150+ Famous Yet Unique Last Names That Start with X

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Last names that start with ‘X’ are rare but not impossible to find. These surnames trace their origins to different languages, cultures, and historical contexts. From habitational and locational to occupational and patronymic, these surnames beginning with ‘X’ have various origins that give them shape. Thus, they help us delve deep into the name’s connection to family, business, religion, culture, heritage, and identity. While most of these surnames are derived from ancient traditions, some modern surnames also begin with ‘X’.

Read through this article to discover common and unique last names with the letter X and explore their meanings and roots.

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150+ Last Names That Start With X

The letter ‘X’ may seem like a difficult letter to begin a last name or a surname. However, there are several last names starting with ‘X’, with various connotations and versions. From famous and common ones to unique options, our list covers all.

Famous Last Names That Start With X

Explore the legacy and impact of some famous last names that start with X. Dive in to know their meanings and associations with historical and contemporary figures.

1. Xander

Xander is a German surname transferred from the given name Alexander, which means ‘defending men’ in Greek.

2. Xanders

The surname Xanders is a variant of Xander in German with similar etymology.

3. Xanthos

Xanthos is a given name as well as a surname, originating from the ancient Greek word ‘xanthos’, meaning ‘yellow’ or ‘blonde’.

4. Xanthus

Xanthus is a Latinized form of the Greek name and surname Xanthos, meaning ‘yellow’ or ‘blonde’. It can also refer to the Greek god Xanthos, meaning ‘river god’.

5. Xavier

Originating as a habitational surname, Xavier is derived from a Portuguese, French, and English given name. It is inspired from the place name Etxaberri in Basque which means ‘the new house’. The most notable bearer of this surname is St. Francis Xavier, who is referred to as one of the greatest Roman Catholic missionaries among Christians (1).

6. Xenocrates

Originating from the Ancient Greek ‘Xenokrates’, Xenocrates means ‘foreign guests’ and ‘power’. The most well-known historical figure with this name is Xenocrates of Chalcedon, a Greek philosopher, mathematician, and disciple of Plato during the 4th century.

7. Xenophanes

Stemming from Ancient Greek, Xenophanes is derived from ‘xenos’, meaning ‘foreigner’ or ‘guest,’ and ‘phanes,’ meaning ‘appearing’.

8. Xenopoulos

With Ancient Greek roots, the surname Xenopoulos is derived from ‘xenos’, meaning ‘foreigner’, with ‘Poulos’, meaning ‘offspring’. Thus, the surname may suggest ‘someone who is considered the child of a foreigner’. A novelist, journalist, and playwright, Gregorios Xenopoulos was the most significant bearer of this surname.

9. Xerxes

Xerxes is a Greek name and surname, originating from the Persian language. It means ‘ruler over heroes’. It was the name of the 4th Century Persian King, Xerxes I.

10. Xhaxha

Xhaxha is most likely an Albanian surname, originating from the term ‘xhaxha’ which means ‘paternal uncle’ in Albanian.

11. Xhumba

Originating from Albania or other Albanian-speaking regions, Xhumba is a popular surname with uncertain meaning. Albanian footballer Arjan Xhumba, who played for the Albanian National Football Team, is a notable bearer of this surname.

12. Xianyu

With roots in Chinese, Xianyu is a prevalent Chinese surname. It may refer to the descendants of the Beidi tribe, which originated during the Zhou dynasty. Chinese engineer and missile expert, Li Xianyu, is one of the prominent figures in the contemporary world bearing this surname.

13. Xiaoping

A Chinese surname, Xiaoping is derived from ‘xiao’, meaning ‘small’ or ‘little’, and ‘ping’, meaning ‘peace’ or ‘level’. Chinese revolutionary Deng Xiaoping, who was also referred to as the ‘Architect of Modern China’ is a well-known figure with the surname.

14. Xinran

Derived from Chinese, Xinran stems from the characters ‘xin’, meaning ‘like’ or ‘admire’, and ‘ran’, meaning ‘pledge’ or ‘promise’. British-Chinese journalist, author, speaker, and advocate Xuē Xīnrán is a prominent figure with this surname.

15. Xenakis

Xenakis is a surname of Greek origin and is used more often in Cyprus. It comes from Greek ‘xenos’, which means ‘foreigner’ or ‘stranger’, with the suffix -akis, meaning ‘little’. Thomas Xenakis, who represented Greece in the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens, was a renowned bearer of this surname.

16. Xiahou

The surname Xiahou is of Chinese origin. It’s a rare compound surname from the Spring and Autumn period, also known as the Chunqiu era in Chinese history. A renowned Chinese politician of the early Han dynasty, Xiahou Ying, who is also referred to as the Duke of Teng, is a noteworthy bearer of this family name as per historical records.

17. Xiques

Xiques or Xiqués is a Catalan Spanish surname or a nickname, derived from the word ‘chique’ or ‘xic’, meaning ‘small young’ or ‘boy’. Leovigildo Xiqués was an outfielder in the Negro leagues (US team of African American baseball players) in the 1940s.

18. Ximenes

Ximenes is a patronymic surname of Portuguese, Galician, or Old Spanish origin. It is a variant of the surname Jiménez, meaning ‘son of Jimeno’. Here the given name Jimeno could be a form of the Biblical name ‘Simon’, meaning ‘hearing’ or ‘listening.’ A Spanish Dominican of the sixteenth century, Didacus Ximenes, is a notable historical figure with this surname. He was a theologian, astronomer, and philosopher.

19. Ximénez

A surname of Spanish origin, Ximénez or Ximenez is the variant of the surname Jiménez, meaning ‘son of Jimeno’. Juan Ximénez Cerdán who was the Justicia Mayor of the Kingdom of Aragon from 1390–1423, is a prominent historical personality with this surname.

20. Xolani

Xolani is a masculine South African name of Zulu origin, meaning ‘peace’ or ‘calm’. Although Xolani is a given name, it can be used as a surname, especially among Xhosa natives.

21. Xuereb

A Maltese surname, Xuereb possibly means ‘noble’ in Semitic languages, or it is derived from the Arabic word ‘šārib’, which means ‘drinker’ or ‘mustache’. Paul Xuereb was a Maltese politician and the acting president of Malta from 1987 to 1989.

protip_icon Did you know?
The earliest mention of the surname Xuereb, as early as 1517, is in the book ‘The Genealogy and Heraldry of the Noble Families of Malta’ by Charles A. Gauci. It was the surname of Tommeo Xuereb, who was mentioned in the book as ‘noble’.

22. Xaver

Xaver is a surname of German origin, derived from the given name ‘Xaver’ or ‘Xavier’. It comes from the Basque place name ‘Etxeberria,’ meaning ‘the new house’. It can also mean ‘brilliant’ or ‘leader’.

23. Xydias

Xydias is a French surname of Quebec origin. However, it is a common surname in Greece, where it is believed to have originated from the Greek word ‘xýdi’, meaning ‘walnut tree’. The American film producer Anthony J. Xydias, who founded the film production company Sunset Pictures, is known for his contributions to the American film industry.

24. Xylander

Xylander is a German surname of Greek origin, meaning ‘wood’ or ‘timber man’. It can be taken as an occupational surname indicating a woodworker or carpenter. German classical scholar and humanist Wilhelm Xylander is a significant historical figure with this surname.

Short Surnames Starting With X

Many traditional Chinese surnames or last names that start with ‘X’ are short and one-syllable. However, some other cultures and languages have short surnames as well. From common to unique, scroll through our list to learn about some short surnames that start with ‘X’.

25. Xa

Derived from Chinese roots, Xa is a popular surname in the Chinese community of Vietnam. It has several meanings, including ‘vehicle’, ‘machine’, ‘to shape with a lathe’, or ‘rook’.

26. Xabi

The surname Xabi is the diminutive of the Basque given name and surname ‘Xabier’ or ‘Xavier’, meaning ‘new house’ or ‘castle’.

27. Xac

Xac is an unusual surname of Chinese origin, which can be found among Chinese communities living in the USA. It is the variant of the Chinese surname Qi, meaning ‘battle-ax’, ‘grief’, or ‘sorrow’.

28. Xal

Xal is a rare Iranian surname with uncertain meaning.

29. Xầm

Xầm is a Vietnamese surname that comes from the Sino-Vietnamese ‘chén’, meaning ‘faithful’.

30. Xan

The surname Xan possibly comes from the word ‘xan’ (Shan), which means ‘palm’ in many Mayan languages. It may also be derived from Alexander.

31. Xara

Xara could have multiple origins. It could be a Portuguese surname of uncertain meaning, or it could be a variant of the Arabic surname ‘Zahra’, meaning ‘blooming flower’ or ‘shining’. It could also mean ‘princess’.

Last names that start with X, Xara

Image: Momjunction Design Team

32. Xavi

Xavi is often a given name, or a diminutive of the surname or the given name Xavier. Here, Xavier comes from the Basque place name ‘Etxeberria,’ meaning ‘the new house’.

33. Xen

Although a gender-neutral name, Xen can also be used as a last name. It could possibly be derived from the word ‘zen,’ meaning ‘a meditative state’ in Japanese, Sanskrit, and Chinese. It can also mean ‘stranger’ or ‘foreigner’.

34. Xenos

A surname and given name, Xenos is of Greek origin. It’s derived from the Greek word ‘xenos’, meaning ‘stranger’ or ‘foreigner’.

35. Xerri

Xerri is a surname of Maltese origin, derived from the Maltese nickname or surname ‘Scerri,’ meaning ‘dispute’. The surname may also be derived from the Sicilian word ‘sciarra’, which means ‘fight/brawl’.

36. Xhafa

Xhafa is a surname of Albanian origin and is relatively common in Albania and among Albanian communities. It is derived from the given name Xhafer, which comes from the Arabic name ‘Jafar’, meaning ‘stream’.

37. Xhaja

The surname Xhaja is derived from the Albanian language. Abdyl Xhaja, who was the former minister for energy and mineral resources for Albania, is a notable bearer of this surname.

38. Xhaka

With Albanian roots, Xhaka is an occupational name with uncertain meaning. The captain of the Switzerland national team for football, Granit Xhaka is a famous personality with this surname.

39. Xhuli

Xhuli is likely of Albanian origin with unknown meaning.

40. Xi

Xi is a Chinese locational surname. It is derived from the ancient Chinese city Xi of the Zhou dynasty. The current president of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping, is the most prominent figure with this surname.

41. Xia

Xia is a Mandarin pinyin romanization of the Chinese locational surname. It is one of the most common surnames in China, derived from the Xia dynasty, which is recognized as the first dynasty in Chinese history. Empress Dowager Xia of the 6th century is a significant historical figure with the surname.

42. Xian

Xian is a Chinese Cantonese surname as well as a given name. It might be a locational surname or derived from one.

43. Xiang

Xiang is a Chinese locational surname. It also means ‘fragrant’ or ‘auspicious’.

44. Xiao

Xiao is a common Chinese surname. It stems from the Chinese character ‘xiao’ which has multiple meanings, including ‘smile,’ ‘obedience,’ ‘small,’ or ‘mournful.’ Xiao Yan or the Emperor Wu of Liang, the founding emperor of the Chinese Liang dynasty, is the most prominent historical figure with this surname.

45. Xico

The last name Xico is of Italian origin. It comes from the Greek personal name Lykos, meaning ‘wolf’.

46. Xie

Xie is a Chinese surname, derived from the State of Xie, now known as Hubei province. It stems from the Chinese character ‘xie’, which means ‘to thank’.

47. Ximen

The surname Ximen is of ancient Chinese origin. It is a Chinese compound surname, which means ‘west gate’. It’s derived from a noble family in Zheng or Qi state who lived near the west gate. Ximen Bao, a government minister and court advisor to Marquis Wen of Wei of ancient China in the 4th century, is a noteworthy historical figure with the surname.

48. Xin

Xin is the romanization of several Chinese surnames including Xīn 辛, Xīn 新, and Xìn 信. This surname is derived from the state of Xin that existed during the Xia dynasty.

49. Xinos

The surname Xinos can be taken as a variant of the Greek surname Xenos. It is derived from the Greek word ‘xenos’, meaning ‘stranger’ or ‘foreigner’.

50. Xing

Xing is a locational surname, derived from the place called Xing in the Zhou dynasty. The royal family lineage there started using Xing as their surname.

51. Xiong

The surname Xiong comes from the character ‘xióng’ meaning ‘bear’ or ‘hero’. A Chinese essayist and philosopher, Xiong Shili, was a prominent figure in Chinese history.

52. Xisto

Xisto is a rare surname of Portuguese origin. It is derived from the Portuguese word ‘xisto’, which means ‘schist’ or ‘shale’, a sedimentary rock.

53. Xiu

Xiu is a Chinese given name that may also be used as a surname. It is derived from the Chinese element ‘xiù’, meaning ‘luxuriant’, ‘beautiful’, or ‘elegant’.

54. Xoco

Xoco is primarily a personal feminine name of African origin, but it may also be used as a surname. It comes from the Nahuatl language, meaning ‘youngest child’ (2).

55. Xoe

The surname Xoe comes from Arabic roots of uncertain meaning.

56. Xoosh

Xoosh is a Somali surname derived from the given name Xoosh, meaning ‘work’.

57. Xu

The surname Xu is one of the most prevalent surnames in China. Depending on different Chinese ethnicities, the name has several variations. Primarily, this surname is derived from the ancient state of Xu of the 6th century BC, meaning ‘slowly’, or ‘dignified’. The name also has several other meanings depending on the Chinese character.

protip_icon Trivia
The eminent Confucian scholar from the 2nd century Xu Shen, who was the author of the first comprehensive dictionary of Chinese characters, is one of the most prominent figures in Chinese history with the surname Xu (3).

58. Xuan

Originating from Chinese roots, Xuan is both a surname and a given name. Depending on the different Chinese character combinations, Xuan has multiple meanings, including ‘beautiful jade’, ‘mysterious’, ‘day lily’, and more.

59. Xuc

Xuc is a rare American surname, primarily seen among Indigenous Americans of Central America. It might have originated from a Salvadoran music instrument called Juco or Juque.

60. Xue

Xue is a surname of Chinese origin that can have various meanings depending on the characters used. However, it might suggest ‘wormwood-like grass’. It is also a locational surname, derived from a place called Xue in the Xia dynasty. A Chinese scholar-official, Xue Juzheng was the lead author of the monumental history book Old History of the Five Dynasties.

61. Xui

The last name Xui is believed to be common among Chinese communities living in Singapore. It is the transliteration of the Chinese surname Xu.

62. Xun

Xun is a Chinese surname originating from ancient China. It comes from the Chinese character ‘xun’ meaning ‘plant’, or ‘ancient state.’ A Chinese philosopher of Confucianism, Xun Kuang or Xunzi, is a notable bearer of this surname.

63. Xung

The last name Xung is commonly found among the Vietnamese of Chinese origin.

64. Xuong

Having Vietnamese roots, Xuong is a Sino-Vietnamese surname, stemming from the word ‘xương’, meaning ‘flourish’, ‘prosper’, or ‘sunlight.’

Last names that start with X, Xuong

Image: Momjunction Design Team

65. Xuxa

Xuxa is a Brazilian surname with no specific meaning or origin. It is the surname of the popular Brazilian entertainer Maria da Graça Xuxa Meneghel, or Xuxa. It’s not a traditional surname.

66. Xydas

Xydas is a Greek surname with no specific meaning. Greek professional footballer Georgios Xydas is a significant bearer of this surname.

67. Xylas

Xylas is a Greek surname derived from the Greek word ‘xylon’, meaning ‘wood’ or ‘forest’.

68. Xyooj

Xyooj is a Hmong surname, commonly found among Hmong natives. It is possibly a variant of the Chinese surname ‘Xiong’ meaning ‘bear’.

Common Surnames Starting With X

While not as many as other alphabets, the letter ‘X’ has several meaningful surnames that can be commonly found. Dive into the list below to discover some common last names beginning with ‘X’.

69. Xaime

Xaime is a rare last name and a masculine given name of Galician origin. It comes from the Latin given name Iacomus, a cognate of James, which means ‘may God protect’ in Hebrew.

70. Xanthopoulos

The Greek surname Xanthopoulos means ‘son of Xanthos’, where the name Xanthos means ‘yellow’ in Greek. Callistus II Xanthopoulos, who was a Byzantine Hesychast monk and spiritual writer in the 14th century, is a noteworthy figure with the surname.

71. Xəlilov or Xalilov

The surname Xəlilov or Xalilov is an Azerbaijani patronymic surname, meaning ‘son of Xəlil’. Here, the name Xəlil means ‘friend’ in Arabic, derived from the name Khalil.

72. Xəlilzadə or Xalilzada

Xəlilzadə is an Azerbaijani surname, and a form of the surname Khalilzadeh, meaning ‘offspring of Khalil’ in Persian.

73. Xanadu

Derived from a place named Shangdu in ancient China, the surname Xanadu can be considered a locational surname, referring to someone from Shangdu. Here, the name Shangdu means ‘Upper City’.

74. Xanthopoulou

The surname Xanthopoulou is a feminine transcription of the Greek surname Xanthopoulos, meaning ‘son of Xanthos’. The name Xanthos means ‘yellow’ in Greek.

75. Xantus

The surname Xantus or Xántus is of Hungarian origin. It might possibly be derived from the word ‘xanthos’.

76. Xaphakdy

Xaphakdy is one of the most common Laos surnames with no known meaning.

77. Xavery

Xavery is a Dutch surname with an uncertain meaning. The Flemish sculptor Jan Baptist Xavery, who is regarded as the leading sculptor active in the Dutch Republic in the early 18th century, is the most notable person in history with this surname.

78. Xaysa

Xaysa is a Laotian surname used among northeastern Thailand communities. It is derived from the Lao ‘xay’ meaning ‘victory’.

79. Xaysana

The surname Xaysana comes from the Laotian roots of northeastern Thailand. It means ‘victory’.

80. Xexilia

Possibly, Xexilia could be a unique spelling variant of the name Cecelia, which comes from the Roman family name Caecilius. It is derived from the Latin word ‘caecus’, meaning ‘blind’.

81. Xhaferaj

The surname Xhaferaj is a patronymic Albanian surname, meaning ‘descendant of Xhafer’. Here the name Xhafer eventually comes from the Arabic name ‘Jafar’, meaning ‘stream’.

82. Xhaferi

The surname Xhaferi is of Albanian origin, derived from the given name Xhafer.

83. Xhakli

The surname Xhakli comes from Albania with no known meaning.

84. Xhanari

Originating from the Albanian language, Xhanari is a surname without any known meaning.

85. Xhelilaj

Xhelilaj is an Albanian surname of uncertain meaning. The notable bearers of this surname include Kreshnik Xhelilaj, or Nik Xhelilaj, an Albanian actor.

86. Xhepa

The surname Xhepa is common among Albanian and neighboring countries. An Albanian actress, Margarita Xhepa, who is regarded as one of the great ladies of Albanian cinema and theater, is a notable bearer of this surname.

87. Xiangsi

Xiangsi is a Chinese last name, derived from the Chinese word ‘xiang’ meaning ‘fragrant’ or ‘sweet-smelling’, with the suffix ‘si’ meaning ‘to think’.

88. Xiaobo

Derived from Chinese roots, Xiabo is a traditional Chinese last name with multiple meanings depending on the characters used. Most commonly, it is derived from the elements ‘xiǎo’ meaning ‘small’, with ‘bō’ meaning ‘wave’.

89. Xiberius

The surname Xiberius does not have any specific origin or meaning.

90. Xicohtencatl

Xicohtencatl is a Nahuatl (Aztec) surname from Tlaxcala, now Mexico. Lorenzo Xicohtencatl, also known as Xicotencatl I or Xicotencatl the Elder, from the 16th century is a notable bearer of this surname in history.

91. Xinavaneh

Possibly derived as a variant of the surname Zinovenko, Xinavaneh may have Ukrainian roots.

92. Xingjian

Derived from a place named Xinjiang in the People’s Republic of China, Xingjian can be considered a locational last name as well as a given name. The meaning of this surname is ‘new frontier’.

93. Xiaopan

Xiaopan is a beautiful Chinese last name, derived from the Chinese characters ‘xiǎo’ meaning ‘dawn’ or ‘daybreak’,’ and ‘pàn’ meaning ‘look’ or ‘gaze’.

94. Xiphias

Originating from Greece, the surname Xiphias is transferred from a given name, meaning ‘swordfish’.

Last names that start with X, Xiphias

Image: Momjunction Design Team

95. Xiriha

The surname Xiriha is of Maltese origin; however, its meaning is unknown.

96. Xirivella

Derived from the name of a place in the Valencian Community of Spain, Xirivella is a Catalan family name. It originates from the Latin word ‘Silvella’, meaning ‘little forest’.

97. Xitlalli

Xitlalli is a feminine given name of Aztec origin which can be used as a surname or a last name. It is derived from the name Citlalli, which means ‘star’ in Nahuatl or Aztec language.

98. Xiuhcoatl

Originating from the Aztec (Nahuatl) word, Xiuhcoatl means ‘turquoise serpent’. It is derived from the Aztec mythological serpent, who is the Aztec fire deity.

99. Xolotl

Xolotl is also an Aztec-originated surname, derived from the name of the god of fire and lightning as per Aztec mythology.

100. Xompero

The surname Xompero probably originated from the Cimbrian language, which is a Germanic language.

101. Xydakis

Xydakis is a Greek surname of unknown meaning. A notable bearer of this surname is Greek composer, pianist, and singer, Nikos Xydakis.

Unique Surnames Starting With X

There are several last names with ‘X’ across the globe which are not as common and popular as Xavier and Xin. So, go through our list of some unique surnames starting with ‘X’.

102. Xahuentitla

Xahuentitla is a rare Aztec surname, which means ‘between the pools or springs’ (4).

103. Xaiyavong

Xaiyavong is a rare Laotian surname, with Nairobi Laos Kadoumphet Xaiyavong, who represented Laos in Miss World 2018, as a significant bearer of this surname.

104. Xaltenco

Originating from the Aztec or Nahuatl language, this unique surname means ‘at the edge of the sand’ (4).

105. Xamos

Xamos is a unique surname of Greek origin, which is possibly derived from the Greek word ‘xenos,’ meaning ‘stranger’.

106. Xanis

Xanis is an uncommon surname of Greek origin, probably derived from the Greek word ‘xana’ meaning ‘dry earth’. It may also be considered a habitational surname for ‘someone from Xanthi city in Greece’.

107. Xanthou

Originating from Greece, Xanthou is a surname that might be derived from the Greek word ‘xanthos’, meaning ‘yellow’ or ‘blonde.’ Niki Xanthou, a Greek long jumper who represented Greece in several national and international championships, is a significant figure with this surname.

108. Xanthoudakis

Xanthoudakis is a Greek surname, which probably originated from the Greek ‘xanthos’, meaning ‘yellow’ with the suffix -akis, meaning ‘little’. Greek composer Haris Xanthoudakis is a notable bearer of this surname.

109. Xavian

A variant of the surname and given name Xavier, the surname Xavian is a modern and rare African American surname as well as a personal name.

110. Xavierson

Derived from the surname Xavier, meaning ‘son of Xavier’, Xavierson is a rare patronymic surname of English origin.

111. Xavion

A variant of the surname Xavian, the name and the surname Xavion ultimately come from the popular name and surname Xavier.

112. Xayachack

The surname Xayachack is of Lao origin from northeastern Thailand. It is derived from the Lao elements ‘xay’, meaning ‘victory’, and ‘chak’, meaning ‘wheel’ or ‘circle’.

113. Xayalath

Xayalath is also a Laotian surname and an alternate transcription of the surname Sayalath. It is derived from the Lao elements ‘say’ meaning ‘victory’, and ‘lath’ meaning ‘pave’.

114. Xayalith

Xayalith is a common variant of the Laotian surname Xayalath. A New Zealand musician of Laotian origin, Alisa Xayalith, is a significant bearer of this surname.

115. Xayaseng

The surname Xayaseng is of Laotian origin, used by Thai people. It is derived from ‘xay’ meaning ‘victory’, and ‘seng’ meaning ‘light’.

Last names that start with X, Xayaseng

Image: Momjunction Design Team

116. Xaysongkham

Xaysongkham is a surname of Laotian origin without any known meaning.

117. Xayavong

The surname Xayavong is an alternate transcription of the surname Sayavong in Lao. It is derived from the Lao ‘xay/say’ meaning ‘victory’, and ‘vong’ meaning ‘family/lineage’.

118. Xayyavong

Xayyavong is another Laotian surname and a variant of the surname Xayavong.

119. Xeller

A variant of the common Germanic surname ‘Zeller’, Xeller is a surname that represents someone from the town named Celle in Germany.

120. Xenidis

Derived from the Greek surname Xenis or Xenos, Xenidis comes from ‘xenos’ meaning ‘foreigner’ in Greek.

121. Xenodochius

Xenodochius is a rare Greek surname, which means ‘hospitable’. It is derived from Greek elements, ‘xeno’ meaning ‘stranger’, with ‘dōchos’ meaning ‘reception’.

122. Xenophon

Derived from the titular name of ancient Greek, Xenophon can be used as a given name as well as a surname. The name means ‘stranger’s voice’. Australian politician and lawyer Nick Xenophon is a significant personality in the contemporary world with the surname.

123. Xenophontos

Xenophontos is a prevalent surname in Cyprus with no known meaning.

124. Xenopol

Derived from Greek and Jewish origins, Xenopol is a Romanian surname. Romanian historian Alexandru Dimitrie Xenopol, who wrote the first major synthesis of the history of the Romanian people, was the most notable bearer of this surname.

125. Xhaçka

Originating from Albanian roots, Xhaçka is a variant of the surname Xhaka, an occupational name with uncertain meaning.

126. Xhemaili

The surname Xhemaili is of Albanian origin and a variant of the surname Xhemajli.

127. Xhemajli

Xhemajli is an Albanian surname with no known meaning.

128. Xherahu

Xherahu is a rare surname of Albanian origin with uncertain meaning.

129. Xhilaga

Xhilaga is a rare Albanian surname with no definite meaning.

130. Xhixha

Xhixha is another uncommon surname of Albanian origin. Contemporary artist Helidon Xhixha, who is popular for his steel sculptures, is a known bearer of this surname.

131. Xicale

Xicale is a Nahuatl Surname that comes from the Aztec word ‘xicalli’, which means ‘pitcher’ or ‘gourd’ (4).

132. Xicotenga

Xixotenga is a rare Spanish surname of uncertain meaning found among Mexicans.

133. Xiphias

Xiphia is a Greek surname that means ‘swordfish’.

134. Xique Xochitecatl

Originating from Mexico, Xique Xochitecatl is a Nahuatl Surname from Cholula. It is a habitational surname, meaning ‘someone from Xochitlán city’ (4).

135. Xirich

The surname Xirich possibly comes from the Croatian and Serbian name Mirić, meaning ‘peace’. Alternatively, it could also be derived from the German Meirich or Mairich, meaning ‘powerful kinsman’.

136. Xiris

The surname Xiris is a German dialect form of ‘Hirsch’, meaning ‘deer’ or ‘stag’. It is a rare Gottschee German surname.

137. Xirinachs

The surname Xirinachs, also known as Xirinacs, is a rare surname of Catalan origin. It is mainly found in families living in Costa Rica, Cuba, and Spain.

138. Xiuhtecuhtli

Originating from Aztec mythology, this surname is derived from the name of the Aztec god of fire, day, and heat, also referred to as ‘Turquoise Lord’.

139. Xoch

Xoch is a very rare German surname that can also be found in France. It is an Alemannic variant of the German surname ‘Bock’, which in turn comes from the Slovenian ‘Boh’, meaning ‘God’.

140. Xochi

Originating from Japanese roots, Xochi is a variant of the famous Japanese family clan ‘Ouchi’. The surname either means ‘exceeding wisdom’ or ‘large house’, depending on the Kanji characters used.

141. Xochihua

Derived from the Nahuatl language of Mexico, Xochihua is a rare surname. It is derived from the Nahuatl words ‘xochitl’, meaning ‘flower’, with ‘hualla’ meaning ‘one who has to come’.

142. Xochiquen

Originating from the Aztec language, Xochiquen is a Nahuatl name and a last name. It is derived from the Nahuatl elements ‘xochitl’ meaning ‘flower,’ and ‘quemitl’ meaning ‘garment’.

143. Xochitiotzi

The surname Xochitiotzi is of Aztec origin and is a family name among Mexicans. The surname means ‘flowery god’ (4).

144. Xolalpa

The surname Xolalpa is another rare Aztec surname with uncertain meaning.

145. Xolo

Xolo is a cool yet rare family name derived from the Aztec language. It could also be derived from a Xhosa given name Xolo, which stems from the Xhosa word ‘uxolo’, meaning ‘peace’.

146. Xovellanos

Xovellanos is a Spanish paternal surname, which is possibly derived from the surname Jovellanos. It is believed to be given as a surname for ‘descendent of someone from Jovellanos’, which is a town in Cuba.

147. Xtravaganza

Originating from New York during the late 20th century, Xtravaganza is an adopted surname. Angie Xtravaganza, a prominent transgender in New York City’s gay ball culture, is a significant bearer of this surname.

protip_icon Trivia
The surname Xtravaganza is adopted by the members of the House of Xtravaganza, which is one of the most well-known ‘houses’ to emerge from the underground ballroom scene in New York City, founded in 1982. It mostly comprises African American and Latino LGBTQ people.

148. Xyan

While less common, Xyan could be a surname of various origins. It could be a variant spelling of the given name ‘Zayn’ or derived from a different cultural or linguistic source.

149. Xylouris

Originating from Greek roots, Xylouris is a Greek surname. Greek singer Nikos Xilouris, who is still regarded as the most renowned and beloved Greek folk musicians of all time, is a notable bearer of this surname.

150. Xylia

While more commonly used as a feminine personal name, Xylia can also be a last name. It is derived from the Greek word ‘xylo’, meaning ‘wood’, making it a forest-inspired name or a surname.

While more commonly used as a feminine personal name, Xylia can also be a last name. It is derived from the Greek word 'xylo’, meaning 'wood’, making it a forest-inspired name or a surname.

Image: Momjunction Design Team

151. Xylon

Xylon is more popularly a masculine given name of Greek origins, derived from the Greek word ‘xylon’, meaning ‘wood.’ However, it can be used as a surname to denote someone from the forest or woodland.

Discover More Names

When you have to choose a name for your baby, a few hundreds of names may not be just enough. Keep digging our mine of baby names until you find that one precious gem.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How common are compound last names that start with X?

A compound surname, including a double-barrelled surname, combines two or more surnames separated by a hyphen or space (5). Given that the number of last names or surnames that begin with X is relatively less than that of other alphabets, compound surnames beginning with X may be even less prevalent.

2. Do last names starting with X often have variations in spelling due to historical reasons or migrations?

Yes, many last names that start with X have variations influenced by historical reasons, migrations, and even modern linguistic trends. For instance, the last name Xac is the transliteration of the Chinese surname Qi. Similarly, the Azerbaijani surname Xəlilov is translated as Xalilov or Khalilov as its English adaptation in other countries.

From Greece and Albania to China, last names that start with ‘X’ have diverse origins and contexts. While surnames like Xavier, Xia, and Xin are some common surnames, there are also many unique ones like Xayaseng, Xabi, Xhaja, and more. The majority of these surnames have a rich history and background, telling the story of their roots; however, some surnames have unknown meanings. We hope this list of last names that start with ‘X’ offers you a new cultural perspective and helps you appreciate the linguistic changes that take place throughout history.

Key Pointers

  • Many Chinese surnames or family names start with the letter X, including Xia, Xie, Xi, Xiong, and more.
  • There are also modern surnames starting with ‘X’’ that are derived from other surnames, such as Xara, Xoch, Xiris, and Xinavaneh.
  • Several of the surnames that start with ‘X’ have unknown meanings.

References

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
  1. Who Was Francis Xavier?
    https://www.xavier.edu/mission-identity/xaviers-mission/who-is-francis-xavier
  2. Xoco.
    https://nahuatl.wired-humanities.org/content/xoco
  3. Persons in Chinese History – Xu Shen 許慎
    http://www.chinaknowledge.org/History/Han/personsxushen.html
  4. Aztec Surnames: A Modern Link To A Proud Heritage.
    https://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/language/nahuatl-surnames-from-cholula
  5. Choosing a double barrel surname.
    https://www.ukdeedpolloffice.org/double-barrel-surname/
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Ratika holds a master's degree in commerce and a post-graduate diploma in communication and journalism from Mumbai University. She has 6 years of experience writing in various fields, such as finance, education, and lifestyle. As a content writer at MomJunction, Ratika writes insightful and informative articles on marriage, relationships, and baby names. She keenly observes human relationships and enjoys studying...read full bio