What Is A CBC Test & Why Is It Needed?

check_icon Research-backed

Image : Shutterstock

IN THIS ARTICLE

A complete blood count or CBC test during pregnancy assesses the full blood count in mothers and determines any underlying diseases and conditions. Doctors may order a CBC test to look for anemia and analyze the hemoglobin and hematocrit levels during prenatal visits.

Although CBC tests are done in the early weeks, such as before 12 weeks of pregnancy, they are repeated a few times in the later weeks to ensure maternal wellbeing.

Read this post to learn more about CBC tests during pregnancy and how doctors interpret the results.

Why Is CBC Blood Test During Pregnancy Needed?

A CBC test usually helps your doctor get a better idea of any illnesses you may be suffering from, and may also help him diagnose fatigue, weakness, infections and other deficiency conditions such as anaemia. Infact, a CBC test is probably the first test recommended during pregnancy.

A CBC test during pregnancy is required for several reasons including:

  • Measurement of haemoglobin content.
  • Measurement of haematocrit or packed cell volume.
  • The amount of individual white blood cells (monocytes, lymphocytes, neutrophils, basophils and eosinophils). These numbers could prove to be helpful in the detection of any infections whatsoever.
  • The amount of red blood cells present in the blood which could helpful in the early detection of any forms of deficiency (anaemia).

In some cases, your doctor may also have a blood smear test done to rule out any possible conditions such as sickle cell disease, malaria, leukemia and other blood diseases.

CBC test is actually one of the most simplest tests carried out during pregnancy, and is limited to merely drawing blood from the vein. There may be a small bruise at the site from where the blood is drawn, but the blood flow through the area usually stops in a couple of minutes.

Is It Really Essential During Pregnancy?

CBC test is one of the many important tests to be carried out during pregnancy. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists believe that this test may also help detect anemia, after which, iron supplements can be given to improve the general health of the mother during pregnancy.

The fact that this test helps early detection of many infections and other conditions that may prove to be harmful for the baby is what makes it even more important to be carried out during pregnancy.

Other Pregnancy Tests

Apart from CBC, these are several other important tests that you may need to undergo while you are pregnant.

  • Blood type test (with Rh factor and antibody screening test)
  • Rubella titer test
  • Hepatitis B test
  • HIV test
  • Syphilis test
  • Glucose challenge test
  • Other tests to detect chromosomal abnormalities
  • Ultrasound

It is important to have your doctor’s opinion before undergoing any tests during this crucial period. Also make sure your doctor is aware of any medications or drugs you are already taking to rule out the risk of any complications (usually observed in individuals with bleeding disorders or those on blood thinning medications) associated with the test (1).

A CBC test during pregnancy is one of the most basic tests, requiring simply the use of a syringe to collect blood from a vein. The test evaluates a mother’s whole blood count, which includes hemoglobin volume, hematocrit, WBCs, and RBCs, to diagnose any underlying disorders or abnormalities. It is usually done before the 12th week of pregnancy, although it can also be done any time during the pregnancy to check maternal health. If you develop a fever, exhaustion, weakness, or other symptoms during your pregnancy, your doctor may order a CBC test to determine the cause.

The following two tabs change content below.

shreeja pillai

Shreeja holds a postgraduate degree in Chemistry and diploma in Drug Regulatory Affairs. Before joining MomJunction, she worked as a research analyst with a leading multinational pharmaceutical company. Her interest in the field of medical research has developed her passion for writing research-based articles. As a writer, she aims at providing informative articles on health and pharma, especially related to... more