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Can Babies Have Turmeric? Health Benefits And Precautions

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Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a plant-based spice that belongs to the ginger family. The culinary and medicinal uses of turmeric in Asia date back to several centuries. Though its use for babies is not well-researched, it has been in use traditionally.

In this MomJunction post, we tell you about turmeric, its uses for babies, possible side-effects, and ways to include it to your baby’s diet. In some cultures, turmeric is also used topically as an antibiotic. But here we focus on turmeric as food.

Can Babies Have Turmeric?

Yes, babies can have turmeric. The US Food and Drug Administration considers turmeric as ‘generally recognized as safe’ for use in food (1). However, there are no clear clinical indications about the safety of turmeric in infants. If you are unsure about the safety, you may consult a clinical nutrition specialist before introducing turmeric to a baby.

Avoid feeding turmeric to newborn babies or babies under six months, who are solely dependent on breast milk for their nutritional needs.

When To Introduce Turmeric To Babies?

Turmeric, as a spice, can be introduced to babies as soon as they start eating solids, which is around the age of six months. You may add small amounts of turmeric in vegetable purees, soups, dals (lentils), and vegetable cereals.

However, if your baby is on medications, talk to a pediatrician because turmeric can have possible drug interactions (2).

Health Benefits Of Turmeric For Infants

Turmeric does not have any specific nutrients that could enhance the nutritional value of the food. However, it has certain bioactive compounds such as curcumin and curcuminoids that are beneficial for the overall health.

  1. Gastrointestinal diseases: Regular consumption of turmeric is known to support digestive health by stimulating bile acid production (3)
    . It is also considered to treat and manage gastric issues such as dyspepsia, loss of appetite, intestinal gas, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (4) (5). However, it requires deeper research to validate these uses.
  1. Cardiovascular health: Owing to the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-thrombotic properties of curcumin, the use of turmeric is promoted for heart health (6)
    . Recent research shows that regular consumption of turmeric, in the long run, is associated with a decrease in total cholesterol, LDL, and triglycerides (7). However, it is not known if these qualities could benefit a baby.
  1. Immunity: In some cultures, turmeric is seen as one of the best immune-boosting foods. Curcumin is known to modulate the immune response by modulating the activation of macrophages, neutrophils, natural killer cells, etc. (8)
    . You may add small amounts of turmeric in food.
  1. Pain management: Oral and topical use of turmeric is associated with effective pain management. In complementary medicine, it is used to manage arthritis and osteoarthritis pain (9). Curcumin is the yellow-colored bioactive compound of turmeric that gives the spice natural pain killer properties.
  1. Skincare: Early evidence from several clinical studies suggests that oral and topical use of turmeric may improve skin health (10) (11)
    . However, more intensive research trials are needed to validate the suggestion.
  1. Cough: In Ayurveda, Unani, and Chinese medicines, turmeric is considered to expel phlegm and provide relief from cough and cold (12). Several clinical studies support this use due to the anti-inflammatory properties of curcumin that help provide relief from respiratory issues (13).
  1. Overall health: Curcumin from the turmeric root possesses strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties (14). Besides, turmeric also possesses antimicrobial properties that could help in fighting infections. The antimicrobial activity of turmeric is attributed to the presence of curcumins, curcuminoids, turmeric essential oil, and other bioactive compounds such as turmerol and valeric acid (15).
  1. Herbal home remedies: If your pediatrician allows, you may use turmeric for herbal home remedies, such as:
    • Topical application of turmeric paste over a small cut or wound. You may also add sandalwood paste along with turmeric paste.
    • Oral use of turmeric in the form of turmeric (haldi) milk. This is a common traditional recipe used for treating wounds and infections in India.

Possible Side-effects Of Turmeric For Babies

Turmeric generally is well-tolerated and is considered safe. However, when consumed in large amounts, it could cause gastric issues such as an upset stomach. Besides, it has some other possible side-effects.

  1. Iron absorption: Turmeric could inhibit the body’s iron absorption by 20-90%, thus increasing the risk of iron deficiency anemia (16). Turmeric consumption should be carefully regulated in babies with anemia or chronic low iron reserves in the body.
  1. Possible drug interaction: If your baby is on any medication, then consult a pediatrician before introducing turmeric in your infant’s diet. This is crucial as turmeric is known to have drug interactions, such as with diabetes medicines, blood thinners, and medicines used for regulating stomach acid production (17).
  1. Allergy: Turmeric allergy is not common, albeit it is possible (18). Spices like turmeric can have non-allergic or allergic reactions in sensitive individuals (19)
    (20). If your baby shows signs of allergy or sensitivity, avoid using turmeric or any product containing turmeric.

Precautions To Take While Using Turmeric For Babies And Toddlers

Take the following measures while using turmeric for your baby.

  1. Use organic turmeric powder from a trusted brand.
  1. If possible, go for homemade powder. However, ensure proper hygiene while preparing the powder at home.
  1. Use turmeric only in a small amount. Avoid using any dietary supplements made of turmeric/curcumin for babies. Turmeric in excess may lead to hepatotoxicity, which is a condition that causes damage to the liver (21).
  1. If your infant is allergic or sensitive to turmeric, then check the labels of the food purchased. Avoid buying products that contain turmeric or curcumin in any form.

Ways To Include Turmeric In Your Infant’s Diet

Once solids are started, healthy babies can consume turmeric through various homemade baby food recipes. However, use no more than a pinch at a time.

  1. Turmeric powder can be added to vegetable purees and various soup preparations. Later, as your child starts taking mixed grains and cereal products like khichdi and dals, turmeric can be added to each of these as a spice.
  1. If you have started cow’s milk for your toddler older than a year, then you may consider preparing turmeric milk for them. Prepare it by adding a pinch of turmeric to the milk and let it come to boil. Switch off the flame and serve once it’s cool. You may also add almond powder to the milk to intensify the nutritional value of the recipe.
  1. You can prepare a curry mix with a fine powder of turmeric. This mix is used in Indian cuisine as a flavor in various recipes such as vegetable, chicken, or egg curry.

Turmeric is a valuable spice that should be made a part of your infant’s regular diet. Note that the benefits might accrue in the long-term as you make turmeric a part of your baby’s balanced diet.

References:

1. CFR – Code of Federal Regulations Title 21; USDA
2. Possible Interactions with: Turmeric; Beaufort Memorial
3. Boonjaraspinyo S et al.; Indirect effect of a turmeric diet: enhanced bile duct proliferation in Syrian hamsters with a combination of partial obstruction by Opisthorchis viverrini infection and inflammation by N-nitrosodimethylamine administration.; National Center For Biotechnology Information
4. Winston I. Lu and Dominic P. Lu; Impact of Chinese Herbal Medicine on American Society and Health Care System: Perspective and Concern; National Center For Biotechnology Information
5. Ng QX et al.; A Meta-Analysis of the Clinical Use of Curcumin for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).; National Center For Biotechnology Information
6. Wongcharoen W and Phrommintikul A.; The protective role of curcumin in cardiovascular diseases.; National Center For Biotechnology Information
7. The Truth Behind Turmeric, Fish Oil, and Probiotic Supplements; South Shore Health
8. Jagetia GC and Aggarwal BB; “Spicing up” of the immune system by curcumin.; National Center For Biotechnology Information
9. Curcumin for arthritis: Does it really work?; Harvard Health
10. Vaughn AR et al.; Effects of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) on Skin Health: A Systematic Review of the Clinical Evidence.; National Center For Biotechnology Information
11. Laura Vollono et al.; Potential of Curcumin in Skin Disorders; National Center For Biotechnology Information
12. Chapter13 Turmeric, the Golden Spice; Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition.; National Center For Biotechnology Information
13. Arshad Husain Rahmani et al.; Role of Curcumin in Disease Prevention and Treatment; National Center For Biotechnology Information
14. Menon VP and Sudheer AR.; Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of curcumin.; National Center For Biotechnology Information
15. Parveen Gul and Jehan Bakht; Antimicrobial activity of turmeric extract and its potential use in food industry; National Center For Biotechnology Information
16. Thomas J Smith and Bimal H Ashar; Iron Deficiency Anemia Due to High-dose Turmeric; National Center For Biotechnology Information
17. Curcumin; Oregon State University
18. D.M. Robinson; Anaphylaxis to turmeric; The Journal of Allergy And Clinical Immunology
19. Can Spices Cause Allergic Reactions?; American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
20. MB Surendranath Lal and CR Srinivas; Allergic contact dermatitis to turmeric in kumkum; Indian Journal of Dermatology
21. Turmeric; LiverTox: Clinical and Research Information on Drug-Induced Liver Injury; National Center For Biotechnology Information
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