At What Age Should Kids Get A Phone? Benefits And Drawbacks

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At what age should kids get a phone? The most common concern amongst most parents of the current era. A cell phone has become a necessity in current times. It offers several benefits, including a telephone, computer, alarm clock, television. And children know how to use it without even being taught. In addition, this device provides them unlimited access to cartoons, social media, and video games. But, no matter how tech-savvy, that does not mean they can own a mobile phone?

The post talks about the benefits and drawbacks of mobile phones, so you can decide whether or not your child is ready to have a phone.

What Age Should Children Get A Phone?

There are no governmental guidelines on when a child should get their smartphone as it is an individual family decision. The Pew Research Organization notes that the ideal age could be 12-14 years. Nevertheless, the ultimate decision to provide a phone before this age or beyond lies with the parent and depends on a child’s sense of responsibility, self-control, and maturity levels (1).

If the situation demands and you have to provide your child with a phone before the child is 12, prefer a basic phone with no or restricted internet connectivity or set child locks on inessential applications.

Experts says
Dr. Jerry Bubrick, a clinical psychologist at the Child Mind Institute, suggests parents consider their child’s social awareness and understanding of using technology apart from the age when planning to give a phone (13).

How Should Children Use Cell Phones As Per Their Age?

It is impossible to steer children away from cell phones

Image: Shutterstock

It is impossible to steer children away from those shimmering cell phone screens in a world surrounded by advanced mobile technology. Nevertheless, you can control the activities on the device, and the time it is used for. The following age guide by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry could help you regulate your child’s phone usage (2).

  • Ages two and below: Children of this age shouldn’t be given a phone. You may occasionally use it to connect with other family members and friends via video calls. For children above 18 months of age, you may show them a few educational videos under your supervision.
  • Ages two to five: Children of these ages may start to recognize that phones can be used as entertainment platforms. Restrict such entertainment usage of phones under your supervision.
  • Ages six to twelve: During this age, your child may start to understand the various platforms on the internet. By no means must you let your child have access to social media. The child’s critical skills are still developing at this age, and they are incapable of handling the negative effects that may come with it. You may allow your child to access other functions and watch educational videos. However, you must oversee the activities conducted on the phone, have screen-time limits, and exercise strict parental control on each application they use (3).
  • Ages twelve and above: Most children around this age would have a developed prefrontal cortex that is responsible for good decision-making skills. Hence, at this age, based on your child’s maturity level, you may advance to a partially supervised usage of a phone with limited internet access. However, social media usage, if any, should be carefully monitored. Despite the connectivity social media brings, it may also make a child vulnerable to cyber-bullying (4) (5).

What Are The Benefits Of Cell Phones For Children?

A child’s life with a phone is not entirely a train wreck. Access to these digital devices may give your child the following benefits (6).

  • Safety tool: Most mobile devices these days are equipped with location trackers. This unfettered access to a child’s location is a relief to many parents and is also one reason that prompts a parent to purchase a phone for their child. It also benefits your child as they get to enjoy their freedom without compromising on their safety. They could also contact you in case of emergencies.
Cell phones can give you unfettered access to your child’s location

Image: iStock

  • Technological guide: The future is all about technology. Optimal exposure to cell phones would help children keep up with the latest technologies, learn new skills, and find their stepping stone in the current internet-led times.
  • Educational aid: The unlimited access to information on the internet also includes the benefits of educational resources. With so many online study platforms, your child could resolve the queries arising during their homework time from an expert. They could also seek assistance on any subject matter within a matter of minutes.
  • Social assistance: Social media networks also provide a few benefits as they could be an ideal place for your child to stay connected with friends and family members. It is essential that the child stays in touch with only those they and you know in the real world. You could take the help of parental control apps to ensure your child doesn’t fall prey to cyber-bullying while they develop their friendships and improve their social skills.
Cell phones can give social assistance to your children

Image: Shutterstock

  • Responsibility token: It is no lie that a phone is an investment, and hence your child must keep it safe. Since they may view the cell phone as a prized possession, you could use it as an opportunity to teach them responsibility. You may also put them on the family plan and use their smartphone privileges to teach them about budgeting and controlling.

What Are The Drawbacks Of Children Having Cell Phones?

Your child may get addicted to cell phones

Image: iStock

As good as the benefits of using a cell phone may seem, they could have their share of cons. Excess usage of cell phones by children may lead to the following effects.

  • Alteration of brain development: Excess usage of cell phones may result in premature thinning of the prefrontal cortex. Eventually, this thinning could decrease social and cognitive skills affecting their mental health and leading to anxiety and depression. A few studies also suggest that cell phone radiation could lead to brain tumors (7).
Point to consider
To minimize radiation exposure from mobile phones, instruct children to avoid making calls with a weak signal, consider texting when possible, use headphones, or put the phone on speaker mode to communicate (14).
Excess cell phone usage may lead to anxiety and depression in kids

Image: Shutterstock

  • Reduction of social skills: The more time a child spends on cell phones, the less time they may spend with their friends and family. They may also stop participating in extracurricular activities in schools and spend time on their phones instead, affecting their social and critical thinking skills (8).
  • Exploration into the dark web: The other coin of the internet includes the world of the dark web. Any unrestricted recreational screen time could give them access to the dark internet that is filled with explicit content. In addition, exposure to such content may pose a threat to their character development (8).
  • Phone addiction: Dopamine is a rewarding hormone that is released after a favorite activity. Smartphones could serve as an easy source of dopamine. This easy supply means that a child may resort to using a phone for instant happiness, ultimately getting addicted to it. The technology addiction may also prevent them from participating in physical activities, pushing them towards a sedentary lifestyle (9) (10).

Frequently Asked Questions

1. For how many hours can children use a phone safely?

According to the Indian Academy of Pediatrics (11)

  • Children below two should not be exposed to any screen except for video calls to their families
  • Children between the ages of two and five may be given an hour of screen time
  • Older children and adolescents can have two hours of screen time apart from online classes

2. How should I control my child’s phone addiction?

You may control your child’s phone addiction by (12)

  • Maintaining smartphone usage schedule
  • Not using smartphones to distract or reward children
  • Prioritizing things such as homework, studies, outdoor activities, etc.
  • Involving children in walking, exercising, and stretching
  • Finding other ways to bond with children, such as cooking, cleaning, or gardening
  • Encouraging face-to-face communication
  • Being a good role model

Various factors influence parents’ decision to give their children a mobile phone. These factors include the child’s maturity, responsibility, and self-control. Giving your child a mobile phone can help you track your child’s safety and education. However, it also gives them unhindered access to video games, YouTube videos, and abusive content that can harm them. Hence, discuss the pros and cons of giving a phone to your children with your partner to decide if it is necessary for your ward at this stage of their life.

Key Pointers

  • The Pew Research Organization states that the ideal age to get a child a phone is 12–14 years; however, the final decision lies with the parents.
  • Some benefits of cell phones are that they act as a safety tool, inform about the latest technologies, and help with education.
  • However, cell phones may affect brain development and reduce social interaction.
  • Tips on how children of different age groups should use cell phones are given below.

References:

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
  1. Parenting Kids In The Age Of Screens.
    https://www.pewresearch.org/internet/2020/07/28/parenting-children-in-the-age-of-screens/
  2. Screen Time And Children.
    https://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/Children-And-Watching-TV-054.aspx
  3. At What Age Can My Child Start Social Networking?
    https://www.internetmatters.org/resources/what-age-can-my-child-start-social-networking/
  4. Johnson S.B. et al.; Adolescent Maturity and the Brain: The Promise and Pitfalls of Neuroscience Research in Adolescent Health Policy.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2892678/
  5. Funahashi. S. Prefrontal Contribution to Decision-Making under Free-Choice Conditions.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5526964/
  6. Children And Cell Phones: Weighing The Risks And Benefits.
    https://www.nationwidechildrens.org/family-resources-education/700childrens/2018/10/children-and-cell-phones
  7. Children and Cell Phones: Is Phone Radiation Risky for Kids?
    https://www.center4research.org/children-cell-phones-phone-radiation-risky-kids/
  8. Wilmer H. H. et al. Smartphones and Cognition: A Review of Research Exploring the Links between Mobile Technology Habits and Cognitive Functioning.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5403814/
  9. Dopamine Smartphones & You: A Battle For Your Time.
    https://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2018/dopamine-smartphones-battle-time/
  10. How Smartphones Hijack the Brain.
    https://www.brainfacts.org/neuroscience-in-society/tech-and-the-brain/2021/how-smartphones-hijack-the-brain-010821
  11. Ten tips for cutting down on screen time during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    https://www.unicef.org/india/parentingtips/ten-tips-cutting-down-screen-time-during-covid-19
  12. 14 Creative Ways To Break Your Child’s Smartphone Addiction.
    https://www.narayanahealth.org/blog/14-creative-ways-to-break-your-childs-smartphone-addiction/
  13. When Should You Get Your Kid a Phone?
    https://childmind.org/article/when-should-you-get-your-kid-a-phone/
  14. Children and Teens and Cell Phones.
    https://www.fda.gov/radiation-emitting-products/cell-phones/children-and-teens-and-cell-phones
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