How Does Stress Affect Breastfeeding And How To Cope With It

How Does Stress Affect Breastfeeding And How To Cope With It

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Taking care of a newborn can be stressful, and the adjustments you need to make in your life might add to your stress. Also, stress may not be the same for all mothers; some may handle it quite effectively, while others may struggle to cope with it.

Stress can affect you at any stage of life. However, if you are a breastfeeding mother, various physical, social, and emotional factors can make you more prone to stress and anxiety, ultimately affecting your milk supply and overall breastfeeding experience.

Read this post to understand the relationship between stress and breastfeeding and ways to manage stress.

How Does Stress Affect Breastfeeding?

Stress can affect both the production and ejection of breastmilk. Experimental studies in breastfeeding mothers have shown that acute physical and mental stress could impair milk ejection reflex by reducing oxytocin’s release during a feed. If this happens often, it can reduce milk production by preventing the complete emptying of the breast during each feed. Stress is also known to cause impaired lactogenesis (1).

What Causes Stress In Breastfeeding Mothers?

Knowing the stressors or triggers of stress can help you manage them better. Here are a few factors that might cause stress in breastfeeding mothers.

1. Discomfort of the body

Pain is an integral part of pregnancy. You may experience physical pain during and after the delivery. Once you start to breastfeed, sore nipples, breast engorgement, milk stasis, and mastitis could cause you pain and discomfort (2). Physical pain can cause stress and affect your breast milk supply.

2. Breastfeeding anxieties

As a new mother, you may have insecurities and doubts about breastfeeding. It could be the fear of not producing enough milk for your baby or whether the breast milk is good enough. You may also get tons of advice from family and friends, which could be overwhelming. All these could lead to anxiety and affect breastfeeding. As long as your baby latches on correctly and you follow a breastfeeding schedule, you need not worry.

3. Changing hormones

Pregnancy brings about dramatic changes in the body. In the first 24 hours after childbirth, hormone levels quickly drop to pre-pregnancy levels. This sudden dip in hormones may lead to depression (3).

4. Less sleep

Taking care of a newborn could be stressful and exhaustive. The late-night feeds and the constant diaper changes can interfere with your sleep cycle and deprive you of sleep. Lack of sleep increases cortisol production, which suppresses breast milk production (4) (5).

5. Baby’s temperament

All babies are different. Some may eat, sleep, and repeat, while others may throw tantrums. If your baby cries excessively and gets very little sleep, it could cause you stress and affect your breast milk production. Remember, this newborn phase may not last long, and your baby might sleep better and cry less as they grow. When things get hard, seek support from your partner, friends, or family.

6. Relationship troubles

Dealing with relationship troubles can be stressful. If your partner is not on board with your breastfeeding schedules or cannot adjust to the changes in the household, it can add to your stress. Also, events such as separation and divorce can add stress to the new mother.

7. Financial woes

The arrival of a baby can impact your financial status and cause you stress. If you are a single mother or have an unpaid maternity leave, you might be worried about the costs associated with the baby. Planning your finances before the baby’s arrival and talking to your partner about your financial troubles can help reduce stress.

8. Breastfeeding problems

Some mothers may face problems associated with latching, syncing with the feeding schedules, sore nipples, etc. Such issues can cause stress in the mother, affecting breast milk production and making the breastfeeding process complicated for the baby.

Besides, low self-confidence to breastfeed in public, fears of not being a perfect mom, or succumbing to unreasonable social standards can also cause stress in the mother and affect the breast milk supply.

Tips To Deal With Stress When Breastfeeding

The arrival of a baby is a joyous occasion in your life. However, it also comes with several challenges that might trigger stress. The best possible way to deal with stress is to either address the triggers or change how you react to them. Here are some tips to help you cope with stress and enjoy breastfeeding.

  1. Whenever you feel overwhelmed while taking care of the baby, take a break and let your partner or family members take care of the baby for a while. Take out this time to have some meaningful ‘me-time.’
  1. Take slow deep breaths as this might help you calm down. You can also try simple meditation techniques.
  1. Talk to a trusted friend or family member. Sharing your fears and anxieties might help you see things from a fresh perspective and give you new strength and hope to deal with the situation.
  1. Take out some time to exercise. Physical activity helps relieve stress and releases endorphins, giving you a feel-good feeling (6).
  1. Listen to music. You can also try singing or humming to calm down and relax.
  1. Some mothers find shopping stress relieving. If you are one among them, go shop for yourself or your baby.
  1. Seek professional advice. You can also discuss your fears and doubts regarding breastfeeding with your pediatrician or a lactation specialist.
  1. Practice self-care to keep yourself healthy. Eat a nutritious diet, go to a spa, or spend time with your friends. The key here is to do things that can make you happy and relaxed.
  1. Ditch electronic devices. Whether it is during the late-night feeds or when you are fighting sleep, you will have an urge to check your phone. Avoid doing this, as excess use of electronic devices can only enhance stress.
  1. Identify the triggers and try to find a workaround. Talk to your partner and tell them what is triggering your anxiety and stress. This may help you and your partner work out ways to reduce your stress.

Motherhood is a wonderful feeling, and the ability to nourish a newborn is something you should be proud of. Feeling stressed and overwhelmed post-delivery is common, so do not overthink and worry. Instead, think of the beautiful things motherhood has brought into your life. Hang in there and try some of the tips mentioned above to reduce stress.

References:

MomJunction's health articles are written after analyzing various scientific reports and assertions from expert authors and institutions. Our references (citations) consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
1. Kathryn G. Dewey; Maternal and Fetal Stress Are Associated with Impaired Lactogenesis in Humans; The Journal of Nutrition (2001).
2. Michael Abou-Dakn, Ute Schäfer-Graf, and Achim Wöckel; Psychological stress and breast diseases during lactation; Breastfeeding Review (2009).
3. Postpartum depression; ASH- Office on Women’s Health
4. Better Sleep for Breastfeeding Mothers, Safer Sleep for Babies; National Institute for Children’s Health Quality
5. What can reduce breast milk supply?; UT Southwestern Medical Center
6. Jackson, Erica; STRESS RELIEF-The Role of Exercise in Stress Management; ACSM’s Health and Fitness Journal (2013).