The statistics and facts about teen pregnancy have always been alarming, with most pregnancies reported in the US (1). Most cases are accidents or mistakes, leading to abortions, which often cause strain on the healthcare sector.
Thankfully, teen pregnancies have shown a decline since 1991, and the overall number of pregnant teens opting for abortion has reduced by half. But only some states in the United States have shown a drop. The decline is also limited to certain communities. For instance, African-Americans constituted a significant chunk of teen pregnancy statistics. However, the
rates have shown a decline among them (2). Despite the drop in the comparative rates, teenage pregnancy rates remain higher among African-Americans and Hispanic populations. Read on to know more such facts and statistics about teenage pregnancy.
Important Statistics About Teen Pregnancy
- 78 out of 100 White teens and 70 out of 100 African-American teens stated that improper communication between them and their parents is a huge cause of teenage pregnancy.
- Out of all the teen pregnancies, sadly, only 57 out of 100 actually have a successful birth and delivery whereas 14 out of 100 experience a miscarriage.
- Teen mothers that give birth share 11% of total births in the whole country.
- As per the Family First Aid, the rate of teenage pregnancy costs the U.S a whopping 7 million dollars annually!
- 2 out of those 10 teens don’t receive medical care.
- Around 82% of teen pregnancies are unplanned (3).
- Parenthood is the main reason as to why teen girls drop out of school. Around 51% of teen mothers are unable to attain a high school diploma (3).
- A teenager who indulges in unprotected sex, faces a high chance (around 90 %) of getting pregnant within a year.
- Teens with older partners than them are twice as likely to have unwanted sex (4) .
- 5 out of every 10 girls say that their first interaction was unwished or involuntary.
- Most teens who use birth control methods like pills or condoms, are inconsistent and turn to such solutions sporadically.
- Around half of American teens are active sexually. Many teens have sex at young ages, which increases the risk of STDs and teen pregnancy.
- Amongst industrially developed nations, the USA faces the highest rates of teen pregnancy and teen abortions (1) .
- Girls, who give birth before the age of 20, had the risk of preterm deliveries, lower weight babies, and other neonatal conditions (5).
- Over 4 of 10 teenage girls get pregnant once before the age of 20, and 8 of these 10 pregnancies are accidents/unplanned.
- Among 15 to 17 year olds, the pregnancy rate is 38.7 per 1000 girls.
- Half of the above-mentioned pregnant teens give birth, while approximately 45 out of 100 women have abortions.
- 4 out of 10 women in the US become pregnant before they even reach 20 years of age.
- About 750,000 American teens get pregnant each year, mostly before turning 20. Often, a teen mother gets pregnant with her second child within a few years of having the first (6).
- Teen pregnancy facts has listed the U.S as the nation with the highest recorded number of teen pregnancies every year. Although in 2011, the birth rate fell to a record low for the first time in 70 years (6).
Facts About Teen Pregnancy
Before you go into the details about the risks involved with teen pregnancy, here are a few facts about the same that you should also know about:
- Most high school students have had a sexual encounter at least once, and many have also been involved in sexual intercourse during their high school years.
- Almost eight out of ten pregnancies that occur in the teenage years are unplanned. Most of these also happen before the teens are ready to understand the implication and importance of becoming parents.
- About 18 percent of teen girls who are around 15 years of age will give birth by the time they turn 20 years old.
- In teen girls who are from an African ethnicity, the number is higher and accounts for about one in four cases.
- In teen girls who are from a Hispanic ethnicity, the number is higher than the teen girls from a black ethnicity and accounts for about one in three cases.
- In teen girls who are from a Caucasian ethnicity, the number is the same as that of teen girls from a black ethnicity and accounts for about one in four cases.
The graph here illustrates the teen birth rate based on the origin and race of adolescent women aged 15 to 19 in the years 2018 and 2019. The rates either decreased or remained static but did not show any increase year on year.
Birth rates among teenagers in the USSource: Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Osterman MJK, Driscoll AK. Births: final data for 2019. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2021;70(2):1–50. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- One of the easiest and most effective ways to prevent any pregnancy during the teenage years is to stay away from having any sexual intercourse, with or without protection.
- Teen pregnancy is one of the main reasons why teens drop out of school. More than half of allteen moms don’t graduate high school. The lucky ones get help and support from friends and family, as parents of teen moms find it difficult to support the mom and the baby. Alternatively, some schools offer daycare programs, which help teen moms finish their graduation. Unfortunately though, most schools don’t have such systems.
- According to teenage pregnancy statistics, 1 out of every 3 girls in U.S. becomes pregnant before she turns 20. More than 700,000 teens get pregnant every year. Often, a teen mother gets pregnant with her second child within a few years of having the first.
- Teen pregnancy is one of the main reasons why teens drop out of school. More than half of all teen moms don’t graduate high school. The lucky ones get help and support from friends and family, as parents of teen moms find it difficult to support the mom and the baby. Alternatively, some schools offer daycare programs, which help teen moms finish their graduation. Unfortunately though, most schools don’t have such systems.
- College isn’t an option for most teen moms. If college is an option, it’s an option for later. Less than 2% of teen moms graduate college by the time they turn 30. Work, school and taking care of a baby is a daunting task and is too much for anyone. Many teen moms work minimum wage jobs to make ends meet.
- Many people may not know this, but race does have an impact on teen pregnancy. The 2008 teen pregnancy rate among Hispanic teens and African-American teens between the age of 15 and 19 was higher than the rate among “white” teenage girls. The reasons are debatable, as many think the poverty levels and lack of education are common causes.
Single Teenage Moms
Statistics show that 8 out of 10 teen dads do not marry the mother of their child and often, the relationship doesn’t last until the baby’s first birthday (6). 20% of these young fathers get into a new relationship within 2 years of ending the previous relationship, and become a father again. Over 80% of teens eventually become single mothers, which is not an easy problem.
Despite the decline in the incidences of teen pregnancies, the statistical facts about teen pregnancy show that there are still a high number of cases in the US, with an occurrence rate of 38.7 per 1000 girls. While many of these pregnancies result in abortions or miscarriages, up to 80% of the teens become single moms. Knowing these facts and figures can assist you in educating your children about the consequences of teen pregnancy.
Infographic: Statistics And Facts About Teen Pregnancy
Teen pregnancy is a complex issue that can have significant consequences for teenagers, their family, and their community. However, it is essential to note that not all teen pregnancies result in adverse outcomes and some individuals go on to lead fulfilling lives. The infographic below lists some key facts and statistics about teen pregnancy to help you better understand its trends and effects.
- Melissa S Kearney and Phillip B Levine; (2012); Why is the teen birth rate in the United States so high and why does it matter?
- About Teen Pregnancy.
- Unintended Pregnancy Among Young People in the United States.
- Christine E. Kaestle et al.; (2002); Teenage Pregnancy: Consequences And Risk Reduction.
- Adolescent pregnancy.
- 11 FACTS ABOUT TEEN PREGNANCY.