Pregnancy Test With Sugar: How It Works, Result And Accuracy

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    Couples trying to conceive might often want to know if they are pregnant even before missing their period. Some couples may try DIY pregnancy test ideas, such as a pregnancy test with sugar, to have some preliminary findings. The sugar pregnancy test is popular due to the easy availability of its materials. But is the test accurate?

    Read this post to know more about the steps, accuracy, and other attributes of a sugar pregnancy test.

    What Is A Sugar Pregnancy Test?

    It is a DIY method for pregnancy confirmation using sugar and urine. It is thought to determine the presence of the pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).

    How Is The Homemade Sugar Pregnancy Test Done?

    To take the test, you need pure white sugar crystals, a sample of the day’s first urine, and a sterilized cup (preferably a transparent one to read the reaction).

    • Take a few spoons of simple sugar crystals in an empty cup.
    • Collect your urine sample in a separate cup.
    • Pour the urine into the cup containing the sugar and wait to see the result.
    • If you notice sugar clumping in the mixture, then it is said to be positive.

    How Is The Sugar Pregnancy Test Said To Work?

    There are no scientific studies that explain how sugar reacts to the hCG hormone in the urine to give off a reaction. Some proponents state that hCG makes it difficult for sugar to dissolve and forms clumps instead. However, there is no medical backing to this claim.

    How Accurate Is Home Pregnancy Test With Sugar?

    Homemade pregnancy tests may not be 100% perfect, and the same is the case with the sugar test for pregnancy. It neither has any evidence from any medical organization nor does any medical expert talk about its accuracy. If you still want to try this test, you should back it up with a pregnancy kit that can be used one to two weeks after you have missed your periods (1).

    When Should You Take The Sugar Pregnancy Test?

    Image: Shutterstock

    If you like to give it a try, then do it a week after you miss your period. It usually takes around two weeks for the hCG level to increase in the urine after implantation (2). You should take the test in the morning with the first urine sample of the day when the hCG content is high (1).

    How To Read Sugar Pregnancy Test Results?

    It is believed that leaving the solution untouched for some time could give the results.

    • A positive test result shows sugar chunks. They claim that hCG reacts with sugar crystals to give the reaction.
    • A negative result is when there is no such reaction, and sugar gets dissolved in urine.

    If you feel you might be pregnant, then over-the-counter pregnancy test kits are the only options that may work in determining your pregnancy.

    How To Test For Pregnancy?

    Pregnancy could be detected by the following test methods:

    • Home pregnancy test kits detect the presence of the hCG hormone in the urine (3). They are affordable, reliable, and provide results in a few minutes. Sometimes, they might result in false-positive or false-negative test results. To get an accurate reading, you may consider taking the urine pregnancy test at least one week after the missed period. Also, taking first-morning urine has the highest levels of pregnancy hormones.
    Quick fact
    Around 10 to 20 women out of 100 cannot detect their pregnancy on the first day of their missed period because they may have irregular periods or miscalculate when their periods are due (1).
    • Clinical pregnancy tests include a blood test and urine test, or either of them to detect the pregnancy. The urine testing method works similar to the home pregnancy test, but the sample is sent to the laboratory for testing. Blood tests are again of two kinds – Qualitative (check the presence of pregnancy hormone) and quantitative (detect the amount of hCG hormone) (4).

    Image: Shutterstock

    When To See A Doctor?

    If you have missed your period or had unprotected sex, then you may check for early pregnancy symptoms by consulting a doctor. The symptoms may include missing your period, morning sickness, constipation, bloating, abdominal cramps, fatigue, and breast tenderness (5).

    Point to consider
    Some women may even experience spotting or light bleeding as a sign of pregnancy. This is called implantation bleeding, which happens when the embryo attaches to the uterine wall (5).

    A pregnancy test with sugar could be an inexpensive way to determine pregnancy. But its inefficiency is incomparable to store-bought pregnancy kits.

    Infographic: Important Points To Know About The Pregnancy Test With Sugar

    When you cannot wait to test for pregnancy at a healthcare facility, you may be curious to explore homemade tests to know whether you are pregnant. Skim through this infographic for a quick look at what to know before performing a DIY pregnancy test with sugar.

    testing for pregnancy with sugar [infographic]
    Illustration: MomJunction Design Team

    Key Pointers

    • You may use a urine home pregnancy test or clinical blood or urine tests to confirm pregnancy.
    • A sugar pregnancy test is considered positive if the sugar clumps while pouring the urine.
    • There is no scientific evidence or approvals from medical organizations defining the accuracy of sugar pregnancy tests.

    References:

    MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
    1. Pregnancy; U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2017)
    2. hCG levels; Healthdirect
    3. Signs of Pregnancy/The Pregnancy Test; The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
    4. Signs of Pregnancy; Beaumont Health
    5. Pregnancy: Signs, Symptoms and Health; Regis College

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