5 Most Common Reasons For Vision Changes After Pregnancy

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Most women would agree that there are numerous transformations in one’s body after delivering a baby. Vision changes after pregnancy could also be added to this list. Due to a myriad of bodily changes a woman experiences during and after pregnancy, some physical changes occurring in the internal systems could lead to changes in the vision of a new mother. In addition, there may be a little discomfort for women who face vision dizziness, which may impact their usual routines. Keep reading this post as we tell you about some possible reasons, signs, and management of vision abnormalities in women post-delivery (1).

Causes Of Vision Changes After Pregnancy

Due to the hormonal changes in the internal system, the mother may experience problems of blurry vision or dizziness. Some of the effective causes of the vision change may include:

1. Blurred vision

Blurred or highly distorted vision changes after pregnancy is common

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After the childbirth, the fluid retention capacity of the eye ducts are extremely hampered. As a result, the cornea cannot sustain its normal shape, and the vision may get blurred or highly distorted.

2. Preeclampsia

Women suffering from high blood pressure issues may encounter preeclampsia. In such cases, the mother may suffer from vision problems, including light sensitivity or blurry vision and retinal detachment. It is highly recommended to consult your gynecologist and take the requisite medications for effective treatment.

According to Dr. Rohit Adyanthaya, MD, Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, “Patients who develop preeclampsia and eclampsia can have decreased vision from damage to the blood vessels in the retina. The most common retinal exam finding in this condition is constriction or spasm of retinal vessels, but there could also be hemorrhages and swelling of the retina, which can lead to decrease in vision. The retinal swelling can sometimes be very severe, to cause exudative retinal detachment, which can cause significant loss of vision.

Rarely increased blood pressure can damage the part of the brain (occipital cortex), which is responsible for vision, and this is called cortical blindness.”

3. Gestational diabetes

The percentage of blood sugar level may fluctuate during and after the pregnancy phase. Overt diabetes (preexisting diabetes) is more dangerous than gestational diabetes mellitus for visual problem. Such changes of blood sugar level may harshly damage the small blood vessels attached to the eye retina. Thus, a temporary form of diabetes known as gestational diabetes occurs in this phase of gestation, and this can often hamper the eyesight, and the mother may suffer from blurry vision (2).

Dr. Adyanthaya adds, “Pregnancy can worsen diabetic retinopathy, wherein there is leakage of blood from the retinal blood vessels due to diabetes. This can cause significant vision loss if not treated promptly.”

4. Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)

PIH can lead to vision changes after pregnancy

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Sometimes women do stress out in their pregnancy phase and suffer from the problems of hypertension after their childbirth. It can often lead to abnormal vision changes (3).

5. Pituitary adenoma

Mothers rarely encounter the problem of Pituitary adenoma. But in some rare cases, a tumor growth occurs in the pituitary gland of the women’s body. They inhibit the normal functioning of the hormonal secretion within the body, which can further lead to vision problems after pregnancy.

Symptoms of Vision Changes After Pregnancy

Some of the common symptoms of postpartum eye problems, normally experienced may include:

  1. Dizziness
  2. Double vision
  3. Light sensitivity
  4. Eye strain
  5. Intermittent blur
  6. Appearance of flashing lights
  7. Temporary loss of vision

Treatment Of Vision Problems Experienced After Pregnancy

Vision changes encountered after the childbirth usually persists for six-eight months. During the pregnancy phase, contact lens users are often recommended to switch to normal glasses for their pregnancy phase. Some of the treatment or curative measures to cure vision problems after pregnancy may include:

1. Treatment of dry eyes

Contact an ophthalmologist to get prescription for effective eye drops

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The problem of dry eyes can simply treated by utilizing the saline solution, which is normally used by the contact lens users. You can also contact an experienced ophthalmologist, who can prescribe effective eye drops or artificial tears to cure the vision problems (8).

2. Treatment Of Blurred Vision

If the condition of blurred vision persists for more than ten months after the childbirth, you can consult the ophthalmologist. He can further recommend for LASIK laser eye surgery or new contact lenses for your eyes.

3. Treatment Of Preeclampsia

Problems of preeclampsia can be effectively treated by taking prescribed medications like oral antihypertensive (nicardia, labetalol) and timely delivery.

4. Treatment of gestational diabetes

Medical nutrition therapy help treat vision problems caused by gestational diabetes

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By regular exercising and eating a well-balanced diet (medical nutrition therapy), gestational diabetes can be effectively treated.

All these effective treatments and prescribed medications can help mothers to get rid of their vision problems after pregnancy.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How long after pregnancy does vision return to normal?

Vision changes that occur during pregnancy usually resolve within a few weeks or months of childbirth (4).

2. Can pregnancy cause permanent vision changes?

Pregnancy-related vision changes are generally temporary and return to normal after delivery (5). However, consult your doctor in case of any discomfort and if the changes persist for longer than they should.

Vision changes after pregnancy can be infuriating. You may need to squeeze your eyes and strain them to read the fine prints you used to understand earlier. However, this is not a rare postpartum change. It is common among new mothers and can be controlled with suitable measures. But if you are experiencing dizziness accompanied by blurred vision, you must seek immediate professional care. The health of your eyes should be your top priority as it supports you till the very end. Lastly, try consuming green leafy vegetables that may improve your vision.

References:

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shreeja pillai

Shreeja holds a postgraduate degree in Chemistry and diploma in Drug Regulatory Affairs from the University of Mumbai. Before joining MomJunction, she worked as a research analyst with a leading multinational pharmaceutical company. Her interest in the field of medical research has developed her passion for writing research-based articles. As a writer, she aims at providing informative articles on health...
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Subhashis Samajder

( MS, DNB)
Dr. Subhashis Samajder is a consultant Gynecologist-Obstetrician currently practising at Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Howrah. His area of expertise includes abortion, colposcopy surgery, hysterectomy, hysteroscopy, infertility treatment, and menopausal problems. Dr. Samajder believes in sending his patients back home healthy and satisfied with the treatment. He also takes up women’s health awareness through his YT videos.