A big congratulations on the arrival of your newly born!
As a new mother, you are super excited, as your baby is the best thing that has happened to you. Amidst such happy moments, there can be certain things that might be running through your mind.
One such issue can be an episiotomy, which can cause some discomfort to you. This discomfort can be tackled with some care and save you from being in a painful situation.
What Is Episiotomy?
When you give birth to your baby in a natural way, sometimes, during the process, your doctor might make an incision in the perineum.
- Perinuem is the area between vagina and the back passage.
- This cut helps make the vaginal opening wider, allowing your baby to come through it more easily.
- Episiotomy is generally done during the second stage of labor in which the uterus contracts and pushes your baby out.
[ Read: What Happens To The Cervix During Birth ]
Why Is Episiotomy Done?
This incision is done to prevent damage to the vaginal area during delivery process. The damage can happen if your baby is bigger than the stretch of your vagina.
- Sometimes, it is also done by your doctor to widen the vagina and apply instruments like ventouse suction or foreceps to help with your baby’s birth.
- Episiotomy is recommended when your baby develops foetal distress, a condition in which baby’s heart rate increases or decreases seriously as your baby is not getting required oxygen.
Thus, to avoid stillbirth or other risks of birth defects, incision is made.
[ Read: How To Push During Delivery ]
4 Effective Ways For Episiotomy Care:
An episiotomy is a clean cut rather than a tear which may become better soon. The following ways can help you in episiotomy recovery:
1. Perineal Massage:
It is always best to prepare for stressful situation.
- You must perform perineal massage during pregnancy to prevent pain and other post-delivery problems.
- Perineal massage should be done before five to six months of delivery.
- Some studies also reveal that perineal massage ensures less chance of tearing and a need for episiotomy.
[ Read: Hypnosis For Labor ]
2. Cleanliness And Hygiene:
Incision area should be kept clean to prevent infection and help in episiotomy healing process.
- There might be swelling, tenderness and sensitiveness in the episiotomy area while passing urine.
- Use sterile peri-bottle every time you go the washroom to keep the incision area clean.
- After urinating, wash the area clean with the stream of warm water from the bottle and continue squirting over the wound to completely clean the area.
- Gently pat the wounded site dry.
3. Sitz bath:
To reduce the swelling in the episiotomy site, sitz bath should be used often.
- It is a small tub which rests on the toilet seat’s top.
- This tub should be filled with warm water that helps increase the blood flow to the vagina and also boosts up the healing process.
- Slowly, ice cubes must be added to warm water to reduce pain and swelling at the episiotomy site.
[ Read: Postpartum Perineal Pain ]
4. Medicines And Ointments:
Ointments and other medicines should be applied over the episiotomy site to enhance the healing process.
- 3 to 4 witch hazel pads must be placed on a sanitary napkin to make full contact with the wounded site.
- Witch hazel is a cooling agent and reduces swelling in the incision area.
- You must apply ointments and creams prescribed by your doctor on top of these pads.
In addition to these methods, you can also apply ice packs on the episiotomy site to reduce swelling and numbness in the area. You can also place sanitary napkins in the freezer to make cool ice packs. These methods will surely help you recover soon from the pain and discomfort from episiotomy procedure.
If you want to share your views regarding your episiotomy issue with our readers, please write in the comments section below.
We wish you recover soon!
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