Does your growing teen boy often complain about pain in his nether regions? Is he uncomfortable while riding his bicycle or bike? Does his condition stop him from taking part in sports or strenuous physical activities? If you nodded along anxiously, consider reading our post below.
Here, we at Momjunction have gathered some relevant information about the causes and symptoms of testicular pain in teenagers!
What Is Testicular Pain?
The painful condition often occurs in teenage boys and, in most cases; the afflicted teen has to visit a medical specialist. The male body comprises of two testicles within the scrotum, and each one hangs from a spermatic cord. This cord houses vital elements like blood vessels that supply oxygen to the testicles. When the cord gets twisted, the testicles do not receive blood supply and, in turn, oxygen.
In such a condition, your teen boy experiences excruciating pain, which can further lead to testicular torsion and testicular loss. Testicular pain usually occurs in and around both the testicles and sometimes originates in the groin (1).
[ Read: Gynecomastia In Teens ]
Causes Of Testicular Pain In Teenagers:
Some possible causes of testicular pain in teen boys are:
1. Infection Or Inflammation:
- One of the most common conditions that cause testicular inflammation in teen boys is the epididymitis.
- As theepididymis remains attached to your teen’s testicles, the infection easily spreads to both the testicles and exacerbates the pain.
- Another medical condition to cause inflammation of the testicle is the Orchitis. Such a medical ailment can occur at any age and can cause sudden and severe pain in the testicles.
- Your teen can experience scrotal pain due to the sexually-transmitted bacterial infections like chlamydia and gonorrhea.
2. Trauma Or Injury:
- Sports injuries can often lead to testicular trauma in teen boys. If your son experiences a severe scrotal pain after an injury, take him to the medical specialist immediately.
- Blood clots can occur during an injury and sometimes doctor even discover tumors, after a medical examination of the testicles.
3. Testicular Torsion:
- In rare cases, the spermatic cord of your teen gets twisted, and it blocks the flow of blood to his testicles.
- Testicular torsion leads to severe scrotal pain and swelling of the testicles.
- The medical condition can even lead to tissue death and through medical intervention the doctor may remove the affected testicle(s).
4. Testicular Tumors:
- Though testicular tumor may not cause severe pain in the scrotum, it is better to seek medical guidance immediately.
5. Inguinal Hernia:
- When your teen boy suffers from an inguinal hernia, a part of his intestine protrudes through his inguinal canal.
- Some common symptoms of an inguinal hernia include swelling of the scrotum and severe pain. The pain gets worse with lifting, sneezing, or coughing.
6. Kidney Stones:
- The presence of kidney stones often leads to severe pain in the abdomen and the testicles.
- The doctor may recommend your son undergo few medical tests, which can easily diagnose the presence of kidney stones at the earliest stages (2).
[ Read: Kidney Stones In Teens ]
Symptoms Of Testicular Pain In Teenagers:
Every teenager may experience varying symptoms of testicular pain, and some of the most common signs are:
- Severe pain in the scrotum (Usually on either of the sides)
- Abdominal pain
- Enlarged testicles
- Swollen, reddish, and tender scrotum
Who Is At A Greater Risk Of Experiencing Testicular Pain?
Here are some leading factors that elevate your teen’s risk of suffering from testicular pain:
- Age- The testicular pain mostly occurs with the onset of puberty, but in some of the rare cases small children also encounter the condition.
- Family- Your teen is at a greater risk of testicular torsion or pain if any of the close family members has suffered from the condition.
- Playing sports- Sometimes, testicular pain happens due to a sudden sports injury. Hence, you should make your teen boy wear a guard or a cup while he plays contact or high-impact sports.
Medical Specialists To Treat Testicular Pain In Teenagers:
As soon as your son complains of severe pain in the testicles, take him to the medical practitioner immediately. After the doctor diagnoses the underlying cause of the pain, he may further refer any of the following medical specialists:
- General surgeon
Diagnosing Testicular Pain In Teenagers:
Here are some of the common medical tests prescribed to diagnose the underlying cause of testicular pain:
- Physical examination of the testicles
- Blood test
- Urine analysis
- Scrotal Doppler ultrasound
- Nuclear Scan
Treating Testicular Pain In Teenagers:
Until the doctor determines the underlying cause of the testicular pain in your teen boy, he cannot prescribe any home treatment or medication. Some common treatment for testicular pain includes:
- Antibiotics (To treat infections)
- Painkillers (Medications like Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen Suppresses the severe scrotal pain)
- Ice pack
- Adequate rest
- Scrotal support
- Surgical treatment (3)
Points To Remember For Parents Of Teenage Boys:
Though your son may feel awkward to discuss his genital anatomy with you, you need to keep him educated about the sex-transmitted diseases and genital infections. Here are few parenting tips for you to remember:
- Always try to establish a friendly bonding with your son, so that he never feels embarrassed to inform you of the scrotal pain.
- Reassure him that he should never feel ashamed to talk about his genital organs or discomforts.
- If you son hesitates to disclose his secret discussions with you, ask him to talk with his father or any other male family member.
[ Read: Puberty In Boys ]
Helpful Tips To Prevent Testicular Pain In Teenagers:
- Make your teen drink sufficient amount of fluids all throughout the day.
- Your teen should always practice safe sex, to stay safeguard from the sexually transmitted infections.
- He should wear a protective cup or athletic supporter while playing sports that can cause injuries.
- Your teen boy should try to avoid foods rich in cholesterol.
- Your teen needs to undergo regular testicular self-exams so that it becomes easy to detect tumors or lumps at an early stage.
- Your teen should consult the doctor immediately if he suffers from prostatitis, urinary tract infections, or kidney stones (4).
Did your teen suffer from testicular pain during his adolescence? What treatment did the doctor suggest? Did it help? Tell us here.
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