kyle

In This Article

Origin, Meaning, and History of Kyle

The name Kyle is derived from the Gaelic surname Kyle which is originally a term derived from the term ‘caol,’ which means ‘narrow,’ ‘strait,’ or ‘channel’ in Scots. The name is believed to have originated as a description of a person who lived close to a strait or other comparably sized body of water. In Scotland, the name Kyle is typically connected with the location of Kyle of Lochalsh, located in the country’s west. Kyle became popular as a given name over time and is now used in many English-speaking nations.

While the name Kyle is most generally connected with Scottish origin, it has also been used in various cultures and languages, indicating that it may have numerous roots. Kyle is rendered as ‘beloved’ in Arabic and as ‘regal woman’ in Hebrew.

It’s also possible that Kyle is an anglicized variant of the Scottish surname MacSuile. Registrars in the Ballycastle district validated this, where the names Kyle and MacSuile were used alternately.

The phonetic spelling of the classic name Kyle is Kigh-uhl. There are many variations to this unique and exotic name. These include Kyler, Kylar, and Kile in shortened form. It also has some feminine versions, including Kylee, Kiley, Kylie, and Kylin.

Many authors have also used this class name in literature. These include Kyle McAvoy, the protagonist of the legal thriller book ‘The Associate’ by John Grisham, Kyle Kingsbury, a character in Alex Flinn’s young adult book ‘Beastly,’ Kyle Barnes, a character from Robert Kirkman’s ‘Outcast’ horror comic book series.

In addition to literature, the name Kyle has also appeared in film, television, and video games. Some include Kyle Broflovski, a key character in the well-known cartoon series South Park, Kyle Katarn, a Star Wars Expanded Universe character, Kyle Reese, a character from the series of Terminator movies, and Kyle Wincott, a character in the film ‘Max.’

Kyle is still a popular name for both boys and girls today, and many famous individuals in various fields, such as sports, entertainment, and politics, have used it.

Kyle

heart image
Beloved; Regal woman
Boy
Celtic, Gaelic
8
Two
1 word, 4 letters, 1 vowel, 3 consonants
Short and easy to pronounce

Connected with someone called Kyle? Send this page their way as a fun share!

How To Pronounce Kyle?

Pronounced as kyle

The way you pronounce a name can make all the difference.

Listen to the sound of the name Kyle in English.

Phonemic Representation Of Kyle

Phonemics is the study of a language’s distinctive sound units (phonemes), as standardized by the International Phonetics Association. When choosing a name for your baby, knowing its phonemic pronunciation gives an idea about the name’s sound pattern and auditory appeal. You can assess the name’s ease of pronunciation, memorability, and softness. Here is the phonemic transcription of Kyle in American and British accents.

  • In American English: /kaɪl/
  • In British English: /kaɪl/

Pronunciation of names, in fact, any spoken word, involves the participation of various parts of the mouth, vocal cord, nose, and lungs. Underneath all the sounds we make is the airstream flowing from the lungs and moving up to the mouth. It’s incredible how lips, tongue, teeth, alveolar ridge, palate, glottis, and larynx work harmoniously to bring out the words. Studies have proved that positive sounds like OM (AUM) help maintain hormonal balance and mental health and reduce stress and anxiety. So, what parts does Kyle trigger? Find the details here; the sound of Kyle might bring in more positive vibes into your life!

PhonemeArticulation
/k/

Raising the back of the tongue to the soft palate or velum. Airflow stops for a fraction of a second

/aɪ/

Tongue low front to high front, spread lips. Airflow is continuous

/l/

Raising the tongue tip while keeping the rest of the tongue down. Causes some obstruction of the airstream in the mouth

Notable People Named Kyle

This section covers people who have made the name Kyle famous with their contributions in various fields. It indeed is a little more inspiration for you to choose the name for your baby, don’t you think?

  • Kyle ChandlerActor
  • Kyle MacLachlanActor
  • Kyle LowryProfessional basketball player
  • Kyle SchwarberProfessional baseball player
  • Kyle KorverProfessional basketball player
  • Kyle EastwoodAmerican jazz musician and composer
  • Kyle GassAmerican comedian, actor, and musician who is a part and co-founder of a Grammy-winning comedy band named Tenacious D.
  • Kyle DixonAmerican musician and composer who is a composer for Television series such as 'Stranger Things' and 'The Terror.'

Kyle On The Popularity Chart

Kyle has been a popular boy’s name in the United States for many decades. The popularity of the name Kyle has fluctuated over time, depending on the location and period. Check out the graphs to see how popular it is.

Popularity Over Time

According to data on baby names collected by the Social Security Administration (SSA), Kyle was most popular throughout the 1980s and 1990s with 19,894 babies per million being named Kyle. Take a look at this graph to understand its popularity.

Source: Social Security Administration

Rank Over Time

There have been dramatic rises and falls in the ranking of the name Kyle. Check out the graph to know more about it.

Source: Social Security Administration

Kyle On MomJunction Popularity Chart

Know how popular the name Kyle is among the MomJunction readers. We used a unique approach to gather relevant insights for creating this popularity chart by observing the interactions and interest around the name on our platform. See what the trend has been among our readers over these past years.

Names With Similar Sound As Kyle

These names share some of the same sounds as Kyle’s and could be excellent choices if you’re seeking a lovely name with a similar sound.

Popular Sibling Names For Kyle

If you are looking for some matching sibling names that resonate with Kyle, check our suggestions here.

Boy Sibling Names For Kyle

Find matching brother names for Kyle and create a wonderful team of siblings.

Kael heart imageKaelan heart imageKaelen heart imageKaelin heart imageKail heart imageKale heart imageKalen heart imageKalin heart imageKeelen heart imageKelby heart image

Girl Sibling Names For Kyle

Looking for some suitable sister names for Kyle? Check out our collection of beautiful and unique names.

Kaileigh heart imageKailla heart imageKaillie heart imageKaily heart imageKalan heart imageKaleigh heart imageKaley heart imageKallan heart imageKayleigh heart imageKaylene heart image

Other Popular Names Beginning With K

Looking for more baby names starting with the letter K to resonate with your family’s naming tradition or to rhyme with the sibling names? Find a range of alternative names starting with this letter.

Names With Similar Meaning As Kyle

Kyle has several connotations depending on its origin. Based on the several possible origins of the name Kyle, here are other names with similar meanings.

Found a name you love? Send it to family and friends and see if they love it too!

Popular Songs On The Name Kyle

Acrostic Poem On Kyle

Dive into the lyrical charm of the name Kyle with this acrostic poem. Witness how each letter paints together a story, capturing the name’s individuality, strength, vitality, and sophistication. Inspiring, is it? Why not try a similar poem that describes what you think of your baby’s personality?

K
:

Knowledgeable and wise, you know no vice.

Y
:

Yearning for life, a youthful essence that stays forever vibrant.

L
:

Lifting the dark clouds in our life, our little sunshine.

E
:

Eloquent mind blessed with the gift of gab.

‘Kyle’ In QR Code

Here's a unique feature for the modern, tech-savvy, and curious parents – have your baby's name in a QR code. If you want your close circle to know your newborn's name, all you need to do is simply scan and share it. The code not only shows the name but its meaning as well; this means you don't have to painfully explain the meaning of your baby's name anymore! So, go ahead. Download, save, and share it with your family and friends, or use it to create personalized keepsakes for your little one.

Adorable Nicknames For Kyle

Nicknames are an integral part of your communication with your baby. You tend to use several variations of your child’s name; some are meaningful, while others are simply adorable sounds. Here are a few nicknames you can begin with for the name Kyle.

  • Ky
  • K
  • Lee
  • Kylo
  • Lele

Kyle’s Zodiac Sign As Per Western Astrology

Western astrology includes the construction of a horoscope based on the person’s exact time of birth and location to understand the positions of the planet, stars, and zodiac signs at that time. However, in popular culture, it is often narrowed down to the sun sign, which depends on the person’s birth date.There are 12 zodiac signs, each having dominant traits, planetary rulers, elemental connection, and more.

Zodiac sign or Sun sign

The Earth’s orbit around the sun is divided into 12 zodiac signs covering 30-degree sectors. According to Western astrology, the zodiac or sun sign depends on the sun’s position in one of these sectors at the time of your birth. Starting from the sun’s position at the March equinox, the chart goes anti-clockwise from Aries, followed by Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces. These signs are ruled by planetary bodies - Mars, Venus, Mercury, Moon, Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Furthermore, they are categorized into triplicities or elemental signs - fire, water, air, and earth - that govern their characteristics. Each of these zodiac signs features certain personality traits that may determine how a person presents themselves.

Why the date of birth matters

Each zodiac sign in Western astrology is linked to a specific range of dates in the year. Unlike Vedic astrology, where names can sometimes be used to infer astrological details, Western astrology relies entirely on the birth date.

To know more about your baby’s zodiac sign, choose the period in which your baby’s date of birth falls, from the options given below. This will give you a glimpse into the world of astrology tailored for your baby.

Select your baby’s birthdate range

Mar 21 – Apr 19

Apr 20 – May 20

May 21 – Jun 20

Jun 21 – Jul 22

Jul 23 – Aug 22

Aug 23 – Sep 22

Sep 23 – Oct 22

Oct 23 – Nov 21

Nov 22 – Dec 21

Dec 22 – Jan 19

Jan 20 – Feb 18

Feb 19 – Mar 20

Sun Sign
Aries
Symbol
The Ram
Unicode Character
♈︎
Greek Name
Κριός (Krios)
Celestial Ruler
Mars
House
First House of Self
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
0° to 30°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Red
Birthstone
Diamond
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are ambitious and competitive and love to be at the top of your game. Warm and friendly, you love getting attention, and your courage helps you face challenges easily. You are also quite direct and no-nonsense in your approach, which makes you a resilient leader.
Sun Sign
Taurus
Symbol
The Bull
Unicode Character
♉︎
Greek Name
Ταῦρος (Tauros)
Celestial Ruler
Venus
House
Second House of Value/Income
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
30° to 60°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Green and Pink
Birthstone
Emerald
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are calm and dependable. A loyal and loving person, your humble and persistent nature will help you achieve your goals. With Venus as your ruling planet, you are pleasure-seeking and enjoy indulging in artistic pursuits and leisure activities.
Sun Sign
Gemini
Symbol
The Twins
Unicode Character
♊︎
Greek Name
Δίδυμοι (Didymoi)
Celestial Ruler
Mercury
House
Third House of Communication/Sharing
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
60° to 90°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Yellow
Birthstone
Pearl/Moonstone
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are spontaneous and quick-witted. Social and entertaining, your charm and intelligence mesmerize others, and it’s easy for you to have conversations with anybody. You are passionate about various things, so you always have your hands full with hobbies, projects, plans, and more.
Sun Sign
Cancer
Symbol
The Crab
Unicode Character
♋︎
Greek Name
Καρκίνος (Karkinos)
Celestial Ruler
Moon
House
Fourth House of Home and Family
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
90° to 120°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
White/Silver
Birthstone
Ruby
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are sensitive, compassionate, intuitive, and nurturing. Your maternal instinct reflects in your care and love for your family and loved ones. You are artistic and emotional and can go to great lengths to ensure the people around you are comfortable and happy.
Sun Sign
Leo
Symbol
The Lion
Unicode Character
♌︎
Greek Name
Λέων (Leōn)
Celestial Ruler
Sun
House
Fifth House of Romance and Pleasure
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
120° to 150°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Gold
Birthstone
Peridot
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are charismatic and charming; a born leader. You are passionate about what you love, and your loyalty and joyous nature attract people. Your natural confidence and aura always put you in the center of attention. You like luxury and flamboyance, and your relationships are always fiery.
Sun Sign
Virgo
Symbol
The Maiden
Unicode Character
♍︎
Greek Name
Παρθένος (Parthenos)
Celestial Ruler
Mercury
House
Sixth House of Health and Wellness
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
150° to 180°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Green and Brown
Birthstone
Sapphire
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are diligent, practical, and detail-oriented, which makes you a perfectionist. However, you are also humble and reliable. You are intelligent, methodical, and observant, and thus, can be trusted to execute plans smoothly. Your kind and supportive nature makes you a trustworthy friend and partner.
Sun Sign
Libra
Symbol
The Scales
Unicode Character
♎︎
Greek Name
Ζυγός (Zygos)
Celestial Ruler
Venus
House
Seventh House of Balance and Partnerships
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
180° to 210°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Pink and Blue
Birthstone
Opal
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are diplomatic and social. You appreciate harmony and balance in your life and strive towards symmetry. A connoisseur of art, luxury, and knowledge, you have a sophisticated taste. Moreover, your kind and adaptable nature lets you connect with people from different avenues.
Sun Sign
Scorpio
Symbol
The Scorpion
Unicode Character
♏︎
Greek Name
Σκoρπίος (Skorpios)[16]
Celestial Ruler
Pluto/ Mars
House
Eighth House of Transformation
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
210° to 240°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
Black
Birthstone
Topaz
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are intuitive, intense, and connected to your emotional world. Often considered mysterious, your enigmatic personality makes you attractive and interesting. Your intensity and loyalty come through in your approach to relationships, making you a great partner and friend.
Sun Sign
Sagittarius
Symbol
The Archer
Unicode Character
♐︎
Greek Name
Τοξότης (Toxotēs)
Celestial Ruler
Jupiter
House
Ninth House of Purpose and Exploration
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
240° to 270°
Element (Triplicity)
Fire
Color
Purple
Birthstone
Turquoise/Tanzanite
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are one of the most dynamic and easy-going signs. Adventurous and intellectual, you do not conform to rules and restrictions and create your own path. Your bright and passionate personality makes you a fun person to be around. You like to be spontaneous, and face challenges head on.
Sun Sign
Capricorn
Symbol
The Goat
Unicode Character
♑︎
Greek Name
Αἰγόκερως (Aigokerōs)
Celestial Ruler
Saturn
House
Tenth House of Enterprise
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
270° to 300°
Element (Triplicity)
Earth
Color
Gray and Brown
Birthstone
Garnet
Modality
Cardinal
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are disciplined, straightforward, and dedicated towards your goals. Your focus and determination make you stand apart from the crowd. However, contrasting your sharp and serious personality is a youthful and fun side that is mischievous and optimistic.
Sun Sign
Aquarius
Symbol
The Water-Bearer
Unicode Character
♒︎
Greek Name
Ὑδροχόος (Hydrokhoos)
Celestial Ruler
Uranus/Saturn
House
Eleventh House of Connections
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
300° to 330°
Element (Triplicity)
Air
Color
Blue
Birthstone
Amethyst
Modality
Fixed
Polarity
Positive
Personality Traits
You are creative, innovative, and eccentric. You take joy in intellectual and artistic pursuits, and your idealistic mindset shines through in your larger-than-life plans for humanity. You are sensitive, caring, and progressive. Your open-mindedness helps you connect and socialize with others.
Sun Sign
Pisces
Symbol
The Fish
Unicode Character
♓︎
Greek Name
Ἰχθύες (Ikhthyes)
Celestial Ruler
Neptune/Jupiter
House
Twelfth House of Spirituality
Ecliptic Longitude (a ≤ λ < b)
330° to 360°
Element (Triplicity)
Water
Color
Light green
Birthstone
Aquamarine
Modality
Mutable
Polarity
Negative
Personality Traits
You are compassionate, sensitive, and the most connected to your spiritual realm. A visionary, your emotional and imaginative mind is reflected in your art and creativity. You are kind, gentle, empathetic, and a big romantic. Your dreamy and mystical side makes you unique.

Kyle’s Zodiac Sign And Birth Star As Per Vedic Astrology

Vedic astrology, also called Jyotisha, provides deep insights into a person’s life based on celestial positions at birth. Rashi and nakshatra, which are an integral part of Jyotisha, are believed to influence an individual’s personality and life events. The following sections give you rashi-related information, such as the associated letters, elements, ruling body, quality, and nakshatra for the name Kyle. These details help analyze a person’s characteristics, personality, and behavior.

Zodiac Sign (Rashi)

As shown in the following table, each rashi is associated with specific sounds, which are often used as the starting letters of names for newborns in Hindu families. Each rashi is represented by a figure and one of the five elements – Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Ether (Space). One ruling celestial body, known as its 'rashi lord' or 'ruler' is assigned to these rashis. These bodies include Venus, Mars, Sun, Moon, Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn. Furthermore, the rashis are assigned various qualities or gunas.

Rashi (zodiac sign)Mithun (Gemini)
Starting letters for Mithun (Gemini) rashiK, CHH, GH, Q, C
RepresentationTwins
ElementAir
Ruling bodyMercury
QualityDual (dvisvabhava)

Birth Star (Nakshatra)

Another important aspect of Vedic Astrology is the nakshatras, the lunar constellations or star clusters that the Moon occupies during a person's birth. There are 27 nakshatras, each with its own unique qualities, attributes, and symbolism. Each rashi contains two-and-one-fourth nakshatras in it. For example, Aries contains Ashwini, Bharani, and Krithika nakshatras.

The below table provides information on the nakshatras’ degrees on the zodiac circle, their lords and related syllables, for babies born in the Mithun (Gemini) rashi. These syllables/phonetics are popularly used to choose the baby name. For precise nakshatra calculation based on your baby's birthplace and date, use our Nakshatra Calculator.

NakshatraDegrees Of The NakshatraNakshatra
Lord (Ruler)
Name Syllables
Mrigashira (Makayiram, Mrigasira)Gemini (0 to 6.40 degrees)MarsVe, Vo, Ka, Kaa, Ki, Kee, We, Wo
Ardra (Arudra, Thiruvadhirai)Gemini (6.40 to 20 degrees)RahuKu, Kam, Ja, Cha, Gha, Da, Na, Jha
Punarvasu (Punartham, Punarpoosam)Gemini (20 to 30 degrees)JupiterKe, Kay, Ko, Ha, Hi, Hee

Infographic: Know The Name Kyle‘s Personality As Per Numerology

name-numerology-for-kyle-boy

Illustration: Momjunction Design Team

Get high-quality PDF version by clicking below.

Download Infographic in PDF version Download Infographic
Download Infographic in PDF version

Kyle In Different Languages

It’s exciting to see our baby’s name spelled and written in various languages. See how people spell Kyle in Spanish, French, German, Italian, and more! Each language has its own way of saying Kyle, but it’s still the same special name. Learn how the name looks and sounds in different languages around the world!

NameLanguageCode
KyleEnglishen
凯尔Chinesezh-CN
केलीHindihi
KyleSpanishes
KyleFrenchfr
كايلArabicar
কাইলBengalibn
KylePortuguesept
КайлRussianru
کائلUrduur
KyleIndonesianid
KyleGermande
カイルJapaneseja
केलीMarathimr
కైల్Telugute
KyleTurkishtr
கைல்Tamilta
KyleVietnamesevi
KyleTagalogtl
카일Koreanko
KyleHausaha
KyleSwahilisw
KyleJavanesejv
KyleItalianit
ਕਾਇਲPunjabipa
કાયલGujaratigu
ไคล์Thaith
ಕೈಲ್Kannadakn
ካይልAmharicam
केलीBhojpuribho
KyleYorubayo

Kyle In Fancy Fonts

Visualize your little one’s name in different captivating fonts. You can use these fancy styles on birth announcement cards, nursery decorations, personalized gifts, to name a few. Select the perfect font from these options for a touch of personalization.

  • Double Struck Font
    𝕂 𝕪 𝕝 𝕖
  • Bold Script Font
    𝓚 𝔂 𝓵 𝓮
  • Fancy Style 35 Font
    κ ψ レ ε
  • Fancy Style 7 Font
    Ҝ ¥ Ł €
  • Love Font
    K♥ y♥ l♥ e♥
  • Black Square Font
    🅺 🆈 🅻 🅴
  • Hand Writing 2 Font
    K ყ ʅ ҽ
  • X Above Bellow Font
    K͓̽ y͓̽ l͓̽ e͓̽

How To Communicate The Name Kyle In Sign Languages

In Nautical Flags

Kyle

In Sign Language

Kyle

In Braille Alphabet

Kyle

In Morse Code

Kyle

In Barcode

In Binary

01001011 01111001 01101100 01100101

Name Numerology For Kyle

Numerology is an occult system that gives significance to numbers and their influence on human life and destiny. Numerologists attribute specific qualities, energies, and characteristics to a number. Parents who believe in numerology prefer to choose baby names that resonate positively with the child’s unique numerical vibrations, often derived from their date of birth. Here we give a general birth number and personality traits of the name Kyle, based on the Pythagorean (Western) system. This analysis will differ from child to child based on their date of birth. You may use our numerology calculator for more personalized information.

The name you give a child at birth is like their numerological DNA - it is a blueprint of who they are, their talents and character traits, their likes and dislikes, and much more. So choose carefully and, if possible, consider an ancestral name, especially one that belonged to an ancestor who did well and lived a good life. But consult a numerologist for more insight and perhaps a little fine-tuning by changing a letter or adding a middle name.

- Hans Decoz

Baby Name Lists Containing Kyle

Movie Titles Inspired By The Name Kyle

Discover the presence of Kyle in an array of films. Know about the various movies that have this name.

Movie titleOther titlesRelease year
Bad Love: Why Did Fri Kill Kyle?Bad Love: Why Did Fri Kill Kyle2022
Kyle2007

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the meaning of the name Kyle?

The name Kyle means ‘triumphant.’

2. What is the origin of the name Kyle?

Kyle has a Celtic and Gaelic origin.

3. How to pronounce the name Kyle?

Kyle is pronounced as kyle.

4. Is Kyle a masculine or feminine name?

Kyle is predominantly considered a masculine name. It is traditionally used as a given name for boys. According to SSA, 804 babies per million were given this name in the US in 2022 (1).

5. What are some middle names that go well with Kyle?

The name Kyle has Scottish roots. Hence names with similar origins, such as Aodh, meaning ‘fire,’ Beathan meaning ‘life,’ or Marcas meaning ‘male,’ Argyle meaning ‘coast of the Gaels,’ can be excellent middle names.

6. Is Kyle a traditional or modern name?

Kyle can be considered a modern name. It gained popularity in the latter half of the 20th century.

References

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
  1. Popularity of name Kyle.
    https://www.ssa.gov/oact/babynames/
  2. Kyle (given name)
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyle_(given_name)
  3. Astrology, Hermes (2023); Astrology for Beginners.
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/370635414_Astrology_for_Beginners
  4. Shirley Lawrence; The Secret Science of Numerology: The Hidden Meaning of Numbers and Letters.
    https://www.academia.edu/97492675/The_Secret_Science_of_Numerology_The_Hidden_Meaning_of_Numbers_and_Letters_Shirley_Lawrence&nav_from=a3c5c3fd-555f-4584-b66d-4a3c8023402e&rw_pos=0
  5. Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia; “zodiac”; Encyclopedia Britannica.
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/zodiac
  6. P.V.R. Narasimha Rao; Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach.
    https://www.vedicastrologer.org/articles/vedic_astro_textbook.pdf
  7. Paulo Martins; A Concise History of Hindu Astrology and Indian Spirituality; Scholars Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences.
    https://www.saspublishers.com/media/articles/SJAHSS_112_33-36_FT_MAEgJAB.pdf
  8. International Phonetic Association.
    https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/
  9. Adam Szczegielniak; Phonetics: The Sounds of Language; Harvard University.
    https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/adam/files/phonetics.ppt.pdf
  10. Lalita K. Wani et al; Review of Scientific Analysis Of Sacred Sound OM (AUM); Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR), Novermber 2020.
    https://www.jetir.org/papers/JETIR2011207.pdf
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