joy

In This Article

Origin, Meaning, And History Of Joy

Joy is a girl’s name derived from the Latin ‘gaudia,’ which later led to the Middle English and Old French word ‘joie.’ It means ‘happiness,’ ‘great pleasure,’ ‘ delight,’ ‘jubilation,’ and ‘rejoicing.’ It could also be of Spanish origin, meaning ‘beautiful jewel.’ In India, Joy is used as a boy’s name.

Joy is one of the happy names, along with Merry, Delight, and Bliss, popular in the Middle ages. The name was popular with the Puritans in the 17th century when it was associated with religion and happiness in God’s company. In the 19th century, it was also used more commonly among the other classes. Joy also found popularity in the era with the revival of other high-virtue names, such as Constance, Faith, Grace, and Hope.

The name is more popular because of its easy spelling and straightforward pronunciation. It is a one-syllable word that is easy to pronounce and write. Since it is such a short name, it does not require a nickname. However, you can use Jo, Joie, Joey, Joe, and Joya as nicknames for Joy. The most common variation of Joy is Joyce.

The name has made quite a few appearances in pop culture. Joy Mercer is a character on the mystery Nickelodeon TV show House of Anubis. Joy Keenan is the birth name of Dr. Temperance Brennan, the main character in the famous TV series Bones. Joy Birch is a character in the 2013 movie Prisoners. Joy Newsome is the main character in Emma Donoghue’s book Room. Later, the book was made into a movie starring Brie Larson as Joy. Joy McNally is the name of a character in the 2008 romantic comedy What Happens in Vegas. Joy is a character in the Wayside School series by Louis Sachar. Nurse Joy is a character in the Pokemon video game. Joy is also the main character in the Disney movie Inside Out. Finally, Joy Wang is a character in the 2022 movie Everything Everywhere All at Once.

Besides these fictional appearances, Joy is the name of a 2015 movie starring Jennifer Lawrence as Joy Mangano, the American inventor and entrepreneur.

Joy

heart image
Happiness; Great pleasure; Delight; Rejoice; Beautiful jewel
Girl
Hindu
Nigerian, United States
5
One
1 word, 3 letters, 1 vowel, 2 consonants
Short and easy to pronounce

How To Pronounce Joy?

Pronounced as joi

The way you pronounce a name can make all the difference.

Listen to the sound of the name Joy in English.

Phonemic Representation Of Joy

Phonemics is the study of a language’s distinctive sound units (phonemes), as standardized by the International Phonetics Association. When choosing a name for your baby, knowing its phonemic pronunciation gives an idea about the name’s sound pattern and auditory appeal. You can assess the name’s ease of pronunciation, memorability, and softness. Here is the phonemic transcription of Joy in American and British accents.

  • In American English: /jɔɪ/
  • In British English: /dʒɔɪ/

Pronunciation of names, in fact, any spoken word, involves the participation of various parts of the mouth, vocal cord, nose, and lungs. Underneath all the sounds we make is the airstream flowing from the lungs and moving up to the mouth. It’s incredible how lips, tongue, teeth, alveolar ridge, palate, glottis, and larynx work harmoniously to bring out the words. Studies have proved that positive sounds like OM (AUM) help maintain hormonal balance and mental health and reduce stress and anxiety. So, what parts does Joy trigger? Find the details here; the sound of Joy might bring in more positive vibes into your life!

PhonemeArticulation
/j/

Raising the front part of the tongue to the palate. Very little obstruction of the airstream

/ɔɪ/

Tongue mid back to high front, rounded to spread lips. Airflow is continuous

Notable People Named Joy

This section covers people who have made the name Joy famous with their contributions in various fields. It indeed is a little more inspiration for you to choose the name for your baby, don’t you think?

  • Joy BeharTelevision host, comedian, and actress
  • Joy ManganoInventor and entrepreneur
  • Joy BryantActress and fashion model
  • Joy VillaSinger-songwriter, actress, and YouTuber
  • Joy DavidmanAmerican poet and writer, known as a child prodigy and won the Yale Series of Younger Poets Competition (1938)
  • Joy WilliamsAmerican singer and songwriter, released five solo albums and won four Grammy Awards
  • Joy LaurenAmerican actress and director known for playing Danielle Van de Kamp in Desperate Housewives

Joy On The Popularity Chart

According to the Social Security Administration graphs below, we can see how the name has fared over the last few years in the US. So let us have a look at them.

Popularity Over Time

In 1980, 1,717 babies per million were given the name Joy. However, in the following years, its popularity declined. In the last decade, the name has been becoming popular again. In 2016, 952 babies per million had this name, and in 2021, 773 babies per million were named Joy. Check the graph for a better understanding.

Source: Social Security Administration

Rank Over Time

The rank of this name has shown a reasonably steady graph. In 1980, the name ranked 165. In the following years, it lost its place in the top 200 and entered the top 500. In 2008, the name ranked 536. Later, its position improved. In 2021, the rank was 407. Refer to the graph for more insights.

Source: Social Security Administration

Joy On MomJunction Popularity Chart

Know how popular the name Joy is among the MomJunction readers. We used a unique approach to gather relevant insights for creating this popularity chart by observing the interactions and interest around the name on our platform. See what the trend has been among our readers over these past years.

Names With Similar Sound As Joy

Joy is a beautiful name with a gentle sound and easy spelling. Here are some other names that have a similar sound.

Popular Sibling Names For Joy

If you are looking for some matching sibling names that resonate with Joy, check our suggestions here.

Boy Sibling Names For Joy

Find matching brother names for Joy and create a wonderful team of siblings.

Jachike heart imageJaice heart imageJaicee heart imageJaida heart imageJaidan heart imageJaidee heart imageJaiden heart imageJaimarie heart imageJajuan heart imageJakey heart image

Girl Sibling Names For Joy

Looking for some suitable sister names for Joy? Check out our collection of beautiful and unique names.

Jacey heart imageJacki heart imageJadelyn heart imageJadeyn heart imageJaeleah heart imageJaelyn heart imageJaelynn heart imageJaidlynn heart imageJailene heart imageJailyn heart image

Other Popular Names Beginning With J

Looking for more baby names starting with the letter J to resonate with your family’s naming tradition or to rhyme with the sibling names? Find a range of alternative names starting with this letter.

Names With Similar Meaning As Joy

If you liked the meaning of the name Joy, you might want to look at some names with similar meaning.

Popular Songs On The Name Joy

Acrostic Poem On Joy

Dive into the lyrical charm of the name Joy with this acrostic poem. Witness how each letter paints together a story, capturing the name’s individuality, strength, vitality, and sophistication. Inspiring, is it? Why not try a similar poem that describes what you think of your baby’s personality?

J
:

Jovial and jolly, journeying through the realm of the joyousness.

O
:

Overflowing with love and affection for all.

Y
:

Youthful and lively, with a charm so knightly.

‘Joy’ In QR Code

Here's a unique feature for the modern, tech-savvy, and curious parents – have your baby's name in a QR code. If you want your close circle to know your newborn's name, all you need to do is simply scan and share it. The code not only shows the name but its meaning as well; this means you don't have to painfully explain the meaning of your baby's name anymore! So, go ahead. Download, save, and share it with your family and friends, or use it to create personalized keepsakes for your little one.

Adorable Nicknames For Joy

Nicknames are an integral part of your communication with your baby. You tend to use several variations of your child’s name; some are meaningful, while others are simply adorable sounds. Here are a few nicknames you can begin with for the name Joy.

  • Jo
  • J
  • Jojo
  • Joyous
  • Joycie

Joy’s Zodiac Sign As Per Western Astrology

Western astrology includes the construction of a horoscope based on the person’s exact time of birth and location to understand the positions of the planet, stars, and zodiac signs at that time. However, in popular culture, it is often narrowed down to the sun sign, which depends on the person’s birth date.There are 12 zodiac signs, each having dominant traits, planetary rulers, elemental connection, and more.

Zodiac sign or Sun sign

The Earth’s orbit around the sun is divided into 12 zodiac signs covering 30-degree sectors. According to Western astrology, the zodiac or sun sign depends on the sun’s position in one of these sectors at the time of your birth. Starting from the sun’s position at the March equinox, the chart goes anti-clockwise from Aries, followed by Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces. These signs are ruled by planetary bodies - Mars, Venus, Mercury, Moon, Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Furthermore, they are categorized into triplicities or elemental signs - fire, water, air, and earth - that govern their characteristics. Each of these zodiac signs features certain personality traits that may determine how a person presents themselves.

Why the date of birth matters

Each zodiac sign in Western astrology is linked to a specific range of dates in the year. Unlike Vedic astrology, where names can sometimes be used to infer astrological details, Western astrology relies entirely on the birth date.

To know more about your baby’s zodiac sign, choose the period in which your baby’s date of birth falls, from the options given below. This will give you a glimpse into the world of astrology tailored for your baby.

Select your baby’s birthdate range

Mar 21 – Apr 19

Apr 20 – May 20

May 21 – Jun 20

Jun 21 – Jul 22

Jul 23 – Aug 22

Aug 23 – Sep 22

Sep 23 – Oct 22

Oct 23 – Nov 21

Nov 22 – Dec 21

Dec 22 – Jan 19

Jan 20 – Feb 18

Feb 19 – Mar 20

Sun Sign
Aries
Symbol
The Ram
Unicode Character
♈︎
Greek Name
Κριός (Krios)
Celestial Ruler
Mars
House
First House of Self
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
0° to 30°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Red
Birthstone
Diamond
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are ambitious and competitive and love to be at the top of your game. Warm and friendly, you love getting attention, and your courage helps you face challenges easily. You are also quite direct and no-nonsense in your approach, which makes you a resilient leader.
Sun Sign
Taurus
Symbol
The Bull
Unicode Character
♉︎
Greek Name
Ταῦρος (Tauros)
Celestial Ruler
Venus
House
Second House of Value/Income
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
30° to 60°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Green and Pink
Birthstone
Emerald
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are calm and dependable. A loyal and loving person, your humble and persistent nature will help you achieve your goals. With Venus as your ruling planet, you are pleasure-seeking and enjoy indulging in artistic pursuits and leisure activities.
Sun Sign
Gemini
Symbol
The Twins
Unicode Character
♊︎
Greek Name
Δίδυμοι (Didymoi)
Celestial Ruler
Mercury
House
Third House of Communication/Sharing
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
60° to 90°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Yellow
Birthstone
Pearl/Moonstone
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are spontaneous and quick-witted. Social and entertaining, your charm and intelligence mesmerize others, and it’s easy for you to have conversations with anybody. You are passionate about various things, so you always have your hands full with hobbies, projects, plans, and more.
Sun Sign
Cancer
Symbol
The Crab
Unicode Character
♋︎
Greek Name
Καρκίνος (Karkinos)
Celestial Ruler
Moon
House
Fourth House of Home and Family
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
90° to 120°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
White/Silver
Birthstone
Ruby
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are sensitive, compassionate, intuitive, and nurturing. Your maternal instinct reflects in your care and love for your family and loved ones. You are artistic and emotional and can go to great lengths to ensure the people around you are comfortable and happy.
Sun Sign
Leo
Symbol
The Lion
Unicode Character
♌︎
Greek Name
Λέων (Leōn)
Celestial Ruler
Sun
House
Fifth House of Romance and Pleasure
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
120° to 150°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Gold
Birthstone
Peridot
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are charismatic and charming; a born leader. You are passionate about what you love, and your loyalty and joyous nature attract people. Your natural confidence and aura always put you in the center of attention. You like luxury and flamboyance, and your relationships are always fiery.
Sun Sign
Virgo
Symbol
The Maiden
Unicode Character
♍︎
Greek Name
Παρθένος (Parthenos)
Celestial Ruler
Mercury
House
Sixth House of Health and Wellness
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
150° to 180°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Green and Brown
Birthstone
Sapphire
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are diligent, practical, and detail-oriented, which makes you a perfectionist. However, you are also humble and reliable. You are intelligent, methodical, and observant, and thus, can be trusted to execute plans smoothly. Your kind and supportive nature makes you a trustworthy friend and partner.
Sun Sign
Libra
Symbol
The Scales
Unicode Character
♎︎
Greek Name
Ζυγός (Zygos)
Celestial Ruler
Venus
House
Seventh House of Balance and Partnerships
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
180° to 210°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Pink and Blue
Birthstone
Opal
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are diplomatic and social. You appreciate harmony and balance in your life and strive towards symmetry. A connoisseur of art, luxury, and knowledge, you have a sophisticated taste. Moreover, your kind and adaptable nature lets you connect with people from different avenues.
Sun Sign
Scorpio
Symbol
The Scorpion
Unicode Character
♏︎
Greek Name
Σκoρπίος (Skorpios)[16]
Celestial Ruler
Pluto/ Mars
House
Eighth House of Transformation
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
210° to 240°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
Black
Birthstone
Topaz
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are intuitive, intense, and connected to your emotional world. Often considered mysterious, your enigmatic personality makes you attractive and interesting. Your intensity and loyalty come through in your approach to relationships, making you a great partner and friend.
Sun Sign
Sagittarius
Symbol
The Archer
Unicode Character
♐︎
Greek Name
Τοξότης (Toxotēs)
Celestial Ruler
Jupiter
House
Ninth House of Purpose and Exploration
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
240° to 270°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Purple
Birthstone
Turquoise/Tanzanite
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are one of the most dynamic and easy-going signs. Adventurous and intellectual, you do not conform to rules and restrictions and create your own path. Your bright and passionate personality makes you a fun person to be around. You like to be spontaneous, and face challenges head on.
Sun Sign
Capricorn
Symbol
The Goat
Unicode Character
♑︎
Greek Name
Αἰγόκερως (Aigokerōs)
Celestial Ruler
Saturn
House
Tenth House of Enterprise
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
270° to 300°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Gray and Brown
Birthstone
Garnet
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are disciplined, straightforward, and dedicated towards your goals. Your focus and determination make you stand apart from the crowd. However, contrasting your sharp and serious personality is a youthful and fun side that is mischievous and optimistic.
Sun Sign
Aquarius
Symbol
The Water-Bearer
Unicode Character
♒︎
Greek Name
Ὑδροχόος (Hydrokhoos)
Celestial Ruler
Uranus/Saturn
House
Eleventh House of Connections
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
300° to 330°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Blue
Birthstone
Amethyst
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are creative, innovative, and eccentric. You take joy in intellectual and artistic pursuits, and your idealistic mindset shines through in your larger-than-life plans for humanity. You are sensitive, caring, and progressive. Your open-mindedness helps you connect and socialize with others.
Sun Sign
Pisces
Symbol
The Fish
Unicode Character
♓︎
Greek Name
Ἰχθύες (Ikhthyes)
Celestial Ruler
Neptune/Jupiter
House
Twelfth House of Spirituality
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
330° to 360°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
Light green
Birthstone
Aquamarine
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are compassionate, sensitive, and the most connected to your spiritual realm. A visionary, your emotional and imaginative mind is reflected in your art and creativity. You are kind, gentle, empathetic, and a big romantic. Your dreamy and mystical side makes you unique.

Joy’s Zodiac Sign And Birth Star As Per Vedic Astrology

Vedic astrology, also called Jyotisha, provides deep insights into a person’s life based on celestial positions at birth. Rashi and nakshatra, which are an integral part of Jyotisha, are believed to influence an individual’s personality and life events. The following sections give you rashi-related information, such as the associated letters, elements, ruling body, quality, and nakshatra for the name Joy. These details help analyze a person’s characteristics, personality, and behavior.

Zodiac Sign (Rashi)

As shown in the following table, each rashi is associated with specific sounds, which are often used as the starting letters of names for newborns in Hindu families. Each rashi is represented by a figure and one of the five elements – Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Ether (Space). One ruling celestial body, known as its 'rashi lord' or 'ruler' is assigned to these rashis. These bodies include Venus, Mars, Sun, Moon, Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn. Furthermore, the rashis are assigned various qualities or gunas.

Rashi (zodiac sign)Makar (Capricorn)
Starting letters for Makar (Capricorn) rashiKH, J
RepresentationCrocodile
ElementEarth
Ruling bodySaturn
QualityMovable

Birth Star (Nakshatra)

Another important aspect of Vedic Astrology is the nakshatras, the lunar constellations or star clusters that the Moon occupies during a person's birth. There are 27 nakshatras, each with its own unique qualities, attributes, and symbolism. Each rashi contains two-and-one-fourth nakshatras in it. For example, Aries contains Ashwini, Bharani, and Krithika nakshatras.

The below table provides information on the nakshatras’ degrees on the zodiac circle, their lords and related syllables, for babies born in the Makar (Capricorn) rashi. These syllables/phonetics are popularly used to choose the baby name. For precise nakshatra calculation based on your baby's birthplace and date, use our Nakshatra Calculator.

NakshatraDegrees Of The NakshatraNakshatra
Lord (Ruler)
Name Syllables
Utharashada (Utharadam)Capricorn (0 to 10 degrees)SunBe, Bo, Ja, Ji, Bha, Bhe, Bho, Jaa, Jee
Sravana (Shravana, Thiruvonam)Capricorn (10 to 23.20 degrees)MoonJu, Je, Jo, Khi, So, Khu, Khe, Kho
Dhanishta (Avittam)Capricorn (23.20 to 30 degrees)MarsGa, Gi, Gu, Ge, Gee

Infographic: Know The Name Joy‘s Personality As Per Numerology

name-numerology-for-joy-girl

Illustration: Momjunction Design Team

Get high-quality PDF version by clicking below.

Download Infographic in PDF version Download Infographic
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Joy In Different Languages

It’s exciting to see our baby’s name spelled and written in various languages. See how people spell Joy in Spanish, French, German, Italian, and more! Each language has its own way of saying Joy, but it’s still the same special name. Learn how the name looks and sounds in different languages around the world!

NameLanguageCode
JoyEnglishen
喜悦Chinesezh-CN
आनंदHindihi
JoySpanishes
JoyFrenchfr
مرحArabicar
আনন্দBengalibn
JoyPortuguesept
радостьRussianru
خوشیUrduur
JoyIndonesianid
JoyGermande
喜びJapaneseja
आनंदMarathimr
ఆనందంTelugute
JoyTurkishtr
மகிழ்ச்சிTamilta
JoyVietnamesevi
JoyTagalogtl
기쁨Koreanko
JoyHausaha
JoySwahilisw
JoyJavanesejv
JoyItalianit
ਆਨੰਦ ਨੂੰPunjabipa
આનંદGujaratigu
ความสุขThaith
ಸಂತೋಷKannadakn
ደስታAmharicam
आनंदBhojpuribho
JoyYorubayo

Joy In Fancy Fonts

Visualize your little one’s name in different captivating fonts. You can use these fancy styles on birth announcement cards, nursery decorations, personalized gifts, to name a few. Select the perfect font from these options for a touch of personalization.

  • Double Struck Font
    𝕁 𝕠 𝕪
  • Bold Script Font
    𝓙 𝓸 𝔂
  • Fancy Style 35 Font
    յ ⊕ ψ
  • Fancy Style 7 Font
    Ĵ Ø ¥
  • Love Font
    J♥ o♥ y♥
  • Black Square Font
    🅹 🅾 🆈
  • Hand Writing 2 Font
    J σ ყ
  • X Above Bellow Font
    J͓̽ o͓̽ y͓̽

How To Communicate The Name Joy In Sign Languages

In Nautical Flags

Joy

In Sign Language

Joy

In Braille Alphabet

Joy

In Morse Code

Joy

In Barcode

In Binary

01001010 01101111 01111001

Name Numerology For Joy

Numerology is an occult system that gives significance to numbers and their influence on human life and destiny. Numerologists attribute specific qualities, energies, and characteristics to a number. Parents who believe in numerology prefer to choose baby names that resonate positively with the child’s unique numerical vibrations, often derived from their date of birth. Here we give a general birth number and personality traits of the name Joy, based on the Pythagorean (Western) system. This analysis will differ from child to child based on their date of birth. You may use our numerology calculator for more personalized information.

The name you give a child at birth is like their numerological DNA - it is a blueprint of who they are, their talents and character traits, their likes and dislikes, and much more. So choose carefully and, if possible, consider an ancestral name, especially one that belonged to an ancestor who did well and lived a good life. But consult a numerologist for more insight and perhaps a little fine-tuning by changing a letter or adding a middle name.

- Hans Decoz

Baby Name Lists Containing Joy

Movie Titles Inspired By The Name Joy

Discover the presence of Joy in an array of films. Know about the various movies that have this name.

Movie titleOther titlesRelease year
Joy Kali Kalkattawali2023
Look Up and See JoyTai tou jian xi2023
Joy Is the Acid TestA Alegria é a Prova dos Nove2023
Day of JoyJoy & Jim2022
The Joy of SerendipityLykkelige omstændigheder2022
Joy Womack: The White SwanДжой: Американка в русском балете2021
Mission: Joy - Finding Happiness in Troubled TimesMisja: szczęście, Mission: Joy - Zuversicht & Freude in bewegten Zeiten, Poslání: Radost - Hledání štěstí v neklidných časech, Αποστολή: Χαρά - Βρίσκοντας την ευτυχία σε ταραγμένους καιρούς, 喜悅:達賴喇嘛遇見屠圖主教2021
The Grapes of JoyShiawase no Masukatto, Shiawase no muscat2021

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the meaning of the name Joy?

The name Joy means happiness, great pleasure, delight, jubilation, rejoicing, and beautiful jewel.

2. What is the origin of the name Joy?

The name Joy is of Latin origin.

3. How to pronounce the name Joy?

Joy is pronounced as joi.

4. What positive qualities or attributes are often associated with people named Joy?

People named Joy, according to numerology, are associated with personality number eight. These individuals are often seen as strong, confident individuals who like to challenge themselves to achieve higher goals. They are also perceived as having good business instincts. However, these personality traits may not hold true for every individual named Joy as unique, and their personalities can vary widely.

5. How does Joy rank in terms of popularity in different countries or regions?

In the United States in 2022, the name Joy ranked 467th in terms of popularity (1). In 2022, it was the 76th most popular name in France, the 243rd most popular in the Netherlands, and the 506th most popular in England and Wales in 2021.

6. What middle names pair well with the name Joy?

Since the name Joy represents happiness, adding middle names like Katherine or Reina, which mean ‘pure,’ can give the name a richer meaning and evoke a sense of ‘pure joy.’ One-syllable names like Gwen, Jade, and Paige are also great options to consider.

References

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
  1. Popularity of the name Joy
    https://www.ssa.gov/oact/babynames/
  2. Joy (N.)
    https://www.etymonline.com/word/joy
  3. Joy (given name)
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joy_(name)
  4. Astrology, Hermes (2023); Astrology for Beginners.
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/370635414_Astrology_for_Beginners
  5. Shirley Lawrence; The Secret Science of Numerology: The Hidden Meaning of Numbers and Letters.
    https://www.academia.edu/97492675/The_Secret_Science_of_Numerology_The_Hidden_Meaning_of_Numbers_and_Letters_Shirley_Lawrence&nav_from=a3c5c3fd-555f-4584-b66d-4a3c8023402e&rw_pos=0
  6. Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia; “zodiac”; Encyclopedia Britannica.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/zodiac
  7. P.V.R. Narasimha Rao; Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach.
    https://www.vedicastrologer.org/articles/vedic_astro_textbook.pdf
  8. Paulo Martins; A Concise History of Hindu Astrology and Indian Spirituality; Scholars Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences.
    https://www.saspublishers.com/media/articles/SJAHSS_112_33-36_FT_MAEgJAB.pdf
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