.
When Should You Consult A Doctor?
Sneezing is not associated with any complications during pregnancy. However, if you notice any of the following symptoms, then consult your doctor:
- Breathing difficulty
- Difficulty in eating and sleeping
- Chest pain or other respiratory discomforts
- Green or yellow-colored cough mucus
- Fever of 100 degrees or more
Pregnancy weakens your immune system, making sneezing and cold both at commonplace. While they are definitely irritating, they are not harmful and go away in a few days. While you wait for the problem to subside, you may use some home remedies to get the relief .
2. Shazia R. Chaudhry, Khalid Chaudhry; Anatomy, abdomen and pelvis, uterus round ligament; NCBI (2018)
3. Which over-the-counter cold medications are safe during pregnancy?; The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
4. Immunization for Pregnant Women: A Call to Action; American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
- Factors Of Bronchitis During Pregnancy
- Fever During Pregnancy
- Nosebleeds During Pregnancy
- Dry Cough During Pregnancy