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Cellulite During Pregnancy: How To Control?

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Cellulite is a common dermal condition that develops in almost every woman. It is identified as a lump or a dimple with an orange-peel texture on the skin, mainly around the thighs, hips, buttocks, and the abdomen (1). This also gives it the name, the ‘orange peel syndrome’ (2).

Cellulite is usually visible on parts of the body that have more subcutaneous fat. It is a protrusion of fat tissues into the outer layer of the skin. It occurs when the collagen fiber that connects the fat to the skin, stretches, breaks down or is tightly pulled, causing the fat to bulge out (3).

Cellulite buildup in the body might happen anytime from puberty, but it could be more prominent during pregnancy and towards menopause. In this MomJunction post, we will tell you about cellulite during pregnancy, its causes, and the natural and medical ways of treating it.

Is It Normal To Get Cellulite During Pregnancy?

Cellulite is likely to affect women in pregnancy as the body undergoes a lot of physical changes, and an increase in the subcutaneous fat could lead to its development. More deposition of the fat ensures adequate availability of calories for pregnancy and lactation (4). Here are some other factors that might contribute to cellulite during pregnancy (2).

  • Hormonal changes
  • Genetic factors
  • Diet and lifestyle

[ Read: Body Changes During Pregnancy ]

What Causes Cellulite In Pregnancy?

One of the reasons for cellulite development during pregnancy could be an increase in the level of estrogen (5), which is responsible for the arrangement of fatty tissues in the body (6).

Some factors that are likely to increase the chances of cellulite in pregnancy are as follows (7):

  • Age, women conceiving at a higher maternal age
  • Weight gain, although a normal part of pregnancy, excessive weight gain could be a factor.
  • Water retention, where the excessive volume of fluids settles in various parts of the body
  • Inadequate exercise, poor diet, and lifestyle habits
  • Genetic factors could also play a role

How To Get Rid Of Cellulite When Pregnant?

Here we list a few ways that may help prevent or get rid of cellulite naturally or with medical treatments.

Natural ways:

  • Avoid the intake of foods that are high in calories.
  • Add more fiber-rich foods such as vegetables and fruits in the diet.
  • Lean meat and oily fish are good additions to the diet.
  • Engage in some light exercises and pregnancy yoga
  • Avoid smoking
  • Stay hydrated (7)

Medical treatment:

Anti-cellulite lotions, such as slimming lotions, may be applied to the affected area to reduce its development and make it less evident. The main content of cellulite cream is caffeine, which is a diuretic and a xanthene.

It might increase the blood flow in the targeted area and stimulates the cells to remove the excess fat (8). However, the use of caffeine and xanthenes is restricted during pregnancy due to their counter-effects. Hence, pregnant women are recommended to use it post-pregnancy (9).

Ways That Might Help Reduce Cellulite Post Pregnancy

There are various medical procedures for treating cellulite post pregnancy. But, remember, there is not enough research to back their efficacy.  Based on the skin condition, the dermatologist may suggest one of the following medical procedures:

  • Cellfina: It is a non-invasive method (subsicion), wherein a very thin blade is used to break the fat under the skin by inserting it through a small incision. The affected area is slightly suctioned up using the Cellfina device for inserting the blade without impacting the surrounding tissues. The results are visible within a few days and may last up to three years (10).
  • Acoustic wave therapy: This therapy involves the stimulation of the connective tissues of the affected area by using vibrations. This method aims at collagen remodeling, thereby improving the texture and appearance of the skin (11).
  • Radiofrequency treatments: These therapies are a combination of tissue massage and radiofrequency technology that includes ultrasound, radial pulses to heat the skin, and infrared light for cellulite treatment (10).
  • Cellulaze: It is a laser treatment method used to break the fat bands beneath the skin by inserting a tiny laser probe. The fatty tissues are heated using a laser, which might help in releasing the fat, reducing the thickness of the fat layer, stimulating collagen production, and improving the elasticity and texture of the skin. The results may last for about one year (10).

[ Read: Simple Exercises To Do During Pregnancy ]

  • Vacuum-assisted precise tissue release: In this procedure, a device with small blades is used to cut the tough bands beneath the skin to remove the excess fat. Its effect may last for about three years (12).
  • Laser-assisted liposuction: It could be suitable for removing a small amount of fat. A laser treatment combined with liposuction is more suitable for cellulite treatment (12).
  • Ionithermie cellulite reduction treatments: This is a spa treatment for the skin using algae or clay or a mixture of both. A mild electric current is then applied to the targeted areas using an electrode. It may help in reducing the size and appearance of the cellulite (12).
  • Endermologie: This spa treatment involves deep massaging of the affected area by lifting your skin with a vacuum-like tool. This treatment might need several sessions, and the results may last for about 12 months. It may also cause some bruises (12).
  • Carboxytherapy: It is another invasive method that involves the insertion of carbon dioxide under the skin. This method increases blood flow in the targeted area, which could help in reducing the visibility of the cellulite. This procedure may cause a little discomfort and temporary bruises. However, the results are visible after seven to ten treatments (13).
  • Cryolipolysis: It is a non-invasive procedure, also known as Cool Sculpting. It involves fat removal by freezing the fat tissues and cells under the skin, to prevent any injuries to the skin.

This procedure needs to be done several times, and it might take around four to six months for it to show a noticeable difference (14). However, this method has been found effective in the removal of large fat pockets under the skin, but not the cellulite.

  • Ultrasound: It is a non-invasive method that uses sound waves to remove the excess fat from areas like the thighs and abdomen. There is no evidence to prove its effectiveness, but ultrasound with another cellulite treatment may help in reducing the amount of cellulite (12).

Apart from the medical treatments, the natural way to treat cellulite is weight loss. By sticking to regular exercise routines and a healthy diet, you may be able to shed the unwanted fat in the body.

[ Read: When Is 3D Ultrasound Done ]

Pregnancy leads to various physical changes in the body, which are essential in one way or the other. Cellulite could be a concern, but there are treatment options that could help post-pregnancy. So, don’t worry too much about it right now. Enjoy the new changes that motherhood is going to bring your way.

Do you have any tips to prevent cellulite development during pregnancy? Share them with our readers in the comments section below.

References:

1. What is cellulite?; Cellulite.org (2019)
2. What is cellulite?; Cellulite.org.uk (2019)
3. Cellulite; NIH (2019)
4. Rawlings AV; Cellulite and its treatment; NCBI (2006)
5. Daniel P Friedmann et al.; Cellulite: a review with a focus on subcision; NCBI (2017)
6. Marta Leszko; Cellulite in menopause; NCBI (2014)
7. Susan Massick; Is it possible to get rid of cellulite; The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (2019)
8. Zięba Małgorzata and Witkiewicz Elżbieta; The Application Of Caffeine As Anti-cellulite Component Of Body Lotion; The 13th International Commodity Science Conference Paper; ResearchGate
9. Sang-Young Byun et al.; Efficacy of Slimming Cream Containing 3.5% Water-Soluble Caffeine and Xanthenes for the Treatment of Cellulite: Clinical Study and Literature Review; NCBI (2015)
10. Cellulite treatments; The American Board of Cosmetic Surgery
11. Katharina Russe-Wilflingseder, Elisabeth Russe; Acoustic Wave Treatment For Cellulite-A New Approach; ResearchGate (2019)
12. Cellulite treatments: What really works?; American Academy of Dermatology (2018)
13. Luana Ramalho Pianez et al.; Effectiveness of carboxytherapy in the treatment of cellulite in healthy women: a pilot study; NCBI (2016)
14. What is cryolipolysis?; American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2019)

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