kathryn

In This Article

Origin, Meaning, And History Of Kathryn

Kathryn is derived from the Greek word katharos, which means “pure” or “clear.” It is a girl’s name and a variation of the names Katherine, Catherine, and Cathryn. It is also believed that Katherine is a derivative of the Greek Aikaterine, said to be derived from the goddess Hecate. However, with the advent of Christianity, this theory has taken a backseat. In Irish, the name Kathryn is considered to be a derivative of the Gaelic Caitlin which means “innocent” or “pure.”

Kathryn has been famous for quite some time as the preferred name of the royal family and saints. St. Catherine of Alexandria was a famous 4th-century martyr and one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. Her martyrdom is commemorated in the Roman Martyrology on November 25th. One of the most common variations of Kathryn is Kathryne. Other variations include Catalina, Katherin, Katharin, and Yekatarine. In addition, you can use a variety of nicknames for Kathryn, including Kathy, Kath, Katy, Katie, Kat, Kit, Kitty, Rin, Erin, Trina, and Kate.

Though the name Kathryn is not prevalent in the entertainment industry, its variations Katherine, Catherine, and Kate have made plenty of appearances. Kathryn Janeway is the starship captain of the USS Voyager in Star Trek: Voyager and Star Trek: Nemesis. Kathryn in the Court of Six Queens is a book by Anne Merton Abbey about Kathryn. Catherine Earnshaw is the main character in Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights. Catherine Morland is the protagonist of Jane Austen’s Northanger Abbey. In An Abundance of Katherines by John Green, the main character is always heartbroken by women named Katherine. Katherine Pierce, or Katerina Petrova, is the main character in The Vampire Diaries. Kate Tomten is the oldest Tomten sibling in the Noddy cartoon series.

It may be true that Kathryn has not found fame in the entertainment world yet, but it is never too late to start.

Kathryn

heart image
Pure; Clear; Innocent
Girl
Christianity
French, Greek
7
Two
1 word, 7 letters, 1 vowel, 6 consonants
Medium length and easy to pronounce

Connected with someone called Kathryn? Send this page their way as a fun share!

How To Pronounce Kathryn?

Pronounced as kath-rin

The way you pronounce a name can make all the difference.

Listen to the sound of the name Kathryn in English.

Phonemic Representation Of Kathryn

Phonemics is the study of a language’s distinctive sound units (phonemes), as standardized by the International Phonetics Association. When choosing a name for your baby, knowing its phonemic pronunciation gives an idea about the name’s sound pattern and auditory appeal. You can assess the name’s ease of pronunciation, memorability, and softness. Here is the phonemic transcription of Kathryn in American and British accents.

  • In American English: /ˈkæθrɪn/
  • In British English: /ˈkæθrɪn/

Pronunciation of names, in fact, any spoken word, involves the participation of various parts of the mouth, vocal cord, nose, and lungs. Underneath all the sounds we make is the airstream flowing from the lungs and moving up to the mouth. It’s incredible how lips, tongue, teeth, alveolar ridge, palate, glottis, and larynx work harmoniously to bring out the words. Studies have proved that positive sounds like OM (AUM) help maintain hormonal balance and mental health and reduce stress and anxiety. So, what parts does Kathryn trigger? Find the details here; the sound of Kathryn might bring in more positive vibes into your life!

PhonemeArticulation
/k/

Raising the back of the tongue to the soft palate or velum. Airflow stops for a fraction of a second

/æ/

Tongue low front, spread lips. Airflow is continuous

/θ/

Putting the tongue between or against the upper and lower teeth. Severely obstructs the airflow and causes friction

/r/

Curling back the tip of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge. Causes some obstruction of the airstream in the mouth

/ɪ/

Tongue high front, less spread lips. Airflow is continuous

/n/

Tip of the tongue touching the alveolar ridge. Airflow stops for a fraction of a second

Notable People Named Kathryn

This section covers people who have made the name Kathryn famous with their contributions in various fields. It indeed is a little more inspiration for you to choose the name for your baby, don’t you think?

Kathryn On The Popularity Chart

The name Kathryn has seen its fair share of ups and downs. Let’s take a look at these graphs to see where the name stands now.

Popularity Over Time

Kathryn was a popular name in the 1980s. In 1985, 6,633 babies per million were named Kathryn. However, after 1990, the popularity of this name dropped rapidly. In 2021, 500 babies per million were given this name. The graph below highlights the trend.

Source: Social Security Administration

Rank Over Time

This name was extremely popular in the 1980s. Until 2001, the name ranked in the top 100s consistently. However, after 2001, its position slid. In 2021, the name ranked 595. Check the graph for more details.

Source: Social Security Administration

Kathryn On MomJunction Popularity Chart

Know how popular the name Kathryn is among the MomJunction readers. We used a unique approach to gather relevant insights for creating this popularity chart by observing the interactions and interest around the name on our platform. See what the trend has been among our readers over these past years.

Names With Similar Sound As Kathryn

If you like the name Kathryn, you may also like these names with a similar sound. They may have different meanings. Check the list below for inspiration.

Popular Sibling Names For Kathryn

If you are looking for some matching sibling names that resonate with Kathryn, check our suggestions here.

Boy Sibling Names For Kathryn

Find matching brother names for Kathryn and create a wonderful team of siblings.

Cuthert heart imageCuthred heart imageGethrude heart imageGother heart imageGotthard heart imageGuthred heart imageGuthrie heart imageKathir heart imageKathiran heart imageKathiravan heart image

Girl Sibling Names For Kathryn

Looking for some suitable sister names for Kathryn? Check out our collection of beautiful and unique names.

Katharina heart imageKatharine heart imageKatharyn heart imageKatherin heart imageKatherina heart imageKatherine heart imageKathern heart imageKatheryn heart imageKatheryne heart imageKathrine heart image

Other Popular Names Beginning With K

Looking for more baby names starting with the letter K to resonate with your family’s naming tradition or to rhyme with the sibling names? Find a range of alternative names starting with this letter.

Names With Similar Meaning As Kathryn

If you liked the meaning of the name Kathryn, you may like these names that have a similar meaning. Have a look at the options below.

Found a name you love? Send it to family and friends and see if they love it too!

Popular Songs On The Name Kathryn

Acrostic Poem On Kathryn

Dive into the lyrical charm of the name Kathryn with this acrostic poem. Witness how each letter paints together a story, capturing the name’s individuality, strength, vitality, and sophistication. Inspiring, is it? Why not try a similar poem that describes what you think of your baby’s personality?

K
:

Knowledgeable and wise, you know no vice.

A
:

Angelic and divine, a little beacon of light.

T
:

Tenacious resolve thrives, triumphant and enduring.

H
:

Helping others grow, and kindness to always show.

R
:

Rainbow of joy, spreading happiness and laughter like wildfire.

Y
:

Yin and yang, you personify balance and harmony like a song.

N
:

Noble and pious, an angel sent from above.

‘Kathryn’ In QR Code

Here's a unique feature for the modern, tech-savvy, and curious parents – have your baby's name in a QR code. If you want your close circle to know your newborn's name, all you need to do is simply scan and share it. The code not only shows the name but its meaning as well; this means you don't have to painfully explain the meaning of your baby's name anymore! So, go ahead. Download, save, and share it with your family and friends, or use it to create personalized keepsakes for your little one.

Adorable Nicknames For Kathryn

Nicknames are an integral part of your communication with your baby. You tend to use several variations of your child’s name; some are meaningful, while others are simply adorable sounds. Here are a few nicknames you can begin with for the name Kathryn.

  • Kat
  • Kathy
  • Kate
  • Kaitlyn
  • Kay

Kathryn’s Zodiac Sign As Per Western Astrology

Western astrology includes the construction of a horoscope based on the person’s exact time of birth and location to understand the positions of the planet, stars, and zodiac signs at that time. However, in popular culture, it is often narrowed down to the sun sign, which depends on the person’s birth date.There are 12 zodiac signs, each having dominant traits, planetary rulers, elemental connection, and more.

Zodiac sign or Sun sign

The Earth’s orbit around the sun is divided into 12 zodiac signs covering 30-degree sectors. According to Western astrology, the zodiac or sun sign depends on the sun’s position in one of these sectors at the time of your birth. Starting from the sun’s position at the March equinox, the chart goes anti-clockwise from Aries, followed by Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces. These signs are ruled by planetary bodies - Mars, Venus, Mercury, Moon, Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Furthermore, they are categorized into triplicities or elemental signs - fire, water, air, and earth - that govern their characteristics. Each of these zodiac signs features certain personality traits that may determine how a person presents themselves.

Why the date of birth matters

Each zodiac sign in Western astrology is linked to a specific range of dates in the year. Unlike Vedic astrology, where names can sometimes be used to infer astrological details, Western astrology relies entirely on the birth date.

To know more about your baby’s zodiac sign, choose the period in which your baby’s date of birth falls, from the options given below. This will give you a glimpse into the world of astrology tailored for your baby.

Select your baby’s birthdate range

Mar 21 – Apr 19

Apr 20 – May 20

May 21 – Jun 20

Jun 21 – Jul 22

Jul 23 – Aug 22

Aug 23 – Sep 22

Sep 23 – Oct 22

Oct 23 – Nov 21

Nov 22 – Dec 21

Dec 22 – Jan 19

Jan 20 – Feb 18

Feb 19 – Mar 20

Sun Sign
Aries
Symbol
The Ram
Unicode Character
♈︎
Greek Name
Κριός (Krios)
Celestial Ruler
Mars
House
First House of Self
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
0° to 30°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Red
Birthstone
Diamond
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are ambitious and competitive and love to be at the top of your game. Warm and friendly, you love getting attention, and your courage helps you face challenges easily. You are also quite direct and no-nonsense in your approach, which makes you a resilient leader.
Sun Sign
Taurus
Symbol
The Bull
Unicode Character
♉︎
Greek Name
Ταῦρος (Tauros)
Celestial Ruler
Venus
House
Second House of Value/Income
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
30° to 60°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Green and Pink
Birthstone
Emerald
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are calm and dependable. A loyal and loving person, your humble and persistent nature will help you achieve your goals. With Venus as your ruling planet, you are pleasure-seeking and enjoy indulging in artistic pursuits and leisure activities.
Sun Sign
Gemini
Symbol
The Twins
Unicode Character
♊︎
Greek Name
Δίδυμοι (Didymoi)
Celestial Ruler
Mercury
House
Third House of Communication/Sharing
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
60° to 90°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Yellow
Birthstone
Pearl/Moonstone
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are spontaneous and quick-witted. Social and entertaining, your charm and intelligence mesmerize others, and it’s easy for you to have conversations with anybody. You are passionate about various things, so you always have your hands full with hobbies, projects, plans, and more.
Sun Sign
Cancer
Symbol
The Crab
Unicode Character
♋︎
Greek Name
Καρκίνος (Karkinos)
Celestial Ruler
Moon
House
Fourth House of Home and Family
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
90° to 120°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
White/Silver
Birthstone
Ruby
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are sensitive, compassionate, intuitive, and nurturing. Your maternal instinct reflects in your care and love for your family and loved ones. You are artistic and emotional and can go to great lengths to ensure the people around you are comfortable and happy.
Sun Sign
Leo
Symbol
The Lion
Unicode Character
♌︎
Greek Name
Λέων (Leōn)
Celestial Ruler
Sun
House
Fifth House of Romance and Pleasure
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
120° to 150°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Gold
Birthstone
Peridot
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are charismatic and charming; a born leader. You are passionate about what you love, and your loyalty and joyous nature attract people. Your natural confidence and aura always put you in the center of attention. You like luxury and flamboyance, and your relationships are always fiery.
Sun Sign
Virgo
Symbol
The Maiden
Unicode Character
♍︎
Greek Name
Παρθένος (Parthenos)
Celestial Ruler
Mercury
House
Sixth House of Health and Wellness
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
150° to 180°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Green and Brown
Birthstone
Sapphire
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are diligent, practical, and detail-oriented, which makes you a perfectionist. However, you are also humble and reliable. You are intelligent, methodical, and observant, and thus, can be trusted to execute plans smoothly. Your kind and supportive nature makes you a trustworthy friend and partner.
Sun Sign
Libra
Symbol
The Scales
Unicode Character
♎︎
Greek Name
Ζυγός (Zygos)
Celestial Ruler
Venus
House
Seventh House of Balance and Partnerships
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
180° to 210°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Pink and Blue
Birthstone
Opal
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are diplomatic and social. You appreciate harmony and balance in your life and strive towards symmetry. A connoisseur of art, luxury, and knowledge, you have a sophisticated taste. Moreover, your kind and adaptable nature lets you connect with people from different avenues.
Sun Sign
Scorpio
Symbol
The Scorpion
Unicode Character
♏︎
Greek Name
Σκoρπίος (Skorpios)[16]
Celestial Ruler
Pluto/ Mars
House
Eighth House of Transformation
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
210° to 240°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
Black
Birthstone
Topaz
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are intuitive, intense, and connected to your emotional world. Often considered mysterious, your enigmatic personality makes you attractive and interesting. Your intensity and loyalty come through in your approach to relationships, making you a great partner and friend.
Sun Sign
Sagittarius
Symbol
The Archer
Unicode Character
♐︎
Greek Name
Τοξότης (Toxotēs)
Celestial Ruler
Jupiter
House
Ninth House of Purpose and Exploration
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
240° to 270°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Purple
Birthstone
Turquoise/Tanzanite
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are one of the most dynamic and easy-going signs. Adventurous and intellectual, you do not conform to rules and restrictions and create your own path. Your bright and passionate personality makes you a fun person to be around. You like to be spontaneous, and face challenges head on.
Sun Sign
Capricorn
Symbol
The Goat
Unicode Character
♑︎
Greek Name
Αἰγόκερως (Aigokerōs)
Celestial Ruler
Saturn
House
Tenth House of Enterprise
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
270° to 300°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Gray and Brown
Birthstone
Garnet
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are disciplined, straightforward, and dedicated towards your goals. Your focus and determination make you stand apart from the crowd. However, contrasting your sharp and serious personality is a youthful and fun side that is mischievous and optimistic.
Sun Sign
Aquarius
Symbol
The Water-Bearer
Unicode Character
♒︎
Greek Name
Ὑδροχόος (Hydrokhoos)
Celestial Ruler
Uranus/Saturn
House
Eleventh House of Connections
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
300° to 330°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Blue
Birthstone
Amethyst
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are creative, innovative, and eccentric. You take joy in intellectual and artistic pursuits, and your idealistic mindset shines through in your larger-than-life plans for humanity. You are sensitive, caring, and progressive. Your open-mindedness helps you connect and socialize with others.
Sun Sign
Pisces
Symbol
The Fish
Unicode Character
♓︎
Greek Name
Ἰχθύες (Ikhthyes)
Celestial Ruler
Neptune/Jupiter
House
Twelfth House of Spirituality
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
330° to 360°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
Light green
Birthstone
Aquamarine
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are compassionate, sensitive, and the most connected to your spiritual realm. A visionary, your emotional and imaginative mind is reflected in your art and creativity. You are kind, gentle, empathetic, and a big romantic. Your dreamy and mystical side makes you unique.

Kathryn’s Zodiac Sign And Birth Star As Per Vedic Astrology

Vedic astrology, also called Jyotisha, provides deep insights into a person’s life based on celestial positions at birth. Rashi and nakshatra, which are an integral part of Jyotisha, are believed to influence an individual’s personality and life events. The following sections give you rashi-related information, such as the associated letters, elements, ruling body, quality, and nakshatra for the name Kathryn. These details help analyze a person’s characteristics, personality, and behavior.

Zodiac Sign (Rashi)

As shown in the following table, each rashi is associated with specific sounds, which are often used as the starting letters of names for newborns in Hindu families. Each rashi is represented by a figure and one of the five elements – Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Ether (Space). One ruling celestial body, known as its 'rashi lord' or 'ruler' is assigned to these rashis. These bodies include Venus, Mars, Sun, Moon, Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn. Furthermore, the rashis are assigned various qualities or gunas.

Rashi (zodiac sign)Mithun (Gemini)
Starting letters for Mithun (Gemini) rashiK, CHH, GH, Q, C
RepresentationTwins
ElementAir
Ruling bodyMercury
QualityDual (dvisvabhava)

Birth Star (Nakshatra)

Another important aspect of Vedic Astrology is the nakshatras, the lunar constellations or star clusters that the Moon occupies during a person's birth. There are 27 nakshatras, each with its own unique qualities, attributes, and symbolism. Each rashi contains two-and-one-fourth nakshatras in it. For example, Aries contains Ashwini, Bharani, and Krithika nakshatras.

The below table provides information on the nakshatras’ degrees on the zodiac circle, their lords and related syllables, for babies born in the Mithun (Gemini) rashi. These syllables/phonetics are popularly used to choose the baby name. For precise nakshatra calculation based on your baby's birthplace and date, use our Nakshatra Calculator.

NakshatraDegrees Of The NakshatraNakshatra
Lord (Ruler)
Name Syllables
Mrigashira (Makayiram, Mrigasira)Gemini (0 to 6.40 degrees)MarsVe, Vo, Ka, Kaa, Ki, Kee, We, Wo
Ardra (Arudra, Thiruvadhirai)Gemini (6.40 to 20 degrees)RahuKu, Kam, Ja, Cha, Gha, Da, Na, Jha
Punarvasu (Punartham, Punarpoosam)Gemini (20 to 30 degrees)JupiterKe, Kay, Ko, Ha, Hi, Hee

Infographic: Know The Name Kathryn‘s Personality As Per Numerology

name-numerology-for-kathryn-girl

Illustration: Momjunction Design Team

Get the high-quality PDF version of this infographic.

Download Infographic in PDF version

Kathryn In Different Languages

It’s exciting to see our baby’s name spelled and written in various languages. See how people spell Kathryn in Spanish, French, German, Italian, and more! Each language has its own way of saying Kathryn, but it’s still the same special name. Learn how the name looks and sounds in different languages around the world!

NameLanguageCode
KathrynEnglishen
凯瑟琳Chinesezh-CN
कॅथ्रीनHindihi
KathrynSpanishes
KathrynFrenchfr
كاثرينArabicar
ক্যাথরিনBengalibn
KathrynPortuguesept
КэтринRussianru
کیتھرینUrduur
KathrynIndonesianid
KathrynGermande
キャスリンJapaneseja
कॅथ्रीनMarathimr
కాథరిన్Telugute
KathrynTurkishtr
கேத்ரின்Tamilta
KathrynVietnamesevi
KathrynTagalogtl
캐서린Koreanko
KathrynHausaha
KathrynSwahilisw
KathrynJavanesejv
KathrynItalianit
ਕੈਥਰੀਨPunjabipa
કેથરીનGujaratigu
แคทรีนThaith
ಕ್ಯಾಥರಿನ್Kannadakn
ካትሪንAmharicam
कॅथ्रीनBhojpuribho
KathrynYorubayo

Kathryn In Fancy Fonts

Visualize your little one’s name in different captivating fonts. You can use these fancy styles on birth announcement cards, nursery decorations, personalized gifts, to name a few. Select the perfect font from these options for a touch of personalization.

  • Double Struck Font
    𝕂 𝕒 𝕥 𝕙 𝕣 𝕪 𝕟
  • Bold Script Font
    𝓚 𝓪 𝓽 𝓱 𝓻 𝔂 𝓷
  • Fancy Style 35 Font
    κ α † h r ψ η
  • Fancy Style 7 Font
    Ҝ Δ Ŧ Ħ Ř ¥ Ň
  • Love Font
    K♥ a♥ t♥ h♥ r♥ y♥ n♥
  • Black Square Font
    🅺 🅰 🆃 🅷 🆁 🆈 🅽
  • Hand Writing 2 Font
    K α ƚ ԋ ɾ ყ ɳ
  • X Above Bellow Font
    K͓̽ a͓̽ t͓̽ h͓̽ r͓̽ y͓̽ n͓̽

How To Communicate The Name Kathryn In Sign Languages

In Nautical Flags

Kathryn

In Sign Language

Kathryn

In Braille Alphabet

Kathryn

In Morse Code

Kathryn

In Barcode

In Binary

01001011 01100001 01110100 01101000 01110010 01111001 01101110

Name Numerology For Kathryn

Numerology is an occult system that gives significance to numbers and their influence on human life and destiny. Numerologists attribute specific qualities, energies, and characteristics to a number. Parents who believe in numerology prefer to choose baby names that resonate positively with the child’s unique numerical vibrations, often derived from their date of birth. Here we give a general birth number and personality traits of the name Kathryn, based on the Pythagorean (Western) system. This analysis will differ from child to child based on their date of birth. You may use our numerology calculator for more personalized information.

The name you give a child at birth is like their numerological DNA - it is a blueprint of who they are, their talents and character traits, their likes and dislikes, and much more. So choose carefully and, if possible, consider an ancestral name, especially one that belonged to an ancestor who did well and lived a good life. But consult a numerologist for more insight and perhaps a little fine-tuning by changing a letter or adding a middle name.

- Hans Decoz

Baby Name Lists Containing Kathryn

Movie Titles Inspired By The Name Kathryn

Discover the presence of Kathryn in an array of films. Know about the various movies that have this name.

Movie titleOther titlesRelease year
Kathryn Upside DownLike Father Like Daughter2019

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the meaning of the name Katharyn?

The name Katharyn means ‘pure.’

2. What is the origin of the name Katharyn?

Katharyn is of English origin.

3. Is Kathryn an old name?

The name Kathryn is a spelling variation of the popular name Katherine, which has been in use for centuries. Since the original name is old, its derivative name Kathryn can also be considered an old name.

4. What are some middle names that go well with Kathryn?

The name Kathryn has a connection with a Christian saint; you may consider pairing the name with the name of another Christian saint. Clare, meaning ‘plank,’ and the name of an Italian saint, can make a unique name combination with Kathryn. Latin name Lucy, meaning ‘light,’ and the name of a Roman saint can blend well with Kathryn. Alternatively, you can pair the name with some trending names such as Mia, Evelyn, or Luna to give it a modern twist (1).

References

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
  1. Top 10 Baby Names of 2022.
    https://www.ssa.gov/oact/babynames/
  2. Astrology, Hermes (2023); Astrology for Beginners.
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/370635414_Astrology_for_Beginners
  3. Shirley Lawrence; The Secret Science of Numerology: The Hidden Meaning of Numbers and Letters.
    https://www.academia.edu/97492675/The_Secret_Science_of_Numerology_The_Hidden_Meaning_of_Numbers_and_Letters_Shirley_Lawrence&nav_from=a3c5c3fd-555f-4584-b66d-4a3c8023402e&rw_pos=0
  4. Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia; “zodiac”; Encyclopedia Britannica.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/zodiac
  5. P.V.R. Narasimha Rao; Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach.
    https://www.vedicastrologer.org/articles/vedic_astro_textbook.pdf
  6. Paulo Martins; A Concise History of Hindu Astrology and Indian Spirituality; Scholars Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences.
    https://www.saspublishers.com/media/articles/SJAHSS_112_33-36_FT_MAEgJAB.pdf
  7. International Phonetic Association.
    https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/
  8. Adam Szczegielniak; Phonetics: The Sounds of Language; Harvard University.
    https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/adam/files/phonetics.ppt.pdf
  9. Lalita K. Wani et al; Review of Scientific Analysis Of Sacred Sound OM (AUM); Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR), Novermber 2020.
    https://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2011207.pdf
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