- When can you start giving dairy products to your baby?
- How much dairy can you give to your baby?
- Why should you not substitute breast milk/formula with cow’s milk?
- What if your baby has dairy allergies?
- Things to remember
“When can I feed yogurt, cheese, and cow’s milk to my baby? Will my baby develop an allergy to dairy? Can I substitute formula with cow’s milk? Can I use dairy food to wean my baby?”
Mothers’ queries on dairy products mostly border on those lines. Such queries are pertinent when it’s time for you to wean your baby. Hence, MomJunction will answer all those questions and tell you more about dairy products for babies.
When Can You Start Giving Dairy Products To Your Baby?
1. Whole/ cow milk:
Cow’s milk is not recommended for babies under 12 months as it could lead to iron deficiency, dehydration, and allergy (1).
You may begin giving whole milk after the baby completes one year. The high-fat content in whole milk helps in the baby’s brain development. Once the baby completes two years, you can give him low-fat milk (2).
You can begin giving yogurt to your baby as early as eight months (3), provided there is no familial history of allergies. Yogurt provides all the nutrients (protein, fat, calcium, potassium, etc.,) for your baby, and is easy on his tummy.
The active cultures in the yogurt break down the lactose and protein, making them easy to digest. It also has vitamin D.
[ Read: Yogurt Recipes For Babies ]
Go for whole milk yogurt instead of a low-fat one, so that your baby gets the required amount of fat.
Offer plain yogurt that is naturally sweetened instead of artificially sweetened ones.
If your baby is lactose intolerant or has a milk allergy, eczema, or asthma, then you need to wait for a longer time to feed yogurt to your baby, or check with a pediatrician.
Once you confirm that your baby is not allergic to yogurt, you may try these combinations to make it interesting for your baby:
- Yogurt with fruits or veggies
- Yogurt with bananas
- Yogurt with applesauce
- Sweet potato mixed with yogurt
- Boiled and mashed carrots topped with yogurt
- Yogurt-based smoothies
If your baby has been feeding on breastmilk or formula and does not have a milk allergy, then you can introduce cheese after eight months of age (4).
Shred or melt the cheese and spread it on bread, veggies, or meat. You can also give sweet potato and cheese mash.
For starters, you may use the lighter cheese variants such as Colby, Jack, and American. Choose the ones which have low salt content.
A baby’s diet should include dairy to help them meet their calorie needs but you can’t give them in excess quantities.
[ Read: Cheese Recipes For Babies ]
How Much Dairy Can You Give To Your Baby?
Introduce the foods in small quantities, and gradually increase the portions.
|Dairy product||Recommended quantity||Tips|
|Whole milk||Not more than 24oz (5)||Give them whole milk for the first two years|
|Yogurt||8oz (2)||Your child may take time to develop a liking for a new food but don’t discontinue feeding just because he is not eating|
|Cheese||Half ounce||Monitor your baby while eating to avoid choking|
The US Department of Agriculture recommends 480 milliliters (16oz) of dairy products a day for infants of two to three years. Feeding dairy products beyond the recommended limits might decrease the baby’s appetite for other foods.
If your child has difficulty having whole milk, then you can feed him yogurt and cheese. But you should not replace breastmilk or formula with cow milk.
Why Should You Not Substitute Breastmilk/formula With Cow’s Milk?
You shouldn’t substitute breast milk/formula with cow’s milk or introduce cow milk to babies in the first 12 months for the following reasons:
- Cow’s milk lacks essential nutrients such as iron, zinc, and vitamin E that the breastmilk/ formula contains.
- The lack of iron in cow’s milk causes iron-deficiency anemia, especially if fed between four to six months of age.
- The high levels of nutrients such as protein and casein lead to higher urine concentration, resulting in dehydration.
- Your baby is prone to milk allergy in his first year.
However, you can mix cereal with cow’s milk and also use it in cooked recipes. When you cook any food along with milk, the proteins are broken down and hence it is safe for babies older than eight months.
Once your baby turns one year old, you can give him cow’s milk along with complementary solids (such as veggies, fruits, and finger food).
What If Your Baby Has Dairy Allergies?
If there is a familial history of milk or dairy allergies or lactose intolerance, then you should not introduce dairy in any form until your baby turns one year. There is a reduced risk of developing allergies after one year.
If there is no history of milk allergies, you could try the regular method of waiting for three days after introducing a dairy food and not giving any other new food in those three days. This way, you will be able to know if your baby is allergic to dairy.
Some common symptoms of allergy are:
- Red itchy patches
- Swelling of lips or eyes
- Vomiting within two hours of eating the new food
If you see any of the above symptoms in your baby, stop giving him the new food and check with your doctor immediately.
Things To Remember
Here are some handy tips you need to know before introducing dairy food to your baby:
- Consult your doctor before introducing dairy products.
- Babies who are allergic to dairy products are prone to be allergic to foods like soy.
- Introduce one new food at a time, so that you can identify the allergy-causing food.
- Lactose intolerance is rare in babies. But, even if your child is lactose intolerant, it may be fine for him to have yogurt because the active cultures present in it break down the lactose, making it digestible.
If your baby does not show any signs of discomfort after consuming dairy products, let him enjoy its goodness. Growing up, he will love to have them more, given the variety of recipes that can be made from dairy products. Or maybe, he would decide to turn vegan, but that is later!
When did you introduce your baby to dairy products? Which one is his favorite? Let us know in the comments section.
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