Tea is a popular beverage made with the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. On the other hand, herbal teas are made with the roots, leaves, flowers, or barks of other plants, often also used as herbs.
Many parents consider serving herbal or non-herbal tea to babies for therapeutic purposes, especially for ailments such as colic and diarrhea. However, limited clinical evidence exists on the safety and efficacy of teas for toddlers. So should parents serve tea to toddlers?
This post answers all your queries and shares about teas for toddlers, their benefits, side effects, and precautions to observe while serving teas to toddlers.
Is Tea Safe For Toddlers?
According to the NHS, tea (Camellia sinensis) isn’t suitable for babies and young children (1). Tea (green and black) contains caffeine, a psychostimulant that can cause irritability, nervousness, and poor sleep (2). Besides, tea contains tannic acid, which can interfere in the absorption of nutrients (iron and zinc), affecting a toddler’s long-term health (3) (4).
Herbal teas usually don’t contain caffeine and may impart therapeutic effects when used appropriately. However, limited research exists on their safety and efficacy for infants and young children. Thus, consult a pediatrician before using herbal tea for your toddler.
Common Herbs Used For Preparing Tea For Toddlers
Here are some of the common herbs used for preparing herbal teas for babies, toddlers, and young children.
- Catnip: Catnip is a medicinal herb from the mint family. Its tea, juice, tincture, infusion, and poultice are commonly used to relieve headaches, hiccups, toothache, fever, cold, cough, hives, and infantile colic. One can make catnip tea by steeping one ounce (28g) of catnip in one pint (473ml) of boiling water. Two to three teaspoons of this tea are considered sufficient for children (5).
- Chamomile: Chamomile is a well-known medicinal herb with two popular varieties — German and Roman chamomile. The US Food and Drug Administration categorizes it as “generally recognized as safe” (GRAS) for use in food (6). Its use is prevalent in alternative and complementary medicine to treat colic, diarrhea, croup, and fever in babies and toddlers (7).
- Fennel: Fennel is an aromatic plant from the carrot family. Its leaves and seeds are used to make tea, which is often used to treat digestive issues, such as flatulence and gastric distention in infants (8). Depending on the intent of use, you can make fennel tea by steeping the crushed or chopped fennel leaves or seeds in boiling water.
- Ginger: Ginger is a common kitchen ingredient known for its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties (9). Its use for babies and even adults is popular to support digestion and relieve nausea. You can use dried ginger powder or fresh ginger (chopped or juiced) to make ginger tea. However, be careful of its sharp taste, which several toddlers may not like. Avoid excess to avert heartburn and acidity.
- Lemon balm: Lemon balm is a lemon-flavored herb from the mint family. Its use is prevalent to add or boost the flavor of other teas. Its use with other herbs is known to treat colic and diarrhea in babies (10). Additionally, it is considered to treat indigestion and promote sleep.
- Peppermint: Peppermint tea may alleviate pain, flatulence, colic, nasal congestion, and cough. In vitro studies highlight its potential antioxidant, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties. However, more clinical studies are needed to ascertain its safety for babies and children.
Are There Any Benefits Of Herbal Tea For Toddlers?
When used under pediatric guidance, herbal teas may treat and manage some ailments in babies and toddlers. For instance, chamomile tea’s use is prevalent in complementary and alternative medicine to alleviate colic and diarrhea in infants and toddlers (11). Similarly, herbal tea use is also believed to relieve cold and cough, promote digestion, and enhance sleep. Consult an expert before using herbal teas for toddlers as their use needs caution.
What Are The Side Effects Of Herbal Tea For Toddlers?
Herbal teas have potential side effects that parents should be aware of before serving them to babies and toddlers.
- Allergy: A toddler could be allergic to a herb or herbs present in a herbal tea. Some of the common symptoms of an allergic reaction are skin rash (hives), itching, tingling sensation in the mouth, swelling of the face, lips, throat, and tongue. In rare cases, herbal tea may lead to a life-threatening condition called anaphylaxis.
- Cross-reactivity: Cross-reactivity with herbs is also possible. If your toddler is allergic to any food or substance, check with your doctor if the herbal tea can cross-react and cause allergic reactions. For instance, infants allergic to plants in the Apiaceae family, such as carrot, coriander, cumin, and parsley, could also be allergic to fennel tea (12).
- Cross-interaction: Herbs contain active ingredients that may interact with drugs and dietary supplements. If your toddler is on a medication or consumes any supplement, consult a pediatrician before serving them herbal tea.
Precautions To Take While Using Herbal Tea For Toddlers
Observing precautionary measures could ensure the toddler’s safety when using herbal tea for specific purposes.
- Consult an expert before using herbal tea for toddlers. Herbal teas are not regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration (US FDA), meaning their safety and efficacy can’t be guaranteed.
- Communicate the intent of use to the expert. It will help them advise safe intake limits for your toddler, after considering their age and overall health.
- Buy pure herbal tea from a reputed and trustworthy manufacturer and seller. It will help ensure the product is adulterant-free.
- Purchase herbal tea sold in teabags. Loose tea is prone to contamination and adulteration. If you prefer using loose tea, buy it from a reputable store to ensure product quality.
- Check the label carefully while buying herbal teas. Often herbal teas contain more than one type of herb and may contain other additives.
- Store loose tea in an airtight container and teabags in their original packaging, away from direct sunlight, moisture, and heat.
- Prepare tea as directed on the package or as advised by the doctor or expert. Usually, steeping a tea bag or some loose tea leaves in boiling water for three to five minutes is sufficient.
- Feed no more than two to four tablespoons initially. If the toddler doesn’t show any signs of discomfort or sensitivity, increase the amount gradually to recommended amounts.
- Use fewer leaves if using loose tea. Using excess leaves can make the tea too concentrated, making the tea unpleasant to taste and increasing the risk of adverse effects, such as an upset stomach.
- Avoid adding sweeteners, such as white sugar, while preparing herbal teas. If the tea tastes bitter, has a sharp taste, or the toddler doesn’t like it, serve the tea in small quantities. You may serve it with sweet food items, such as cookies or honey. Do not add honey if serving the tea to a baby younger than 12 months since it may increase the risk of an adverse condition called infant botulism.
- Do not serve tea to your toddler in a bottle or sippy cup. Serve the herbal tea in small sips with a spoon or in a small glass/cup.
Tea for toddlers may be useful, especially in treating certain conditions. However, their safety and efficacy aren’t still clear. Remember, making herbal tea for a toddler is different than making it for an adult. Thus, extra caution is necessary at every step, from purchasing to preparing the tea. Consulting a pediatrician or alternative medicine expert is advisable before trying herbal teas for toddlers.
2. Caffeine; Kids Health From Nemours
3. Tsedeke Wolde; Effects of caffeine on health and nutrition: A Review; ResearchGate
4. Infant Feeding and Nutrition Staff Module; Oregon Health Authority
5. Catnip: Its uses and effects, past and present; NCBI
6. Chamomile; Drug And Lactation Database; NCBI
7. Janmejai K Srivastava et al.; Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future; NCBI
8. Gurmeet Singh Sarla; Saunf: Do we really need fennel seeds after a meal?; ResearchGate
9. Nguyen Hoang Anh et al.; Ginger on Human Health: A Comprehensive Systematic Review of 109 Randomized Controlled Trials; NCBI
10. Lemon Balm; Drug And Lactation Database; NCBI
11. Complementary, Holistic, and Integrative Medicine; AAP
12. Fennel; Drug And Lactation Database; NCBI