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Common Last Names Starting With M, In Different Origins

Italian Last Names That Start With M

1. Macri

A name of Greek origin, Macri, is the noun version of the adjective "makròs," which represents a massive person.

2. Macaluso

This Arabic derived Italian name means liberated.

3. Macchia

This Italian topographic name means thicket or scrub.

4. Macina

This Italian surname means millstone.

5. Maggio

The famous Italian surname Maggio comes from the same Italian word that denotes the month of May.

6. Maiorani

The roots of this name link back to Marogani, a French family who moved to Italy in the 16th century.

7. Malatesta

Malatesta is a combination of two words. “Mala” means bad and “testa” means character. The word is also Italian slang for a stubborn person.

8. Mammarella

Italians have strong family ties, and this surname is a derivation of the word “mamma,” meaning mother. Carlo Mammarella is a famous Italian footballer.

9. Mancini

A surname of Italian origin and popular in Italy, Mancini is derived from the adjective Mancino. It refers to a left-handed

10. Manzi

With Latin roots, the surname Manzi is derived from the first name Mantius. It is also derived from the Italian word Manzo, which means ‘steer’. Manzi is an occupational name for one who raised steers.

11. Mariani

A derivative of the Latin nickname "Marianus," Mariani is Mariano’s plural or patronymic version.

12. Massarini

Massarini is a descriptive Italian surname that comes from the word "massaro." It refers to a person who is the owner of lands.

13. Morgante

With Old Italian roots, Morgante was a giant in a poem-novel by Italian author Luigi Pulci. The surname is based on the character of Morgante. According to Old French, Morgant is also an adjective, meaning proud or scornful.Check out more Italian names

American Last Names That Start With M

14. Mabins

Mabins is the last name of English origin. It finds roots in the Welsh name Mabon, which refers to a child. This name is also considered a variant of the Scottish name Maben.

15. Macall

Also spelled as McCall, this surname of Scottish and Irish origin comes from a Gaelic word that refers to "the battle chief’s son." Carl McCall was a famous U.S. politician born in 1935.

16. MacNeil

MacNeil is a surname of European origin. It is a derivative of the personal name Niall, which denotes a champion.

17. Maddison

Mathieson is the source of the last name Maddison, a name with English roots. It refers to Matthew’s son.

18. Malcolm

The Old Gaelic word "Mael Coluimb" finds its anglicized version in the surname Malcolm. This name is of European origin.

19. Marshall

With Scottish and English roots, this popular occupational last name belongs to medieval times. It refers to a man who takes care of horses.

20. Martin

Martin is a name of European roots. The names found prominence in the fourth century with a famous saint called Martin of Tours.

21. McDonald

The anglicized version of the Gaelic name Mac Dhamhnuill, McDonald is a popular last name of Scottish origin.

22. Morgan

Morgan is a surname of Old Welsh origin and a derivative of the personal name ‘Morcant.’

23. Murphy

A family name of European origin, Murphy refers to “Murchadh’s descendant.”Check out more American names

Scottish Last Names Starting With M

24. Maack

Obtained from the given name Mack, the surname Maack means “charming” or “delightful” in Scottish and refers to the “greatest” in Latin.

25. Macmaster

Macmaster is a Scottish surname, which means son of a master.

26. Maguire

With probable roots in Scotland and Ireland, this last name is an Anglicized version of the Gaelic word ‘Mag Uidhir,’ meaning “Odhar’s son.” Maguire means “sallow.”

27. Macfee

Macfee is a Scottish name, which means charming.

28. McAllister

McAllister is a surname from Ireland and Scotland. It finds its roots in the Gaelic given name Mac Alasdair. It refers to Alasdair’s son.

29. McCartney

From Northern Ireland and the Scottish Galloway, the surname McCartney is an Anglicized variant of the Gaelic name Mac Artaine, which means “Artan’s son.”

30. McKenzie

Mackenzie is a family name of Scottish origin. It is an Anglicized variant of the Gaelic name Mac Coinnich, a patronymic version of Coinneach denoting someone handsome.

31. McPhail

The surname with roots in Scotland remains popular to date. It is a derivative of the personal given name Paul.

32. Melvin

Melvin is the Scottish variant of Melville or of the French last name de Maleuin or Melwin. It is an Anglicized form of a Gaelic word, meaning ‘gentle chieftain.’

33. Miller

The occupational name finds its emergence in English and Scottish culture. The name represents a miller or one who works at the mill or takes care of a mill.

34. Munroe

A variant of Monroe, Munroe is an Irish and Scottish surname. It is derived from the Gaelic name Rothach, which refers to a man from River Roe.

35. Murray

One of the common Scottish surnames, Murray means, “settlements in the sea.”Check out more Scottish Names

Spanish Last Names Starting With M

36. Madrigal

The Spanish habitational surname is a derivative of the Late Latin word matricale ‘matrix’ referring to a womb or a river bed.

37. Maese

Maese is a Dutch patronymic name derived from the Spanish word ‘maes.’ It refers to a maestro or master, a teacher.

38. Magallanes

A habitational name from a Spanish village by the name of Magaláns, Magallanes is a common surname.

39. Majano

Majano means a ‘heap of stones’ usually used as a boundary. This Spanish topographic last could also be a habitational name from a town called Majano in the province of Toledo.

40. Marcos

This personal name has been adapted into a popular surname. It has multiple meanings, including warring, a defender, and a hammer.

41. Medina

Medina is a Spanish habitational name about multiple places. The Arabic holy city of Medina is one such place. The surname is also used by Sephardic Jews.

42. Mesa

This Spanish family name is a habitational name from southern Spain. The city of La Mesa gets its name from the Latin word mensa, meaning ‘table-top' as in the topographical feature.

43. Milian

Milian is a popular surname used by the Polish and Spanish. It is extracted from the Latin given name Aemilianus or Roman aemulus, meaning enemy or rival.

44. Monroy

The Spanish habitational family name represents people from Monroy, a town in the province of Cáceres. Monroy refers to the ‘red mountain.’

45. Murga

Murga is a place in the Navarre province of Spain. This habitational name also finds its roots in the Romanian word Murgã and the Greek word Mourgas.Check out more Spanish Names

French Last Names Starting With M

46. Mabbit

Mabbit is a French name that means lovable.

47. Mabee

Mabee is derived from the French name Amable or Mable, which means lovingly or lovable person.

48. Maben

This name is popular among the Celtic tribe, which means “great son.”

49. Macadam

Macadam refers to Adam’s son. Adam or Adam Macgregor is the grandson of Gregor Macgregor, the chief of the Gregor clan.

50. Mador

A surname common amongst the French, Mador or Madore, is a shortened form of Amadour. Amadour is a given name derived from the Latin word Amator, denoting a lover.

51. Marseille

A geographical or habitational surname, the surname Marseille is also the name of a French city. These names are based on a person’s residence.

52. Martin

Martin is a patronymic surname after the French Saint Martin of Tours. This was one of the most popular French family names between 1891 and 1990.

53. Meaux

This French habitational name is derived from Seine-et-Marne, which got its name from the Gaulish tribe Meldi or from a town in the Rhône called Meaux-la-Montagne.

54. Melin

A common French name, Melin, is a nickname for the French name Amelin. It could also be a habitational name from places in Côte d’Or and Haute-Saône, where Melin comes from ‘mill’ or the Latin word molinum.

55. Michelin

Michelin is a popular French surname. According to Hebrew literature, Michael denotes one who is Godly or like God.

56. Monet

A nickname for the personal name Simon, Monet is a popular French surname. It could also be a shorter form of any name ending with ‘mon’ like Aymon.

57. Moranville

Moranveille is a place in the Meuse and this habitational surname originates from there. This French last name could also be a combination of the personal name Morand and the Latin word ‘villa’ meaning estate.

58. Moris

Moris or Morris is a common English, Scottish, and Welsh surname. It has many variations in Dutch and German. In France, Moris is a variation of Maurice, which means ‘dark-skinned’ in Latin.Check out more French Names

Irish Last Names Starting With M

59. MacCarthy

A surname of Gaelic origin, history traces back MacCarthy to a Gaelic Irish ruling clan during the Middle Ages. Florence MacCarthy was a famous Irish prince from the 16th century.

60. MacCleary

The French last name MacCleary finds its roots in the Gaelic term Mac Cléirigh, which refers to the priest’s son.

61. MacCoy

MacCoy is a French surname, a combination of Scottish, Irish, and Manx terms. The name also finds Gaelic links with a Celtic pagan God called Mac Aodha, which referred to the “fire’s son.”

62. Maccarone

Maccarone is an Irish derived surname which is an occupational surname for pasta makers

63. Mahony

This family name originates from Mathghamhan, who was the son of a prince in the 10th century. The word means “bear” and is found exclusively in West Munster.

64. Malone

Malone is a surname of Irish origin. The name is derived from the term Maoileoin, which denotes “St. John’s servant.” Bernie Malone was a famous Irish Labour Party lady politician.

65. Marcott

Marcott is the French variant of Marcotte. It is a metronymic occupational surname of “one who grows vines.” The Old French word marcotte refers to a layer formed by a vine shoot.

66. Monaghan

A common surname beginning with the letter ‘M’, Monaghan is extracted from Manacháin meaning “monk.”

67. Mooney

Mooney means wealthy. It is derived from the Irish word Maonaigh, which also refers to someone who can't speak.

68. Moriarty

Moriarty is an Anglicized version of the Gaelic term Ó Muircheartaigh. It comprises two elements, muir meaning sea and ceadach meaning skilled. Moriarty, therefore, refers to a “skilled navigator.”

69. Mulhall

The last name Mulhall is indicative of the descendant of St. Cathal’s follower, Maolchathail. The name denotes a “devotee of Saint Cathal.”Check out more Irish Names

Hispanic Last Names That Start With M

70. Martinez

Martinez is a patronymic surname and refers to “Martin’s son.” It is a derivative of the Latin name Martinus, referring to the Roman god Mars, the protection war God.

71. Moreno

Although the origin of the word is unclear, it may have come from the Late Latin term maurinus meaning “moor.”

72. Munoz

A patronymic last name, Munoz, represents the "son of Muño." The term also means a “hill.” Muñoz is the 40th most popular Hispanic surname.

73. Mendez

It refers to a descendant or son of Mendo or Mendel. The medieval surname Menendo is a derivative of the Visigothic name Hermenegildo, meaning "total sacrifice."

74. Maldonado

The term ‘mal’ means bad. Maldonado comes from the Spanish term mal donado, and the combination means ill-favored, badly bestowed, or given.

75. Mejia

This surname, with Spanish roots dates back to the 1500s. It comes from the Hebrew term messiah, which is a vernacular form of the Latin term Messias.

76. Melendez

This Spanish-Basque last name is commonly spelled as Melendez in the Puerto Rican community of The United States.

77. Meza

A toponymic last name derived from old Spanish, Meza refers to a tabletop or plateau.

78. Molina

Molina is an occupational last name originating in Spain. The term in Latin means “mill” and is derived from the Latin term mola meaning “millstone.”

79. Mora

A surname of Ancient Roman-Latin origin, the Portuguese and Spanish name can be a pet name for Morales, Morais, or Maurier. Mora means ‘blackberry' and was initially believed to be an occupational surname for people who farmed blackberries.

German Last Names Starting With M

80. Maag

With Dutch and German heritage, the surname Maag comes from the Middle German word ‘Mac’ and the Middle Dutch term ‘Mage.’ Maag refers to a ‘kinsman’ or ‘relative.’

81. Mais

A derivative of the German term Maiss, Mais is a topographic surname, meaning a “land clearing.” The name first surfaced in the Rhineland. It also means “May” and could have been borne by someone born in May or someone fond of spring.

82. Maltsberger

This German habitational surname is derived from a place by the name of Maltsberg. Johann Maltsberger emigrated from Germany to TN in the early 19th century, thus, spreading the name beyond his country.

83. Markus

A surname with Latin roots, Markus has multiple meanings including defender, warlike, and even denotes a hammer. Markus also refers to the descendant of Mark, which refers to someone belonging to Mars, the God of war.

84. Mauer

A common German last name, Mauer, is a variant of Maurer. According to German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) literature, Mauer means ‘wall.’ This name could be topographic, denoting a person who lived by a wall or occupational for a builder of walls.

85. Meinberg

The German Habitational surname Meinberg comes from a place by the same name in Westphalia.

86. Meyer

Also spelled as Meier, Meyer is an occupational surname. Initially, it referred to a landlord of a manor, but later it was used for a self-employed farmer.

87. Milch

The popular German surname is a metonymic occupational name. Milch denotes a milk seller. The name is derived from the Middle High German word ‘milich’ meaning milk.

88. Moser

A topographic name from South Germany, Moser refers to a person who resided near a peat bog. According to North German, this is a metonymic occupational surname for a vegetable vendor. Moser could also be a habitational name from a place with the word ‘mos.’

89. Müller/ Möller

A surname of occupational relevance, Müller refers to a miller or one who works in a mill. This is the most common German last name.Check out more German Name

Greek Last Names Starting With M

90. Makris

A popular name in ancient Greek, Makris is a pet name for the Greek term ‘makros,’ which means “tall” or “long.”

91. Mallas

A Greek occupational surname, Mallas, means “trowel.” The name denoted someone who lays bricks for a living.

92. Mandrapilias

The family name Mandrapilias is commonly found in the Spartan region of Greece. The name is derived from a term that refers to a wall made of stone.

93. Manikas

A derivation of the Greek term ‘maniki’ meaning sleeve or handle, Manikas is an occupational surname borne by people who craft handles.

94. Markopoulos

A derivation of the name ‘Markus,’ this Greek last name refers to “Mark’s son.” This ancient surname means “blessed by God Mars,” who was the War-God.

95. Mavros

The Greek last name Mavros describes a person of dark complexion or ‘black.’ This descriptive surname is also used as a prefix for given names.

96. Matraxia

Matraxia is a popular Sicilian surname with Greek roots. Probably a geographical name from Mathraki, the Dorian Island, which Dorians left to create the famous Magna Graecia.

97. Metaxas

A common amongst Greek surnames starting with ‘M,’ Metaxas is acquired from the Greek term metaxi, which means ‘silk’ or refers to a person who works with silk.

98. Mikos

This Greek last name is believed to be a shortened form of Demetrios. The name is the Greek equivalent of Nicholas. The Greeks consider Mikos to be a descendant of Michos or Michael, who they worship like a God.

99. Moralis

The Greek surname Moralis finds roots in the Spanish last name ‘Morales.’ This name is a derivation of the Spanish word ‘moreras,’ denoting ‘mulberry trees.’Check out more Greek Name

Polish Last Names Beginning With M

100. Macak

A Polish patronymic surname, Macak, is a shortened form of the given name Maciej, which is the Polish equivalent of Mathew. Mathew in Hebrew refers to a gift from God.

101. Mace

This Polish surname means bitterness of the sea.

102. Maleski

This habitational Polish surname denotes people from places like Malesze in Białystok voivodeship or Malesin in Skierniewice voivodeship.

103. Mazurek

One of the most popular last names in Poland, Mazurek, is of Polish and Ukrainian descent. It is diminutive of the given name Mazur meaning “rustic.” It is a regional name for a person belonging to the Masovia or Mazowsze province, including modern Masuria.

104. Mieczysław

Mieczysław is a modern version of the Old Polish surname Miecisław, derived from mietać. The term means 'to throw.'

105. Mielcarek

The common Polish last name is a diminutive of the Polish term mielcarz, which means ‘maltster.’ The name is an equivalent of the Jewish and German occupational surname Meltzer, referring to a maltster or one who brews malts.

106. Mieszko

Mieszko is a popular historical surname belonging to the first ruler of Poland. Though it is becoming rare with time, it is often used as a given name. The surname is believed to be a derivative of Miecisław.

107. Mirosław

One of the oldest Polish family names, Miroslaw is a word formed in combination of two productive Polish Slavic name lexemes in reverse order. The reconstruction refers to “one who worships peace” and “one who becomes famous by establishing peace and order.”

108. Mleczko

A derivative of mleko meaning ‘milk,’ the Polish surname Mleczko is an occupational name denoting a milkman.

109. Mosakowski

A habitational surname, Mosakowski, refers to a person belonging to a town called Mosaki in Ciechanów voivodeship. It is an extension of the given name Mosak, a nickname for many names beginning with Mo.

110. Motyka

Motyka is a surname of Polish, Slovak, and Ukrainian popularity. The term refers to a “hoe.” It speaks of a person who often takes off on a wild goose chase. A famous bearer of this surname is the Polish historian Grzegorz Motyka born in 1967.Check out more Polish Names

Portuguese Last Names Starting With M

111. Machado

A family name of Spanish and Portuguese origin, Machado means ‘hatchet’ or ‘axe.’ The name dates back to 2nd Century Europe and is commonly found in Spain, Portugal, Latin America, Brazil, and parts of India due to Portuguese colonization.

112. Mascarenhas

A popular surname to date, Mascarenhas is a habitational family name with roots in the civil parish of Mascarenhas in Mirandela, Portugal. Pedro Mascarenhas was a famous Portuguese colonial administrator and explorer.

113. Matos

Also spelled as Mattos or prefixed as de Matos, this is a famous Portuguese and Sephardic surname. Matoš is also a popular Croatian surname. The toponymic name gets its fame from the region Lamego in Portugal. In Hebrew, the term means “tribe” or “wooden sticks.”

114. Mello

Originating from Italy, this Portuguese surname is also popular in Brazil. A famous bearer of this surname is the Portuguese author Dom Francisco Manuel de Mello.

115. Mesquita

Mesquita is a Galician and Portuguese last name that means “mosque.”  The Portuguese writer Raul Mesquita is a well-known bearer of this surname.

116. Miranda

Miranda refers to someone who is “admirable.” This surname finds its roots in many countries, including Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, Italy, and in languages such as Sephardic Jewish and Maltese.

117. Modesto

Originating in Latin Europe, the surname Modesto is commonly found in Spain, Portugal, and Italy. The term means modest, humble, or virtuous.

118. Moleiro

This occupational surname refers to a “miller”. Moleiro is a name of Galician and Portuguese origin and popularity.

119. Mota

Mota is a topographic surname of Portuguese and Spanish origin. It represents a person who resided near a fortified castle.

120. Munhoz

According to the Portuguese language, the surname Munhoz originated from Spanish and is a variant of the Spanish word Muñoz.Check Out more Portuguese NamesSurnames are an identity of families, heritage, and lineage. Originating from ancient times, these surnames can help you find your roots from around the world. A thorough study from our end brings you the most common last names that start with M with meanings.

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[post_title] => 120 Common Last Names That Start With M, With Meanings [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => surnames-last-names-that-start-with-m [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-21 13:49:58 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-21 08:19:58 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=771366 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[1] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 771247 [post_author] => 309431 [post_date] => 2021-09-17 17:32:51 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-17 12:02:51 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_771249" align="alignnone" width="720"]53 Short Names Or Nicknames For Richard, With Meanings-1 Image: Shutterstock[/caption]Richard is a beautiful name for your baby boy. The name itself originated from the Old Franconian language, and the composition of the word has Proto-Germanic descent. “Rīk” stands for “king, leader or a ruler” whereas “hardu” stands for “hardy, courageous, brave,” therefore the name’s meaning comes to “someone who has a dominant rule.”Some famous individuals with the name Richard are Richard Gere, Richard Harris, Richard Dreyfuss, and Richard Pryor—so there is no doubt about how popular the name is. Also, there are unique names that you can pick as a short name for your baby. If you are still unsure about what to name your little one, maybe this comprehensive list of nicknames for Richard will help you pick the perfect name.

Best Short Names or Nicknames For Richard

This list of short names for Richard is adorable, creative, and quite modish. The names are modified versions of the initial name.

1. Aldrich

An extraordinary nickname for your baby boy, Aldrich, means a wise and aged ruler.

2. Al

It is the diminutive form of the name Aldrich.

3. Archie

The name means someone brave and bold. Moreover, the Duchess and Duke of Sussex have a baby boy named Archie.

4. Archikins

It serves as a cute nickname for your baby boy Richard.

5. Butch

Butch is a common nickname used for various American and British names. This Old English name means someone prestigious. Butch is also used for a baby boy whose father name is Butch.

6. Charlie

Quite a common first name and a good nickname for Richard, this name’s meaning is “free man.”

7. Chard

Remove the first few letters from the name “Richard,” and you get this cute and trendy short name for your baby boy.

8. Chuck

Remove a few syllables from the name ‘Richard’ and add a few more, and you get this name. This name originated from an Old German language and means “free man.”

9. Dick

One of the most popular nicknames for Richard, this name has an English origin. It means someone who is a strong ruler.

10. Dicun

This name is derived by tweaking the name Dick, and it is of medieval origin.

11. Dickie

This name has an Old German origin, and it means a powerful leader.

12. Dickey

This Anglo-Scottish name is of Norman origin. One of the earliest examples of the name was a denizen of Montrose in the 17th century, David Dickey.

13. Dickon

The German origin name stands for “a rigid ruler.”

14. Dickson

Another variation of the nickname “Dick,” Dickson, has been derived from the name Dixon, and it also means the “son of Dick.”

15. Dix

A French word meaning the number ten, this nickname was derived as a variation for “Dick.”

16. Dixon

The Old English name also means “the son of Dick.”

17. Erich

Pronounced as Eric, this name originated in Greece. It means an eternal ruler.

18. Hardy

The name’s meaning stands for someone brave and bold.

19. Hugo

The name is of German origin, and it means “intelligent.”

20. Hudde

The medieval alternative to the name Hugh, Hudde, means “spirit,” “mind,” or “heart.”

21. Hudson

This innovative nickname for Richard is derived from Hugh (the English alternative to Hugo), which means the “son of Hugh.”

22. D-son

It is a smaller version of the name Hudson, which is a common name for Richard.

23. Huddy

An adorable nickname, Huddy, is formed by attaching a few suffixes.

24. Hudsie

It is a great pet name for Richard.

25. Karly

A German alternative to the name Charlie, this too means a “free man.”

26. Lee

Take the last few syllables from the name Richie and add a letter, and you have a nickname, Lee.

27. Lil’ Huddy

This name was inspired by the American social media star Lil Huddy.

28. Michie/Michi

It is a name that rhymes with Richie. In Japanese, Michi refers to a graceful droopy flower or a gateway.

29. Ric

You can also spell it as Ryk. It is a name of Scandinavian origin and means a peaceful ruler.

30. Rich

It is a diminutive form of the name Richie.

31. Rick

Originating from one of the medieval Norwegian languages, this name in the Norse language refers to an eternal ruler or the ruler of islands. The reference of this name can be dated back to an explorer of the 10th century by the name “Rick, the Red.”

32. Ricki

This is a unisex name that has its origin in Norway, and it means “forever.”

33. Ricky

An Old German name, this unisex name means a peaceful or strong ruler. You can also spell it as Rickey.

34. Rickie

The name has its origin from the Old Norse language, Rickie means “an eternal ruler.”

35. Ricko/Riko

Riko in Japanese is a feminine name, but in England or Germany, it is a cute nickname given for Richard.

36. Reek

It is a famous character from the Game of Thrones series.

37. Rickster

A playful take on the name Richard and the word rockstar, Rickster can be a perfect one for your little rockstar.

38. Riku

The Japanese substitute for the name Richard, Riku, means “a handsome lad.”

39. Red

A gender-neutral name, it is a great nickname for your little Richard.

40. Ricard

Take out one letter from the name Richard, and you get this name, it means a dominant leader.

41. Ricardo

It is the Spanish variant of the name Richard.

42. Riccardo

An Italian name, Riccardo, is an alternative pet name used for Richard. When Normans captured Sicily during the year 1057, it became one of the most powerful countries in Europe. During that time, Riccardo was one of the names that got recorded and became a substitute for Richard.

43. Rikhard

After the Normans conquered England in 1066, a family had immigrated, and so the name Rikhard originated. Yorkshire was the first place that had traces of this name being used for the first time.

44. Richie

This name means a rich and powerful ruler. It is also the name of the main character from the series “Richie Rich.”

45. Ritz

This particular word is often used about something glamorous and luxurious. It also serves as a pet name for Richard.

46. Rocky

A name of Italian origin, it became famous after Sylvester Stallone’s film “Rocky.” It translates to ‘rest.’

47. Rocko

It is an alternative for the name Rocky.

48. Ryker

The word has been derived from “rike” in the German language that translates to “rich.”

49. Rix

The spelling can either be Ricks or Riks, it is a fun take on the nickname Rick.

50. Tichý

In the Slovakian language, this name means a calm person.

51. Reed

In ancient times, babies born with beautiful red hair on their heads would often have the name “Reed.” Although this name has been there for centuries, it sounds elegant and graceful.

52. Risty

Risteard is the Irish equivalent of the name Richard. Risty is the diminutive of the name Risteard.

53. Ryssy

The Polish name Ryszard is equal to Richard in English, and Ryssy is a short nickname for Ryszard.Richard is a name filled with panache and grace and its history can be traced to several European languages. History has kept records of all the popular people whose first name was Richard. A unique and innovative nickname would be the perfect choice for your little prince.

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[post_title] => 53 Short Names Or Nicknames For Richard, With Meanings [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => short-names-nicknames-for-richard-meanings [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-17 17:34:26 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-17 12:04:26 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=771247 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[2] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 771097 [post_author] => 309431 [post_date] => 2021-09-17 12:05:19 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-17 06:35:19 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_771129" align="alignnone" width="720"]120 Nigerian Last Names Or Surnames, With Meanings Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Nigeria is a country on the western coast of Africa with approximately 21 crores of population. History has it that two ethnic groups, namely Yoruba from the kingdom of Ile-Ife and Igbo from native south-central and south-eastern Nigeria and other parts of Africa, comprised most African names and cultures (1). Hence, this list of 120 Nigerian last names reflects derivations and origins from these two clans.

Nigerian Last Names Or Surnames, With Meanings

1. Abara

A spiritual name, Abara is a Nigerian last name with Igbo roots. The word refers to a spirit.

2. Abdullahi

A follower of God or a server of the Almighty is known as Addullahi. This Nigerian surname finds its origin in the Arabic language.

3. Abiola

A surname of Yoruba origin, Abiola in Nigeria, refers to a person born in wealth and honor.

4. Abimbola

A surname of lesser popularity, Abimbola denotes someone who is born rich. This Nigerian family name finds its origin in Yoruba.

5. Abubakar

Abubakar is a popular Nigerian last name with roots in the Yoruba ethnic tribe. The name means “noble.”

6. Adébáyọ̀

With roots in the African tribe Yoruba, Adébáyọ̀ is a family name meaning royalty, king, or crown.

7. Adeoye

Originating from the African ethnic group Yoruba, Adeoye is a tribal surname meaning ‘crown.’

8. Adesina

This Nigerian surname is given to a child who has been ‘long-awaited for”. It is of Yoruba origin and refers to a crown that opens the way forward.

9. Adeyemi

This surname is popular amongst the families of the Yoruba tribe. This African term Adeyemi denotes someone worthy of becoming a king.

10. Agbani

Agbani is a surname with Yoruba roots and is synonymous with the phrase “Praise the Lord.”

11. Aguta

Originating amongst the Igbo ethnic people, Aguta is a surname that means ‘innumerable.’ According to a submission from Uganda, this word also means “laughter.”

12. Agwuegbo

A female-oriented surname, Agwuegbo denotes times when hardships have been overcome. The last name finds its origin amongst the Igbo tribe.

13. Akerele

“Small but strong” is the meaning of this Nigerian surname of Yoruba origin.

14. Akintola

A surname of Yoruba roots, Akintola signifies that becoming brave is as honorable as being wealthy.

15. Akinyemi

A powerful last name, Akinyemi, is a Nigerian surname of Yoruba origin. It refers to someone who is born to be a soldier or warrior.

16. Akpabio

With roots in the Ibibio ethnic African group, this surname denotes a prime or noble member, a leader maybe.

17. Aku

Aku is a Nigerian family name of Igbo origin. It represents good economic fortune or wealth.

18. Alana

Although Alana is more popular as a given female name, variations of this word are also found as surnames in Nigeria.

19. Alaneme

Originating amongst the Igbo people of Africa, Alaneme is an amalgamation of two words. Ala means land, while neme refers to doing something. This surname refers to an active piece of land.

20. Ali

A popular surname amongst the Islamic groups across the world, especially in Nigeria, Ali finds its roots in the Arabic language. The word refers to a champion, someone of height and elevation.

21. Alison

A surname of Greek origin, Alison means “light.” Its roots are also found in England and Scotland, where it is a patronymic name referring to “Allen’s son.”

22. Aliu

Aliu is a Nigerian last name with English roots. It is synonymous with someone who is “remarkable.”

23. Amaechi

This African surname refers to one who can predict tomorrow. Amaechi is a Nigerian surname of Igbo origin.

24. Anenih

A strong surname of Yoruba origin, Anenih denotes a God-bearing last name.

25. Asaju

Asaju denotes a leader or head of warriors. This is a powerful Nigerian surname.

26. Attah

Originating from the Igala tribe of Africa, this Nigerian last name means “Father of everyone.”

27. Awolowo

Awolowo is a Nigerian last name with its roots in the African Yoruba tribe. The name speaks of the dignity found in the oracle.

28. Azi

A single syllable surname Azi, pronounced with emphasis as Azih, this Nigerian surname means “infinite or unending.”

29. Baba

A word found in many languages across the world, especially Indian, Baba refers to a title given to an elder. It means “father.”

30. Babangida

An elongation of the word ‘baba,’ this Nigerian last name of Hausa origin denotes the master of a household.

31. Balogun

Balogun is an African surname with Yoruba roots. It is a title bestowed upon a family who are warlords.

32. Bolaji

Bolaji is a popular surname commonly found in Nigeria. This name was often heard amongst original African tribals.

33. Bankole

Bankola is a rare surname with traces in Nigeria, Africa. It rooted back to the Yoruba ethnic groups and was given to sons who helped in building houses.

34. Bassey

A word from the Efik language of Nigeria, Bassey is a surname that means “God” or “The Lord.”

35. Bello

Originating in the Latin word Bellus, Bello is a Nigerian surname that refers to beautiful or handsome.

36. Bosede

This is a matronymic surname of Yoruba origin. It refers to someone who is born on a Sunday.

37. Chidubem

Synonymous with a person who the Almighty always guides, Chidubem is a highly respectable Nigerian surname.

38. Chukwu

Chukwu is the last name with African Igbo roots. The name means “greatness,” “a spiritual being or God himself.”

39. Danjuma

Danjuma continues as a Nigerian family name and is a name of Yoruba origin. The name means “born on Friday.”

40. Esuola

Referring to having a lot of wealth, Esuola is a Nigerian surname originating from the Yoruba tribe.

41. Egbe

Egbe was originally used as a nickname but later adopted as a family name. The name comes from the Yoruba ethnicity and means “kite.”

42. Etienam

There is a history behind this surname, which means “benevolent” or a “doer of good deeds.” The name originates from the Alwa Ibom and Calabar regions of southeast Nigeria and is also popular in the Caribbean.

43. Emem

This unisex African surname is unique and means “calm” or “peace.”

44. Eze

A common Nigerian family name of Igbo origin is Eze. The word is a title given to a person of respect. Eze means “king.”

45. Falade

Falade is a unique surname. The meaning of this word translates into a full sentence. When the Lord is said to have mingled with royalty, it is called Falade. This African surname is of Yoruba origin.

46. Folorunsho

Denoting a person under God’s protection, Folorunsho is a Nigerian last name with a Yoruba origin.

47. Gbadamosi

This Nigerian surname is male-oriented and refers to “one who is independent.”

48. Guh

Guh is a Hebrew surname meaning “gift of God.” It has been found as a common family name in Nigeria.

49. Hassan

A patronymic surname, Hassan, has Arabic roots and signifies manly, strong, and handsome boys.

50. Ibeh

Ibeh is a Nigerian family name originating from Igbo ethnicity. It signifies a relationship of friendship, family, or even an acquaintance.

51. Ibrahim

Ibrahim is probably the most common Nigerian surname. It is the Arabic version of Avram in Hebrew and denotes the “Nation’s Father.” Ibrahim was an Islamic Prophet of God.

52. Igbinedion

When one seeks refuge in the protection of elders, it is termed as Igbinedion. This Nigerian surname is of Benin origin.

53. Igwe

Igwe is a surname of Igbo roots and is only found amongst the royalty. The term means “heaven.”

54. Ihejirika

Also a nickname, Ihejirika, is the last name of Igbo origin. This pompous name means “I have the greater one.”

55. Ikande

Ikande signifies a person with ample love. It is a surname found in Nigeria.

56. Kalu

A male-oriented surname, Kalu originates in the Igbo tribe of Africa and refers to the “Thunder God.”

57. Kazah

The meaning of this Arabic last name is synonymous with the source of light. It is a common surname found in Nigeria.

58. Kikelomo

Kikelomo is a female-oriented surname of Yoruba origin. It signifies a child who must be loved, cherished, and pampered.

59. Kporaro

Kporaro signifies progress. It is a rare Nigerian surname.

60. Lawal

This popular Nigerian family name refers to a “good-looking boy.” Abass Lawal is a famous Nigerian footballer.

61. Meremikwu

A surname of Igbo origin, Meremikwu is an optimistic name meaning “to become better” or “rise higher.”

62. Mohammed

Mohammed is one of the most common Islamic names and surnames across the world. It has Arabic roots and means “the one who is praised.”

63. Njoku

Originating from the tribe of Igbo ethnicity, Njoku is a common Nigerian last name referring to the deity of the guardian of the Yam.

64. Nnadi

A surname full of hope and spirituality, Nnadi of Igbo origin means “my father is living” or “my God lives.”

65. Nwadike

Nwadike is a Nigerian family name originating within the Igbo clan of Africa. It signifies a solid bloodline and refers to a strong person. It is also synonymous to a “hero’s son.”

66. Nwaeze

Originating in the ethnic clans of Africa, this Igbo name is a popular Nigerian surname meaning the “king’s child.”

67. Nwaigbo

Nwaigbo is a personal surname belonging to the Igbo tribe of Africa. It means “child of Igbo” and refers to a baby of the people of the clan.

68. Nwaike

A child born into a family with a strong lineage bears this surname. Nwaike is a family name of African-Igbo origin.

69. Obi

Obi means “heart” and is a popular surname amongst the Igbo people of Africa.

70. Obiaka

This Nigerian surname upholds family and is synonymous with the thought that every home is the greatest. Obiaka is a surname of Igbo origin.

71. Obiakaeze

This is a family name of Igbo origin. Though the Africans worshipped their King, this name means “the King is greater than home.”

72. Obiakpani

Obiakpani denotes peace and clarity. The surname of Igbo origin means the “end of suspense, the heart rests now.”

73. Obianagha

A name for a warrior, Obianagha, is a Nigerian family name referring to someone who came to fight. It finds its roots in the Igbo clan.

74. Odoemene

The roots of this surname are found in Nigeria itself though according to the Igbo language, Odoemene means “yellow reluctance.”

75. Ojo

A Nigerian name stemming from the Yoruba people, Ojo means “vigor, shine, or splendor.”

76. Okeke

According to the Igbo literature, Eke is a day of the week. Okeke refers to people born on Eke.

77. Okon

A name denoting darkness, this African surname refers to someone born at night.

78. Okoro

Okoro means “greatness.” This last name originates from the Igbo tribe and refers to a child born to a born-free man.

79. Okoturo

This Nigerian surname finds its origin in the Igbo ethnicity of Africa.

80. Okpara

This is one of the surnames of Ikpede origin, and it means “rich man” or “big man.” This surname means ‘firstborn.’

81. Okusanya

Okusanya is a Nigerian last name of Yoruba origin. The name is symbolic of the belief that one gets rewarded for their sufferings.

82. Oladoyinbo

A patronymic surname with Igbo roots, this name refers to a person surrounded by honor.

83. Olanrewaju

A hopeful surname derived from Yoruba culture, Olanrewaju speaks of one’s wealth moving forward and growing in the future.

84. Olowe

A surname of Yoruba origin, Olowe refers to a person capable of calling many people for help.

85. Oni

One who is born on a holy ground is called Oni, according to the Nigerian last names.

86. Onyema

A country of high religious beliefs, the Nigerian surname Onyema asks the question, “who can predict what is in God’s mind?” The name finds roots in the Igbo clan.

87. Onyilogwu

Onyilogwu is a common family name in Nigeria. This name was first found among the Igbo people. It is synonymous with someone unaffected by black magic.

88. Osondu

With roots in the ethnic group of Igbo in Africa, the last name Osondu signifies running for life.

89. Owayale

A name with Yoruba and Nigerian roots, Owayale denotes the coming home of the river goddess. It is a popular Yoruba surname.

90. Oyinlola

A Nigerian common last name of Yoruba origin, this female-oriented name meaning wealth is sweet. The highest concentration of this surname is found in the Ondo region of Nigeria.

91. Peter

The surname Peter has many derivations. It stems from the Greek word Petros, meaning rock or stone, or from the Latin word ‘Petra.’ Samuel Peter is a Nigerian heavyweight boxer born in 1980.

92. Popoola

A phrase in itself, the meaning of the last name Popoola says that people who love God are intelligent. The name stems from the Yoruba clan of Africa.

93. Prest

Derived from the English word ‘priest’ or priest as per Old English, Prest is a surname n from Britain’s Anglo-Saxon tribes.

94. Rabiu

Rabui is a surname used popularly in Nigeria. It originates from Hausa and denotes something meaningful.

95. Rafiu

According to the Islamic religion, Rafiu is the Networking God. This Arabic surname is derived from the Arabic term ‘rafa,’ which means to raise or lift up. The Nigerian surname also means ‘noble.’

96. Raheem

This Islamic-Arabic surname denotes one of Allah’s names. It is a short form of Abdu r-Raḥīm, which refers to the ‘servant of merciful.’

97. Razzaq

Razzaq finds its roots in Persian, Arabic, and Urdu languages. According to Islam, it is one of the many names of God. The word denotes a provider and also means sustained.

98. Sami

Sami means prominent. It is a surname of Arabic origin and is found popularly amongst Nigerians.

99. Samuel

A surname popular all across the world, Samuel is a name of Hebrew origin. It denotes the “name of God.” According to the Old Testament, Samuel was the last ruling judge.

100. Sanusi

This surname originates in Libya. It refers to a person from Senouss, which is a Libyan region. The Libyan dynasty was called Sanusi till the 2969 coup dismantled it.

101. Shehu

A family name of Arabic origin, Shehu, is synonymous with an authoritative figure or a sheikh.

102. Sulaimom

This is a Hebrew word denoting a “peaceful man.” Sulaimom is equivalent to the English name Solomon. Solomon was the King of Israel and also an Islamic Prophet.

103. Taiwo

According to African mythology, Taye and Taiye are considered the first pair of twins to be born in the world. Taiwo is a Yoruba surname referring to these twins.

104. Tersoo

Tersoo is a family name commonly found in Nigeria amongst the people of Tiv. The name denotes the love of a father.

105. Tyjani

Tyjani is the last name of Hausa origin. It is a unisex name denoting a gift or one of greatness that cannot be matched.

106. Uba

Uba is a surname of African origin. It is synonymous with “The Lord” or “Father.”

107. Uchce

Originating within the ethnic Igbo people of Africa, this surname refers to thoughts of God or The Father.

108. Uche

Similar to Uchce and common in the Igbo tribe, Uche means will, sense, or intention. A variant of this surname is Uchechukwu meaning ‘God’s will.’

109. Uchenna

Signifying the thoughts of God, this Nigerian surname belongs to Igbo origin.

110. Ukpabi

Ukpabi is a deity’s name. The Nigerian surname finds its roots in the Igbo clan of Africa.

111. Ugochukwu

A Nigerian surname of Igbo origin, Ugochukwu refers to “God’s glory.” It also refers to the “Eagle belonging to God.”

112. Umaru

Umaru is an ancient Arabic word and finds roots in the Urdu language. It is derived from the word ‘umr’ meaning age or life.

113. Umeh

Umeh means “strength.” This last name originated amongst the Igbo people of Africa.

114. Umunna

Umunna is a family name popularly heard of in Nigeria and other parts of Africa. It is a name of Igbo origin and signifies “The Father’s children.”

115. Unigwe

A surname of Igbo origin, Unigwe means “heaven.”

116. Uthman

A surname of Arabic origin, Uthman is a mythological name. It refers to a wise and powerful person. Uthman was a companion of Prophet Mohammad.

117. Uzoegbu

Originating from the tribe of Igbo, Uzoegbu is a Nigerian surname referring to the safety of one who reads.

118. Yakubu

The surname Yakubu is a variation of the name Jacob. It has Swahili roots and means “Supplanter.”

119. Yusuf

Yusuf is a common Islamic surname. It is popular in Nigeria and finds roots in Aramaic, Persian, Turkish, and Arabic cultures. In the Hebrew language, the name denotes ‘God increases.’

120. Zabu

Zabu is a Nigerian last name meaning “gold.”Family names or surnames are a link to our past. They give us knowledge of our ancestors and where and how our family tree started. This list gives us an insight into some popular and not-so-common Nigerian surnames.

References:

  1. A. R. Mustapha; Ethnic Structure, Inequality and Governance of the Public Sector in Nigeria; https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.527.2545&rep=rep1&type=pdf

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[post_title] => 120 Nigerian Last Names Or Surnames, With Meanings [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => nigerian-last-names-surnames-with-meanings [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-17 12:05:19 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-17 06:35:19 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=771097 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[3] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 770255 [post_author] => 309431 [post_date] => 2021-09-13 20:21:47 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-13 14:51:47 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_770275" align="alignnone" width="720"]120 Royal Last Names Or Surnames Across The World Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]The last names of royalty and noble families are easily recognizable. Many royal families have their history and lineages well-documented. They are often held in admiration and veneration by the general public.Members of the royal families often hold celebrity-like status in the region or even globally. We all know about the Windsors, the British royal family last name, who are the reigning monarchs in the UK. But have you wondered about various other noble families that are spread around the world. Find below some of the royal family surnames who have great power, wealth, and influence.

Popular Royal Last Names Or Surnames List

1. Agilolfings

The Agilolfings were a noble family from the Bavarian region of Germany. The Agilolfings ruled alongside the Merovingian dynasty around the seventh century AD. The dynasty was started by prince Agilulf. The name was derived from old Germanic words agil (meaning edge) and ulf (wolf).

2. Alpin

The Alpin family descended from its founder Alpin mac Echdach. Alpins have ruled Scotland and nearby regions from the ninth to 11th century AD.  One of the most popular rulers of the Alpin family was Malcolm II. Alpin in Gaelic stands for ‘white’ and has been used to refer to mountain folks.

3. Althan

Althans are a German nobility that hails from the Bavaria region. They are an old German family whose ancestry goes back to the 13th century AD. Althans branched out ruling parts of Austria and Prussia too. The name Althan has a Saxon root which means ‘spring’.

4. Andechs

Feudal rulers were common in 12th century Germany. The Andechs had the ranks of prince and authority at a regional level. The Andechs family lineage survives even today with Ludwig Jozef as the current head. The name was adopted from the name of a municipality in the Bavaria region.

5. Angelos

The Angelos family was a prominent noble family of the Byzantine Kingdom during 11th century Greece. Constantine Angelos was a prominent member of this clan who claimed high rankings following his marriage to the daughter of the emperor of that time. The Angelos name continues to present times, although claims of direct lineage can be disputed.

6. Arco

The Arco family is an old noble family from the commune of Arco in Northern Italy. They built the famous Castle of Arco around the 14th century. Members of this royal family are also spread across Germany and Austria through marriage alliances. Arco is a habitation name in Italian and is originally derived from the arc meaning ‘bow’.

7. Arlay

Arlay is a French house of nobility and is a part of the bigger House of Ivrea. John I was the founder of this family line. Arlay is a commune in eastern France. Arlay in French roughly translates to ‘meadow’.

8. Artois

The Artois family was descended from the French King Louis VIII. The King’s younger son Robert received the commune of Artois in his inheritance around the mid-13th century. The following generations used Artois as their last names. Artois in Bretonian means ‘a bear’.

9. Astley

Astleys are a noble family from England. They have occupied the rank of Baronetage in the British aristocracy. However, their Baronetcy ranks have become obsolete officially in the early 19th century. Nonetheless, they are considered noble and compared among one of the royals. Astley comes from Old English words east and leah, which means ‘clearing by the wood’.

10. Augustenburg

The Augustenburg family is a German-origin noble house. It is part of the larger Oldenburg house that has ruled many parts of Europe, including Germany, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and Denmark. Members of the Augustenberg family have occupied the positions of Duke in Germany and Denmark. The name is derived from the name Augustus which means ‘esteemed’.

11. Baldwins

Baldwins belong to a line of aristocracy that had their presence in England and Ireland. More than the British nobility, the American Baldwin family enjoys more popularity in present times thanks to the actor brothers Alec, Daniel, William, and Stephan. This Baldwin family has also been said to be distantly connected to the current reigning family. Baldwin in old Germanic means ‘brave friend’.

12. Banfi

Banfi is a commune in Croatia from the noble family of Banfi. They ruled the Medimurje region near the border of Slovenia during the 17th century. The Banfi manor and the Banfi castle are popular tourist attractions of the region. The name is derived from the Croatian word Banffy which means ‘hills’.

13. Barclay

Also known as Barclay de Tolly, Barclays are a well-respected noble family of Baltic German settlement. Barclays migrated from Scottish to Russian and German regions towards the mid-17th century. Today, the name is associated more with the name of the Barclays Bank. The name is derived from Scottish and means ‘birch tree meadow’.

14. Berenguer

Berengeurs are the nobility of French ancestry from the middle ages who occupied aristocratic positions in France, Germany, and Italy. The way the name is spelled varies depending on the region and country with Berengar and Beringer being other common ones. In old Germanic, Berenguer means ‘bear’.

15. Bernadotte

The Bernadottes runs the current royal house of Sweden, with Carl XVI Gustaf as the head. The Bernadotte family also ruled Norway for about a century, from 1818 to 1905. The name Bernadotte is of German ancestry and means ‘brave bear’.

16. Borghese

The Borghese is a princely family of Italian descent. They originate from the Siena commune and rose to papal power in Rome during the early 1600s. Borgheses have occupied important positions in the Vatican with Pope Paul V belonging to this family. Borghese in Italian means a ‘fortified town’.

17. Bourbon

The Bourbon family formed the House of Bourbon. Bourbons have ruled large parts of France and some areas of Spain, from the 16th to the 18th century AD. The dynasty was founded by Robert, Count of Clermont. The family continues to the present day, with the current head being Louis Alphonse de Bourbon of Spain. The Bourbons are considered by many the rightful heirs to the French throne.

18. Bruce

The Bruce family is an old noble family of Scottish ancestry. The family was founded by Robert, the Bruce, who was a high-ranking knight during the rule of William I in the 13th century AD. The House of Bruce is a revered and respected one in all of Scotland. Bruce from old English translates to ‘willow’.

19. Burgundy

The House of Burgundy was a branch of the Capet dynasty that ruled France from the 10th to 15th century AD. The members of the Burgundy family ruled as Dukes in the region. However, the family lineage ended around the 1350s when the last ruler Philip de Burgundy died childlessly. Burgundy means ‘dark red’ and is derived from Latin.

20. Campbell

Campbell family has been a historically powerful and important clan of Scotland. Between 1200 and 1500, Campbells became highly dominant in Argyll, and were considered the rulers in the highland areas. The Campbells were conferred with the title of Duke for the head of the family. Campbell in Gaelic dialects means ‘crooked opening’.

21. Capet

The House of Capet was the ruling family of France. The Capets ruled France from 987 to 1328, and Charles IV was the last official King. However, the Capet family lineage is present in many other aristocrats to this day. Capet in Old French means ‘captain’ or ‘head’.

22. Carafa

The Carafa family hails from Naples, Italy. Members of the family have occupied important positions like clergy, nobles, and art experts in the royal courts since the 12th century. They were one of the leading noble families under the Aragonese dynasty in the 1500s. The family also produced one Pope, Paul IV.

23. Carolingian

The Carolingian family was named after the great King Charlemagne of France. They rose to power around the 8th century and occupied various important posts in the court. Carolingian in French means ‘descendants of Charles’.

24. Carpelan

The Finnish noble family Carpelan was an influential court family from the middle ages. In 1625, when the King of Sweden drew a list of noble family lines, Carpelans were included. The name Carpelan is derived from the name of the fish Carp popular in Finland.

25. Chalon

Chalons form part of the highly influential Chalon-Arlay family of France. Founded by John I in the mid-1200s, the family had multiple lords and princes in France. They mostly ruled the counties of Arlay and Orange. Chalon in French means ‘blanket’.

26. Cobenzl

The Cobenzis had great influence in Carinthia, Austria. Their history traces their early settlement in present-day Slovenia. The family was first recorded in the early 1200s, and members of the family have occupied positions of Barons and ambassadors.

27. Collalto

The Collalto family is originally Lombard people of mixed Italian and German heritage. The Collaltos established themselves as nobility in 17th century Austria. By the 1800s, the family was considered to be of Princely ranks. Members of the family continue to live in Austria and Italy. The family was named after the town of Collalto in northern Italy.

28. Contarini

Contarinis are Italian nobility who founded the Kingdom of Venice. They occupied the high rank of Doge, the equivalent of Dukes, apart from other roles like diplomats and ambassadors. Contarini is derived from the Italian word conti meaning ‘companion’.

29. Cornaro

Another high-ranking Venetian family, the Cornaro family occupied the positions of patricians. Cornaros are believed to have migrated from Rome around the 1100s. Records show the family being influential in Venice till the end of the 1700s, after which their power dwindled. Cornaro in Italian basically means ‘corner’.

30. Dandolo

The Dandolo family was a high-ranking noble family from the Republic of Venice. The family’s wealth and power were at the peak during the early 12th century. The earliest documented member of the family was Domenico Dandolo.

31. Dassanowsky

Dassanowsky is a branch of Polish nobility that settled in Vienna, Austria, in the 1600s. The family has been a respectable one, producing countless members of the Viennese courts and civic bodies throughout the centuries. The surname is borrowed from the name of a village.

32. Doukas

A noble family of the Byzantine era, the Doukas was a high-ranking aristocratic family. The family flourished in the 9th to 11th centuries as the Byzantine Empire reached its peak and later dwindled. Doukas family descendants are still found in many parts of Greece till present times.

33. Eggenberg

The Styria-based Eggenberg family was powerful in the early 1700s in Austria. The members reached princely ranks and formed the House of Eggenburg. Ulrich Eggenbuerg is the first documented member of the family, occupying a court position in the municipal ranks.

34. Estridsen

The Estridsen family rose to power from 1047 to 1412, and occupied the foremost ranks, producing Kings of Denmark. The dynasty was founded by Estrid Svendsdatter. Though the monarchs dwindled in the 1400s, members continued to live and occupy important administrative posts. The name is of Norse origin and means ‘divine beauty’.

35. Ernušt

Ernušt is a member of the Hungarian nobility. They are said to have been of Jewish ancestry who settled in medieval Hungary from Vienna. Members also occupied important ranks in the Kingdom of Croatia from 1450 to the 1500s under King Corvinus. The name Ernušt means diligent and hardworking.

36. Fenrich

The Fenrich family was a noble house of Austria that flourished in the mid-1800s. Fenrich is of German heritage and spread roots in the Austro-Hungary regions by migration. The Fenrich family has improved their court rank by having many suitable marriages with the House of Ochsenreither.

37. Ferdinand

The Ferdinand name is all too familiar due to the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the duke of Austria. This event had given way to World War I. The Ferdinand family has been influential in Austria since the early 1800s. Ferdinand in German means ‘brave’ or ‘courageous’.

38. Ghetaldi

The Ghetaldi family is believed to have originally migrated from Taranto, Italy, and established themselves in Croatia and Austria. They formed the main nobilities in the Republic of Ragusa. Ghetaldis were conferred with the noble position in Austrian court in the early 1800s

39. Gille

The Gille family is descendants of the Gille dynasty of Norway, which was powerful around the 12th century. The founder of the kingdom was Herald Gille. The word Gille is of Gaelic ancestry and means ‘followers of Christ’.

40. Gravenreuth

The Gravenreuth was a German nobility who ruled Grafenreuth around 1180. The family continued to be influential till the 18th century. Some members of the family reached the levels of what is called Upper Palatinate, which is a high administrative post. They were distantly related to the famous Sparneck family of Germany.

41. Grimaldi

The famous Grimaldi nobilities originated from Genoa, and have ruled Genoa and Monaco. The family was founded in 1160 and continues to rule till the present day. The current head of the royal family is Albert II, the Prince of Monaco. The name Grimaldi is of Germanic origins and means ‘bold’ or ‘brave’.

42. Grimani

The Grimani family was one of the main three ruling families in Venice between the 13th and 16th centuries AD. Members of the Grimani family have occupied important ranks like Doge, Bishop, Patriarch, etc. The surname Grimani from old Germanic translates to ‘helmet' or ‘shield’.

43. Guillaume

The Guillaume family name has been in records of Normandy, France. Guillaumes occupied important positions of the Norman kingdom courts as parish and ministers. The name Guillaume is derived from the German William which means ‘resolute protector’.

44. Gusic

Gusics are a Croatian noble family that was part of the ruling monarchy in 11th century Croatia. The Kingdom of Croatia was formed by 12 noble tribes including Gusics. Direct descendants of the Gusics carry the family surname to present times. The name is said to be derived from the Croatian word for ‘goose’.

45. Habsburg

The Habsburg family, also known as the House of Austria, is one of the most influential royal families. They have ruled over the second millennia now, with the House being founded around the 1020s. The current head of the family is Karl von Habsburg, who also happens to be an Austrian politician.

46. Hardrada

Members of the noble Hardrada family had been rulers of Norway and Ireland. The founder Herald Hardrada, popularly known as Herald of Norway, ruled as King of Norway from 1046 to 066 AD. Hardrada in Norwegian roughly translates to ‘hard ruler’.

47. Harviala

Members of the Harviala clans controlled large estates as landlords in Finland. The seat of the family rule was situated in the erstwhile province of Vanaja. Harviala family and descendants have occupied positions of Councilors in the Finnish monarchy.

48. Henikstein

Henikstein were Jewish merchants who later became part of the Austrian nobility. Heniksteins were converted to Catholicism around the 1700s. Some members also rose to high ranks in the military during the Austro-Prussian wars of 1866.

49. Herbert

William Herbert founded the Welsh originated nobility in the 1400s. The coat of arms of the Herbert family contains three upright lions which signify power and courage. The founder was fondly named ‘Black William’ by the masses and was a soldier and politician.

50. Hesse

The Hesse family descended from the powerful House of Brabant and occupied high ranks in the monarchy of Germany, Sweden, and Finland. Founded in 1264 by Henry I, the family lineage continued till final ruler Ernest Louis in 1918. The extended family still has its members in high government seats.

51. Hohenstaufen

The House of Hohenstaufen, also known as Stauffer, occupied an important position in the Holy Roman Empire from 1100 to the 1300s. The most prominent among the Stauffer families to rise to power is King Frederick in 1155 and Henry VI in 1191. During the Hohenstaufen reign, the Roman Empire reached the pinnacle of its power.

52. Hohenzollern

The Hohenzollern family is a majority German family that was once a royal dynasty. Members of the family have included Kings and princes in the erstwhile German and Prussian empires. The mention of Hohenzollern has been recorded as early as 1061. The name roughly translates to ‘watchtower’ or ‘castle’ in German.

53. Holstein

The Holstein family adopted the name from the region of the same name in northern Germany. From 800 to 1500s, members of the family occupied positions of Count and Councilors in different Kingdoms. Some branches of the family also formed the Holstein tribe that lived near the river Elbe. Holstein in Saxon means ‘forest dwellers’.

54. Horn

Members of the Horn family have occupied high seats in the Finnish monarchy from the 1300s up until the 1800s. However, after the Finnish wars of 1804, the Horn family was removed from the list of noble families due to internal politics. Nevertheless, branches of the family continue to exist to the present day.

55. Howard

Founded by John Howard in the late 1400s, the Howard family went on to become a powerful English family. Members occupied positions of Earls and Dukes throughout the 1400-1500 eras. The Howard line continues to the present day, with Edward Fitzalan-Howard holding the post of Duke of Norfolk.

56. Hoyos

The House of Hoyos established its noble status in Austria and Spain. The family records go back to the 9th century and members served as counts and ambassadors to Kings. In the 1600s, the family position was elevated to High Counts. However, their prominence was diminished by the late 1700s.

57. Kantakouzenos

Kantakouzenos, also spelled as Cantacuzenos, is one of the most prominent Greek noble families. Their ancestry saw close collaborations with the Byzantine Empire in the 11th century. The founder of the Kantakouzenos line was John Kantakouzenos. The Greek name roughly translates to ‘peaceful one’.

58. Knýtlinga

The Danish family of Knýtlinga was a noble family in England and many parts of Scandinavia during the middle ages. Of the many members from this clan, probably Cnut the Great was the most feared and popular. Their power was at its peak during the 900s but dwindled after the 1100s. Knýtlinga translates to ‘the descendants of Cnut’ in Danish.

59. Komnenos

Komnenos were members of the Byzantine Empire that ruled Greece from 1081 to 1185. Manuel Erotikos Komnenos, a high-ranking military official, is traced to be the earliest documented member of the family.  The family underwent dissolution through marriages to other noble houses of the time.

60. Kulinić

Kulin was the ruler of Bosnia from 1180 to 1204 under the Kingdom of Hungary. He was referred to as Ben Kulin as he ruled Bosnia as a vassal under the Byzantines. His descendants formed the House of Kulinic. He was succeeded by his son Stephen Kulinic to the throne.

61. Kurki

The Kurki family, also referred to as the Kurcks, was a baronial family from Laukko Finland. The family was known for building the famous manor of Laukko. A prominent member of the family was Arvid Kurck who became a Swedish Count in the early 1800s. Kurck in Finnish means ‘peninsula’.

62. Lamberg

The Lambergs occupied the position of Barons in the16th century Germany. Many members of the family went on to occupy distinguished positions in the German and Austrian kingdoms. Lamberg means ‘cold snowy mountains’ In German.

63. Lapčan

12th century Croatia divided the nobles into 12 tribes that supported the Kingdom of Croatia.  The Lapčan family was one of these prominent families. The name of the family was adopted from the Labe River, where the Lapčan first settled. In later centuries, Lapčan acted as vassals to the Kingdoms of Hungary.

64. Lekapenos

The Lekapenos family was founded by Theophylact, who had the humble beginning of a peasant. The family rose to great power and was on the verge of almost usurping the Macedonian throne in the 10th century. The records of the Lekapenos family have been maintained by the last known member George Lekapenos. Lekapenos in Greek means ‘ignorant’ but it isn’t exactly clear how the family name originated.

65. Lombards

The Lombard family migrated from Germany to the Italian peninsula in around 550 AD and then ruled the region for two centuries. Lombards took part in the Gothic Wars and also led revolts against the budding Byzantine Empire. The Lombard bloodline lived on through the Norman Empire in later times.

66. Loredan

The House of Loredan has been one of the richest and highest nobles in 1100 AD Venice. This Venetian family had the honor of producing a long list of statesmen, doges, military and naval commanders, lawyers, and more. Among Venetians, the Loredan name is of great reverence. The name is derived from the Latin word laurel which means ‘victory’ and ‘honor’

67. Lorraine

The House of Lorraine was founded when they inherited the Duchy of Lorraine in 1473. The Lorraines had influence in Austria, Germany, and France, with members joining other noble families through marriage alliances. The current head of House Lorraine is Karl von Habsburg-Lothringen. Lorraine is Germanic for the ‘Kingdom of Lothar’.

68. Lothbrok

Ragnar Lothbrok is a Viking hero who ruled Denmark and Sweden. His conquests have been mentioned frequently in Viking poetry as well as Norse literature. Lothbrok was brave enough to lead raids against the Holy Roman Empire in the 9th century. The descendants of Lothbrok are found in Scandinavian and Icelandic regions.

69. Luitpolding

The Luitpolding dynasty occupied power and influence in Medieval Germany. The founder of the family was Margrave Luitpold from Bavaria. The family controlled the Duchy of Bavaria in the coming centuries. In the same period, the Ottonian dynasty took shape in Germany. The name is of Old Germanic origins and means ‘bold people’

70. Madi

In medieval Croatia, nobilities formed the Patriciate. The Patriciate consisted of the high class and the political class of people. Madi was one of such patrician families from the 10th to 12th centuries. The Madi seat was in the city of Zadar.

71. Mattei

The Mattei family occupied high papal positions in the Roman Catholic Church around the 1500s. There were eight members from the Mattei family who reached the position of Cardinal to the Catholic Church. The family is also known for its renowned art and painting collections. Descendants of the Mattei family continue to live in Rome and Florence.

72. Maxwell

The surname Maxwell was adopted from a location near Melrose, in Roxburghshire, Scotland. This name is represented as Mac Suail in Scottish Gaelic and originally meant “Mack's spring or stream” when recorded for the first time in 1144.

73. Medici

This surname is widespread in Europe, but is most prevalent in Italy. Although the origin of the name is not known, this name was mentioned in a document as early as in 1230. It is believed that the Medici family emigrated from the Mugello region in Northern Tuscany. In Italian, Medici is the plural of the word ‘medico’ which means doctor.

74. Merovingian

The Merovingian surname has been derived from Merovech, who was the King of the Salian Franks. The Franks ruled over the Merovingian dynasty from the mid-fifth century until 751. They identified themselves as the ‘Kings of the Franks' when they joined the Roman army of northern Gaul.

75. Mlinarić

The Mlinarić family was a Croatian aristocratic family in the 17th century who later branched out to Hungary and Austria. The family coat of arms bears a shield signifying strength and resilience. The Mlinarić surname can still be found in many parts of Croatia and is associated with wealth and power.

76. Mocenigo

Known as one of the most famous patrician families of the Venetian Republic, this family produced many noteworthy military leaders, scholars, churchmen, diplomats, and other leaders.

77. Montecuccoli

Montecuccoli is an Italian noble surname that was derived from the Montecuccoli Castle located in the province of Modena, Italy. Initially known as Da Frignano, this surname eventually became Da Montecuccolo over the years.

79. Moravia

Moravia or de Moravia is a family of a long line of Italian nobility. From the 1400s to the 1800s, Moraveias spread out to other parts of Europe, most notably to Germany and Austria. As of present times, most Moravians are found in the Czech Republic, where they are officially recognized. The name Moravia comes from the Latin word mori, meaning ‘water’.

80. Morosini

Morosini was a Vatican nobility that produced many doges, statesmen, generals, and admirals for the Venetian Republic. It is speculated that they arrived at the Venetian lagoon after eluding the invasion of Attila in northern Italy. The name loosely translates to a person who believes in taking action.

81. Mountbatten

The Mountbatten family of the United Kingdom is one of the most prominent royal families. The current reigning Windsors are part Mountbattens. During the World War I era, the Mountbattens resorted to using the Windsor name due to anti-German sentiments in England. The Mountbatten family continues to present times with George Mountbatten as the family head.

82. Munsö

The House of Munsö, also known as the House of Björn Ironside, is considered as the most dependable royal dynasty of Sweden, reigning during the Viking Age. The name House of Munsö comes from the fact they would have ruled the island of Munsö. The name House of Björn Ironside comes from the founder of the dynasty Björn Ironside who is seen as a legendary and heroic figure. A succession of rulers of the Munsö dynasty ruled between the 12th and 13th centuries as mentioned in the Icelandic chronicles.

83. Nassau

Nassau is situated on the German-Dutch Orange Route and has solid ancient and social connections to local Luxembourg and historical connections to the Netherlands. The title Duke of Nassau is now utilized as the secondary title by the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The Nassau name is likewise a part of the name for the Dutch royal family, Orange-Nassau, and its secondary titles of Prince or Princess of Orange-Nassau.

84. Nostitz

The Nostitz family has occupied the status of nobility for nearly a millennia in Saxony, Germany. The family adopted the name from the town of Nostitz. Many members of the family have risen to the rank of Count, especially in the 1700s. In present times, Nick Nostitz is a well-known descendant of this family line. He is a well-known German journalist and photographer.

85. Notthafft

The historical backdrop of the family began in Egerland, Czech Republic, with palaces in Wildstein (presently Skalná), Falkenau (Sokolov), and Thierstein toward the end of the 12 th century. Three lines existed up to the eighteenth century, named by the prominent palaces, Wernberg and Bodenstein. The family has immediate relations with the House of Sparneck. A noticeable member of the family is Cajetan Anton von Notthaft. The last male descendant of the noble family had passed away in 1952.

86. Novosel

Novosel is a Croatian name and one of the most popular names for two cities in Croatia. The name Novosel was first discovered in Castile, north-central Spain. The spelling variations of this name include- Nuevo, Nuovo, Nuevo, Nova, Nova, and Novas. One of the first immigrants of this family was Francisco de Nova, who moved to New Granada in 1567. Subsequent immigrants were Katerina Nova, who moved to Chicago in 1866, and Domingo Nova Fernandez, who arrived in Puerto Rico in 1873.

87. Oldenburg

It is a European dynasty originating from Northern Germany and having strong ties with Denmark. They have also ruled many other countries and territories, including Iceland, Greece, Norway, Russia, and Sweden , apart from Oldenburg. In Germany, this surname is also referred to those who descended from Oldenburg.

88. Orange

The House of Orange derived its name from the principality of Orange. This dynasty has secured an important place in the history books of the Netherlands. The current reigning house of Orange-Nassau was established after Henry III of Nassau-Breda from Germany and Claudia of Châlon-Orange from French Burgundy in 1515. It also refers to the bright red, yellow shade like a ripe orange.

89. Orleans

The House of Orleans is a French noble dynasty that was founded in 1661. This surname was derived from the name of the Roman Emperor Aurelian. The word Orleans means ‘golden’ in French and draws influence as a surname.

90. Orseolo

In the 12th century Venice, regions were looked after by the Doges, which were the equivalent of Dukes. The Orseolo family produced three Doges and many other high-ranking administrative officers. The Venetian Orseolos continue to carry the family name to the present times.

91. Orsini

Orsini is a family name of Italian genesis. It came from the Latin word Ursinus which means ‘bear like’. During the renaissance period in Italy, members of the Orsini family occupied high positions in the Roman Empire offices. The Orsini family also produced many famous poets, with Celestine III being the most famous.

92. Palaiologos

Palaiologos were a Greek family who occupied nobility in the Byzantine Empire of the 1400s. The name of this family is found as early as 300 AD in the documents that show the foundation of Constantinople. People with the surname Palaiologos can be found in Greece, and members claim a direct connection to the Palaiologos of lore.

93. Pfeffel

The Pfeffel family is an old line of noble people officially inducted into nobility by the King of Bavaria in the 19th century. The family has been mentioned in Bavarian and German literature as early as the 14th century. However, they were of humble beginnings occupying common positions in lower-level courts.

94. Pignatelli

The Naples clergy and nobility have been known for their luxury and contributions to art and culture. Pignatelli was a Neopolitan family that had members in various spheres of high rank. Most famous among them was Antonio Pignatelli, who became Pope in 1691.

95. Pranckh

In 11th century Austria, the Duchy of Styria was an important seat for the Bavarian Kingdom. The Pranckh family was one of the nobility in Styria and nearby regions. The mention of the Pranckh family records continued till the 1500s. In later times, members of the family spread out in Germany and Italy through marriage alliances and rise in ranks.

96. Priuli

The Priulis were an aristocratic family from the republic of Venice in the 14th century. Members of the family occupied a variety of high posts in Venetian nobility. They also had some Doges, a high-ranking official in the erstwhile Kingdom.

97. Querini

The Querini family occupied venerable positions in Venice in the 1300s. By the end of the 1300s, they became one of the richest of the noble families. The Querini family is known to have commissioned many art and paintings. Descendants of the Querini family continued to occupy ranks in Venetian political circles till the 1800s.

98. Rothschild

The Rothschild family is a prominent noble family of Jewish origins. They made their fortunes in 18th century Frankfurt, Germany. The Rothschild family spread throughout Europe and America expanding their businesses. They continue to be one of the wealthiest families in the world.

99. Salian

Salian was a family which rose to a major dynasty in the Holy Roman Empire. From 1027 to 1125, the Salian family produced four Kings to the throne. The dissolution of the dynasty happened around 1125, but the Salian blood exists to date. The Anglo-Saxxon name Salian is a derivation of Solomon.

100. Samborides

The Samborides were a ruling clan that had influence in the northern regions of Poland. Their presence was most important in the region of Pomerelia. The Samborides lost their dynasty around the early 1200s but the name continued to exist. In Polish, Samborides means ‘wise’ or ‘famous’.

101. Sanudo

The Sanudo family was officially founded by Marco Sanudo around 1180. He occupied the post of Duke in the Duchy of the Archipelago in present-day Venice. He was a participant of the holy war of the Fourth Crusade in 1204. His descendants continued to occupy court and monarchal positions till the 1600s.

102. Saraka

Saraka was a noble family that ruled the republic of Ragusa in present-day Croatia. The family was well represented from the 1300s to the 1800s in Croatian nobility. They had their famous family motto that said ‘Liberty is not sold for all the gold in the world’ used widely in Croatia.

103. Savelli

The rich Savelli family rose to power in 13th century Rome. The last documented member was Guillio Savelli, who died in 1712. During their prominence, Savellis had many marriage alliances resulting in their lineage being continued indirectly in other families. Savelli from Latin means ‘promise’ or ‘word’

104. Schleswig

Schleswig family was a branched family of the bigger and powerful Oldenburg family. They have been recorded to have had high seats from the 1500s. They adopted their family name from the port town of Schleswig, where the family held their seats.

105. Sinclair

Sinclairs are a Highland Scottish clan who had their presence in Caithness and Lothians regions as early as the 1100s. The Sinclairs are considered respectful for their ever-national allegiance and participation in the Scottish wars of freedom. The member Sir Oliver Sinclair enjoyed the position of Baron of Roslin in the late 1400s. The name Sinclair is derived from Latin and means ‘noble’ or ‘pure’.

106. Sinzendorf

The Sinzendorf family formed part of the prestigious high nobility families in the Kingdom of Austria. The mention of the Sinzendorf family name goes back to the 1300s and continued up to the 1800s. They also occupied high ranks in the Kingdom of Bavaria in the 11th century. By the mid-1800s, the family line ran out of male heirs.

107. Somhairle

Somhairle is a group of Gaelic-Norse descended tribe lords who ruled medieval Ireland. Through marital alliances and conquests, the founder Somerled was able to expand his powers across Ireland, ruling from the seat of Argyll. Descendants of the Somhairle family still can be found in Wales and Ireland.

108. Sonderburg

Sonderburgs held the positions of Dukes in 17th century Denmark and were descendants of the House of Oldenburg. The family’s founding member was Ernest Günther, who held the title of Duke of Holstein. Sonderburg family adopted the name from the town of the same name located in Southern Denmark.

109. Sparneck

Sparneck is a group of noble families from the Franconia region of Germany. Records show that the family occupied high administrative posts between 1220 and 1744. They took the name after the market village Sparneck. Many descendants of the Sparneck family continue to live in the surrounding areas.

110. Stanley

The Stanley family is an ancient English family with close ties with the famous Audley family, and later descendants refer to thems as Stanley-Audley. The first mention of Stanley goes back to 1086 in the Gamel region of England. Stanley in old English means ‘wood clearing’.

111. Stewart

The Stewart family, also known as the House of Stewart, is an aristocratic family of Scotland. Robert II was the first monarch of the Stewart lineage, and his descendants went on to occupy royal positions in the English and Irish royalty. The Stewart line ended in the early 1700s, with the last head being Queen Anne of Great Britain. Stewart in Scottish means ‘guardians’ or ‘warden’.

112. Strozzi

The Strozzi family was one of the richest families in Florence, Italy. They were considered to be rivals to the powerful Medici family. They reached their highest rankings in the 1400s with many family members occupying positions in the Royal courts. The Strozzis were known for their political acumen.

113. Supplinburger

Supplinburger is the family that descended from the German Emperor Lothar III. The family took its name after the Supplinburger castle, which they also governed and used to rule from. The Supplinburger rose to their full prominence in the 1200s when many family members occupied positions equivalent to Dukes and Counts.

114. Taczanowski

In Poland, Szlachta were estates ruled by the Polish nobility. Taczanowski was a prominent and old family that enjoyed this power. They borrowed their name from the estate Takzanow in the 1500s. They were loyal subjects for the King of Prussia in the mid-1800s for which they were raised to the title of Count.

115. Tschugguel

Tschugguels are the precursor to the more powerful von Tramin in Austria. They have their origins in the South Tyrol region of Italy, from where they migrated in the 1300s. In 1530, Mayor Leonhard von Tschugguel was elevated and presented a coat of arms by the Archduke.

116. Tudor

Tudor was an old line of nobility in England who ruled England, Wales and Ireland. The family rose to prominence in the mid-15th century by stabilizing power through a succession of wars. The Tudor family line is closely related to the Windsors, who are the present reigning monarchs. Tudor is a Welsh word meaning ‘ruler of the people’.

117. von Neumann

The members of the von Neumann family were Jewish descent families who settled in Austria in the 1800s. They earned noble status in the kingdoms of Austro-Hungary. Philip von Neumann held the position of Baron in Rome in 1830.

118. von Schmitt

The von Schmitt family was a high-ranking noble family in the Kingdom of Bavaria in present-day Germany in the 1800s. The first documented member of the family is Johannes Kaspar Schmitt who held the position of councilor. The name Schmitt is derived from the word smith, meaning ‘blacksmith’ or ‘metalworker’.

119. Wilhelminer

The Wilhelminer family was a powerful and influential family that ruled parts of Bavaria, Germany in the ninth century. They rose to prominence during the war of Wilhelminar under the leadership of brothers William and Engelschalk. The Wilhelminers lost their powers by the early 900s, but the name survived.

120. Windsor

The Windsors are the reigning royals of the United Kingdom and probably the most well-known royal house around the world. The current head is Queen Elizabeth II, who is the longest-lived and the longest-reigning British aristocrat having ruled since 1952. The name translates to ‘windy bank’ in Old English.In this post, you got to know some of the most influential and powerful royal families in the world. These royal family surnames carry much weight with them and continue to occupy importance in society. The surnames have their legacy and presence etched in human history.

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[post_title] => 120 Royal Last Names Or Surnames Across The World [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => royal-family-last-names-surnames-meanings [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-13 20:21:47 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-13 14:51:47 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=770255 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[4] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 767757 [post_author] => 309462 [post_date] => 2021-09-09 11:32:48 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-09 06:02:48 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_767944" align="aligncenter" width="720"]fresh-raw-organic-green-brussel-sprouts-166867856 Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Brussels sprouts are small, round, cabbage-like cruciferous vegetables belonging to the cabbage family. One can add raw Brussels sprouts in salads or make tasty dishes by roasting, toasting, or baking them (1).The vegetable is rich in vital nutrients and phyto chemicals that confer long-term health benefits (2). But since the vegetable has a sharp, bitter taste and is known to cause gas in sensitive individuals, you may wonder if feeding Brussels sprouts is safe for babies?This post tells you about the right age to add Brussels sprouts to babies’ diet, its potential health benefits, and precautions to observe for its safe ingestion by babies.

When Can Babies Start Eating Brussels Sprouts?

Babies can start eating Brussels sprouts in mash or puree form from six months of age (3). Alternatively, you can serve it in finely chopped, steamed/boiled form to let your baby practice self-feeding. Chopping and cooking the vegetable right is vital to prevent gagging or choking that may occur if the pieces are large and their leaves are whole.Once the baby adjusts to the taste and digestibility, try serving them sauteed, roasted, baked, and pan-fried Brussels sprouts dishes. Thanks to their refined pincer grasp skills, most babies can eat Brussels sprouts cut into quarters by nine months of age. Babies aged 12 months and older can eat well-cooked, bite-sized pieces of the vegetable. Alternatively, they can consume its raw shreds as salads.

Nutritional Value Of Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts contain significant amounts of vitamin C, K, dietary fiber, and several bioactive compounds, such as polyphenols and flavonoids, that may improve overall health over time (3) (4). Feeding one boiled (without salt) and drained Brussels sprouts (21g) can offer the following nutrients to your baby (5) (6).
NutrientsAmountAI (7-12 months)
Fiber, total dietary0.546g-
Calcium, Ca7.56mg260mg
Magnesium, Mg4.2mg75mg
Phosphorus, P11.8mg275mg
Potassium, K66.6mg860mg
Sodium, Na4.41mg370mg
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid13mg50mg
Folate, total12.6µg80µg
Choline, total8.53mg150mg
Vitamin K (phylloquinone)29.4µg2.5µg
*AI = Adequate intake – nutrient level assumed to ensure nutritional adequacySources: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025

Possible Health Benefits Of Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts are a low-calorie vegetable that can add color and texture to your baby’s meals. Here are some of the notable benefits that your baby could reap with the regular consumption of Brussels sprouts over time (2).
  1. Promotes wound healing: Brussels sprouts are rich in vitamin C and vitamin K. These vitamins are necessary for proper wound healing. While vitamin K triggers clotting and prevents excessive blood loss, vitamin C propels collagen production, essential for tissue repair (7) (8).
  1. Enhances immunity: Vitamin C and numerous phytochemicals, such as polyphenols, flavonoids (kaempferol), sulforaphane, and glucosinolates in Brussels sprouts, can fight free radical damage and reduce inflammation. These effects could help boost immunity in the long run (9) (10).
  1. Averts digestive issues: A cup (78g) of Brussels sprouts can give four grams of fiber. Fiber is crucial since it adds bulk to the diet and maintains healthy bowel movement, keeping digestive issues, such as constipation, at bay.
  1. Promotes bone health: Brussels sprouts have considerable amounts of calcium, potassium, protein, and abundant vitamin K. The body needs these nutrients to perform several functions, such as bone mineralization and calcification, which are vital for healthy bones (11).

Tips For Selecting And Storing Brussels Sprouts

Here are the tips that you can follow to store and select Brussels sprouts properly.

 Selecting Brussels sprouts

  1. You can buy Brussels sprouts on the stalk or loose. Irrespective of your choice, look for small-sized Brussels sprouts, which are usually tender and sweeter.
  1. Pick round Brussels sprouts that have firm, bright green heads with tightly packed leaves. Also, they should feel heavy for their size.
  1. Avoid Brussels sprouts that have bruised or yellow leaves as they indicate that the Brussels sprouts are aged. Likewise, avoid Brussels sprouts with black spots as they indicate fungal infestation.

Storing Brussels sprouts

  1. Clean the Brussels sprouts with a damp cloth before storing them. If you had purchased Brussels sprouts on the stalk, first cut the stalk off and then store them.
  1. Brussels sprouts should be consumed within a day or two after purchasing them. However, if you can’t, refrigerate them in a zip-lock bag and keep them in the crisper drawer.
Even after storing them in a zip-lock bag, try consuming Brussels sprouts fresh as aged Brussels sprouts taste bitter and unpleasant.

Precautions To Take While Feeding Brussels Sprouts To Babies

Below are some safety measures that can ensure the safe ingestion of Brussels sprouts.
  1. Introduce finely chopped, steamed/boiled Brussels sprouts to babies in small amounts, such as a teaspoon or two. Once the baby adjusts to its digestibility, increase the amount gradually to a tablespoon to two. Also, you can prepare different Brussel sprouts dishes using different cooking methods, such as baking, pan-frying, and roasting.
  1. Follow a “three to five days wait” rule after introducing Brussels sprouts. During this period, don’t introduce any new food to your baby. Doing so helps rule out any discomfort or allergy that the baby may experience after ingesting Brussels sprouts for the first time.
  1. Sensitive babies may develop gastrointestinal disturbance after ingesting Brussels sprouts due to fructans (FODMAP) present in them. Discontinue feeding Brussels sprouts for the time being if the baby shows signs of discomfort. Reintroduce later, say after two to three days, and stay watchful (12).
  1. Consult a pediatrician if discomfort reoccurs or worsens than before. In most cases, discomfort happens when Brussels sprouts are eaten raw.
  1. Brussels sprout allergy is rare but possible. An individual allergic to Brussels sprouts can develop an allergic reaction after touching or ingesting Brussels sprouts. Some of the common signs of the allergy are abdominal discomfort, itchy skin rashes (hives), wheezing, coughing, and vomiting (13).
  1. Brussels sprouts can have cross-reactivity with peach, turnip, mustard, and cabbage. Thus, if your baby is allergic to any of these foods, consult your healthcare provider before feeding Brussels sprouts.
  1. Drug interaction with Brussels sprouts is possible. Brussels sprouts may react with the compounds of some medications, such as anticoagulants. Consult a doctor to learn if it is safe to feed Brussels sprouts to your baby, who is on medication.

Flavorful Brussels Sprouts Recipes For Babies And Toddlers

Here are some easy-to-make, baby-friendly Brussels sprouts recipes that you can feed to your baby and toddler.

1. Brussels sprouts puree (6 months)

[caption id="attachment_767948" align="aligncenter" width="720"]glass-jars-natural-baby-food-on-540059164 Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 100 g Brussels sprouts (cut into halves/quarters)
  • Pinch of black pepper
How to make:
  1. Put the Brussels sprouts in a steamer and steam cook over medium heat for about ten to 15 minutes, until they turn very tender.
  1. Once done, transfer the piece into a bowl and blend them into a smooth puree using a hand blender.
  1. To adjust the puree’s consistency, add three to four teaspoons of boiled water or some breast milk.
  1. Feed it to the baby immediately or freeze the puree into an ice tray for later use.

2. Brussels sprouts soup (6+ months)

[caption id="attachment_767949" align="aligncenter" width="720"]fresh-delicious-brussel-sprouts-soup-on-1027706503 Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 cup Brussels sprouts (chopped)
  • 2 cups homemade vegetable stock
  • ½ onion (finely chopped)
  • 1 garlic clove (minced)
  • 1 tsp olive oil
  • ⅛ tsp dried herbs mix (without salt)
How to make: 
  1. Heat olive oil in a pan over medium heat. As the oil warms, add chopped onion and fry them for two to three minutes until they soften.
  1. Now, add minced garlic and Brussels sprouts and sauté for two to three minutes.
  1. Add vegetable stock until the Brussels sprouts pieces are immersed. Cover the pan with a lid and bring the mixture to a boil. Then, reduce the heat and simmer the mixture for five to six minutes, stirring occasionally.
  1. Once done, switch off the flame and set the pan aside for ten minutes to cool.
  1. After ten minutes, blend the mixture into a smooth, lump-free soup using a hand blender or food processor.
  1. Transfer the soup into a soup bowl and feed it to your baby.

3. Brussels sprouts chips (8+ months)

[caption id="attachment_767950" align="aligncenter" width="720"]cabbage-chips-516361030 Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 cup Brussels sprouts (leaves separated)
  • 2 tbsp olive oil
  • ½ tsp dried herbs mix (without salt)
How to make:
  1. Preheat the oven to 350°F (176°C).
  1. Meanwhile, put Brussels sprouts leaves in a bowl and coat them with olive oil.
  1. Place the leaves face down on a baking sheet in a single layer and put the tray in the oven.
  1. Bake the leaves for 12 to 15 minutes until the leaves turn light brown and crisp.
  1. Once done, transfer the baked leaves to a plate, season them with dried herbs mix, and serve to your baby.

4. Roasted Brussels sprouts spaghetti (10+ months)

[caption id="attachment_769516" align="aligncenter" width="720"]4.Roasted Brussels sprouts spaghetti Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 cup Brussels sprouts (thinly sliced)
  • 2 cups spaghetti (cooked)
  • ¼ cup Parmesan (grated)
  • 2 tbsp olive oil
  • 1 tsp dried herbs mix (without salt)
  • 2 garlic cloves (thinly sliced)
  • Pinch of black pepper powder
How to make:
  1. Heat olive oil in a skillet over low heat. As the oil begins heating, add sprouts pieces and cook for about five to seven minutes, occasionally tossing, until they turn brown and tender.
  1. Add garlic and cook over low flame, occasionally stirring, until the garlic turns brown.
  1. Then, add spaghetti, dried herbs mix, and cheese. Mix well until everything looks well combined.
  1. Once done, turn off the flame and transfer the spaghetti to a plate. Season with a pinch of black pepper powder. Serve immediately to your baby and let them relish the delectable dish.

5. Steamed Brussels sprouts with bacon (12+ months)

[caption id="attachment_767951" align="aligncenter" width="720"]large-bowl-steamed-brussel-sprouts-tossed-1642525084 Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
    • ¼ cup uncured Bacon
    • ½ cup Brussels Sprouts (quartered and steamed)
How to make:
  1. Put a skillet over medium heat and place bacon strips on it. Cook the strip until they turn crispy.
  1. Once done, transfer the strips to a plate and set them aside to cool. Once the strips come to room temperature, cut them into small pieces.
  1. Add the cooked Brussels sprouts to the same skillet and pan-fry them for two to three minutes. Add chopped bacon pieces and toss the mixture two to three times on medium heat.
  1. Transfer the dish to a serving bowl and serve it to your toddler. Let them relish crispy bacon and Brussels sprouts.
Brussels sprouts are a nutritious vegetable that babies can begin eating from six months of age. However, to ensure your baby reaps its benefits to the fullest, feed Brussels sprouts in age-appropriate ways. Serve well-cooked Brussels sprouts in mash, puree, or shreds forms to young babies. Then, as they grow, introduce them to Brussels sprouts' unique flavor by cooking this healthy vegetable through different methods, such as roasting and baking.

References:

  1. Brussels Sprouts; Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/food-features/brussels-sprouts/
  2. Brussels sprouts; U.S. National Library of Medicine https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000725.htm
  3. Infant Nutrition and Feeding; U.S. Department of Agriculture https://wicworks.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/media/document/Infant_Nutrition_and_Feeding_Guide.pdf
  4. Eun-Sun,Hwang Influence of Cooking Methods on Bioactive Compound Content and Antioxidant Activity of Brussels Sprouts; U.S. National Library of Medicine https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758100/
  5. Brussels sprouts cooked boiled drained without salt; U.S. Department of Agriculture https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/169971/nutrients
  6. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025; U.S. Department of Agriculture https://www.dietaryguidelines.gov/sites/default/files/2020-12/Dietary_Guidelines_for_Americans_2020-2025.pdf
  7. Vitamin K; National Institutes of Health https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminK-HealthProfessional/
  8. Vitamin C; National Institutes of Health https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-Consumer/
  9. stress-induced neuronal damages in PC12 cells and ICR mice; U.S. National Library of Medicine https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24175656/
  10. José S. Câmara et al. Food Bioactive Compounds and Emerging Techniques for Their Extraction: Polyphenols as a Case Study; U.S. National Library of Medicine https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7823739/
  11. Craig Saleand Kirsty Jayne Elliott-Sale Nutrition and Athlete Bone Health; U.S. National Library of Medicine https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6901417/
  12. Low FODMAP Diet; University of Virginia https://med.virginia.edu/ginutrition/wp-content/uploads/sites/199/2018/05/Low_FODMAP_Diet_12.16.pdf
  13. Brussels Sprouts Allergy Test; London Allergy and Immunology Centre https://foodallergytest.co.uk/product/brussels-sprouts-allergy-test/
[post_title] => Can Babies Eat Brussel Sprouts? Age, Benefits, And Recipes [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => brussel-sprouts-for-baby-age-benefits-recipes [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-09 11:45:02 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-09 06:15:02 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=767757 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[5] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 769714 [post_author] => 309431 [post_date] => 2021-09-08 18:14:49 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-08 12:44:49 [post_content] => 120 Pure Vietnamese Last Names Or Surnames[mj-toc]Vietnamese do not follow the rules in their surname. In most cases, they change their names as a symbol of royalty to their ruler. They never even had last names until 111 B.C. After this, Vietnam was ruled by the Han Dynasty of China. As the Chinese have practiced using last names, Vietnamese followed this trend too (1).This is why, as you go through our list of the common Vietnamese last names or surnames with meanings, you will notice that most are either derived or are a variable of common Chinese last names. You also notice that the Vietnamese last names take inspiration from other Asian countries.

Common Vietnamese Last Names Or Surnames

1. Ai

It means "mugwort" and is a common Vietnamese name originating from China.

2. Ang

Similar to the Chinese surname Wang, it means "to rule."

3. Anh

Derived from Sino-Vietnamese, anh means "flower."

4. Au

This Vietnamese surname reflects calmness and serenity as it means “peace." It is of Chinese and Vietnamese origin and may also refer to a "stream."

5. Banh

It is a variant of the name Peng, which is of Chinese origin. It means "big."

6. Bao

The last name Bao, although of Chinese origin, is one of the popular names in Vietnam. It means "treasure."

7. Bi

It is a Chinese last name used to refer to those living in the West. It means "finish."

8. Bui

Bui is a surname inspired by nature. It has Chinese and Korean origins, and means "plum."

9. Cam

Meaning "sweet," Cam is of Chinese origin. This last name is a variant of Kam.

10. Can

Derived from French, the last name Can means "hound."

11. Cao

Cao is a popular Chinese surname and is the Romanized version of Tsao. It means "defendant" and was one of the departments of the central government in Ancient China.

12. Chau

The surname Chau is of Vietnamese and Chinese origin. It is a variant of the Chinese Chow and means "pearl."

13. Che

This is a Chinese origin name dating back to the Han Dynasty. It means "cart" as it was inspired by a Chinese Prime Minister who commuted to work in a cart.

14. Chi

The last name Chi originates from the Bemba Tribe. It also has Chinese origins where it means "pond."

15. Chu

This name originated in China and is the name of a state of the Zhou Dynasty.

16. Co

The common Vietnamese surname Co is of Chinese origin. It means "to praise."

17. Cong

This popular name of Chinese origin has its prominence in Vietnam too. It means "bush."

18. Dai

With origins in Chinese, the Vietnamese name Dai means "to support."

19. Dan

Dan is a beautiful Vietnamese surname with Biblical touch to it. The name means "God is my judge" in Hebrew and in Chinese, it means "indifferent."

20. Dang

This Chinese surname originates from a branch of the Zhou dynasty. It means "association."

21. Dau

The surname Dau is taken from Old German and it means "tradition."

22. Dinh

The Vietnamese surname Dinh is uncommon,. It means encampment and has origins in Vietnamese.

23. Doan

Meaning "at the down," Doan is a topographical surname. Doan is a prestigious name as people bearing it were considered as the protectors of the nation.

24. Don

This popular Vietnamese name takes its inspiration from the English word Don. It means "ruler of the world."

25. Du

It means "birch leaf pear" and is of Chinese origin.

26. Duong

The Chinese originated Vietnamese surname Duong means "popular."

27. Duy

This name is popular in Vietnam and means "save."

28. Giang

This name is of Sino-Vietnamese origin. It means "river."

29. Hai

Hai is a surname that originated from Chinese and is often referred to as a Sino-Vietnamese name. It means "ocean."

30. Ho

It is common Chinese surname that means "together."

31. Hoa

Meaning "perfect," this is a Chinese origin last name.

32. Hoang

Hoang in Chinese and Vietnamese means "yellow." It is one of the most popular surnames.

33. Hong

It means "flood" and is also the name of a popular Chinese dynasty. Gongongshi took over the surname Gong, but to escape from enemies, they had to change it to Hong.

34. Hua

This is a topographical Vietnamese name of Chinese origin. It refers to the habitats of the people from Mount Hua in China.

35. Hue

Meaning "to praise," this Vietnamese name has origins in China.

36. Huu

Meaning "friend," Huu is a common Sino-Vietnamese name.

37. Huy

The Chinese origin surname, Huy is popular in Vietnam and means "to promise."

38. Huynh

This is another variant of the Chinese and Vietnamese origin last name Hoang. It means "yellow."

39. Hy

Of Chinese origin, the name Hy means "to praise."

40. Kha

This Chinese origin name is popular among overseas Chinese communities, who have migrated from China. The meaning also represents division as it means "tree branch."

41. Khanh

The name is prominent in Vietnam and means "resembling a precious stone."

42. Khong

The surname Khong is quite popular in Vietnam. It is similar to the Chinese and Korean name Kong, which means "peaceful."

43. Khuu

Khuu is derived from the Chinese surname Qiu, which means "autumn."

44. Kien

The Sien-Vietnamese surname Kien means "hard."

45. Kieu

Although Kieu is used as a first name for females, it is also considered a unisexual surname. It is of Vietnamese origin and means "graceful."

46. Kim

This is a Korean origin surname, which also has a variant Keum. It means "gold."

47. Ky

The surname Ky is of Vietnamese origin and it means "good luck."

48. Lac

Lac is a common Vietnamese name of Chinese origin. This name is popular among the emigrants of China. It means "camel."

49. Lai

This surname of Chinese origin is common in many East-Asian countries. It means "trustworthy."

50. Lam

Inspired by the Chinese surname Luo, Lam means "to gather."

51. Lavan

This Hebrew origin name means "white.'

52. Le

The name Le has origins in Vietnam. It was the name of the popular Le Dynasty.

53. Liang

Liang, is a name of the ancient Chinese dynasty. Also, popular as a Vietnamese surname, it means "bridge."

54. Lieu

This prevalent surname of Vietnamese origin means "willow tree." It is also the first name given to Vietnamese baby girls.

55. Linh

Derived from Vietnamese, this common family last name means "spirit."

56. Lo

Lo in Chinese means "to sift."

57. Loi

It means "thunder" and is a common last name in China and Vietnam.

58. Lu

It is a Chinese surname meaning "road."

59. Luong

The surname Luong oscillates between Vietnamese and Chinese origins. It is similar to the Chinese surname Long which means "dragon."

60. Luu

It is a variant of the Chinese surname Liu and is popular in East Asia. This surname refers to a "battle-ax."

61. Ly

The Vietnamese surname Ly means "reason."

62. Ma

It is a popular Chinese surname that is also common in Vietnam, and it means "horse."

63. Mac

Mac is a surname of Vietnamese and Scottish origins. In its Gaelic version, it means "son." The name is popular in Vietnam due to the clan named Mac who ruled Northern Vietnam during the 16th century.

64. Mai

Mai is of Vietnamese origin and means "to flaunt."

65. Manh

The name is popular among Chinese communities that migrated to Vietnam. This name refers to the "eldest amongst brothers."

66. Minh

Similar to the Chinese Ming, this Vietnamese surname means "bright."

67. Nam

Nam is a common Korean originating family name, meaning "south."

68. Ng

Meaning "to fall through," this name is of Chinese origin.

69. Ngo

The surname Ngo has Chinese ancestry. It is a variant of the Chinese Ao which means "squad of five soldiers."

70. Ngoc

Ngoc is a name of Sino-Vietnamese origin and means "precious."

71. Ngu

This popular Chinese origin Vietnamese surname means "to anticipate."

72. Nguy

Nguy means "to endanger." It has Chinese origins.

73. Nguyen

Derived from the Chinese Ruan, it is the name of a Vietnamese royal dynasty. Many Vietnamese changed their names to Nguyen as a symbol of loyalty towards the Nguyen dynasty. This surname refers to a "musical instrument."

74. Nhan

The name is popular as both surname and middle name. It is of Chinese origin and means "former."

75. Nhu

This name is common as a first name and last name in Vietnam. It means "alike."

76. Nong

Nong is a common Chinese origin occupational surname in Vietnam. It means "peasant."

77. O

This popular surname O has been carried on by the famous clans of Vietnam. This surname is a variant of the Chinese Wu and the Korean Oh.

78. On

As a variant of Ahn, the Vietnamese last name On means "peace."

79. Ong

It is a Chinese surname that is a variant of Vuong meaning "yellow."

80. Peng

The last name Pe and its variant Peng, common in Vietnam, are Chinese last names meaning "long."

81. Pham

This surname has its roots in Vietnamese and Chinese. It means "extensive."

82. Phan

Phan, alternatively spelled as Fan, is a surname of Chinese origin. It means "fence."

83. Phong

With its origin in Vietnamese, Phong means "wind." It is also used as a first name.

84. Phoung

This Vietnamese origin name means "Phoenix."

85. Phung

Alternatively known as Pung and Fung, this Chinese origin surname means "great."

86. Quach

Quach is a Vietnamese surname that has variants in Chinese, Cantonese, and Japanese. Guo, Kuoko, and Gwak are its other Asian variants. It is a habitational last name referring to someone "living near the outer city wall."

87. Son

Alternatively called Sohn or Shon, this last name is of Korean origin. It was originally the name of a clan, who were named after the Sun.

88. Su

This name is of Chinese origin and means "constellation."

89. Ta

It means "thank you." This surname was opted by Southern Chinese who moved to Vietnam.

90. Tan

This is a Chinese surname and means "to display."

91. Thai

This is a habitational name, which means it refers to someone "hailing from Thailand."

92. Tham

It means "famous" and is a Vietnamese origin name.

93. Than

Than is a name of Burmese origin and is also popular around Asia. It means "million."

94. Thang

The Chinese origin Vietnamese surname Thang means "rushing current."

95. Thanh

The surname Thanh is known in Chinese and Vietnamese communities. It means "sound."

96. Thi

This is a Sino-Vietnamese last name that means "poetry."

97. Thong

Of Chinese origin, the surname Thong means "intelligent."

98. Thu

Thu is a Sino-Vietnamese surname, mostly common in Vietnam and means "autumn."

99. Thuy

The last name Thuy has its origins in Vietnamese and means "water."

100. Tien

According to the Vietnamese, Tien is a "fairy."

101. Ton

This name originates from the Chinese community settled in Malaysia. It means "descendant."

102. Tong

Tong is a topographical name for "someone living in the center of the land."

103. Tran

Tran is the Vietnamese variant of the Koran Jin and the Chinese Chen. It means "ancient."

104. Trang

This name is popular among Vietnamese with Chinese ancestry. It means "serious."

105. Tri

This is an Indonesian origin name that means "third."

106. Trieu

Being similar to the Chinese surname Zhao, which was one of the seven states of the Warring States, Trieu is its Vietnamese version.

107. Trinh

The popular Chinese and Vietnamese surname Trinh means "to rule."

108. Troung

This Chinese surname refers to "a sheet of paper."

109. Trung

This name has origins in Vietnamese and means "middle."

110. Tu

The name is derived from the Chinese military city of Zoutu, which gave rise to two surnames Zou and Tu. It is a popular Chinese surname and is similar to the surname Du, meaning "capital."

111. Tuan

This Chinese-derived Vietnamese surname means "chivalrous."

112. Quang

The name is of Vietnamese origin and means "clear."

113. Quoc

With origins in both Chinese and Vietnamese, Quoc means "country."

114. Van

It has Dutch origins and is commonly used as a prefix to surnames. This last name is prepositional as it means "from" and "of."

115. Vi

Vi is the last name of Chinese origin that is popular overseas. It means "soft leather."

116. Vo

Vo is a popular name among the Chinese and Vietnamese communities. It is a surname of unity as it means "harmonious."

117. Vu

Vu is a variant of the Chinese surname Wu and means "shaman."

118. Voong

This Vietnamese surname means "king."

119. Vuong

Derived from the Chinese Wang it means "to rule."

120. Yen

Originating in Chinese, this Vietnamese name means "quiet."Although superficially Vietnamese names do not speak much of its history, these names do tell a story of the citizens of Vietnam. As one need not be of a particular clan to carry a Vietnamese last name, you can choose one as per your liking.
References:
  1. Two-fifths of the people in Vietnam have the surname Nguyen. Why?; University of Pennsylvania https://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=45819
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[mj-toc]
Usually, a family name comes down through generations. However, if you have the chance to pick a surname, either for yourself, your child, a story, or a gaming character, we bring you a chance to explore your creativity. The name could be a portrayal of your character or reflect your history, fantasy, or imagination. So, open up your mind to a universe of naming options.  Our list brings you some cool surnames for girls and boys with meanings.

Cool Last Names For Girls

1. Abella

Derived from the Galician, Abella means a bee. This last name was usually given to someone who worked as a beekeeper or sometimes as a nickname for a small, active person.

2. Amana

Amana is a popular female surname of Hebrew origin. It means trust, faithful, or loyal.

3. Ashley/Ashleigh

Ashley is an Old English last name. It is acquired from the Anglo-Saxon words æsc or ash and lēah. The combination of the two words translates to “someone who lives in a meadow near the ash tree.” The feminine form of the surname is Ashleigh.

4. Bardot

Bardot is a noble surname from France. The family name finds roots in the French town of Périgord in the late Middle Ages. Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot is a former singer, actress, and now a well-recognized French animal rights activist.

5. Barlowe

Barlowe (bahr-loh) is a habitational surname related to a town in Derbyshire by the same name. It refers to a person “who lives on a bare hill.”  Emilie-Claire Barlow is a famous Canadian voice artist and jazz singer.

6. Bassey

 The surname Bassey suits a short person. It is a derivation of two Old English words, ‘bas and basse,’ meaning short or low. The root of these words is the Latin word “bassus” referring to thickset. Shirley Bassey was a famous British singer from the early and mid-20th centuries.

7. Beaumont

With roots in Norman English and France, ‘Beau’ refers to beautiful, fair, or lovely, and ‘mont’ denotes a hill. Beaumont means a ‘beautiful hill.’ Andrea Beaumont, aka the Phantasm, was a fictional villain character from the Batman series.

8. Bennet

Bennet in Latin origin means “one who is blessed.” A famous reference to the name is Elizabeth Bennet, the leading lady of the much-publicized novel ‘Pride and Prejudice.’

9. Caddel

As a last name, Caddel originated from the Welsh patronymic “ap Cadell.” The surname means “battle.” A famous female personality with this surname is American actress Ava Cadell, born in 1956.

10. Cadieux

 With roots in ancient France, Cadieux is derived from the Old French word cad, meaning “a small but strong fighter.” The Breton surname finds its source in Brittany in a family that owns manors, lands, and estates.

 11. Cassidy

The popular Irish surname refers to “Caiside’s descendant.” Famous women with this surname include Elaine Cassidy, an Irish actress and Eva Cassidy, an American singer.

12. Cromwell

Cromwell is a geographical surname derived from the Parish locality or village Cromwell in Nottingham shire. Adelaide McGuinn Cromwell, an American sociologist was the co-founder of the African Studies Center in Boston University.

13. D'Angelo

A surname of Greek origin, D’Angelo is acquired from the Greek word “angelus.” It refers to an “angel” or a “messenger (of God).”

14. D'Arcy

D’Arcy is a derivation of the original Gaelic name-form “O'Dorchaidhe,” It roots from the word dorcha, meaning dark. It could also be a habitational name from a place called ‘Arcy’ in Normandy. The female protagonist of Jane Austen's novel, Pride and Prejudice, was called Elizabeth Darcy.

15. Ellis

The family name Ellis finds its roots in the Anglo-Saxon culture of ancient Britain. The first recording of the surname was in Lincolnshire, England in 1202. Adrienne Ellis was a famous American-Canadian actress from the early 1900s.

16. Elsher

The last name Elsher is a Russian name found mostly in Egypt.

17. Fox

Fox is a surname that refers to someone “cunning”. This last name originated in Ireland and England from Old and Middle English and was first recorded in the 13th century. Vivica A. Fox is a famous actress who acted in movies like Independence Day and Kill Bill.

18. Francis

The word Francis means free. It is an English family name with Latin roots. Anne Francis was an award-winning American actress, well-known for her role in the Forbidden Planet.

19. Gardner

Gardner is an occupational surname of Irish, Scottish, and English origin. It refers to one who works in the garden. This last name can be used for both boys and girls. Catherine Gardner is an American actress born in 1982.

20. Gomez

Gomez is a Portuguese surname from medieval times with likely Visigoth origins. This surname is also common along the west coast of India. It has Spanish origins referring to the son of Gomesano, a man of his own path. A famous woman with this surname is the singer, Selena Gomez.

21. Gonzales

This Spanish surname is also spelt as González. It is the second most popular surname in Spain and a common last name in the entire Spanish community of the world.

22. Green

This feminine last name of Anglo-Saxon origin, means someone who lived in the greener area of a village, which is usually the central or main square region. Alternatively, it can be used as a nickname for someone who wears a lot of green.

23. Guiliani

Guiliani is a surname of Italian origin. The word refers to someone who is “youthful.”

24. Hansley

This surname was introduced in England in the 7th century. It finds roots in Old English and is a local surname derived from Hanna’s or Han’s “leah.”

25. Harper

In England, Scotland, and Ireland, this last name was an occupational surname given to someone who played the harp.

26. Hart

This surname finds roots in Old English, German, Dutch, and Swedish cultures. The bearer of the name was believed to have the personality of a “stag.” She was expected to be brave and strong.

27. Hendrix

This last name refers to the “son of Hendrik.” The patronymic surname finds its roots in the lands of Dutch and Germany. The name also means “home-ruler.” Amanda Hendrix was a notable American planetary scientist, born in 1968.

28. Hope

Hope means desire. This English-Scottish surname is topographic and refers to someone who lives in an enclosed area or valley. In Middle English, it is a habitational name and one of the most common surnames in Ireland, Scotland, and Northern England.

29. Jenkins

This surname originates from Cornwall, but was popularized in Southern Wales. Jenkins means “John’s son” or “small John.” The word “kin” is derived from the Dutch word kijn, which was popular in England. Kathryn Jenkins was a famous Welsh scholar and hymn writer.

30. Katz

Katz families are known to have originated near the Katz Castle. This common German surname is also found among the Jews, and is denoted by a Hebrew abbreviation of the word Kohen Tzedeq, which means “priest of justice” or an authentic priest.

31. Kaufman

It is derived from the Jewish personal name Kaufman, meaning ‘merchant.’

32. Keating

Originally a nickname given to a brave and fierce person, this last name is derived from the pre 7th century English patronymic name Cyting that means kite. John Keating was a famous fictional character played by Robin Williams in the classic film Dead Poets Society.

33. Keller

The last name Keller has multiple roots. In modern literature, Keller refers to a basement or cellar. Helen Adams Keller was a blind and deaf American author, who also became a lecturer, political activist, and disability rights advocate.

34. Kemp

Originally with Norman roots, this last name is derived from the old English word ‘cempa,’ meaning champion or warrior. In other cultures, it was a popular surname for women during the age of the Salem Witch trials.

35. Knox

The Scottish surname Knox originated from the Gaelic word “cnoc,” which denotes a hump or hillock. Knox could also be a derivation of the Old English “cnocc.” Myra Knox was an American physician and the first woman in California to be appointed to a board of education.

36. Langley

Langley denotes a “long meadow.” It is an English surname with geographical reference to areas called Langley the Dioceses Canterbury, Worcester, Bath, Norwich, and Wells.

37. Laurier

This name is used as a surname and a first name. It denotes “Of Laurière,” meaning belonging to a commune in the Haute-Vienne. The surname refers to an evergreen tree or a bay leaf.

38. Levine

This surname is a popular and proud symbol of Jewish culture. Levine originates from the male Hebrew first name Levi, meaning join or attached. It is a patronymic Hebrew family name.

39. Lopez

A surname with Spanish roots, López was initially considered a patronymic name denoting the “Lope’s son.” Lope is derived from the Lati word Lupus meaning “wolf.” Jennifer Lopez is a well-known American actress, singer, and dancer.

40. Macklin

A patronymic name, Macklin is an Anglicized version of the Gaelic name Mac Gille Eathain. The surname refers to the son of Saint John’s servant. This last name has also been used for girls in modern times. Carmel Macklin is a famous American actress.

41. Madden

Madden is a popular Irish last name. It finds roots in the pre-10th century. Olde Gaelic name O'Madain refers to a little dog or descendant of a hound.  Women with this surname are known to have the virtues of a hound—loyalty, speed, and endurance.

42. Madison

Madison is a last name that finds roots in the English history. It has also become popular in the US as a first name. It is also spelt as Maddison and is a variation of Mathieson, referring to “Matthew’s son.” Bailee Madison and Martha Madison are famous American actresses.

43. McKenna

Variations of the surname McKenna are spelt as MacKenna, Makenna, and Mackenna. McKenna is the Anglicized version of Mac Cionaoith, a Gaelic Irish surname. It denotes “Cionnaith’s son.” It is also a Scottish surname with reference in Galloway. Christina McKenna is a famous Irish writer.

44. Monroe

A Scottish-Gaelic surname, Monroe denotes something that comes from “a river’s mouth.” The name is a derivation of two words ‘bun’ meaning “mouth of” and ‘roe’ meaning “river.” The most famous bearer of this surname is the American actress, Marilyn Monroe.

45. Nadir

Nadir means “rare” and is used both as a first name and a surname. It is a variation of the Arabic word Nader which means precious or scarce. Kerime Nadir Azrak was a famous Turkish female author and novelist.

46. Raven

With roots in Middle English from Scotland and England, Raven was initially used as a nickname for a thievish person. It also referred to someone with dark hair like the raven bird.

47. Reyes

The last name Reyes was derived from the Latin word ‘regis’ meaning ‘royal’ or ‘regal.’ However, this last name does not necessarily imply that one belongs to a family of royalty.

48. Rhodes

Variations of this last name include Rhoades, Roads, and Roades. It is a locational surname referring to someone living near the ‘rod,’ which is a small clearing in the woods.

49. Sloane

Originally found among the Scottish tribe Strathclyde Britons, Sloane is a patronymic surname.

50. Solace

Solace means comfort. This Latin name came into the English language in the 14th century through the Anglo-French. It was derived from the Latin verb ‘solari,’ which means “to console.” In medieval times, this surname was given to a child born after their sibling’s death.

51. St. James

The first sign of this surname was found in Surrey. The name St. James migrated from Normandy as Fitz James.

52. Thatcher

The former Prime Minister of the UK, Margaret Thatcher, made this surname famous. This was originally an occupational last name referring to someone who thatches a roof.

53. Tilly

The surname Tilly is a habitational name of English-Norman and French origin. The name sources from Tilley in Shropshire and is a variant of the Old English word ‘telga,’ meaning wood, bough, or branch. It is also the female diminutive for the German name Matilda.

54. Tuffin

The surname Tuffin was brought to England after the Norman Conquest in 1066. Originally, the surname comes from the Greek name Theophania. It is a combination of theos, which means “God” and phainein which means “to appear.” Tuffin means “for God to appear.”

55. Villarreal

Pronounced as bee-AH-reh-AHL, this last name means “royal settlement.” It is a habitational name with Spanish roots and means “farmsteads on the outskirts.” Places with these names have links to the Crown and are considered royal.

56. Westbrook

A surname with English roots, Westbrook refers to the western side of the brook. It is a locational last name used by families who lived in those areas.

56. Wolf

This surname is a descriptive surname derived from the old English word wulf, meaning wolf. Variations of this last name include Woolf and Woolfe. Virginia Woolf, a famous British author bore this last name.

58. Yang

Yang means “aspen tree.” The surname originated in South Asia and is found mainly in China, Japan, Indonesia, and surrounding regions.

Cool Last Names For Boys

59. Abraham

As a surname, Abraham can be of many origins. Derived from the Hebrew name Avraham, the biblical patriarch is worshipped as the founding father of the Jews. Abraham denotes the “Father of nations.”

60. Abbot

This last name originates from England or Scotland. However, its meaning can be traced back to the old French term ‘abet,’ meaning priest.

61. Adler

The surname Adler comes from Yiddih or German roots. The word denotes an “eagle” and is common in the UK and USA. It is also a popular surname with the Ashkenazi community of the Jews, where it finds reference in the Psalm.

62. Agassi

This surname is commonly seen amongst ethnic groups in Iran, Persian Jews, and few Persian Muslims. It is also an anglicized version of the Armenian surname ‘Aghassian.’ Andre Kirk Agassi is a famous American tennis player.

63. Allen

Allen is a last name of Irish origin. The name refers to someone who is ‘handsome.’ It could also be a variation of MacAllen or Ailin, meaning harmony and peace. Another reference mentions its meaning as “little rock.”

64. Arden

This name of English origin is a local surname that refers to the “valley of eagles.” There are three places in the United Kingdom by this name.

65. Ashford

There are several places called Ashford in England. This habitational surname comes from Old English and is a combination of “ash” and “ford.” It refers to the edge of a sword.

66. Augustus

The royal name means “majestic.” Augustus is a surname with Latin roots and finds its fame in the first Emperor of Rome, Caesar Augustus.

67. Benjamin

Benjamin is derived from a Hebrew combination of words. “Ben” means son and “yemin” means right hand.

68. Bexley

Bexley is a last name with English roots. The name comprises two parts, ‘byxe’ means box tree and ‘leah’ means a clearing in the woods.

69. Bond

Bond means bindings or “tied to the soil or land.” This English name is popular due to its association with the famous movie character James Bond.

70. Boone

This English name is of Norman origin. Boone means a blessing. It is derived from an Old French pet name ‘Bon,’ meaning good. It could also be a habitational name referring to Bohon in La Manche, France.

71. Byron

Lord Byron was a well-known English poet. The surname Byron means “belonging to the barns” and is of English origin.

72. Castellan

A popular last name for boys, Castellan is an English name that refers to the “keeper of a castle.”

73. Channing

This English family name refers to a “young wolf” and finds its roots in England.

74. Chrysalis

Chrysalis refers to a “butterfly’s pupae.” The name is of Greek origin and has been derived from Chrysafénios, a Greek word meaning golden.

75. Collymore

Collymore is believed to be an English habitational name, from Colleymore Farm in Oxfordshire. It could also have originated from a village called Colmore in Dorset. The surname could be a derivation of the Old English word “col-mera,” meaning clear or cool lake.

76. Curran

The descendants of the spearmen clan were known as Curran. This family name finds its roots in Ireland.

77. Cyprus

Cyprus is the name of a tree. The surname finds its roots in the English culture.

78. Dagon

This Arabic name refers to the “rain clouds.” Dagon is a popular surname for boys.

79. Damaris

The Greek last name Damaris means gentle. It also refers to a calf.

80. Diggory

Diggory is a French name and a derivation of the word ‘egare.’ The word means astray.

81. Disney

Everyone knows Walt Disney. The English surname was originally derived from a French word ‘D'Isigny,’ which means “belonging to Isigny,” a place in France.

82. Donahue

Donahue is the Americanized form of the Irish name Donoheo and Anglicized version of the Gaelic name Ó Donnchadha. It refers to “Donnchadh’s descendant.” The surname denotes a man with brown hair or a chieftain.

83. Donovan

Originating in Ireland, the surname Donovan denotes a “dark princeling.” It is a popular Irish, American, and Australian last name.

84. Duke

A Duke is a title of the nobles. This surname is of English origin and is found as a title amongst the Royals of England.

85. Dumbledore

Dumbledore is an Old English surname that denotes a “bumblebee.”  Albus Dumbledore is an admired character from the 'Harry Potter' series.

86. Elrod

The Hebrew last name Elrod refers to God as the king of mankind.

87. Elliot

T. S. Elliot was one of the most famous poets and essayists of the 20th century. The name Elliot is of English origin and refers to the Lord as our God. It is also one of the most popular last names.

88. Emerson

Emerson is a surname of German origin and refers to Emery’s son. It is also an English last name with Anglo-Saxon origin, derived from Emars sunu, Emar’s son or son of Ethelmar.

89. Fernandez

The Spanish surname is one of the most popular last names and means “Fernando’s son.”

90. Ferro

Of Portuguese, Spanish, and Italian origin, the last name Ferro is an occupational name given to someone who worked with iron or produced iron. It’s Latin name is ferrum.

91. Frederick

Fredrick finds its roots in Germany. The surname means a “peaceful ruler.” This English derivation is a combination of Frid or Fred, meaning peace along with Ric, which means power. The Duke of York and Albany went by the name of Augustus Frederick.

92. Ford

In Old or Middle English, Ford was a habitational family name of a person who resided near a ford. Harrison Ford is a famous American actor.

93. Gaumond

The Germanic name Walmund is the probable source of the surname Gaumond. Walmund is a combination of words that mean “protector” or refer to a death in the battlefield.

94. Gilbert

The origin of the last name Gilbert is found in French-Norman history. The word means “bright.”  The surname also has a Germanic origin. In English, Gilbert is a derivation o Giselbert.

95. Granger

Granger is an occupational surname of French and English origins. It refers to a farm bailiff. A famous fictional character by this name is Hermione Granger from the Harry Potter series.

96. Guiliani

Giuliani is a distinguished surname that originated in Papal States, Italy. It is derived from the first name Giuliani or Julian. The surname means “youthful.” Rudolph William Louis Giuliani is a famous American politician and the 107th Mayor of New York City.

97. Hale

This family name finds its roots in old Anglo-Saxon culture. It denoted a family living in a remote nook or valley. The name is also believed to be derived from the Old English word ‘halh.’ Hale means “hero” or “from the hall,” meaning hall of fame.

98. Harington

It is an English habitational surname for someone from Cumbria, Lincolnshire, and Northampton shire. English actor Kit Harington is a famous bearer of this last name.

99. Hawk

This family name roots back to ancient Britain’s Anglo-Saxon culture. Hawk is derived from the Old English name Hafoc, referring to a hawk. The surname denotes a person who is wild and hawk-like.

100. Hendrix

The son of Hendrik was known as Hendrix. This surname of Dutch origin finds its fame with the famous musician Jimi Hendrix. This is a popular last name throughout the Western countries.

101. Hillary

Edmund Hillary was the first man to reach the peak of Mt. Everest.  This surname of Latin-Greek origin means glad, happy, cheerful, or joyous.

102. Hogwood

This last name refers to a forest frequently visited by hawks. Hogwood is an English surname of Anglo-Sussex origin.

103. Holmes

Holmes is a well-known surname from England. The Middle English word ‘Holme” denotes an islet. The famous fictional detective character Sherlock Holmes made this name popular.

104. Huxley

This habitational name finds reference in a town in Cheshire, England. Huxley is derived from the Old English first name Hucc, hux, or husc, meaning an insult or a taunt. The word also means a clearing in the wood as leah means wood.

105. Irving

This last name of Scottish origin is a topographical last name that refers to someone dwelling by the River Irvine in Dumfriesshire. The name got famous by Washington Irving, a well-known author.

106. Jackson

Son of Jack is known as Jackson. It is of American and Scottish origin. Michael Jackson was a famous musician of the 80s, while Percy Jackson is a title character of Rick Riordan’s book series.

107. Karenina

Karenina is a Slavic last name and means chaste or pure. A famous novel by Leo Tolstoy is named after its protagonist Anna Karenina.

108. Lang

This last name has its roots in Germany similar to the words Laing, Lange, and Long. It usually refers to a tall person. In Hungary, Lang can also mean flame.

109. Langston

The surname with English roots, Langston means the town or tower of a tall man. Dicey Langston was a Patriot spy during the American Revolution.

110. Lennon

The surname Lennon appeared in Gaelic and was probably derived from ‘leann,’ meaning “a cloak” or “a paramour.” The most well-known association of the surname is John Lennon, the English musician, songwriter, and lead singer of the “Beatles.”

111. Lennox

This surname finds roots in Scottish and Northern Ireland. It is a habitational name and comes from the Gaelic word leamhan, meaning elm. Lennox means elm grove. Bobby Lennox is a famous British football player of the mid-1900s.

112. Levine

Levine comes from the Hebrew name ‘Levi.’ This surname of Jewish origin means “joining.”

113. Levisay

This American name means “Dear Victory” And is pronounced as leh-vih-say.

114. Marley

The surname Marley is considered a locational name of English origin.  Marley is the name of places in Kent, Devon, and West Yorkshire. The Jamaican singer Bob Marley was a famous pioneer of reggae music in the mid-1900s.

115. McElfresh

The Scottish surname McElfresh refers to the child of a brindled man. It is the Anglicized version of the Gaelic name Mac Gille Bhris, meaning St. Bricius’s servant. This name belonged to a Gaulish saint from the 5th-century.

116. Mycroft

Found to be of English origin, the last name Mycroft means “by the side of a stream.” Mycroft Holmes was a fictional character and the elder sibling of Sherlock Holmes.

117. Nadir

Nadir is a last name of Arabic origin. The word means “rare”.

118. Nishikawa

This name of Japanese origin denotes a “western river” found in the Ryukyu Islands of western Japan. Some bearers of this surname are from the Samurai clan.

119. Norris

A topographical surname for someone who lived north of an estate. This last name translates to north house. Chuck Norris, American martial artist is a notable bearer of this last name.

120. Pavlov

It is derived from the first name Pavel, which in turn comes from the Slavic name Paul. Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov was famously known for his discovery of the concept of classical conditioning.

121. Pereira

Referring to a “pear tree,” Pereira is a surname with Portuguese roots. A famous personality by this name is the footballer Andreas Hugo Pereira.

122. Pearson

This last name was first heard of in England, and it is a patronymic surname meaning ‘son of Pier.’

123. Potter

An occupational surname, a “pot maker” is known as Potter. The English origin name became well-known worldwide after the leading character Harry Potter in the ‘Harry Potter’ book series.

124. Ramirez

The last name Ramirez means Ramiro’s son. This name finds its roots in Spain.

125. Smirnov

The Russian surname Smirov refers to someone who is obedient and calm, peaceful or gentle.

126. Stoll

Stoll is believed to be an occupational surname for a carpenter. It could also be a nickname for someone who is rigid in his ways. The last name is a derivation of the Middle High or Low German word “stolle,” which refers to a frame or support system.

127. Swindells

This Old English locational surname is widely found in Lancashire. The surname has probably been derived from Swindale in North Yorkshire. The word ‘swin’ refers to a pig or wild boar and ‘dael’ means valley. Swindells, therefore, means “valley of wild boars.”

128. Trevino

Trevino is a gender-neutral surname. It refers to someone who lives on a boundary or where places meet. This Spanish name could be habitational from places in the provinces of Burgos and Santander with the same name.

129. Usoro

This family name of African origin means “celebration”.  99% of Usoros are predominantly found in Africa.

130. Vader

Vader is a family name of Dutch origin. The Dutch word means “father” in English. Darth Vader is a popular Star Wars character.

131. Wayne

The driver of a wagon was known as Wayne in Old England. In the ‘Batman’ series, the character Bruce Wayne is Batman.

132. Werner

Werner is a surname of German origin. It is popular as a first and last name. The word means “defender” or a “warrior who defends.”

133. Whitlock

In Old England, the last name Whitlock means “white enclosure.” The word is a combination of two words from Old English, Hwit means white and locc means lock or enclosure. In modern times, the surname refers to someone with white hair.

134. Wickham

Wickman is a family name with English roots. The name denotes “village paddock.” A famous association of the name is George Wickham, a character from the book ‘Pride and Prejudice.’

135. Woody

This masculine first name is also used as a surname. Woody or Woodie became popular during the presidency of Thomas Woodrow Wilson in the USA. He was nicknamed Woody as a derivation of his middle name.

136. Yarbrough

This English habitational name comes from a place in Lincolnshire called Yarborough or Yarburgh. In Old English eorðburg means ‘earthworks’ or ‘fortifications.’ It is a combination of eorðe, meaning earth or soil and burh meaning stronghold or fortress.

137. Zimmerman

This last name of German origin is an occupational name and denotes a carpenter.

Cool Fantasy Last Names

138. Abbington

This habitational name refers to an estate that is owned or associated with someone called Abba. Amanda Abbington is a famous actress bearing this surname.

139. Abednego

In Akkadian, this fantasy surname refers to “Nebo’s servant.” Nebo is Babylonia’s God of wisdom. According to the Old Testament, Azariah was one of the three men saved by God when thrown into a burning furnace. The Babylonian name for Azariah is Abednego.

140. Agnello

This fantasy surname has been acquired from the Italian word “agnello.” It is a diminutive of agnus, which means “lamb.” The name became popular as it referred to a lamb being taken to the slaughterhouse, denoting Christ's suffering at the Cross.

141. Albizia

When the Lord of Alba remembers, it is known as Albizia. The name is classy and strong.

142. Amos

Amos is a surname of Jewish or Hebrew origin. It refers to a person “borne by God.” Amos, in Hebrew, means ‘to carry.’ There was a Biblical prophet by this name who recorded oracles in the 8th century BC in a book called the Book of Amos.

143. Asteria

Asteria is a beautiful fantasy surname. It refers to the goddess of innocence and justice.

144. Baggins

The surname Baggins finds its roots in Anglo-Saxon history. The last name referred to a person who was a traveler with bags and backpacks or a peddler. The name became popular after a fictitious character in the Harry Potter series.

145. Belloc

Belloc is a Catalan surname, pronounced as Bey-yoc. It is a combination of two words, bell means lovely and lloc refers to a place. Belloc is known to be a famous female fantasy character.

146. Biddercombe

Rosie Biddercombe is the name of a character in the the Mystery of Secret Sakura. Created by Mechokky, this is an American web series about a girl on a mission to find the identity of a mysterious female battling the threats of her town.

147. Cherith

Cherith is a last name of Hebrew origin. The word refers to a “stream in winter.” This fresh sounding surname can be found in the Bible. It was the fantasy stream that kept Elijah alive.

148. Clawarm

A character who wicked yet gorgeous is called Clawarm. This fantasy name has class and enigma.

149. Cornelius

This is a Biblical name of Latin origin. Cornelius comes from the word ‘cornu’ that means “horn.”

150. Covenbreath

The Goddess of darkness in the air is called Covenbreath. This is a cool fantasy surname for an antagonist or a female character who operates in the darkness.

151. Cunningham

This geographical surname is associated with a place in Ayrshire district, Scotland, by the name of Cunningham. The town got its name from coney or cunny, which means rabbit and hame meaning home. The surname also has Irish roots and refers to a “chief” in Ireland.

152. Cyprus

A Polish surname, Cyprus is a derivation of Cyrus and acquired from the Greek name Kyros, which was the name of a king in Persia. The word means “fair.”

153. Dagon

Dagon can be a female or male surname. It finds its roots in Hebrew and is the name of the God of fertility. God Dagon is portrayed as half fish and half man. The word refers to “being cut open.”

154. Damaris

The Greek-Latin surname Damaris means “to tame,” “gentle,” or a “calf.” In the fantasy world, Damaris is a magical sword known as the Sword of Truth. Legend says that Gavin, the bearer of the sword, could foresee the truth while he wielded the sword.

155. Dustfinger

Dustfinger is a prominent fire-eater and fire-dancer from the fantasy Inkworld. He has a marten with horns as a constant companion on his shoulders. It makes quite a cool fantasy surname.

156. Duskstalker

If you are looking for a surname for a stalker who approached slimily anytime between the day and night, this fantasy name could be quite appropriate.

157. Dwyer

Dwyer is an Irish last name which is a combination of elements of ‘dubh’ that means black and dark with ‘odhar’ meaning tawny. Ilthyia Dwyer was a fantasy female warrior from the Marvel series.

158. Einar

The Scandinavian name Einar is derived from Einarr, an Old Norse surname. It denotes brave warriors who laid their lives in battle. Einar is a war general in HeroScape, a fantasy game and also a fantasy character from the Vinland Saga.

159. Elfbreath

Elves are fictional characters who play well in the fantasy world. Elfbreath is a combination of two words wherein elf means a small, mischievous character. The name typically denotes the life of an elf.

160. Festus

Festus is a female human-like cleric of Groetus. The Latin surname means festive or joyful. Festus the Leechlord was a doctor in Nordland, who sold his soul to Nurgle. He was left a deranged maniac. Festus was also a female dragon character.

161. Finecrusher

If your fantasy character is one who crushes everything to dust, Finecrusher is the surname you are looking for. It refers to any device or machine/machine-like character that finely crushes anything.

162. Gallio

A character from the Marvel comics, Selena Gallio is a Black warrior Queen. She is one of the strongest female characters of the fantasy world. The surname refers to ‘someone who survives on milk.’

163. Flagg

Flagg is an English habitational name. It is derived from Old English ‘flage’ or Old Norse ‘flag’ meaning turf. Randall Flagg is a dark antagonistic character from Stephen King’s book “The Stand.”

164. Gannon

Ganonis  he primary antagonist of the Legend of Zelda of Nintendo video game series.  He has a humanoid version and is the boss in most of the titles.

165. Gloryweaver

An amalgamation of glory and weaver, this surname refers to someone who is an extraordinary weaver, who weaves long strands of fiber into fine cloth.

166. Godfrey

This surname of German origin is a combination of “God” and “peace.”  Godfrey has been the name of characters from the Final Fantasy series.

167. Griffin

With roots in ancient Greece and medieval to late Latin, Griffins are fictional creatures often appearing in the fantasy genre. Griffins are creatures with the body, back legs and tail or a lion and wings and head like an eagle. The surname denotes fierce and dangerous.

168. Havenglow

An amalgamation of two words, haven means home and glow means something shiny. Havenglow is a fantasy surname that refers to a glowing ruler who provides refuge and safety in a place.

169. Hallowedchaser

One who hunts for holy things is known as a Hallowedchaser.

170. Hazerider

A combination of the words haze and rider, this English surname refers to a rider who surfaces in obscure conditions at lower atmospheric conditions. A night-rider maybe of sorts.

171. Humphries

Of Welsh origin, this last name is derived from the patronymic name ‘Humphrey.’ According to the language of the Normans, Humfrey is composed of the elements hun, meaning bear cub and frid, meaning peace.

172. Jacaranda

Jacaranda is a tropical and sub-tropical flower, which is a genus of 49 species of flowering plants. Native to America, the cosmopolitan flower is found in many parts of the world including India and Pakistan. Jacaranda is also an alien fantasy character.

173. Kami

Kami is a Japanese surname meaning “Lord.” It is a fantasy name for an animated character.

174. Kicklighter

This surname means “chicken ladder.” It is the Americanized spelling of the German word Kückleiter, which is probably a pet name for a chicken farmer.

175. Kirk

Kirk is a last name with Danish, Scottish and Northern English roots. The word means “church” and is a topographic name for someone living near a church. Captain Kirk was a famous character of Star Trek.

176. Lightfoot

A person who is a nimble runner or light on his feet is known as lightfoot. It is an interesting name to give a fantasy character with such a personality.

177. Lozano

A surname of Spanish origin, Lozano denotes someone or something who is good looking and splendid. Sebastian Lozano is an artist of dark, fantasy art.

178. Luna

Luna freya Nox Fleuret, better known as Luna, is Final Fantasy’s XV’s most pivotal character. Luna means “the Moon.”

179. Marek

In the fantasy novel ‘Uprooted,’ Prince Marek is the second prince of Polnya. He is known as the “God of war” and is greatly accomplished and loved. Marek also means “of Mars.”

180. McCoy

This common last name has a Scottish and Irish origins. McCoy is an Anglicized version of the Irish name Mac Aodha, meaning “Aodh’s son.” Aodh is an Irish mythological deity.

181. Mintz

Mintz Adler is a fantasy character from the Phoenix Sorcerer. The name suits Dungeon and Dragon characterizations well.

182. October

A character from Game of Thrones and Welcome October, this English name refers to the month of October in the English calendar year.

183. Omega

Omega is a surname of Greek origin. It refers to the end. The last letter of the Greek alphabet is also called Omega and thus the reference. Kenny Omega is a fantasy character from the Final Fantasy series.

184. Priestley

This surname means “a priest of the woods.” The comic character is a DnD (Dungeon and Dragon) anime from the fantasy world.

185. Sapien

The Polish last name Sapien refers to knowledgeable or clever individuals. There are many variants of this surname like Zapiain in Basque. The name could be given to a person who is wheezy since Sapien could be a derivative of sapac, meaning ‘to wheeze.’

186. Sapphirus

A multicolored dragon anime created for Fantasy Final, Sapphirus is a surname of Latin origin. The word refers to a “sapphire” or “blue stone.”

187. Sierra

The last name Sierra denotes a “mountain range” and finds its roots in the Spanish language. The name also means “saw.”

188. Silvius

A surname of Latin origin, Silvius means “woods” or a “forest.” The surname also finds reference in Late Roman culture.

189. Snakeleaf

A half woman and half snake fantasy character, Snakeleaf is a surname that can be used for a clever and venomous person.

190. Strongblossom

Princess Strong Blossom is a mighty superhero in the series Backyardigans. The character is called Uniqua and although she is small and pink and looks cute, she is extremely strong. The name is a combination of strong and blossom.

191. Truthbelly

This last name can be given to a character who cannot hold a secret or who always speaks the truth. The fantasy surname Truthbelly seems appropriate for anime characters.

192. Targaryen

The fantasy world includes a whole DnD section. Targaryen means “belonging to the dragon.” The name is found in the famed series ‘Game of Thrones.’

193. Umbra

Umbra is a last name with Latin origin. The word means “shadow” or “shade” and can be given to a dark character or one who moves in darkness.

194. Verlice

Verlice is a family name with roots dating back to 1871 to a family in Berwickshire, Scotland. The name denotes versatility, to be willing or one who is correct.

195. Vespertine

Vespertine is a fantasy character, the main protagonist of the book by the same name by Margaret Rogerson. Believed to be of Latin origin, it refers to something that occurs at night or at twilight.

196. Windward

This fantasy character is part of the DnD world. The dragon anime is the hero of the fictional book ‘Windward’ by S.Kaeth.

197. Wixx

A variation of Wykes, Wixx is a geographical surname and has been used by many fantasy character profiles for the Final Fantasy series.

198. Woodgrip

Woodgrip is a combination of two words, wood and grip meaning hold. This surname is apt for a character with a sword or a strong grip or one who is made of or uses wood as a superpower.

199. Xenide

A character who is confident, studious, and highly confident can be named Xenide. This surname is commonly found in regions of France.

200. Zibia

This Hebrew name denotes a horse, gazelle, or doe.  The surname can be used for a warrior princess mounted on a horse.

5 Tips To Choose A Cool Surname

Here are some points to consider when choosing a cool surname.
  1. Meaning: The meaning of the name should give an insight into the character. It could even match your personality or reflect your family in any way.
  1. Matching: Make sure the last name you pick matches or sounds good with your first name. It should flow easily and be quick to remember.
  1. Syllables: No matter how beautiful the surname is, it will be difficult to pronounce or remember if it is too long with multiple syllables. Pick a name with two to three syllables only.
  1. Uniqueness: The name must be unique yet still familiar and not unusual. Also, make sure that it is related to the characters of your story—in case you are naming a fictional character.
Whether you are naming characters for your novel or finding a fantasy name for a game, a cool name brings life to these figures. Pick something memorable and relatable, be it names with meaning you can relate to or those that bring out a character’s personality the best.

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[post_title] => 200 Cool Last Names For Girls And Boys, With Meanings [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => fantasy-cool-last-names-for-girls-boys-meanings [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-08 14:24:08 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-08 08:54:08 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=768385 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[7] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 769301 [post_author] => 309431 [post_date] => 2021-09-07 18:15:03 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-07 12:45:03 [post_content] => [caption id="" align="alignnone" width="720"]Cherokee Names For Baby Girls And Boys, With Meanings Image: iStock[/caption][mj-toc]Cherokees are one of the Native American tribes who incline towards a matrilineal society. Their naming tradition includes a holy ceremony. Around the seventh day of a newborn, the high priest (the eldest woman) of the tribe names the baby based on their resemblance to nature. This is why, as you read our list, you would observe that most Cherokee names are nature-inspired (1). Cherokees have a unique way of naming the babies—taking inspiration from nature and tranquility. So, if you want something traditional yet a name deviating from the trend of simplistic definitions, our list of the Cherokee names for baby girls and boys, with meanings, has much to offer.

Cherokee Girl Names, With Meanings

1. Adisila

The name Adisila is a nature-inspired name carrying the beauty of spring as it means "blossom."

2. Agasga

The verbal name Agasga means “it is raining.”

3. Aiyana

This Cherokee name symbolizes foreverness as it means "eternal bloom."

4. Ama

In Cherokee, the name Ama carries the essence of nature's vital force, "water."

5. Amatha

The name Amatha would be a lovely choice for a baby girl born in the coastal regions as it means "fish."

6. Awinita

The adorable name Awinita would hold a special significance in your hearts as it refers to a "fawn."

7. Ayita

It is an artistic Cherokee name that means “first to dance.”

8. Behita

The name defines the events conspiring after the birth of your baby as it means "beginning of an event."

9. Catori

This pure Cherokee name is holy as it means "spirit."

10. Chenoa

If you love animals, then this Cherokee name Chenoa would be great for your baby. It means "white dove," which symbolizes peace, prosperity, and new beginnings.

11. Citlali

This is a celestial name appropriate for a baby born during the night as it means "star." It is a unisexual name.

12. Cuhtahlatah

The name Cuhtahlatah means "wild hemp."

13. Dyani

The name Dyani or Deyani is of Native American origin. This pretty name refers to the gorgeous animal "deer."

14. Elu

Simple and perfect, the Cherokee name Elu means "beautiful."

15. Enola

It might remind you of the fictional character Enola Holmes. This name is of Cherokee origin and means "magnolia."

16. Euna

This beautiful and elegant Cherokee name refers to "waterfall." Isn't it the perfect name for your little princess?

17. Fala

This Cherokee name is unusual as it means "crow."

18. Galilahi

It is of Native American origin and means "attractive," perfect for your little cutie.

19. Ghigau

This name primarily means "beloved woman."

20. Gola

It is a name perfect for a baby born during the cold seasons as it means "winter."

21. Guwisti

The uncommon unisexual name Guwisti means "sieve."

22. Hialeah

This name is said to be of Muskogee origin. It derives from the word Haiyakpo, which means "prairie," thus, giving it the meaning, "beautiful meadow."

23. Immokalee

A name that is sure to make your child love nature even more, as it means "tumbling water."

24. Inola

This pretty name of Cherokee origin means "black fox."

25. Istas

Ideal for babies born during the winters as it means "snow."

26. Kachina

The name Kachina is a name that shines from within as it means "spirit."

27. Kamama

Kamama is a name of strength and transformation. In Cherokee, it means "butterfly."

28. Kasa

The name Kasa is descriptive as it refers to someone "dressed in fur."

29. Kimi

The name Kimi adds a magical touch to your baby's life as it means "secret."

30. Koko

Originating from the Algonquin tribe, this name means "the night."

31. Lomasi

A charming name for your beautiful baby, since Lomasi means "pretty flower."

32. Lulu

It is a name that works well as a first name and nickname. Lulu means "rabbit" and is of Apache tribe origin.

33. Mika

The name Mika refers to a "raccoon." It is of Sioux origin.

34. Mitena

This classic and stylish Cherokee name has an astronomic touch to it, as it means "coming moon."

35. Moana

A name popularized recently due to the Disney animated film of the same name. The name means "bitter," as per the Zuni tribe. It also has Hawaiian origin, meaning "calm waters."

36. Nanye_hi

This name is taken from nature and refers to the bird "heron."

37. Ninovan

The name is bound to make your baby feel safe, comfortable and bring togetherness in your family as it means "our home."

38. Noya

Noya is a Cherokee name ideal for a baby born near coastal regions as it means "sand." It is a unisexual name.

39. Odina

Meaning "mountain," the elegant name Odina would be suitable for a baby born in hilly regions.

40. Opa

Referring to an "owl," this Cherokee name symbolizes wisdom. It is of Choctaw tribe origin.

41. Pavati

The name Pavati has a pristine sense to it as it means "clear water."

42. Pocohantas

It is a name that is known to many Disney fans. It means "playful one" and is of Algonquin tribe origin.

43. Qaletaqa

Qaletaqa is a traditional and modern Cherokee name worthy of a woman of the future generation. It means "guardian of the people."

44. Salalai

This is an adorable name for a baby inspired by nature. It refers to a "squirrel."

45. Scatchwah

This Cherokee origin name refers to the majestic wild animal, "wolf."

46. Selu

The name Selu means "corn." If your baby is born near cornfields, then this name would be an appropriate choice for them.

47. Sequoia

It holds a special significance in the Cherokee language. Apart from its meaning "sparrow," it is also a name of a Cherokee Indian, Sequoyah, who invented a method to write the tribe's language.

48. Soyala

It is a perfect Cherokee name for babies born during the Christmas seasons as it means "the time of the winter solstice."

49. Tala

Offering the inclusiveness and strength of the elegant wild animal is the name Tala, which means "wolf."

50. Tanamara

This poetic name of Cherokee origin means "lonely wind."

51. Tayaneta

It is a name that takes into account the endearing nature of a "young beaver."

52. Trahlyta

It is a name inspired by the story of Trahlyta, who was a beautiful woman of the Cherokee tribe.

53. Tsistunagiska

The simple, elegant, and traditional name Tsistunagiska means "wild rose."

54. Tsula

Tsula is a Cherokee name that means "fox." This name would make your baby girl independent and clever.

55. Unega

The name of Cherokee origin means "white."

56. Wahya

The name Wahya means "wolf."

57. Walela

The pretty name Walela means "hummingbird."

58. Winona

The name Winona is perfect for your first baby girl as it means "firstborn." It is of Sioux tribe origin.

59. Woya

Woya is a name of peace and freedom, as it means "dove."

60. Yano

The simple name Yano means "wolf."

Popular Cherokee Boy Names, With Meanings

61. Adawosgi

The name Adawosgi is in its verb form and means "he is swimming."

62. Adohi

Adohi is a nature-inspired name of Cherokee origin and refers to "timber" or "wood."

63. Amadahy

Being a name from nature, Amadahy carries a sweet essence and freshness of the earth with it. It means "forest water."

64. Ama-edohi

Meaning "water-goer" or "rainmaker," this Cherokee name has a refreshing touch to it.

65. Atsadi

This Cherokee name means "fish."

66. Atsila

It means “fire.”

67. Attakullakulla

Meaning "leaning wood," Attakullakulla is a name of comfort. It consists of Atta or Ada, which means "wood," and gulkallu, which means "standing against."

68. Bidziil

Bidziil means "he is strong." So, this masculine name would be a symbol of strength for your little guy.

69. Chasse

Perfect for your elder boy as Chasse in Cherokee means "firstborn son."

70. Chea Sequah

This is a unique name with two words. Chea Sequah in Cherokee means "red bird."

71. Concotocko

The name Concotocko means "standing turkey."

72. Cochise

It is an inspirational masculine name that means "renowned warrior chief."

73. Dakota

The name Dakota refers to the vital relationship we all are intimate about, a "friend." It originates from the Sioux tribe.

74. Danuwoa

It is a powerful masculine name that defines a leader as it means "warrior."

75. Degataga

The name Degatage resembles strength as it means "stand firm."

76. Dustu

This unique name of Native American origin means "spring frog."

77. Elu

This name of beautiful Native American origin means "graceful." We would say that this is a name fit for your little prince.

78. Enoli

In Native American, Enoli is an adorable yet unique nature-inspired name, meaning "black fox."

79. Enna

Enna is a beautiful Cherokee tribal name that means "waterfall."

80. Gaagii

Originating from the Navajo tribe, this Cherokee name means "raven."

81. Gala-gi na

Capturing the essence of nature, this animal-inspired beautiful name means "male deer."

82. Gawonisgi

It is a name suitable for a leader as it infers to the vocal power needed by them. It means "speaker."

83. Hania

Originating from the Hopi tribe, this Cherokee origin name is that of bravery and strength. It means "spirit warrior."

84. Hototo

The name is revolutionary and pleasant at the same time. Originating from the Hopi tribe, it means "warrior who sings."

85. Istas

Ideal for babies born during the winters as it means "snow."

86. Illanipi

The name of masculine origin means "amazing man."

87. Incalatanga

This unique name of Cherokee origin means "double-headed."

88. Jacy

Jacy is a beautiful celestial name for your baby boy as it means "moon."

89. Jistu

We would say that this Cherokee name would trigger the funny and adorable mischievous side in your baby as it means "trickster rabbit."

90. Kaiyatahee

This unique name of Native American origin celebrates plant life. It means "corn tassel."

91. Kamuna

Kamuna in Cherokee means "bullfrog." It symbolizes transformation and good luck.

92. Kanagatucko

The name Kanagatucko means "stalking turkey."

93. Koo-wi-s-gu-wi

This traditional Cherokee name refers to a "little white bird," ideal for your little prince.

94. Kosumi

Meaning "fishes for salmon with a spear," this is a Cherokee name originating from the Miwok tribe.

95. Kunokeski

This Cherokee origin name means "young tassel."

96. Leotie

This name Leotie means "flower of the prairie." Although it has a feminine vibe to it, Leotie is a common unisexual name.

97. Mato

This name represents the adorable and powerful animal of the wild "bear." It is of Mandian tribe origin.

98. Mohe

Referring to the strength and agility of the gorgeous animal, Mohe is a Cherokee name that means "elk."

99. Nahele

The masculine name has Hawaiian origins and it means "forest."

100. Nakamo

The charming name Nakamo would make your baby rock on with a mic as it means "to sing."

101. Ohiyesa

This is a name that would inspire your baby towards success as it means "winner." It has origins in the Sioux tribe.

102. Onacona

Meaning "white owl," this Cherokee name is a symbol of endurance and wisdom.

103. Ostenaco

The name Ostenaco in Cherokee means "big head."

104. Oukonunaka

This elegant Cherokee name refers to the majestic "white owl."

105. Paytah

Offering the strength and agility of one of nature's elements is the name Paytah. This name originates from the Sioux tribe and means "fire."

106. Salonitah

The name would add an adventurous touch to your baby's life as it means "flying squirrel."

107. Scolaguta

It means "hanging maw."

108. Seattle

It is the name of the Lushootseed tribe. The name represents a one in power as it means "man of high status."

109. Sequoya

It is the masculine version of the feminine name Sequoia. It means "sparrow."

110. Tahoma

This name marks the beginning of the water cycle and is a name of hope. It is a name originating from the Puyallup tribe and means "giver of the water."

111. Tayanita

It is the masculine version of Tayaneta and refers to an adorable "young beaver."

112. Tokala

It means "fox" and originated from the Dakota tribe. This name is a symbol of independence and playfulness.

113. Tooantuh

This name symbolizes the playfulness and agile strength of a "spring frog."

114. Tsiyi

This Cherokee origin name means "copper." It also means "canoe."

115. Tyee

Tyee is the name of power as it means "chief." It originated in the Chinook tribe.

116. Wapi

This name is the verbal representation of what their life would be. It means "lucky" and is of Sioux tribe origin.

117. Wesa

This simplistic name refers to a "cat" in Cherokee.

118. Wohali

It means "eagle." The name would bring your child royalty, power, and determination.

119. Yona

Yona is a name that would work as a first name and nickname as it means "bear." This powerful name would bring wisdom and strength into their life.

120. Yonaguska

This Cherokee origin name means "the bear drowns him."With the changing times, the sacred Cherokee names were translated to English by the settlers. Even then, the power of these names is such that they are influential, holy, and ever-lasting. Considering this power, we believe that our list of the Cherokee names, for baby girls and boys, with meanings will never let your child's moniker go off the charts of uniqueness.

References:

  1. The Cherokee Naming Ceremony; Bear River Kansas Territory https://bearriverkansas.com/2018/02/12/the-cherokee-naming-ceremony/amp/
[post_title] => 120 Cherokee Names For Baby Girls And Boys, With Meanings [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => cherokee-names-for-boys-girls-meanings [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-07 18:18:11 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-07 12:48:11 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=769301 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[8] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 768284 [post_author] => 309431 [post_date] => 2021-09-07 13:08:15 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-07 07:38:15 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_768799" align="alignnone" width="720"]75 Meaningful Yet Cool Druid Names, With Meanings Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]You may have come across the word ‘druid’ while watching a fantasy show or reading a novel. According to the book, The Druids, by Nora K. Chadwick, the Druids were Celtic religious leaders who delved into magic, mysticism, and meditation (1). Some people follow druidism as a spiritual way, while some believe it to be a religion. ‘Druid’ is derived from dru (Celtic word, meaning ‘oak’) and wid (Indo-European word, meaning ‘to know’), making it mean ‘knower of the oak’ or ‘a forest sage.’To give your little one a druid name is to associate with a mysterious yet alluring class. In this post, we have curated a list of meaningful druid names that might catch your fancy.

Druid Names For Baby Boys

1. Aglain

Aglain is known to be a powerful druid adept at the arts of healing. He is also the leader of the druids, as mentioned in the lore of King Arthur. The origin of the name Aglain is not established, but it's hinted that it is of Moorish origins and means ‘born again.’

2. Allanon

A druid master from the novel series ‘The Sword of Shannara,’ Allanon is a character who is often compared to Merlin of Arthurian legends. In the narrative, he is shown to guide his friends on their quest for greatness. The name is of Celtic origins and roughly translates to mean ‘strong willed.’

3. Amergin

Amergin is known to be a bard and druid in the Irish mythologies. He is of royal parentage and served as the high judge in the Irish courts. This Irish origin name roughly translates to ‘birth from music’ and is a popular name in Ireland even in present times.

4. Ari

In Arthurian lore, Ari is a druid sorcerer who is an ally with Morgana, the arch-rival of Merlin the sorcerer. Ari is a name of Nordic ancestry and translates to ‘eagle.’

5. Cathbad

Cathbad is of old Germanic origins and was a name of a high-ranking druid mentioned in Irish legends. He was known for his wisdom and knowledge of herbs and potions and served as a counsel to King Conchobar.

6. Caílte

Caílte mac Ronain was a figure from the Fenian Cycle mythology and was the nephew of the epic hero Fionn mac Cumhall. It is described that Caílte got his powers after slaying werewolves. Caílte is a Gaelic origin name and means ‘powerful.’

7. Cerdan

Cerdan is a warlock and a druid master. In the legend, he is executed by King Uther, the father of Arthur. The famous druid Mordred had apprenticed under Cerdan in his early days. Cerdan is of Spanish ancestry where it means ‘wise’ or ‘prudent.’

8. Chulainn

Chulainn is an Irish mythological figure and a power druid. He is a demigod and believed to be the incarnation of the god Lugh. The name is pronounced as ‘koo-lin,’ and in Celtic origins, it means ‘the powerful one.’

9. Cian

Cian in Gaelic dialects means ‘enduring’ and ‘strong.’ Being a popular name for centuries, it is common to find many druids and bards bearing the name Cian. One of the popular bearers of the name was Cian, the son of Dian in the Fenian cycle mythology.

10. Conan

Conan is one of the highly popular names in Ireland and Scotland, and it is of a Gaelic origin. The name has a mixed parentage and means ‘hound’ or ‘wolf.’ There were multiple druids named Conan as members of the warrior band called Fianna that followed the epic hero Fionn mac Cumhall.

11. Cumhall

Cumhall is an important druid figure from the Fenian Cycle mythologies and is the father of the famous Fionn mac Cumhall. He is known to be a leader of druid warriors, called the Fianna. Cumhall is pronounced as ‘koo-aal’ and means ‘strong’ in old Irish dialects.

12. Daegal

In Arthurian lore, Daegal was a young druid from the royal city of Camelot. He was known to be brave and selfless, having sacrificed himself to save his king. Daegal is of Anglo-Saxon origin and translates to ‘dweller by the lake.’

13. Dian

Dian is of Latin origin and is the male form of the popular feminine name Diana. Dian means ‘divine’ in Latin. Dian Cecht is a mythological figure known for his healing prowess. In some cultures, he is worshipped as the God of medicines.

14. Diarmuid

Diarmuid was a warrior and one of the fiercest members of Fianna, the followers of Fion mac Cumhall. He had many druidic powers, which he utilized in battles and wars. This masculine name is of Irish origin and is anglicized as Jeremy. It translates to ‘the one loved by all.’

15. Diviciacus

Diviciacus was a druid who lived in the Burgundy region. He belonged to the Aedui tribe, and his name means ‘avenger.’ It is said that he held the senator’s position and was an influential druid master.

16. Dubthach

Dubthach in Gaelic means ‘dark-skinned.’ In druidic lore, dark skin is often associated with strong sorcery prowess and the ability to wield uncommon skills. Dubthach also showed a gentler side, having a penchant for music and poetry.

17. Emrys

Emrys is closely associated with druid lore since it was another name for the famous druid magician Merlin. It's said that the elder Druids prophesied the birth of Merlin and referred to him as Emrys, meaning ‘the one without end.’ The name Emrys is of Welsh origin and translates to ‘immortal.’

18. Erwan

Erwan Berthou was a druidic bard and poet from the Breton region of France. His works on the druidic culture shed important light on the obscure practices of the druids. Erwan is an Irish origin name, refers to the yew tree, and means ‘archer.’

19. Finn

Finn was another name of the legendary druid hero Fionn mac Cumhall. Finn was known to be brave and led his band of warrior followers known by the name of Fianna. In Irish, Finn means ‘fair’ or ‘gentle.’

20. Fintan

Fintan, also known as Fintan the wise, was a druid seer, as mentioned in the Irish folktales. He is said to possess the ability to transform and shapeshift into animal forms. Fintan in Gaelic dialects means ‘the fair one.’

21. Fionn

The tales and legends of Fionn mac Cumhall are popular in Ireland and in Scotland and other parts of Europe. Fionn was a druid, a warrior, and an adventure seeker. It is Fion and his followers, known as Fianna, which form the prose literature called the Fenian Cycle. The name Fionn is derived from Gaelic and means ‘fair-haired.’

22. Golmac

Gilmac Morn was a member of the famous druid army, the Fianna. Although he followed the legendary hero Fionn mac Cumhall, he was at best an uneasy ally. The name Gilmac is of Gaelic origin and means ‘stronghold.’

23. Gwenc'hlan

Bretonian druid master Gwenc'hlan was a well-known bard who wrote the famous song ‘Diougan Gwenc'hlan.’ He was also referred to as Guinclaff in other parts of Europe. Gwenc'hlan in Celtic means ‘holy race.’

24. Iseldir

Iseldir was a powerful druid chieftain who guarded many druid secrets. As a seer, he was a gifted fortune teller. Iseldir aided King Arthur in keeping the realms in order. Iseldir is a Celtic origin name and roughly translates to mean ‘brave’ or ‘soldier.’

25. Kian

Kian was a druid bard in the 6th century AD Breton region and wrote several famous poems, still sung today. The Gaelic name Kian means ‘ancient.’ The name sounds modern and can be used even today.

26. Lochru

Lochru in gypsy dialect means ‘a druid seer.’ In Arthurian legends, Lochru was a druid who saved Merlin from a fatal wound. Lochru was good with potions and herb lore. However, he stayed neutral and did not take sides in the war between Arthur and his nemesis.

27. Lugh

Lugh, in Irish mythology, is the other name for the Sun God. It translates to mean ‘bright’ or ‘shiny.’ In Irish Fenian mythology, Lugh was a shy herb master and druid, good at healing and creating obscure potions.

28. Merlin

Merlin is a legendary mythical figure who appears alongside the legend of King Arthur. He is considered a powerful and wise wizard who uses his gifts for the good of mankind. The lore of Merlin is of Welsh origin, and the name means ‘fortress near the sea.’ Merlin belonged to the order of druids and trained under them before becoming a successful wizard.

29. Mogh

Mogh Ruith is a druid character in Irish mythology. What set him apart was that he was blind but wielded enormous power. He was said to have the ability to grow to a monstrous size with his magical abilities. The name is also spelled as Mug Ruith, and it translates to ‘slave to the wheel.’

30. Mordred

In druid mythologies, Mordred was a polarizing figure who, despite being good of heart, had to make some hard choices due to circumstances. Mordred is an important character in the legend of King Arthur. Mordred is derived from the Latin name Mordredus and means ‘brave.’

31. Myrddin

Myrddin is of Welsh origin and means ‘stronghold by the sea.’ It was the original name of the famed sorcerer Merlin in his early years. Myrddin or Merlin is considered one of the strongest druids and sorcerers who ever lived, and his legends are re-imagined to present times in the forms of TV shows and novel series.

32. Nuada

Nuada, also known as Nuadat, is an important figure in Irish folklore. Nuada translates to ‘cloud maker.’ Nuada as a druid was revered as the first of the Nuadat family line and produced many famed druids and warlocks.

33. Oisin

Oisin was a famous druid, bard, and poet who contributed to the literature of the Fenian cycle. His works are celebrated across Ireland and Scotland and shed light on the ways of the druids. Oisin is an Irish origin name and means ‘a small deer.’

34. Oscar

Oscar is a druid figure of the Fenian cycle works of Irish mythologies. He is the grandson of the epic hero Fionn mac Cumhall and is a fierce warrior and warlock. Oscar is a Latin derived that means ‘spear of the almighty.’

35. Ruadan

The male name Ruadan is of Irish ancestry and means ‘red-haired.’ Druids saw red hair as early sign of magical prowess, and as such, the name was popular. Ruadan was a druid warlock who was in alliance with the enemies of King Arthur.

36. Simon

Also known as Simon the Sorcerer, Simon Magus was a druid and a religious figure. Simon was considered a powerful sorcerer who could levitate at will. The name Simon is of Greek origin and means ‘flat-nosed.’

37. Tadg

Tadg mac Nuadat was a druid mentioned in the Fenian Cycle legends of Irish mythologies. Tadg possessed the power to foresee glimpses of the foresee and used that power to advise kings and rulers. Tadg, also spelled as Tadhg, means ‘poet’ or ‘bard’ in the old Celtic dialects.

38. Taliesin

Taleisin was a druid who was more popular as a bard and poet and has performed in the courts of kings. In Arthurian legends, he is also portrayed as a brave warrior who accompanies King Arthur in his adventures. This Welsh originated name means ‘shining forehead’ and means someone fortunate and looked after.

Druid Names For Baby Girls

39. Amaris

Amaris is a beautiful and modern-sounding name of Hebrew origin, meaning ‘gifted by God.’ The druid Amaris is a minor character and a member of the warrior band Fianna. However, Amaris quits Fianna and leaves behind the druidic life.

40. Aoife

Aoife is a highly popular Irish name and is pronounced as ‘ee-faa’. The name goes back to centuries and means ‘beauty’ or ‘radiant.’ It was common among the warlocks and druids to name their daughters Aoife at par with local tradition.

41. Aria

The Gaelic name Aria has a soothing tone to it. This short and modern-sounding name means ‘music’ or ‘song.’ Aria is a common name throughout Europe and was also used by druids as a feminine name.

42. Becuille

Becuille is a sorcerer and druid mentioned in the Greek mythologies. She is known as a kind-hearted warlock who joined forces with two other sorcerers to take on the evil ruler of her time. The name is of Greek origin and means ‘calm’ and ‘pleasant.’

43. Bertha

Bertha was a common and popular name in the Arthurian era, and as such not uncommon for druid families to name their female child as one. Bertha is a name of Anglo-Saxon origin, meaning ‘bright one.’

44. Birog

In Irish folklore, Birog is a druidess who is known for her goodness. She is considered part spirit and part human who guides the king in making the right decisions for the sake of the kingdom's future. Birog is a name of gypsy ancestry whose origins are vague but are agreed to mean ‘large’ or ‘strong.’

45. Bodhmall

Bodhmall is a druidess who finds mention in the Irish mythologies. She is described as a healer and a brave warrior in the legend of Fionn Mac Cumhill. The name is of gypsy origins and means ‘bright star’ or ‘guiding light.’

46. Boudicca

Boudicca in Latin means ‘victory’ and used to be a popular first name for female warriors. In druid literature, Boudicca was a member of the warrior clan Fianna that continued long after the death of the founder Fionn mac Cumhall.

47. Camma

Camma is a variant of the Latin Camilla, which means ‘religious person.’ Camma, as a mythological figure, was a Celtic druidess who assisted the druid master Tadg. The name is rare and is mostly used as a nickname.

48. Caoimhe

Caoimhe is of Irish origin and pronounced as ‘keeva.’ She is the daughter of the epic hero Fionn mac Cumhall and known for being a druidess with healing powers. The meaning of the name is ‘gentle’ or ‘precious.’

49. Dornoll

Dornoll was a famed druidess known for training young druids and warlocks. Some of the students she trained went on to become epic heroes serving the great King Arthur. Dornoll is a Gaelic origin name, which means ‘brave’ or ‘courageous.’

50. Dryad

In folklore, Dryads are spirits or nymphs that dwell in oak trees. The druids delved in all things magic and sorcery, and Dryads were of particular interest to them. It was common for druids to name their child as Dryad or sometimes Dryade.

51. Ella

Ella is a diminutive of Eleanor and is of German ancestry. It translates to mean ‘bright light.’ The name is highly popular in Scotland and Ireland and was a common nickname even among the druids of yore.

52. Emma

Emma Restall is a modern-day druid and author. Her works, such as ‘Druid Priestess’ have inspired many to follow in her footsteps, embracing a spiritual life. Her interpretation of druid culture in the modern day focuses on the care of plants and animals and guiding people through difficult times. The name Emma is of Germanic origins and means ‘of the earth.’

53. Flidais

A druidess and a goddess, Flidais is akin to the Roman Artemis. She is known for her affectionate temperament and wisdom. As a druidess, she wields the power of invisibility. Flidais in Irish translates to ‘beautiful flowing hair.’

54. Freya

Freya is a character in the legend of Merlin, the magician. She is known to have a soft corner for Merlin, whom she helped escape from fellow warlocks. She was named the ‘Lady of the Lake’ after she died on the shores of Avalon Lake. Freya from Norse origins means ‘noble.’

55. Guinevere

Guinevere is a respected figure in Irish lore and mythology. She begins from humble origins but achieves great power as the wife of King Arthur. Guinevere in Welsh roughly translates to mean ‘fair one.’

56. Isolde

Isolde is a highly popular and revered name in Irish localities. The name means ‘ice ruler,’ and people associate it with the epic character Princess Isolde of the play ‘Tristan and Isolde.’ Isolde was a druidess in the Forgotten Realms saga and was known for her benevolence.

57. Jenny

Jenny is a diminutive of the name Jennifer. It is a Welsh origin name that means ‘soft.’ Being a common name, both Jenny and Jennifer continue being popular. In Irish folktales, multiple minor characters have been found with the name Jenny.

58. Joyce

Joyce is a name of Latin origin and means ‘joy,’ but it can also mean ‘the Almighty’. The name became highly popular in the Breton region and later in Ireland. There has been mention of a druid named Joyce by St. Patrick in the Irish lore of olden days.

59. Kara

Kara was a female druid who is said to have been the childhood love interest of the famous druid Mordred, also known as ‘the young druid.’ She is well known for hating King Arthur and Merlin the magician and her attempts at killing them. The name Kara is of Italian and Latin ancestry and means ‘caring’ or ‘beloved.’

60. Keyleth

Keyleth is a druidess who also happens to be a half-elf. Keyleth is a character from the show Critical Role but has its origin in numerous druid lords of Ireland and Scotland. The name is from a made-up elven language where it means ‘courage.’

61. Liath

Liath is a member of the Fianna, who were a group of warrior druids that followed the epic hero Fionn mac Cumhall. She is in fact the foster mother and mentor of Fionn. Liath in Celtic means ‘grey’ and is often associated with wolves.

62. Lynet

Lynet, the healer, is a druidess in the fantasy series Redwood Realms. She is known for having a vast knowledge of herbs and potions. Lynet is Celtic origin name that means ‘grace.’

63. Morgana

Morgana is a name of Welsh origin and is the feminine form of the name Morgan. The name can be translated to mean ‘sea dweller’ and other similar meanings. In druid lore, Morgana is the antagonist to the great wizard Merlin, from whose hands she is finally killed.

64. Morgause

In the old Welsh and English legends and mythologies, Morgause is the half-sister of King Arthur. Morgause and her son Mordred are portrayed as the chief antagonists to King Arthur and his counsel Merlin the magician.

65. Muirne

Muirne is a female druid, as mentioned in the Fenian Cycle of Irish mythology. She is described as the mother of the famous druid warrior Fionn mac Cumhall. Her father was the famous druid warlock Tadg mac Nuadat. This female Irish name means ‘high-spirited.’

66. Niamh

The Irish name Niamh means ‘bright’ or ‘radiant’ and is pronounced as ‘Neev.’ The name is highly popular in Ireland and Scotland. It was common for Druid families to name their female child Niamh as it had the mystical sound, as favored by the druids and warlocks.

67. Ogma

Ogma is derived from the Greek name Ogham and means ‘roots.’ Ogma as a druid, was known to be well-versed in multiple languages and delved into poetry and craft. In some Welsh cultures, Ogma is also worshipped as the Goddess of literature and drama.

68. Oriana

Oriana is a Roman-originated name that witnessed popularity in present-day Italy. The name was popular among the gypsy communities, who were known to practice the druidic arts and sorcery. The name in Latin is translated to mean ‘dawn.’

69. Relbeo

Relbeo was a druidess of Greek origin. Her name in Greek translates to mean ‘red fierce,’ which was appropriate for her prowess at handling fire. In some legends, she is said to be of royal parentage and heir to the Greek throne.

70. Sadhbh

The feminine first name Sadhbh is of Irish origin and pronounced as ‘swayd.’ It can mean ‘sweet’ or ‘goodness.’ Also spelled as Sadb, the figure is admired in mythologies and described as a druid with knowledge of plants and herbs. She is also admired for her beauty and grace.

71. Sefa

Sefa, though not originally an Irish name, probably got introduced through the gypsy clans. In Irish mythology, Sefa was the handmaiden to Queen Guinevere and happened to possess druidic powers though not fully trained. The name Sefa is a diminutive of Josephine, which in Jewish means ‘pure.’

72. Sloane

Druidic lores have inspired many modern interpretations, Druid Dreams chronicles being a popular one. Sloane is the protagonist of the book series and is a druidess warrior. Sloane is of Gaelic ancestry and means ‘little raider.’

73. Tlachtga

The name Tlachtga, though found in Ireland, has its origins in the nomadic gypsy communities. The word roughly translates to mean ‘power of the earth.’ Tlachtga, in druid lore, is the daughter of druid master Mug Ruith. She was red-haired and feared by her nemesis due to her adeptness in the arts of magic.

74. Tuirne

In the Fenian Cycle mythologies from Ireland, Tuirne was the sister of druidess Muirne and aunt to Fionn mac Cumhall. Tuirne is also called ‘Uirne’ in literature. The name is of Celtic origins and means ‘thorn’ or ‘strength.’

75. Wynna

Wynna is a Welsh origin name and means ‘fair or pure.’ The name is a diminutive of the name Winona and is often shortened to Winnie too. A druidess named Wynna has been mentioned in the early literature of druidic lore.Mythical and historical figures, including druids, wizards, and knights, give us a glimpse into the world of fantasy and adventure, which we often experience through stories and movies. A name derived from a druid would be an exciting choice for your little one in the coming years as it has a deep meaning.

References:

  1. N. K. Chadwick; The Druids; The University of Chicago Press; https://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/distributed/D/bo5533455.html
[post_title] => 75 Meaningful Yet Cool Druid Names, With Meanings [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => male-female-druid-names-baby-meanings [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-07 13:08:15 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-07 07:38:15 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=768284 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[9] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 420224 [post_author] => 309383 [post_date] => 2021-09-06 14:58:32 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-06 09:28:32 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_420232" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Probiotics For Babies Image: iStock[/caption] From a brief episode of a stomachache to constipation or diarrhea, babies often encounter a range of gastrointestinal problems. Several remedies aim at easing these problems, but one that stands out from the rest is probiotics.Probiotics are the “good” bacteria that rectify a malfunctioning digestive system. Probiotics are popular among adults, but can babies have them?Here, MomJunction answers this question and tells you more about probiotics for babies.

What Are Probiotics?

Probiotics are live bacteria similar to those naturally found in our gut, previously known as “intestinal flora” but more recently referred to as microbiota (1). Unlike infectious bacteria, probiotic bacteria are the “good” or “friendly” bacteria that restore the population of existing bacteria in the gut. Two genera of bacteria are categorized as probiotics, as they come from the genus Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium.There are multiple species of bacteria in each genus, each with various strains. These probiotic bacteria can be found naturally in several foods and are also present in commercially sold probiotic products.

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What Are The Sources Of Probiotics For Babies?

Here are the best sources of probiotics for your baby (2):
  • Yogurt
  • Probiotic infant cereal
  • Probiotic infant formula
  • Soy milk
  • Cottage cheese
  • Probiotic drops and powder for babies
  • Fermented soy, milk, and vegetable products

[ Read: Yogurt Recipes For Babies ]

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When Can Babies Have Probiotics?

The source of the probiotic determines when your baby can have it. Here is the average age to introduce probiotics to the baby, depending on the different food sources:
  • Yogurt: 12 months. You can try introducing it around the age of nine months (3) (4).
  • Soy milk: 12 months
  • Cottage cheese: 12 months
  • Probiotic drops, infant formula, and infant cereal: Probiotic drops and infant formula may be available for babies as young as three months old. However, it is best to consult the doctor before giving probiotics to infants below the age of six months. Infants older than six months can safely have probiotic infant cereal, formula, and drops.
  • Fermented soy, milk, and vegetable products: Several traditionally fermented products contain strains of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Examples of milk-based fermented products are kefir and some types of cheese. Miso and tempeh are fermented soy delicacies that are a dairy-free source of probiotic. Kimchi and Sauerkraut are preparations made by fermenting vegetables with bacteria.
Most cheeses and other fermented milk preparations can be safely introduced to babies at the age of 12 months.Fermented soy and vegetable preparations can also be given at 12 months, but since they contain high quantities of sodium, consult a pediatrician before trying them.

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How Do Probiotics Work?

Here is how probiotics usually work in infants (5):
  1. Topping up gut bacteria population: Sometimes infection or treatment with antibiotics may reduce the population of healthy intestinal bacteria. Probiotics help restore the good bacteria in the gut.
  1. Boosting existing gut bacteria population: Gastrointestinal infections and bacteria from food can increase the numbers of “bad” bacteria, which may overpower the good bacteria and reduce their population. Consuming probiotics can control the infection-causing bacteria and cut down their numbers.
  1. Producing “food” for other good bacteria: Some bacteria types and strains are able to digest some of the components of a meal and release in more simple components so some other good bacteria can benefit from them.

[ Read: Can You Give Soy Milk To Babies ]

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What Are The Benefits Of Probiotics For Babies?

Different strains of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium bacteria offer distinct benefits (6).
  1. Decreased gas: Regular intake of probiotics can help reduce bloating and flatulence in an infant. Gas can be a reason for colic, so in a way, probiotics can prevent it.
  1. Reduction in diarrhea: Infection of the gut can result in loose stools. Probiotics can make the intestine more robust at fighting the infection, thus reducing diarrhea.
  1. Better digestion: The good bacteria of the gut also play a role in digesting food better. Probiotics can also stimulate the production of mucus inside the intestine, which can further boost digestion and decrease constipation. Babies eating solid food can particularly benefit from probiotics.
  1. Reduced chances of infection: Regular consumption of probiotics minimizes the chances of repetitive gut infection.
  1. Producing vitamins and improving immune functions: Intestinal bacteria can produce several vitamins for the body and improve intestinal immunity. Since probiotics help stimulate the population of these good bacteria, they indirectly play a role in vitamin synthesis and stronger immunity.

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Do Probiotics Have Side Effects In Babies?

Probiotics are considered safe for infants and are unlikely to have any dangerous side effects (7). There is little research on the potential side effects of long-term consumption of probiotics. However, probiotics are known to trigger a mild allergy with the following symptoms:
  • Diarrhea
  • Passing of gas (flatulence)
  • Bloating
  • Mild stomach ache
Side effects of probiotics are mostly seen with higher than recommended doses, yet are mild and do not impact the baby’s health. Also, the symptoms mostly appear the first few times a baby has probiotics and disappear after a few days, with regular probiotic consumption.

[ Read: Introducing Cow's Milk To Babies ]

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Can Babies With Lactose Intolerance And Milk Allergy Have Probiotics?

Babies can have probiotic drops or powder safely following recommendations from the manufacturer. However, lactose intolerance and milk allergy become a problem when the primary source of probiotics for the baby is yogurt. The ability to eat probiotic-rich yogurt varies as per the condition (8):Lactose intolerance: Lactose intolerant babies may tolerate yogurt, especially if they can breastfeed. You must start with a minimal quantity of yogurt and look for symptoms like stomachache, bloating, and gas. If you sense the baby is tolerating yogurt well, then you can slowly increase the quantity. Give yogurt mixed with food items like cereal or fruits during meal times.Milk allergy: A baby with a milk allergy is unable to digest only cow’s milk, but can have breast milk. Therefore, babies with a milk allergy should avoid all milk products including yogurt.Next, we address a few commonly asked questions about probiotics for babies.

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Frequently Asked Questions About Probiotics For Babies

1. How to give a probiotic supplement to an infant?

Probiotic drops can be given directly or mixed with water. Avoid adding them to warm food, milk, or formula. Probiotic powder can be added to milk or food before serving. Remember, to read the manufacturer’s instructions about serving before giving the probiotic to the baby.

2. Do probiotics help infants with reflux?

There is insufficient research to suggest that the babies with acid reflux and gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) can benefit from probiotics (9). You can consult a pediatrician and offer probiotics to observe if it improves the infant’s condition.

3. Can probiotics ease constipation in infants?

Yes. There is some evidence that probiotics can ease constipation (10). However, it may not be the precise cure, and the results could vary as per the case.

[ Read: What Causes Acid Reflux In Babies ]

4. Can probiotics help cure thrush in babies?

Probably. A study found that when combined with prebiotics, probiotics can provide relief from oral thrush in babies and also reduce its rate of recurrence (11). You can also try using only probiotics if the baby has thrush. The probiotic should be used topically, meaning it has to be applied at the site of thrush (candidiasis) infection. You can feed probiotic in the case of oral thrush, but it could be difficult to administer probiotic in case of diaper thrush.

5. Do babies born with C-section require probiotics?

Not necessarily. Natural delivery through the birth canal allows the infant to be covered in maternal bacterial flora. The bacteria eventually find their way into the baby’s gut where they support the digestive system. C-section infants can miss out on the bacteria and instead may pick up bacteria from the environment. During a C-section, a mother may also be on an antibiotic dosage to contain the infection in the incision.Antibiotics can pass into the baby’s body and affect the baby’s gut microflora. Nevertheless, C-section babies develop probiotic bacteria on their own, more effectively when they are breasfed (12).

6. Does my baby need probiotics when having antibiotics?

Yes, probiotics are beneficial for babies on antibiotics. Antibiotics not only deplete the harmful bacteria but also bring down the numbers of good bacteria. Infants on an antibiotic course may also develop diarrhea as a side effect. Giving probiotics is an excellent way to restore good gut bacteria and cut down the side effects of the antibiotics (13).

7. Can probiotics help prevent eczema in babies?

There is limited research on the matter. Some experts state that probiotics may help prevent eczema (atopic dermatitis) and other allergies only up to the age of two years. Established and existing allergies cannot be reversed with the use of probiotics.A breastfeeding mother may also have to consume adequate probiotics to ensure that she passes good bacteria to the baby through breast milk. You can consider using probiotics if the baby has eczema, but do not entirely rely on them to cure or ease the symptoms (14) (15).

[ Read: How To Treat Diarrhea In Babies ]

When introducing probiotics to an infant, make sure you start with small quantities. Once your baby accepts it well, then make it a part of the regular diet. If your baby instantaneously loves probiotics, like yogurt, then it is a win-win for you and the baby!Have you given probiotics to your baby? Share your experiences in the comments section.Recommended Articles: [post_title] => Probiotics For Babies: When Can You Introduce Them And How Do They Work [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => probiotics-for-babies [to_ping] => [pinged] => http://scopeblog.stanford.edu/2013/03/25/ask-stanford-med-pediatric-immunologist-answer-your-questions-about-food-allergy-research/ [post_modified] => 2021-09-07 10:20:34 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-07 04:50:34 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.momjunction.com/?p=420224 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 1 [filter] => raw )[10] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 768383 [post_author] => 309431 [post_date] => 2021-09-06 12:52:44 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-06 07:22:44 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_768393" align="alignnone" width="720"]Modern Non-Binary Names For Your Baby With Meanings Image: Shutterstock[/caption]What's in a non-binary name, one may think. But in a world adapting to neutrality, gender-limited names are a thing of the past.Non-binary names are rising in popularity because they do not restrict your baby to gender stereotypes. With the future being all about gender equality, parents of this generation ensure that their baby's name is flexible. Such gender-neutral names are a blessing in disguise for your baby's sexuality. By giving them a unisexual name, you are passively teaching them to break the gender perceptions that would limit their freedom of expression.Here we bring you some modern non-binary names for your baby, with meanings.

List Of Non-Binary Names, With Meanings

1. Acer

It is a Latin-derived nature-inspired name that refers to "maple."

2. Addison

You can also spell it as Adison. Although this name means "son of Adam" and is of Old English and Scottish origin, it is gaining popularity for its nonbinary form.

3. Adrian

A prosperous name for your baby, Adrian, means "rich" and is of Greek origin.

4. Ainsley

If you are a nature enthusiast, then this unique name could be the one. The moniker Ainsley of Old English origin means "one's meadow."

5. Albany

This habitational name referring to a few parts of Scotland is a simple yet beautiful name choice. It is of Latin origin and means "from alba."

6. Alec

Alec is an inspirational name for a leader as it means "defender of the people." It is of Greek and Old English origin.

7. Alexis

Of Russian and Old German origin, the name Alexis means "helper of the people."

8. Allyn

It is the right name that defines your baby to you as it means "precious" and is of Gaelic origin.

9. Aly

Aly or Allie is a common Arabic name meaning "the exalted one." It also means "man's defender" and has been gaining popularity since 1986.

10. Amari

This name has its roots in several languages, including Hebrew, Thai, and Yoruba, all with a positive touch, meaning "eternal."

11. Andi

The contemporary version is of Greek origin and is suitable as a nickname for Andy and Andrea. It means "brave."

12. Angel

The classic unisexual name is of Greek origin and means "messenger."

13. Anise

It is a name that would make your baby's life adventurous. The name refers to the spice "star Anise."

14. Aphra

It is a traditional Hebrew origin name meaning "dust." The name would be ideal for babies born near seashores.

15. Aqua

This simple and poetic name, Aqua of Latin origin, refers to "water." Isn't it a worthy title for a blue or green-eyed baby?

16. Ariel

It is not a name for princesses anymore. The new unisexual name Ariel is more suitable for leaders of any sex as it means "lion of God." It is a name of Hebrew origin.

17. Arin

The Biblical name Arin means "enlightened" and is a name that would teach wisdom.

18. Ash

This unisexual name is quite popular in the animation world due to the Pokemon trainer, Ash Ketchum. It is a name of Hebrew origin, meaning "happy."

19. Asher

The name Asher is derived from the Hebrew word osher, which means "happiness."

20. Ashton

It is a name of the nature admirers as it takes its reference from an ash tree. This unisexual name of American and Old English origin means "ash town tree."

21. Aspen

The nature-inspired name Aspen is of American origin and means "quaking tree."

22. Aubrey

Cast a vintage touch into the life of your baby with the name Aubrey. This moniker is of German origin, and it means "magical being."

23. August

It is a perfect name for babies born in August. This unisexual name is derived from the Latin Augustus, a title given to the esteemed Roman emperors. It means "to increase."

24. Avery

The name Avery has a European touch to it as it finds its origins in English and French. It is a mythically inspired power name as it means "ruler of the elves."

25. Bai

The name Bai is of Chinese origin and means "pure."

26. Bailey

Of Old English origin, the name Bailey means "cherry."

27. Bambi

It is a name that is adorned by Disney fans due to the adorable deer-calf Bambi. Derived from Italian, this is an ideal baby name as it means "child."

28. Bao

This unisexual name summarizes the feelings you have for your baby perfectly as it means "precious bundle" and is of Chinese origin.

29. Bay

A name that is ideal for a baby born near an ocean as it means "sea-inlet." It is of Old English origin. Also, in French, Bay means "berry."

30. Beck

The name Beck is of Old Norse, German, and Hebrew origin referring to a "stream."

31. Billy

Billy or Billie is a popular name in the music world due to legends like Billy Joel and the contemporary singers Billie Eilish. This Old English name means "resolute of protection."

32. Blair

Of Scottish and Gaelic origin, the name Blair means "field."

33. Blake

The name that first originated as a surname has now gained popularity as a unisexual first name. It means "black or dark" and is ideal for babies with dark hair. Blake Lively and Blake Shelton are a few notable ones with this name.

34. Bobbie

Bobbie is a name appropriate as both first name and pet name. This adorable moniker derives from the Greek term Barbaros, which means a "traveler."

35. Bowie

Popularized by David Bowie, this unisexual name is of German origin. It means "blonde" and is ideal for a light color-haired baby.

36. Briar

If you are in search of an adventurous name with a flowery yet sensitive feel to it, Briar could be an ideal choice. This Old English moniker means "thorny bush or wild roses."

37. Brooklyn

It is a name popular in the US due to the New York borough Brooklyn. This Old English habitational name refers to a person "living near a borough."

38. Caelan

The unique yet stylish name Caelan is of Gaelic and Irish origins. This is a powerful moniker as it means "eternal warrior."

39. Cameron

It is a name popularized due to the Canadian director James Cameron. This moniker of Scottish origin means "bendy nose."

40. Campbell

The lovely name Campbell is of Scottish origin. It means "bent mouth."

41. Carson

This name has become trendy due to the loyal butler of Downton Abbey. The name means "of the marsh."

42. Casey

This stylish and contemporary name is a popular Irish moniker meaning "wise."

43. Carlin

This Irish and Garlic origin name would set an inspiration to them forever as it means "little champion."

44. Casey

This stylish Irish moniker means "vigilant." Isn't it a studious name for science enthusiasts?

45. Cass

The Persian and Latin origin name Cass means "curly-haired." It also means "treasure."

46. Charlie

It is the other variant of Charles. This classic unisexual name is important in science, literature, and entertainment due to notables like Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, and Charlie Chaplin. It is a name of Old English origin meaning "free man."

47. Chandler

This is an occupation name of French origin, meaning "candle maker."

48. Channing

The name Channing is an inspirational name of fierceness as it means "young wolf."

49. Corey

It is a habitational name of Irish origin and means "from the hollow." It’s another variant is Cory.

50. Dagon

The Hebrew origin name Dagon means "grain."

51. Dale

Dale is a habitational name of Old English origin. It means "valley."

52. Dakota

This Native American name would be an ideal moniker for a compassionate baby, as it means "friend."

53. Dallas

This unisexual name is perfect for a baby born in Dallas. It is also ideal for a baby born in a "from the meadow," with Scottish origins.

54. Darra

A pleasant name for a baby as it means "wise" with its Hebrew origins.

55. Darryl

A name that would suffice as a first name and nickname as Darryl means "darling." It is of Old English origin.

56. Delaney

A habitational moniker Delaney means "from the alder." It is of French origin.

57. Devon

Adding a unique touch is the name Devon of Celtic origin, and it means "defender."

58. Dominique

It can also be spelled as Dominic. You can bless a baby born on a Sunday i.e. Lord’s Day, with this moniker, as it means "lord" in French.

59. Drew

Inspired by the adventurous novels Nancy Drew, we present to you this courageous name for your baby. It is a name of Welsh origin and means "wise."

60. Dylan

It is a name for ocean-lovers as it means "son or daughter of the sea" in Welsh.

61. Easton

If your baby was born in the eastern part of a country, then this moniker is an ideal choice for them. It means "east-facing place."

62. Eden

It is a name inspired by the Biblical Garden of Eden, and it means "paradise."

63. Egypt

This unisexual name means "temple of the soul of Ptah, the creative goddess of Memphis."

64. Eilian

This unisexual name would be ideal for your second-born baby as it means "second" in Welsh. It also means "light" in Spanish.

65. Eli

The short and sweet name Eli means "elevated." It is a Hebrew origin name.

66. Ellis

Of Welsh origin, the unisexual name Ellis means "benevolent." We would say that this compassionate name is currently one of the trendy names.

67. Ellison

The masculine name Ellison meaning "son of Ellis," is of Old English origin. But this name is currently popular as a unisexual moniker.

68. Emerson

It means "child of Emery" and is an English origin name.

69. Emery

The stylish name Emery is of Latin origin. It is an ideal name to describe your love for your baby as it means "loving."

70. Everly

The adorable name of Old English and German origin means "boar meadow."

71. Ezra

It is a name that goes perfectly well for an adorable baby. This name is derived from the Hebrew word Azar, which means “aid.”

72. Fable

Simple yet classic, the word Fable is something we have heard of since childhood. It is derived from the Latin fabula, meaning "tales."

73. Faer

If you love traveling, then this could be a name for your baby. This English origin name means "passenger."

74. Fenix

The Greek origin name Fenix means "dark red," therefore, it is ideal for babies with red-colored hair.

75. Fernley

A pretty name for your cupcake of Old English origin meaning "fern's meadow."

76. Finn

It is a name derived from the Irish nameFion, meaning "white." This is a notable literature name due to Mark Twain's novel, Huckleberry Finn. Finnegan is another variant.

77. Flash

This American origin name means "bright light." It is a modern name for your little one.

78. Florian

The Latin origin name Florian signifies one of the new beginnings as it means "blooming."

79. Forest

If you love nature, then the name Forest is an uncomplicated choice.

80. Fox

It is a simple nature-inspired moniker for your clever little snuggle bug, "fox."

81. Francis

The Latin origin name Francis means "liberated." It is a name that would inspire your baby to be independent.

82. Frankie

A name of French origin, Frankie, means "free one." It also has an American origin, meaning "truthful."

83. Gabriel

The all-time stylish name Gabriel is of Hebrew origin, meaning "hero of God."

84. Gael

The name Gael is of Gaelic origin and means "blessed."

85. Galaxy

If you are a space enthusiast, then it is a perfect choice for your baby. It is a Greek term referring to the "collection of stars."

86. Garnet

The name Garnet means a "red gem" and is of Old English origin.

87. Gavyn

It is a moniker of power as it means "white falcon." The name has its origins in Scottish and Welsh.

88. Gemini

A name ideal for a baby born in late May or early June as it means "twins" and is of Latin origin.

89. Gideon

This is a Hebrew origin name of a leader as it means "powerful warrior."

90. Glen

The name Glen comes from the Gaelic gleana, which means "valley." Glenn is another variant.

91. Gray

This is a desscriptive name of an Old English name referring to one with grey hair.

92. Hao

Hao is a name of Vietnamese origin and means "perfect." Isn't it just the word you are looking to describe your little bear?

93. Hayden

It is a name that has been gaining popularity in recent times. Hayden is of Old English origin, and it means ''hedged valley."

94. Harley

It is a habitational name of Old English origin meaning "from the long field."

95. Harper

This is an occupational name of English and Scottish origin, suitable to a family of musicians or classical music lovers. It means "harp player."

96. Haylen

It is a Scottish-derived name that means "fire."

97. Henley

Of Old English origin, the name Henley means "high meadow."

98. Hollis

Meaning "holy tree," this is a name of Old English origin.

99. Hunter

An adventurous name for your baby, Hunter, meaning "one who hunts," is of Old English origin.

100. Indigo

The name is inspired by one of the most beautiful natural colors, Indigo, which means "dark-blue."

101. Isa

This Hebrew origin name is the diminutive form of Isiah, which means "salvation of God."

102. Jace

In both Hebrew and Greek, this name has a serene meaning, "healer" and "the Lord of salvation."

103. Jagger

A music lover would love to name their baby after the famous singer Mick Jagger. It is an occupational name of Old English origin meaning "peddler."

104. Jamie

The Hebrew origin name means "he who supplants." This was a popular name during the '50s. The American actress Jamie Lee Curtis and the British chef Jamie Oliver are two notables with this name.

105. Jay

A nature-inspired name Jay takes its inspiration from the Jaybird.

106. Jayden

Jaden is another variant. Quite a popular name of Hebrew origin, it means "God is the judge."

107. Jazz

If you're a music enthusiast, this music genre would make an adorable name for your baby.

108. Jennis

Of American origin, the name Jennis means "God is gracious."

109. Jessie

The unisexual name Jessie has origins in Hebrew. This name means "He sees" and was popular during the early 2000s.

110. Jody

The simple and classic name Jody is of Hebrew origin, and it means "praise."

111. Jordan

Of Greek and Hebrew origins, this Biblical name means "to flow down." It has been trending on the charts since the '70s. Your baby would be sharing the name with the basketball player, Michael Jordan.

112. Kade

You can spell this name with a K or a C. Either way, this unusual name means "sturdy" and American origin.

113. Kai

It is a name of Welsh, Greek, and Scandinavian origins, meaning "keeper of the earth." It also means "sea" in Hawaiian.

114. Kami

This unusual name is of Japanese, Latin, and Arabic origin. It means "lord."

115. Kane

The name with a unique touch means "little warrior." It is a name of Hawaiian and Japanese origin.

116. Karmen

Karmen or Carmen is a name of Spanish origin. It would be a sweet name for your baby as it means "fruitful orchard."

117. Karter

The name Karter is an occupational name of Old English origin and means "one who carries a cart." You could also name your baby Carter.

118. Kelly

The unisexual name Kelly means "warrior." It is the anglicized version of the Gaelic Ó Calleigh.

119. Kendall

The name Kendall of Old English origin is a habitational name meaning "the Kent River valley."

120. Kennedy

Kennedy is a name that has been trending since the '70s. Your baby would be sharing their name with the American president John F. Kennedy.

121. Kerry

This is a name suitable for babies with dark-colored hair. It is of Gaelic and Irish origins, meaning "black-haired."

122. Kinsey

The name Kinsey has a beautiful aura to it. It is of Old English origin meaning "king's victory."

123. Lake

Just Lake. That's the beauty of nature, isn't it? Even a simple nature's term forms a beautiful name for a baby.

124. Landon

This topographical name Landon means "from the long hill."

125. Lennon

It is a name filled with passion as this Irish origin name means "lover."

126. Lincoln

The name is inspired by the last name of the respected American president, Abraham Lincoln. It is a habitational name referring to a person living near a "lake colony."

127. London

This name of the glorious and elegant city would be an ideal name for a baby born there. It is a Latin origin name meaning "place at the navigable or unfordable river."

128. Lyndon

Lyndon is a nature-inspired unisexual name for your baby. It means "from the "linden tree hill." A linden tree symbolizes love and prosperity.

129. Lyric

If you love music, then this element of it would be an effortless choice. Hereafter, this name is bound to remind you of your pretty baby's face anytime you hear a song.

130. Makoto

The supreme name Makoto means "sincerity." It is a unisexual name of Japanese origin.

131. Mani

If you want your baby to know the potential of a philosopher, then name them Mani. It is a name of Persian origin meaning "thinker."

132. Maple

Inspired by the Maple tree, you can call your baby with this moniker. This Old English name would add balance and longevity to your baby's life, a few things that a maple tree symbolizes.

133. Marley

The singer Bob Marley would be an inspiration for your child. This unisexual name is of Old English origin and means "pleasant seaside meadow."

134. Max

It is a name that sounds cool for males and females alike. This name is derived from the Latin Maximilian, which means "the greatest."

135. Monroe

The name Monroe is of Irish and Gaelic origin. It means "mouth of the river Rotha." Your baby would share their name with the legendary actress Marilyn Monroe.

136. Morgan

The mystical name Morgan is of Old English and Welsh origin. This adventurous moniker means "dweller of the white sea" or "possibly great."

137. Myler

This popular Welsh surname has been converted to the first name. Being the Welsh version of the Irish name Meylar, it means "enameler."

138. Nat

It could be the diminutive form of Nathalie or Nathan or simply Nat. Either way, it is a cool unisexual name of Hebrew origin, meaning "gift of God."

139. Nell

This cute unisexual name means "shining light." It has origins in Greek, English, and Latin.

140. Noe

Meaning "peaceful," Noe is a name of Hebrew origin. It is derived from Noah.

141. Noel

Perfect name for a baby born during the Christmas time as in French, it means "born on the day of birth of Jesus."

142. Nour

Nour means "divine light." This name would be a representation of the unsullied soul of your baby.

143. Nova

It is a unisexual baby name suitable for space enthusiasts. Derived from the Latin element Novus, this name means "new."

144. Nox

The name Nox is derived from Latin. It means "night" and is an ideal unisexual name for a baby born after sunset.

145. Nuru

Nuru is an awakening name for your little one as it means "light" and has Arabic origins.

146. Oakes

This unique Anglo-Saxon name is habitational. It refers to someone "living near an oak tree."

147. Oakley

The famous Old English name Oakley means "oak wood," symbol of strength, wisdom, and endurance.

148. Ocean

Confused about which water body to name your baby after? Why not the entire Ocean instead? This inclusive moniker is of Greek origin.

149. Olev

It is a Welsh origin name meaning "ancestors."

150. Omid

Also spelled as Umeed, this is a Persian name meaning "hope."

151. Otzar

Otzar is a mystical name for your baby of Hebrew origin. It means "treasurer of souls." We would say it is appropriate for your cuddle bunny, as they have your heart trapped with them.

152. Page

This short and sweet name has origins in English, Scottish, and French.  It is an occupational name for an "attender."

153. Painter

The name Painter is an occupational one and means "one who paints." It is a name of Old English origin.

154. Parker

If you love comics, then this can be a suitable name for your little bundle. It is inspired by Spider-man Peter Parker. The name, originally, is of English origin, meaning "park keeper."

155. Payton

This simple name means "from a small town" and has Old English origins.

156. Pax

Pax is a name of Latin origin, meaning "peace."

157. Pemberley

The habitational name Pemberley, meaning "from the Barley hill," has a chic ring to it.

158. Perry

This Old English moniker means "someone living near a pear tree." It is a popular last name of Katy Perry and Mathew Perry.

159. Phoenix

The beautiful mythical creature would make a good name for your baby. Referring to the color "dark red," this is a name of Greek origin.

160. Poet

It is another inclusive name on our list. If you're confused about which poet's name to take inspiration from, then this is the moniker for you baby.

161. Quant

This is a name of intellect as it means "clever" in Old French.

162. Quest

This unisexual name is a worthy title for a firstborn as it means "long search." It has American origins.

163. Quinby

Despite its meaning, "queen's settlement," Quinby is a title worthy for any gender. It carries a powerful aura, just the encouraging push a baby needs.

164. Quincy

This adorable name of Old French origin means "estate of the fifth son."

165. Quinn

Quinn is a name that means "fifth one" in Irish. But it also means "the wise one" and hence, would be a practical name for your firstborn.

166. Rebel

It is the name of an activist, as it means "rebellion." The famous Australian actress Rebel Wilson bears the same name.

167. Reese

The name is made for a warrior as it means "fiery" and is of Welsh origin. Your baby would share their name with the American actress, Reese Witherspoon.

168. Regan

The Gaelic origin name would add an adventurous touch to your baby's life as it means "impulsive."

169. Riley

The name Riley means "valiant" in Irish. It also has origins in Old English, meaning "wood clearing."

170. Ripley

One of the current trending unisexual names is Ripley, which means "shouting man's meadow." It has origins in Old English.

171. River

Carrying the serenity and grace of one of nature's wonders into the life of your baby, we present to you this name, River.

172. Robin

The name has its reference points to many, be it the compassionate outlaw of Robin Hood or the beauty of the bird Robin. This unisexual name is a wonderful choice for a baby.

173. Romilly

The traditional name Romilly is of Hebrew origin, meaning "God's beloved." It also has English and French origins, giving the habitational meaning, "citizen of Rome."

174. Roux

The name Roux is suitable for a baby with red hair as it means "brownish red." It is of French and Latin origin.

175. Rowan

Rowan is a beautiful name for a baby as it means "river in paradise" in Arabic. This name is popular due to the British actor Rowan Atkinson.

176. Rumi

Rumi is a name that has its origins in Japanese. It means "beauty" or "flow." Also, your baby would share their name with the famous Persian poet and philosopher, Jalal ad-Din Mohammad Rumi.

177. Sailor

This is an occupational name of Old English origin. The simple name Sailor means "one who rows a boat." It could be a metaphoric name for your baby towards independence.

178. Sage

Sage is a name with a simplistic touch to it. This English origin name means "wise."

179. Shea

With a stylish pronunciation, the name Shea has a graceful touch to it. It means "dauntless one" and is of Irish origin.

180. Sky

Include all the beauty that the upper pavilion has to offer by naming your baby Sky. It is a word of Old Norse origin meaning "cloud."

181. Storm

Despite its negative connotation, the word Storm signifies a transitional period and new beginnings. The ability to face a storm determines one's strength. Instill this power into the life of your baby with nature's frenetic energy, Storm.

182. Sydney

The pretty name Sydney is of Old English origin. It means "wide meadow."

183. Tarian

As a Welsh name, the name Tarian is one-of-a-kind. It means "shield."

184. Tatum

Tatum is the exact description of a house blessed with a newborn as it means "cheerful bringer of joy" in Old English.

185. Taylor

This occupational name is one of the most popular unisexual monikers of English origin, referring to a "tailor." The American pop singer Taylor Swift and your baby would share the same name.

186. Toni

Toni or Tony can be the diminutive form of Anthonia or Anthony. This name means "priceless one." Toni Morrison, the American Novelist and Nobel Prize winner, will be an inspiration for your baby.

187. Umber

It is derived from Old French, and it means "shade."

188. Utah

This is a distinct name that would reflect on your ancestors. For example, if your forefathers hail from a hilly region, this unisexual name would justify your baby as it means "from the mountains" in Native American.

189. Vahn

Of Old English origin, the name Vahn means "God is gracious."

190. Valentine

Perfect for a baby born during Valentine's week, Valentine is a name of Latin origin and means "strong."

191. Valo

This name is unique as it is of Finnish origin and means "light."

192. Vermont

Vermont is a name for the families living in hilly areas as it means "green mountain." It has French origins.

193. Wallace

If your baby were born away from your homeland, then perhaps Wallace would be a great name. It means "foreigner" and is of Old English origin.

194. Winter

It is the perfect name for a winter baby. The season that they were born in is one of the most festive and loved seasons.

195. Wren

A unique name inspired by nature as it means "small bird." It is of English origin.

196. Xia

This simple yet stylish name is of Chinese origin, and it means "glow of the sunrise."

197. Yael

This is a unique unisexual name of Hebrew, Old English, and Welsh origins. It means "wild goat" and symbolizes independence and faith.

198. Yarden

The name Yarden is of Arabic origin, meaning "flowing down."

199. Zeal

This is a name that would be an inspiration to your baby throughout their life as it means "passion" and is of English origin.

200. Zephyr

Zephyr is a name ideal for a baby born in the west of a country as it means "west wind." It is a name of Greek origin.Even if few of these names lean towards a particular gender, they are not limited to it. In a world thriving for equality, these names in our list of modern non-binary names will make your baby break the gender barriers.

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[post_title] => 200 Modern Non-Binary Names For Your Baby, With Meanings [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => non-binary-baby-names-with-meanings [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-06 12:58:02 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-06 07:28:02 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=768383 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[11] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 375852 [post_author] => 376318 [post_date] => 2021-09-05 18:35:04 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-05 13:05:04 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_375869" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Prune Juice While Breastfeeding Image: iStock[/caption]As a breastfeeding mom, you often need to eat nutritious foods, such as prunes. Drinking prune juice and including prunes in your diet can give you enough energy and nourishment when you are nursing your little one. So, today we talk about prune juice and prune, how safe it is to consume the fruit while breastfeeding, and its health benefits. Scroll down to learn all about prunes while breastfeeding.

What Are Prunes?

Prunes are dried plums, popular as European Plum. You prepare prune juice from dried plums, and it offers you lots of nutrients and energy. Vitamins, minerals, fiber and other nutrients present in the prunes prevent the risk of development of health problems while breastfeeding and help you have an adequate nutritional intake (1).

Is It Safe To Eat Prunes Or Drink Prune Juice While Breastfeeding?

Yes, you can drink fresh prune juice and eat prunes while breastfeeding your infant. Drinking prune juice while nursing helps prevent and treat disorders like constipation. However, an excess of prunes or prune juice can harm your little one. Have a word with your doctor before you include prunes in your diet (2).

Health Benefits Of Drinking Prune Juice While Breastfeeding:

High nutritional content in prunes helps you stay fit and healthy while nursing your baby. Here, we list some prominent health benefits of drinking prune juice while breastfeeding.

1. A Cure For Constipation:

High fiber content in prunes helps prevent or treat the troubles resulting due to constipation during breastfeeding. Fresh juice of the nutritious fruit acts as a laxative and promotes smooth bowel movements. Drinking prune juice also prevents hemorrhoids, which develop due to constipation (3).

2. Regulates The Bladder Functions:

Constipation resulting due to lack of fiber affects the normal functioning of your urinary bladder and raises the frequency of urination. You can find it difficult to regulate an overactive bladder. Prunes prevent constipation and promote normal functioning of your bladder while breastfeeding (4).

3. Promotes Nerve Impulses:

Prunes are rich in mineral potassium. Potassium is a vital electrolyte that is essential for transmission of nerve impulses for carrying out various body functions. Drinking prune juice while breastfeeding will boost your nervous system health and promote several body functions (5).

4. Regulates Weight Gain:

You can manage your weight gain by consuming dried plums while breastfeeding. A good intake of prunes helps you feel full for a long time, suppresses your hunger pangs, and regulates your weight gain. Also, prunes contain very low amount of fats that prevent you from turning obese while you are nursing your dear little one (6).

5. Prevents Anemia:

Prune juice is an excellent source of iron. Adequate intake of prune juice helps you increase the amount of iron in your body which helps raise your hemoglobin count. Good hemoglobin count prevents the risk of effects of anemia, such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and irritability (7)

6. Minimize Plaque Build Up In Arteries:

You suffer from atherosclerosis, narrowing of arteries, due to plaque build up. As a result, you suffer from the shortage of blood and oxygen to your body tissues that can lead to heart failure, heart attack, or stroke. Drinking prune juice is highly effective in slowing down the development of atherosclerosis. Potassium in prunes helps regulate your blood pressure substantially and prevents the risk of heart problems while breastfeeding (8).

7. Promotes Muscle Health:

Several medical studies reveal that prunes are a rich source of minerals boron and potassium. Potassium promotes smooth muscle contractions, and boron helps in building strong muscles and bones while breastfeeding. Also, drinking prune juice helps treat osteoporosis substantially (9).Did you drink prune juice or eat prunes while nursing your dear little one? How did you benefit from it? Share your unique experience about prunes and breastfeeding with other new moms. Leave a comment below. [post_title] => 6 Amazing Health Benefits Of Drinking Prune Juice While Breastfeeding [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => prune-juice-while-breastfeeding [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-07 10:20:50 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-07 04:50:50 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.momjunction.com/?p=375852 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[12] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 100969 [post_author] => 309383 [post_date] => 2021-09-05 18:34:31 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-05 13:04:31 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_425466" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach For Babies Image: iStock[/caption]Table Of Contents: As a child, you must have watched 'Popeye, The Sailor Man'.. What gives Popeye the energy to fight against the evil Brutus or anyone else for that matter? Spinach, of course.Indeed, spinach has a legendary reputation for being a rich source of vitamin c, which helps in iron absorption. It also has calcium and potassium in abundance, with the latter outnumbering all the other minerals present in the vegetable.MomJunction helps you understand the importance of spinach in your baby’s diet and shares some easy and delicious ways to feed this vegetable.

When Can Babies Eat Spinach?

You must wait till your baby is 12 months old for introducing spinach in his/her diet (1). The leaves are rich in compounds called nitrates, which cannot be digested by the developing digestive system of infants.

Health Benefits Of Spinach For Babies

Spinach is a treasure trove of minerals. Here is why it is the perfect food for your baby:
  1. Makes bones stronger: Spinach is rich in minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus, all of which play a significant role in strengthening bones and aiding in healthy development.
  1. Good for muscles: Around 100g spinach contains 2.14g of protein, which makes it a good vegetarian source of amino acids and combines well with other high-protein foods such as meats, cottage cheese and legumes.
  1. Healthy circulatory system: Iron along with protein, helps in proper circulation in the body as this combination of iron and protein helps in building hemoglobin profile . It is perhaps the most well-known benefit of spinach.
  1. Good for immunity: The multivitamin food has all the major vitamins required for a healthy immune system. In fact, spinach is a rich source of vitamin K (2) .
  1. Aids in hydration: Spinach is over 90% water that means it is naturally rich in fluids to keep your baby hydrated.
  1. Benefits the eyesight: Since spinach is a rich source of beta carotene (vitamin A), it aids in maintaining and improving the eyesight.
  1. Acts as a natural laxative: Babies who often get constipated may be given spinach as it absorbs water and adds bulk to the stool.
  1. Can kill intestinal worms: Weekly consumption of spinach ensures the removal of pest and worms that feed off the intestine and often make babies weak and sick.

[ Read: Nutrients To Feed Baby After 6 Months ]

Nutritional Value

Here is the nutritional breakdown of the various nutrients found in 100g spinach.
NutrientUnit Value Per 100 gm
Energy23 Kcal
Carbohydrates3.6 g
Natural sugars0.4 g
Fiber2.2 g
Protein2.9 g
Fat0.4 g
Calcium99 mg
Iron2.71 mg
Magnesium79 mg
Phosphorus49 mg
Potassium558 mg
Sodium79 mg
Manganese0.897 mg
Copper0.130 mg
Zinc0.53 mg
Selenium1µg
Vitamin C28 mg
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)0.078 mg
Vitamin A469 µg
Vitamin E2 mg
Vitamin K483 µg
Source: United States Department of Agriculture (3)

How To Select And Store Spinach?

Select:

  • Spinach is available throughout the year, either in frozen or fresh form. Buy the fresh ones since the frozen or commercially processed variants tend to have more nitrates (4). Also, buy the vegetable during the season of its availability when the nutrient value is high. Avoid spinach during summer.
  • Fresh spinach has ample of green leaves, intact leaf midrib, and feels like a freshly plucked leaf of a plant. Do not buy if the leaf has blemishes, is yellowish, or has holes which were probably made by pests.
  • Fold the leaf, and if it wrinkles severely or does not unfold, then it has low water content, indicating it is not fresh.
  • The stem of the leaf should be supple and feel pulpy. Such stems break with a snap when bent or twisted.
  • Spinach is prone to pesticides contamination (5). Therefore, prefer organic varieties.

Storage:

  • Chop the roots, if the vegetable has any since they are extremely fibrous and difficult to cook.
  • Wash the spinach thoroughly with water since they are grown close to the ground and may have attached particles of soil.
  • Spread and dry the leaves on the kitchen towel or tissue papers. They absorb the moisture, thus reducing the chances of rotting.
  • Transfer the vegetable into a plastic container or a vegetable bag. Put some tissue papers along since they will help absorb extra moisture and prevent the leaves from getting soggy. Store it in the refrigerator and use within two days.
Baby spinach is a variety of spinach , which is harvested at a younger plant age. It has tender leaves, and there is no significant nutritional difference between baby spinach and the fully-grown versions. However, baby spinach is predominantly used in salads (6). For your baby’s food, you can choose the conventional fully-grown varieties of spinach.

[ Read: Fiber Rich Foods For Babies ]

How To Cook Spinach For Baby?

There are various ways to cook spinach, but blanching (boiling the water and putting the leaves in the hot water for 15-20 seconds) is the best since it frees the naturally-present oxalic acid from the leaves. The acid may be slightly toxic and may strain the baby’s kidneys (7). For the same reason, you need to strain the water after boiling the spinach.

Amazing Spinach Recipes For Babies

Here are some wonderful baby food spinach recipes to feed in combination with other food items:

1. Spinach puree

[caption id="attachment_425259" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach puree Image: Shutterstock[/caption]The classic spinach baby food recipe works as a health tonic with all the goodness of multiple vitamins and minerals from the leafy vegetable.You will need:
  • 2 cups of chopped fresh spinach
  • Finely grated paneer
  • 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Pour the water into a cooking pot or a pressure cooker and transfer the spinach into it. Boil the spinach for five to seven minutes or for the desired time until the leaves turn soft.
  2. Run the cooked spinach under cold water and transfer to a blender. Add some drinking water and blend the vegetable till the required consistency. Blend it further if you want to prepare spinach soup for your baby.

2. Spinach and carrot puree

[caption id="attachment_425260" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach and carrot puree Image: iStock[/caption]Carrots and spinach, both, are rich in vitamin A, which makes this puree an amazing vitamin A booster for the little one. You may also make a thin suji porridge with these vegetables.You will need:
  • 2 cups cubed carrot pieces
  • 2 cups chopped fresh spinach
  • 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Boil the spinach separately to prevent oxalic acid from settling on the carrots. If you are using a pressure cooker, you can turn off the flame after two whistles.
  2. Transfer the vegetables to a sieve and rinse them under running cold or room temperature water.
  3. Put the vegetables in a blender, add some water, and blend them to the desired consistency.

3. Spinach and banana mash

[caption id="attachment_425261" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach and banana mash Image: Shutterstock[/caption]Banana goes great with spinach since it dulls the slightly bitter flavor of the leaves, making it more palatable to the baby.You will need:
  • 2 cups chopped banana
  • 2 cups chopped fresh spinach
  • 3-4 cups of water
How to:
  1. Process the spinach the usual way to make puree. Mash some bananas till there are no solid lumps.
  2. Mix the mashed banana and the spinach puree with a fork or by lightly blending it with a dull blender blade.

[ Read: Breakfast Recipes For Babies ]

4. Spinach meat puree

[caption id="attachment_425262" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach meat puree Image: Shutterstock[/caption]Meat is rich in iron and minerals, complimenting it well with spinach.You will need:
  • 1-2 cups boneless chicken
  • 2 cups chopped fresh spinach
  • 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Cook the meat and spinach separately till they are tender. Run the spinach under cold water and transfer it to a blender with the boiled meat pieces.
  2. Add some water to the blender and blend the meat and spinach until there are no hard lumps and they have mixed well. Pour some additional water during the blending to thin the consistency.

5. Spinach chicken soup

[caption id="attachment_425263" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach chicken soup Image: Shutterstock[/caption]If your baby likes soups, then he will surely love this delicious soup made from chicken stock and spinach puree.You will need:
  • 2 cups chopped chicken with bone
  • 2 cups chopped fresh spinach
  • 6-7 cups of water
  • Butter
How to:
  1. Making chicken stock in a traditional cooking pot can take hours so you can use a pressure cooker to fasten the process. Put the pieces of chicken in the cooker and pour water over them till they are completely submerged. Cook the chicken for five to six whistles.
  2. Strain the chicken stock using a sieve and put it in a blender.
  3. Prepare the spinach puree.
  4. Pour the thin spinach puree into the blender with the chicken stock and blend them till they mix well. Avoid adding plain water to thin the consistency since it may not taste well. Add melted butter to it.

6. Spinach and peas mash

[caption id="attachment_425264" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach and peas mash Image: iStock[/caption]A green delight full of the goodness of proteins and vitamins that are abundant in green peas and spinach.You will need:
  • 2 cups fresh green peas
  • 2 cups chopped fresh spinach
  • 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Boil the peas while also cooking the spinach separately. Once cooked, move them into a vegetable sieve and run some cold water on them.
  2. Put the cooked vegetables in a blender, and blend them coarsely. You can also use a manual pounder.

7. Spinach and potato puree

[caption id="attachment_425265" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach and potato puree Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You can use sweet potato or white potato since both add carbohydrates providing energy to the little one.You will need:
  • 2 cups chopped sweet or white potato
  • 2 cups chopped fresh spinach
  • 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Boil the spinach and potatoes separately till they are soft and transfer them to a blender.
  2. Add some water and blend till the potatoes and spinach have mixed well to form a puree.

[ Read: Paneer Recipes For Babies ]

8. Spinach with lentil

[caption id="attachment_425266" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach with lentil Image: Shutterstock[/caption]Spinach tastes great with lentils, and you can use any lentil that you feed your baby. For this recipe, we have chosen pigeon pea, which is also known as arhar or toor dal in India.You will need:
  • 1 cup cleaned pigeon peas
  • 2 cups chopped fresh spinach
  • 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Wash the lentils with plenty of water before transferring them into a cooking pot or pressure cooker. Do not drain away any excess water since you can use it during the pureeing process.
  2. Boil the spinach separately and transfer the cooked spinach into a blender with the cooked lentil. Blend them together till they have mixed well. The cooked lentil already has ample water, but you can pour some more to thin the consistency of the preparation.

9. Spinach puree with mashed boiled rice

[caption id="attachment_425267" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach puree with mashed boiled rice Image: Shutterstock[/caption]Rice goes well with spinach puree. Just like bananas, rice can mellow down the somewhat bitter taste of spinach, thanks to its rich carbohydrate content.You will need:
  • 2 cups of rice
  • 2 cups chopped fresh spinach
  • 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Cook the rice the usual way by boiling it. Add some extra water during the cooking process to make the rice extra soft.
  2. Process the spinach the usual way for spinach puree. Make the puree separately.
  3. Transfer the rice, along with excess water and the spinach puree, into a blender. Blend them coarsely for one to two minutes with a dull blade. Mix them well and ensure that the rice is in small bits so the baby can eat without the risk of a choking hazard.

10. Spinach puree with finger millet flour (ragi)

[caption id="attachment_425268" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach puree with finger millet flour (ragi) Image: Shutterstock[/caption]Finger millet or ragi is rich in minerals such as calcium and iron, which are found in plenty even in spinach, making this puree a superfood!You will need:
  • 2 cups finger millet flour
  • 2 cups fresh, chopped spinach
  • 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Boil the millet flour in a cooking pot. Add some more water so that it is easy to blend later. Stir the mixture and simmer the flame once it comes to boil. Cook for three to five minutes while stirring to prevent any lumps.
  2. Process the spinach to make a puree and transfer it to a blender. Add the millet porridge that you had made separately, to the blender and blend them until they mix well. Add some water if the mix gets too thick.

11. Spinach puree with sago (sabudana)

[caption id="attachment_425269" align="aligncenter" width="720"]Spinach puree with sago (sabudana) Image: Shutterstock[/caption]Sago pearls or sabudana is easy to digest, and when combined with spinach puree, it makes a fantastic spinach baby food.You will need:
  • 2 cups sago pearls 2 cups chopped fresh spinach 4-5 cups of water
How to:
  1. Boil the sago pearls till they are soft while simultaneously cooking the spinach and then pureeing it.
  2. Transfer the cooked sago and the excess water into a blender. Add the spinach puree to it and blend it coarsely to break the sago pearls into smaller pieces, which can make eating them easier for the baby.
Aren’t these recipes really easy? You can combine the leafy vegetable with other foods that your baby consumes to make spinach an integral part of the baby’s diet.Note: Add fat i.e., oil, butter, clarified butter, etc., to the foods to make them calorie dense. You may also some mild spices in order to introduce various flavors.

[ Read: Super Foods For Babies ]

Spinach Baby Food Combinations

Spinach can be combined with food items such as:
  • Vegetables: You can combine nearly any vegetable from carrots to beans with spinach depending on the baby’s age and what suits them.
  • Grains and lentils: Spinach compounds the nutritional value of grains and lentils making them more beneficial to the little one's health.
  • Meat: Even adults love the combination of meat and greens such as spinach, so why not let your baby enjoy that flavor too.
  • Fruits: Spinach goes well with a limited number of fruits such as bananas, apples, and blueberries. Avoid mixing it with juicy and pulpy fruits such as mangoes or strawberries since the leafy vegetable can distort their taste.

Can My Baby Be Allergic To Spinach?

Spinach is one of the most common allergens (8). The oxalic acid in the leaves can be eliminated when you boil them, but the nitrates remain. Intolerance to nitrates can lead to a blood disorder called methemoglobinemia, where the blood is unable to adequately transfuse oxygen to the tissues (9). Start by giving smaller portions of spinach and if you notice that your baby has any reaction, then discontinue it and consult a doctor immediately.The symptoms of spinach allergy and methemoglobinemia are similar, and this is what your baby will display in such situations:
  1. Skin hives: Tiny red rashes that form in clusters and are quite itchy
  1. Pain in the abdomen: Sharp to dull perpetual pain in the abdomen. The baby may also have diarrhea and frequent episodes of vomiting.
  1. Swollen face: Swelling is concentrated around the nose and eyes. The eyelids swell up so badly that the baby is unable to open his/her eyes properly. Even the neck muscles could inflame making it difficult to swallow.
  1. Shortness of breath: The baby breathes in gasps and feels asphyxiated due to the swollen neck muscles around the trachea/windpipe.
  1. Blue coloration of fingers (specifically for methemoglobinemia): Fingers will have blue patches especially around the tips. The body may have an overall bluish tinge.
  1. General weakness: The baby will mostly be drowsy and seem abnormally disinterested in any activity.
If you have even the slightest suspicion about allergy or methemoglobinemia, then rush your baby to the doctor. Prompt medical attention is what the infant needs in such situations.

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[post_title] => Spinach For Babies: Health Benefits And Amazing Recipes [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => quick-and-easy-spinach-recipes-for-your-baby [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-07 10:26:33 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-07 04:56:33 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => http://www.momjunction.com/?p=100969 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 1 [filter] => raw )[13] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 767727 [post_author] => 309462 [post_date] => 2021-09-02 10:31:39 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-02 05:01:39 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_767743" align="alignnone" width="720"]Can Babies Eat Tomatoes? Benefits, Precautions And Recipes Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Tomato is botanically a fruit and a versatile food used in several culinary preparations worldwide (1). Besides adding color and flavor, tomatoes offer vital micronutrients and bioactive compounds, such as vitamin C and lycopene, which promote health. Thus, you may consider adding tomatoes to your baby’s weaning diet (2).But tomatoes are acidic and may cause acid reflux and rashes around the mouth or buttock (diaper rash). Therefore, is feeding tomatoes safe for babies? Also, what is the right age when you can feed tomato and tomato-based dishes to your baby?This post answers all your queries, gives you an insight into the possible health benefits of tomatoes, and provides information about precautions to take while feeding tomatoes to babies.

When To Introduce Tomatoes To Baby?

Most babies can eat well-cooked tomatoes from the age of six months.You can feed your baby steamed or boiled tomatoes (without skin) in mash or puree form. Removing peel is essential for younger babies as it’s tougher to digest. Besides, it can stick to the baby’s mouth and cause gagging. Therefore, feeding de-skinned tomatoes to a baby who has just started eating solids is advisable.Once they develop the taste and digestibility for tomatoes, you can feed them roasted, grilled, sautéed, braised, and oven-dried tomatoes. You can use tomatoes to prepare several tomato-based dishes, such as tomato and vegetable sauce, tomato soup, and tomato curry. Also, you can add tomatoes to other soups, savory porridges, stews, and curries, to feed tomatoes to your baby in different ways.

Nutritional Value Of Tomatoes

There are thousands of tomato varieties, and each type is suitable for a specific purpose. For instance, Caprese tomatoes are suitable for salads, whereas red beefsteak tomatoes are ideal for sauces and dips (3).The nutritional composition of different tomato varieties varies slightly. But, on average, feeding a cup (240g) of red, ripe, cooked tomato can offer the following nutrients to the baby against their recommended intakes (4) (5)
NutrientsAmountAI (7-12 months)
Water226g-
Fiber, total dietary1.68g-
Iron, Fe1.63mg11 (RDA)
Magnesium, Mg21.6mg75mg
Phosphorus, P67.2mg275mg
Potassium, K523mg860mg
Sodium, Na26.4mg370mg
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid54.7mg50mg
Folate, total31.2µg80µg
Choline, total16.6mg150mg
Vitamin A, RAE57.6µg500µg
*AI = Adequate intake – nutrient level assumed to ensure nutritional adequacySources: U.S. Department of Agriculture and Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025

Possible Health Benefits Of Tomatoes

Tomatoes have a promising nutritional composition that can benefit human health. Here is a brief overview of some of the benefits your baby could reap by consuming tomatoes as a part of a well-balanced weaning diet.
  1. Facilitates physiological functions: Tomatoes contain several micronutrients, such as potassium, vitamin A, phosphorus, magnesium, choline, and folate. Babies require these nutrients to perform various physiological functions. For instance, vitamins aid proper vision, skin, and immune system development (6). Choline helps in brain development, and magnesium is vital for nerve, muscle, and enzyme function (7) (8).
  1. Supports digestive health: Tomato is a juicy fruit made of more than 94 percent of water (4). Besides, it contains dietary fiber and naringenin, a flavonoid that may combat constipation. Thus, you can feed tomatoes to your baby as a part of a well-balanced diet to boost their digestive health (9).
  1. Promotes overall health: Vitamin C, flavonoids (naringenin and lutein), carotenoids (lycopene and beta-carotene), phenolic acids, and glycoalkaloids (tomatine) are some bioactive phytochemicals found in ripe tomatoes. According to several recent studies, these compounds have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, boosting immunity and conferring long-term health benefits (10) (11).
Besides these benefits, vitamin C in tomatoes can enhance iron absorption, which is crucial for proper brain development and growth.

How To Select And Store Tomatoes?

Appropriate selection and storage of tomato are pertinent to ensure tomato’s safe ingestion.

Selecting tomatoes

  1. Smell tomatoes first. Fresh tomatoes have a neutral to pleasant aroma that will not be present in stale or old tomatoes.
  2. Buy tomatoes that look clean and fresh. They should be bright-colored (red, yellow, or green) and free from black pits or blemishes. Vine-ripened tomatoes are best, although they are seasonal.
  3. The tomato should feel firm to touch but not hard. Ideally, it should feel plump when you press its skin.
  4. Avoid tomatoes that have cuts or bruises with the juice oozing out from them.
  5. If you are buying canned tomatoes, check the product label carefully and buy low-sodium tomatoes. Ensure the can is sealed correctly and is dent- and rust-free.

Storing tomatoes

  1. If you purchase unripe tomatoes, store them on the counter, away from direct sunlight, so that they may ripen.
  2. Don’t store unripened tomatoes in the refrigerator, as refrigeration slows down the ripening process.
  3. You can keep tomatoes with ethylene-producing fruits, such as bananas, in a paper bag to hasten their ripening.
  4. Once tomatoes are ripe, they can stay at room temperature for no more than two to three days, depending on the room temperature.
  5. Avoid storing ripened tomatoes in the refrigerator as their flesh turns mushy.
  6. Never store cut tomatoes in open containers as they can absorb odor from other veggies kept beside them. Also, cut/sliced tomatoes are a breeding ground for microbes that raise the risk of food poisoning.
  7. If you have to store cut tomatoes, better keep them in an airtight, BPA-free plastic or glass container.

Age-Appropriate Ways To Feed Tomatoes To Babies

After proper selection and storage, safe ingestion of tomatoes relies on the right way to feed them. Here’s how you should feed tomatoes to babies as per their age.
  1. For six-month-olds: Tomato’s skin is tough to digest for babies. Therefore, always feed de-skinned, well-cooked tomato mash or puree to young babies. Ensure the puree or mash is lump-free to avert choking risk. You can give raw, de-skinned, quartered tomato slices/wedges, which the baby can easily hold and eat. Raw Roma and beefsteak tomatoes are a good choice for young babies as they are juicy and have a sweet-tangy taste.
  1. For nine-month-olds: As the baby grows, you may leave the skin on and give one-inch-sized, raw tomato pieces as finger foods to your baby. You can provide quartered pieces of cherry or grape tomatoes to your baby after removing any seeds. Most babies by nine months of age can nibble on tomato slices comfortably. However, if you feel the tomato’s skin is still bothering your baby, you can remove it or serve peeled, cooked tomatoes.
  1. For 12-month-olds: Most 12-month-old babies have a refined pincer grasp and can pick small tomato pieces using a fork. You can provide slightly thick yet small, raw tomato pieces to the baby for self-feeding. Since babies now have teeth, they may most likely have no issues with the tomato skin. Cherry or grape tomatoes still need to be quartered as they remain a choking hazard for babies under four years of age (12).

Precautions To Take While Feeding Tomatoes To Babies

Tomato consumption is seldom a problem. Nevertheless, it is essential to observe some precautions while feeding tomatoes to your baby.
  1. Introduce de-skinned, well-cooked tomato to babies in a puree or mash form. Once the baby adjusts to tomato’s digestibility, add tomato to other veggies and dishes, such as curries. You can also make tomato sauce and dip that the baby can consume with sandwiches and other finger foods.
  1. Follow a “three to five days wait” rule before introducing any new food to your baby. Adhering to this rule is essential to see if your baby is experiencing any discomforts, such as allergy or intolerance, after ingesting tomatoes.
  1. Feed no more than a teaspoon of tomato puree or mash to the baby initially. Once the baby seems comfortable digesting tomatoes, increase the quantity to a tablespoon or two gradually.
  1. Discontinue feeding tomato for the time being if the baby shows signs of discomfort and reintroduce tomato after some time. Some babies could be intolerant to raw tomatoes. Thus, try feeding cooked tomatoes. Most babies digest cooked tomatoes comfortably. If cooked tomatoes still bother the baby, stop feeding tomatoes and consult a pediatrician.
  1. Tomato allergy isn’t common, but it’s possible. An individual allergic to tomatoes can develop an allergic reaction after touching (contact dermatitis) or ingesting a tomato. Some of the common signs that you may notice in an allergy episode are wheezing, cough, itchy skin rashes (hives), abdominal discomfort, and vomiting (13).
  1. Consult a doctor or healthcare provider before feeding tomatoes to your baby. It’s vital if the baby is allergic to any other vegetable of the nightshade family, such as potato, chilies, peppers, and aubergine/eggplant. Also, tomatoes can have cross-reactivity to peach, nuts, and melons. Therefore, seek expert guidance, especially if the baby has a family history of food allergy (14).

Tasty Tomato Recipes For Babies And Toddlers

Here are some recipes that you can make different varieties and forms of tomatoes for your baby.

1. Tomato puree (6+ months)

[caption id="attachment_767745" align="alignnone" width="720"]Tomato puree (6+ months) Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 2 Roma tomatoes
  • 1tsp mint leaves (chopped)
  • ⅛ tsp pepper powder
How to make:
  1. Put tomatoes in a stockpot and fill it with water.
  2. Cover the stockpot with a lid and let the tomatoes boil over medium heat (blanching) for about ten minutes or until the tomatoes turn tender.
  3. After ten minutes, turn off the heat and put the tomatoes aside on a plate to cool.
  4. Now, peel off the tomatoes’ skin and put the tomatoes into a blender.
  5. Add chopped mint leaves and pepper into the blender and blend the tomatoes into a smooth puree. Ensure no lumps are left.
  6. Sieve the mixture into a bowl and feed the puree to your baby.

2. Tomato soup (8+ months)

[caption id="attachment_767746" align="alignnone" width="720"]Tomato soup (8+ months) Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 tomato
  • 1 carrot (peeled)
  • 1 cup water
  • 1tbsp onion (chopped)
  • 1tsp unsalted butter
  • ½ tsp garlic (finely chopped)
  • ¼ tsp cumin seeds
  • Pinch of black pepper powder
How to make:
  1. Heat butter in a pressure cooker on medium heat.
  2. As the butter melts, add cumin seeds. Once the cumin seeds begin crackling, add onions and garlic. Stir it for two to three minutes.
  3. Then, add carrot, tomato, and black pepper powder. Add water and bring the mixture to a boil.
  4. Cover the pressure cooker with a lid and cook the ingredients on a medium flame for three whistles.
  5. After the third whistle, turn off the flame and put the pressure cooker aside to let the pressure release.
  6. Transfer the pressure-cooked mixture into a blender and blend well into a lump-free, smooth liquid.
  7. Strain the liquid using a sieve into a bowl and feed the baby. Alternatively, you can feed the baby unstrained soup if they aren’t bothered by its chunky texture.

3. Tomato omelet (10+ months)

[caption id="attachment_767747" align="alignnone" width="720"]Tomato omelet (10+ months) Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 egg (whisked)
  • 2-3 cherry tomatoes (chopped into small pieces)
  • 1tbsp red onion (finely chopped)
  • 1tsp coriander (chopped)
  • 1tsp olive oil
  • ⅛ tsp herbs mix
How to make:
  1. Heat olive oil in a skillet over low heat.
  2. Meanwhile, put all the ingredients into a bowl and whisk well.
  3. Pour the mixture onto the skillet and cook on both sides until the omelet turns golden brown.
  4. Once done, turn off the heat and transfer the omelet to a plate.
  5. Serve the omelet with crusted bread to your baby for self-feeding. You can add bell peppers, mushrooms, and corn to make this omelet colorful, flavorful, and wholesome.

4. Pasta with tomato sauce (12+ months)

[caption id="attachment_767748" align="alignnone" width="720"]Pasta with tomato sauce (12+ months) Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 cup beefsteak tomatoes (chopped)
  • ½ cup cooked spaghetti pasta
  • 1 red onion (finely chopped)
  • 1 garlic clove (minced)
  • 2tbsp tomato puree
  • 1tbsp fresh basil (chopped, for garnish)
  • 2tsp mixed herbs (dried)
  • 1tsp olive oil
How to make:
  1. Heat the olive oil in a saucepan over medium heat. As the oil warms, add chopped onion and cook for three to four minutes, until soft.
  2. Next, add minced garlic, and cook the mixture for another minute. Then, add chopped tomatoes, tomato puree, and mixed herbs.
  3. Mix everything well and let the mixture simmer for 15 minutes or until the sauce thickens, stirring occasionally.
  4. Once the sauce is done, pour it over the cooked spaghetti and garnish the dish with fresh basil.
  5. Serve warm to your baby with half a cup of lemonade to relish this delicious tomato-based dish for lunch.
Tomato is a flavorful culinary vegetable that can add flavor, texture, and color to a dish. Additionally, it can confer long-term health benefits that can boost a baby’s overall health. Babies can consume tomatoes from six months of age in mash or puree form. As they grow older, they can relish various tomato-based dishes across meals.

References:

1. Is a tomato a fruit or a vegetable?; Iowa State University 2. Kris Swartzendruber, Tomatoes provide many health benefits; Michigan State University Extension 3. Tomato; University of Arizona 4. Tomatoes, red, ripe, cooked; U.S. Department of Agriculture 5. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025; U.S. Department of Agriculture 6. Vitamins for children; NHS UK 7. Choline in Human Milk Plays a Crucial Role in Infant Memory; UNC Nutrition Research Institute 8. Magnesium (Mg); C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital 9. Jianqiao Yin et al., Naringenin induces laxative effects by upregulating the expression levels of c-Kit and SCF, as well as those of aquaporin 3 in mice with loperamide-induced constipation; U.S. National Library of Medicine 10. Poonam Chaudhary et al., Bioactivities of phytochemicals present in tomato; U.S. National Library of Medicine 11. Md Yousuf Ali et al., Nutritional Composition and Bioactive Compounds in Tomatoes and Their Impact on Human Health and Disease; U.S. National Library of Medicine 12. Infant Nutrition and Feeding; U.S. Department of Agriculture 13. Tomato Allergy and related Symptoms; Allergy Link 14. C.H. de Larramendi et al., Cross-reactivity Between Tomato And Other Fruit Allergen Extracts; The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
[post_title] => Can Babies Eat Tomatoes? Benefits, Precautions And Recipes [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => tomato-for-babies-age-benefits-recipes [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-03 15:38:18 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-03 10:08:18 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=767727 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[14] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 767008 [post_author] => 315546 [post_date] => 2021-08-30 15:17:03 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-30 09:47:03 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_767019" align="alignnone" width="720"]Miralax For Kids Dosage Safety Side Effects Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Miralax is an over-the-counter osmotic laxative used for treating constipation. It is the trade name of the medicine that contains the water-soluble drug polyethylene glycol 3350 (PEG 3350). PEG 3350 helps hold more water in the bowel, thus making the stool softer and easier to pass (1)(2).MiraLax, GlycoLax, Lax-A-Day, and RestoraLAX are some other brand names of PEG 3350. Miralax is currently permitted for use in adults by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (2).Is Miralax safe for children? Read this post to know about the uses, dosage, side effects, and alternatives to Miralax for children.

Uses Of Miralax

Miralax is a colorless, tasteless, and odorless powder mixed with four to eight ounces of liquid and consumed to help with bowel movement (3). The stool softener helps in supplying the required amount of water to the colon. The water makes the stool softer, thereby making it easier to leave the body. When consumed in the correct dosage, it helps in relieving constipation (2).

Is Miralax Safe For Children?

The safety of Miralax is a topic of much debate amongst parents and doctors due to reports of some neurologic or behavioral symptoms in children.The FDA has not approved its use in children due to a lack of clinical trials to evaluate its metabolism and safety when consumed for a prolonged period (4).However, several randomized controlled trials have shown PPE 3350 to be effective and safe for treating constipation in children (2).Here, it is important to note that not having FDA approval does not mean that the drug is not safe for use. Instead, it suggests that the manufacturer has not tested the drug in very large trials on children. Many factors determine the FDA approval, such as funding availability and ethical issues while running trials on children (2).Although Miralax is available over-the-counter, it is recommended that you use it only under a pediatrician’s guidance.

Dosage Of Miralax For Children

Do not administer Miralax to your child without a doctor’s consent. The doctor will prescribe the appropriate dosage for your child depending on their age, weight, the severity of constipation, etc.Seattle Children’s Hospital recommends the below dosages for children (5).
Child’s weight in kilogramsChild’s weight in poundsDose of MiraLAX powder (1 cap = 17 grams)Amount of water or juice to be used to mix the powder
10 to 14.9kg22 to 32lb½ cap4 to 6oz (½ to ¾ cup)
15 to 19.9kg33 to 43lb¾ cap4 to 6oz (½ to ¾ cup)
20 to 24.9kg44 to 54lb1 cap6 to 8oz (¾ to 1 cup)
25 to 29.9kg55 to 65lb1¼ cap8oz (1 cup)

Side Effects Of Miralax In Children

Miralax may cause some abdominal side effects such as (2)

Does Miralax Have Behavioral Effects On Children?

PEG 3350 is a large compound that usually does not get absorbed by the intestines. However, concerns exist over the formation of compounds such as ethylene glycol or diethylene glycol when it breaks down in the body.Research is being done to see if these smaller compounds accumulate in the body and cause any adverse effects on prolonged use, as some parents have reported neurologic or behavioral symptoms in children after the usage of Miralax.The FDA has received reports of the following symptoms in children who used Miralax (6).
  • Seizures
  • Sensory disturbances
  • Anxiety
  • Anger
  • Mood swings
The FDA is looking for more evidence to establish if Miralax is responsible for these symptoms as current pieces of evidence are inconclusive (2).

Alternatives To Miralax For Children

There are several other drugs to manage constipation in children. Your pediatrician may provide you with an option from one of the following (7).
DrugBrand Name
DocusateColace, Pedia-Lax, Dulcolax
Magnesium hydroxidePedia-Lax chewable tablets, Phillips milk of magnesia
Glycerin suppositoriesPedia-Lax glycerin suppositories
SennaFletcher’s laxative for kids, Little remedies for tummys
BisacodylDulcolax laxativetablets, Dulcolax laxative suppositories
Note: Do not use any of these medicines without a pediatrician’s consent.In addition to the medicines, you may try some age-old successful techniques for bowel clearance, such as
  • Providing the child a fiber-rich diet including fruits, vegetables, prunes, figs, beans, and lentils. You may also read about some gut-friendly foods here.
  • Working on the potty seat Get them a potty seat that is stable and accurate in size, and give them a footstool.
  • Making sure the child drinks ample water to keep the poop soft and moving in the gut.
  • Encouraging the child to lead an active lifestyle to get the poop moving in the gut.
Miralax is prescribed by many doctors as a treatment for constipation in children. There have been some concerns about its effectiveness in recent times, but neither has the FDA approved its use in children nor has it banned the drug. Your pediatrician will evaluate the situation and weigh the benefits over the supposed risks and prescribe it for the child.

References:

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  [post_title] => Miralax For Kids: Dosage, Safety, Side Effects, And Alternatives [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => miralax-for-kids-dosage-safety-side-effects [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-09 18:03:59 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-09 12:33:59 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=767008 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[15] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766955 [post_author] => 315546 [post_date] => 2021-08-30 12:09:48 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-30 06:39:48 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766957" align="alignnone" width="720"]Two-Month Vaccinations What They Are And Common Side Effects Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Timely vaccination for babies is essential as it ensures adequate immunity against potentially life-threatening diseases. Vaccines are developed and issued for widespread use after extensive research on their safety and efficacy (1).There are different types of vaccines, and most contain an inactive or weakened form of the pathogen or a toxin produced by it. These immunity-inducing factors are called antigens, which stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies, granting immunity (2).Read this post to know the vaccines an infant will get in the second month, their possible side effects, and tips for managing those side effects.

Vaccines Scheduled For A Two-month-old Baby

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the following vaccines are given to babies at one to two months of age (3).

1. Hepatitis B(HepB) vaccine

  • Hepatitis B is a contagious viral liver disease, which may cause extensive liver damage.
  • The first dose of the HepB vaccine is given immediately after birth, the booster dose is given one or two months after birth, and the final dose is given anytime between six to 18 months.
  • According to the CDC, the HepB vaccine is safe and effective against HepB infection.
  • It may cause mild side effects such as a sore arm from the shot and low-grade fever (less than 101°F or 38.3°C) (4).

2. Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccine

  • Infants are given five doses of DTaP.
  • The first dose is given at the age of two months, followed by one booster dose each at five months, six months, 15 to18 months, and four to six years.
  • Mild side effects of DTaP are redness, pain, or swelling of the injection site, fever, and vomiting.
  • Severe but rare complications of vaccines are high-grade fever (over 105°F or 40°C), inconsolable crying for three hours or more, and seizures (5).
The following are the signs and modes of transmission of diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis.
  • Diphtheria: Diptheria is a bacterial disease that can start with a sore throat, mild fever, and chills. It may also cause a coating in the back of the nose or the throat, making it difficult to breathe or swallow. The disease spreads through sneezing and coughing (6).
  • Tetanus: Tetanus is caused by toxins produced by the tetanus bacteria found in soil, dust, and manure. The bacteria may enter the body through punctures, cuts, sores, burns, or animal bites. The toxins usually affect the muscles, causing stiffness and spasms. Severe cases may affect respiratory muscles, increasing the risk of respiratory muscles paralysis (7).
  • Pertussis or whooping cough: Whooping cough is a respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis It spreads through coughing and sneezing. The most notable sign of the illness is violent coughing with a whooping sound. Untreated cases may lead to severe pneumonia (8).

3. Pneumococcal disease vaccine (PCV13)

  • Pneumococcal disease is caused by the pneumococcus bacteria that spread through coughing and sneezing.
  • Pneumococcal disease affects the ears, lungs, blood, and brain.
  • Common symptoms include high fever, cough, chest pain, and body pain.
  • The disease may lead to severe complications, such as meningitis, if left untreated.
  • The first dose of the vaccine is given at two months of age, followed by booster doses at the age of four months, six months, and between 12 and15 months.
  • Side effects of the PCV13 vaccine are usually very mild. These may include fussiness, lethargy, loss of appetite, local reactions at the injection site (redness, swelling, or pain), fever, chills, or headache (9).

4. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine

  • Hib disease is a severe illness caused by the bacteria Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria.
  • The bacteria usually affect the nervous system, causing meningitis. It causes symptoms such as high fever, headache, poor appetite, and vomiting.
  • The first dose of the vaccine is given at two months, followed by booster doses at four months, six months, and between 12 and 15 months.
  • Hib vaccine has very mild side effects such as fever and local reactions at the injection site (redness, swelling, or pain) (10).

5. Polio (IPV)

  • Polio or poliomyelitis is a disabling disease caused by the poliovirus.
  • The virus can infect the spinal cord and nerves, causing irreversible paralysis.
  • It is a highly contagious disease that spreads through food and water contaminated with respiratory droplets or feces.
  • The child gets one dose each at two months, four months, between six and 18 months, and between four and six years.
  • Redness, swelling, and pain might occur at the injection site if the baby received the injectable variant of the vaccine (11). The oral polio vaccine causes no side effects.

6. Rotavirus (RV) vaccine

  • Rotavirus infection causes severe diarrhea and vomiting accompanied by fever, stomach pain, and loss of appetite. The infection primarily affects infants.
  • Severe dehydration is the leading complication of the disease and a common cause of fatality.
  • There are two types of rotavirus vaccines, RotaTeq (RV5) and Rotarix (RV1).
  • RV5 is given in three dosages at ages two months, four months, and six months.RV1 is given in two dosages at ages two months and four months.
  • Rotavirus vaccines are given in the form of oral drops and not injections.
  • Mild side effects include fussiness, diarrhea, and vomiting.
  • A rare complication is intussusception, a condition where a section of the intestine folds on the adjacent part. It is estimated to occur in one out of 20,000 to 100,000 vaccinated babies (12).

Preparing A Two-month-old For Vaccine Shots

The following steps could help you comfort your baby before, during, and after vaccination (13).
  • Pack the baby’s favorite toy, pacifier, or blanket to make them feel cozy and comfortable.
  • Check with the pediatrician if they can give a safe sweet-tasting solution to your baby right before the vaccination. It can help distract the baby from pain and reduce crying.
  • If possible, breastfeed the baby during the vaccine administration to soothe the baby and calm them down.
  • You may check with the pediatrician if they can apply a pain-relieving ointment or spray before vaccine administration.
  • You may distract the baby by singing their favorite songs or rhymes.
  • You may also give them a pacifier to calm them down.
  • You may swing and rock them in your arms immediately after vaccination. Another alternative is to distract them with something interesting.
  • Cuddle them often after the vaccination. You may also breastfeed them immediately after vaccination to calm down the fussiness caused by the pain at the injection site.

Helping The Baby With Side Effects

Local reactions at the injection site such as pain, redness, or swelling are common and resolve within a day or two. Some babies may develop rashes and fever that usually stay for a day.The following points will help you manage mild side effects at home (13).
  • Ask the pediatrician about what side effects are expected and what is unusual.
  • Use a cool, damp cloth to reduce local irritation, redness, swelling, or soreness.
  • Use cool pads to reduce the fever.
  • Ensure the baby gets adequate rest and does not exert themselves for up to three days after vaccination.
  • Ask the doctor if they can prescribe a baby-safe pain reliever, including pain-relieving topical ointments.
  • Check with your doctor if you suspect or notice anything unusual.
Vaccination is vital for your baby since it protects the little one against several life-threatening illnesses. Many parents are wary of vaccine side effects and may even consider avoiding vaccinations for their baby. However, vaccination side effects are extremely rare. The benefits of vaccinating your baby can significantly outweigh the risks. Remember, it is safer for your two-month-old to get vaccination than experiencing a vaccine-preventable disease, which may cause complications that last a lifetime.

References:

1. Why Vaccinate; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2. How Vaccines Strengthen Your Baby's Immune System; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 3. Vaccines at 1 to 2 Months; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 4. Vaccine (Shot) for Hepatitis B; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 5. Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis Vaccine Recommendations; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 6. Vaccine (Shot) for Diphtheria; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 7. Vaccine (Shot) for Tetanus; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 8. Vaccine (Shot) for Whooping Cough (Pertussis); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 9. Vaccine (Shot) for Pneumococcal Disease; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 10. Vaccine (Shot) for Hib; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 11. Vaccine (Shot) for Polio; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 12. Vaccine (Drops) for Rotavirus; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 13. Before, During, and After Shots; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
[post_title] => Two-Month Vaccinations: What They Are And Common Side Effects [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => 2-month-vaccinations-shots-preparation-side-effects [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-30 12:10:44 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-30 06:40:44 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766955 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[16] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766903 [post_author] => 309462 [post_date] => 2021-08-28 17:00:35 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-28 11:30:35 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766904" align="alignnone" width="720"]When Can Babies Eat Salmon Benefits, Tips And Recipes Image: iStock[/caption][mj-toc]Salmon is a low-mercury, fatty fish that has a soft, flaky texture. It is rich in lean protein, omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA), vitamins, and minerals (1) . These attributes make salmon an excellent choice to add to your baby’s weaning foods. But before you begin feeding salmon to babies, check if salmon is safe for babies? What are the right age and age-appropriate ways to feed salmon to babies?This post answers your queries and tells you about the health benefits of salmon, potential risks, and some salmon recipes to try for babies.

Is Salmon Safe For Babies?

Yes, “salmon is safe for babies. As it is low in mercury, it is safe for babies to eat salmon two to three times a week,” says California-based pediatrician and health advocate Dr. Pierrette Mimi Poinsett.Eating salmon can offer nutrients such as vitamin D and calcium, which are necessary for healthy bone development (2). Besides, it is rich in omega-3 fatty acids that aids in the central nervous system (brain and nerves) and eye development (3). It is why experts consider salmon a vital seafood option for babies and toddlers (4).Note: Although fish is a common allergen, “there’s no need to delay its introduction in babies,” says the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) (5). However, if your baby has any other food allergies or has a family history of fish allergy, consult your doctor before feeding any fish, including salmon, to your baby.

When Can Babies Eat Salmon?

According to Dr. Florencia Segura, Pediatrician and Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics (FAAP), “Salmon is an excellent baby food because it is easy for babies to finger feed due to its soft and flaky nature.”It means a baby’s diet can include fish within a few months of starting solids (6). Thus, babies older than six months, who are eating various solid foods, can eat steamed, baked, or boiled salmon in puree and mash forms. Alternatively, you can serve salmon in small pieces for baby-led weaning. As the baby grows, they can consume different roasted, poached, pan-seared, and grilled salmon dishes across meals.According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), you should remove all the fat, skin, and bones from the fish before preparing it for babies (7). Removing fatty skin ensures you reduce the baby’s exposure to toxins, such as PCBs (8). On the other hand, separating bones minimizes the choking risk.

Nutritional Value Of Salmon

There are six types (Atlantic, Chinook, Chum, Coho, Pink, and Sockeye) of salmon available in the US in fresh, canned, and frozen forms (1) . The nutritional composition of these types varies from one another.Here’s the approximate nutritional composition of three ounces of raw pink salmon against the recommended dietary allowance of vital nutrients (9) (10) (11).

Nutrients

Amount

RDA (7-12 months)

Energy

108Kcal

-

Total lipid (fat)

3.74g

-

Protein

17.4g

11g

Calcium, Ca

5.95mg

260mg (AI)

Magnesium

23mg

75(AI)

Potassium

311mg

860(AI)

Sodium, Na

63mg

370mg (AI)

Iron, Fe

0.32mg

11mg

Selenium

26.7µg

20µg

Vitamin A

35µg RAE

500µg RAE(AI)

Vitamin D (D2+D3)

         370IU

400IU

Source: Food Data Central and Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020-2025AI = Adequate intake – nutrient level assumed to ensure nutritional adequacyIU = International UnitsNote: You may hear or read information urging you to choose wild salmon over farmed ones as they are low in contaminants. However, the Washington State Department of Health notes that “both wild and farmed salmon have low levels of mercury, PCBs, and other contaminants (12).”

Possible Health Benefits Of Salmon For Babies And Toddlers

Salmon is a nutrient-rich fish that can contribute to your baby and toddler’s daily nutritional needs and impart the following benefits:1. Supports growth and development: Fish offers nutrients, such as high-quality lean protein, vitamin D, and calcium. The body uses these nutrients for several functions, such as cartilage and skin development, tissue repair, and bone and muscle growth (13). Similarly, fish provides omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA), which support the central nervous system, eye, and immune system development (11).2. Facilitates physiological functions: Fish offers several B vitamins, such as B3, B6, B9, and B12 13. Babies and toddlers need these vitamins to perform different physiological functions, such as energy metabolism, red cell production, and hormonal balance. Likewise, selenium in fish ensures proper thyroid function.3. Helps combat inflammation: Nutrients, such as omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin E, and selenium found in fish, helps combat inflammation (14). Likewise, astaxanthin is an antioxidant in salmon that fights free radical damage, reduces inflammation, and boosts immunity (13). It is the same pigment that gives salmon its pink color.Besides these, fish consumption is associated with several long-term health perks, such as improved brain health and reduced risk of neurodegenerative diseases (15).

How To Select And Store Salmon?

Proper selection and appropriate storage of salmon are essential to ensure its quality and safe intake. Here are some tips that you should keep in mind.SelectionDepending on the source, salmon has two broad categories — Alaskan Salmon and Pacific salmon. Then, there are the sub-categories wild-caught and farm-raised. These categories tell how the salmon was raised. You can purchase either type of salmon using the following tips.For fresh salmon:
  • First, smell the salmon. A fresh salmon doesn’t smell like fish. Ideally, it will have no smell at all.
  • Check their skin. It should be clean, shiny, and slippery to touch, and its gills should have deep red to pink color with marbling.
  • Avoid salmon with any brown spots or bruises around the edges or its belly. If its edges are curling up, the fish is most likely not fresh.
  • Take a careful look at their eyes. A fresh catch will have clear and bright eyes and not sunken or cloudy. Also, they will be firm to touch.
  • If buying a fillet, poke its flesh. A fresh salmon flesh bounces back upon poking. Also, it doesn’t leave the fingerprint on the fish. For frozen and canned salmon:
  • Buy low-sodium canned salmon and check its best before date before purchasing.
  • While buying frozen salmon, check the fish’s surface and look for ice crystals. Also, see if there are any dried, cottony patches indicating freezer burn. Finally, ensure that the vacuum packaging is intact and has no loose ends.
Salmon has several varieties, so know them well to purchase the best fish. For instance, the Chinook salmon is the oiliest and largest salmon with the pinkest flesh. On the other hand, chum salmon and pink salmon are the smallest salmons with the palest hue and lowest oil content.StorageStoring salmon the correct way is essential to preserve its nutritional composition and quality. Here are some helpful tips.
  • As soon as you get the fresh salmon home, refrigerate it immediately between 0˚ C to 4˚ C.
  • Use the fresh salmon within one to two days. If the fish is packaged, refer to the packaging for the best before date.
  • Store unused fresh salmon in a vacuum or airtight freezer bag in the freezer for up to three months.
  • Store canned salmon unopened at room temperature for up to three years. Check the best before date while purchasing the can.
  • Once the can is open, remove the salmon from the can, store it in an airtight freezer container or bag, and use it within three to four days.

Tips To Cook And Feed Salmon To Babies

Fish, such as salmon, is a common allergen. Hence, it is vital to ensure that you take necessary precautions while cooking and feeding salmon to babies.
  1. Follow the tips to buy and store salmon safely. You can feed fresh, frozen, or canned salmon to babies, provided it is well-cooked. Undercooked fish may have bacteria that can affect the baby’s health adversely.
  1. Remove the fat, skin, and bones from the salmon before cooking. It is crucial as the fish may have tiny bones, so “make sure that the salmon is bone-free, then steam the salmon until it is flaky. You can mash the salmon after cooking so younger infants can eat it without needing teeth. On the other hand, older infants above nine months of age can eat salmon in pieces,” says Dr. Poinsett. If you are using canned salmon, be careful as it contains several tiny bones, which should be removed first.
  1. Never cook salmon in the oven at a temperature below 325°F (162°C) as bacteria found in fish may not be killed at lower temperatures. So, whatever cooking method you opt for, cook salmon thoroughly. “My favorite way to cook salmon for babies is by brushing it with olive oil and herbs and baking the salmon at 350 for 15-18 minutes. The salmon naturally flakes into small pieces, which is great finger food! You can puree this salmon recipe and spread it on small pieces of soft bread for babies to feed. Making salmon cakes is another fun way to feed salmon to babies,” suggests Dr. Segura.
  1. Abstain from high-sodium cured, dried, salted, and smoked fish. Excess sodium can alter your baby’s taste preferences and incline them towards salty foods. Besides, it can put pressure on the baby’s immature kidneys.
  1. Introduce well-cooked salmon to babies in puree and mash form. Once the baby adjusts to salmon’s taste and digestibility, you can feed baked, grilled, and roasted salmon dishes to babies.
  1. Maintain a gap of three to five days between feeding salmon and starting any new food. It will help the baby adjust to salmon’s digestibility and rule out any sensitivity or allergy.
  1. Start feeding salmon to babies in small amounts, say a teaspoon or two. Stay vigilant on possible signs of allergy or intolerance. If the baby looks uncomfortable after feeding salmon, discontinue feeding immediately, and reintroduce later.
  1. Allergy to salmon is common but less than other foods, such as milk and soy. If an individual has a salmon allergy, they may develop mild to severe allergic reactions. Some common allergy signs are hives (red skin rashes), itchy skin, swelling around the mouth and throat, wheezing, sneezing, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea (16). A severe allergic reaction is called anaphylaxis, which requires prompt medical care.

Tasty and Healthy Salmon Recipes For Babies

Here are some easy-to-prepare, tasty, and age-appropriate salmon recipes for babies and toddlers.

1. Baked salmon

[caption id="attachment_766906" align="alignnone" width="720"]Baked salmon Image: iStock[/caption]You will need:
  • Salmon fillet
How to make:
  1. Preheat the oven to 356°F (180°C).
  2. Put the salmon into an ovenproof dish and bake it covered for about 20 minutes.
  3. After 20 minutes, check if the fish is cooked through and set it aside cool.
  4. Before serving, check if the fish has any bones and remove them.
  5. Flake a quarter of salmon into a bowl using a clean fork and feed your baby.

2. Pumpkin and salmon puree (6+ months)

[caption id="attachment_766908" align="alignnone" width="720"]Pumpkin and salmon puree (6+ months) Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • ½ cup pumpkin (cooked and mashed)
  • ¼ cup skinless and boneless salmon fillet (baked)
  • ½ red onion (chopped)
  • ¼ tsp lemon pepper seasoning
  • 1tsp olive oil
How to make:
  1. Put all the ingredients into a blender and blend well to make a smooth puree. Ensure no lumps are present.
  2. Add some water if the puree looks too thick. Then, pour the puree into a bowl and feed your baby.
  3. You can add one-fourth teaspoon of lemon juice to enhance the dish’s flavor.

3. Salmon sweet potato fish cake (8+ months)

[caption id="attachment_766909" align="alignnone" width="720"]Salmon sweet potato fish cake (8+ months) Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 2 salmon fillets (cooked and finely chopped)
  • 1 small sweet potato (mashed)
  • 1 egg
  • 1tsp dried dill
  • 2tbsp green onion or chives (finely chopped)
  • ¼ tsp black pepper powder
  • 2tbsp olive oil
How to make: 
  1. Put all the ingredients (except olive oil) into a bowl and mix well until everything looks well combined.
  2. Scoop two to three tablespoons of the mixture, place it on your palm, and roll it slowly into a small cake/patty. Repeat the process and make cakes with the remaining mixture. Finally, place all the cakes/patties on a plate.
  3. Now, place an iron skillet over medium-high heat and spread a tablespoon of oil on it.
  4. As the oil warms, place three to four patties on the skillet, leaving some space between each patty.
  5. Cook the patties for three to four minutes on each side. Once done, place them on a plate. Repeat the process with other cakes.
  6. Serve one salmon sweet potato cake to your baby for self-feeding with yogurt-mint dip or avocado dip for added taste and nutrition.

4. Salmon veggie frittata (12+ months)

[caption id="attachment_766907" align="alignnone" width="720"]Salmon veggie frittata (12+ months) Image: iStock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 medium potato (peeled and diced)
  • ½ medium sweet potato (peeled and diced)
  • 1 canned salmon (drained and washed)
  • 4 eggs (lightly whisked)
  • ½ cup baby spinach leaves (washed and chopped)
  • ½ cup mixed cheese (grated)
  • 1tbsp olive oil
  • 1-2tbsp water
How to make:
  1. Preheat the oven to 392°F (200°C).
  2. Place the potato and sweet potato in a roasting tray, drizzle over some oil and give a gentle toss to coat all the diced veggies.
  3. Put the roasting tray into the oven and roast for about 20 to 30 minutes until the potato and sweet potato turn golden and tender.
  4. Meanwhile, preheat the grill. While the grill is heating, place a frying pan over low heat. Put the potato and sweet potato at the frying pan base in a single layer.
  5. Next, add a layer of spinach leaves on the top of the potato and sweet potato layer.  Then, on top, place the salmon and grated cheese.
  6. Pour the whisked eggs over the layers and let the dish cook over low heat for eight to ten minutes until the egg begins to set around the edges yet is still runny in the center.
  7. Once done, place the pan under the grill and cook for an additional five minutes until the egg sets and the frittata develops a golden brown top.
  8. After five minutes, remove the pan from under the grill and set it aside to cool. Cut into thick fingers and serve to your baby with a dip of choice.
Salmon is a nutrient-rich, oily fish that can be beneficial for babies when fed in moderation as a part of a well-balanced diet. You can feed wild or farm-raised salmon to babies as soon as they begin eating various solid foods. Begin with salmon puree or mash, and then gradually progress to different dishes such as salmon finger and salmon cake.

References:

[post_title] => When Can Babies Eat Salmon? Benefits, Tips And Recipes [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => salmon-for-baby-safety-age-benefits-recipes [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-28 17:27:38 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-28 11:57:38 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766903 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[17] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766836 [post_author] => 357079 [post_date] => 2021-08-28 13:35:42 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-28 08:05:42 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766853" align="alignnone" width="720"]Breastfeeding Snacks: 42 Easy and Healthy Options Image: iStock[/caption][mj-toc]The phrase "eating for two" during breastfeeding is "partially" true. Although a lactating woman doesn't need to consume food twice her requirement, she must consume an additional 500 calories a day to compensate for the approximately 500 calories burnt due to breastfeeding (1) (2).Most breastfeeding moms are preoccupied with meeting the baby's requirements, such as feeding, changing diapers, or putting them to bed, that they find it challenging to take out time to eat a balanced and nutritious meal.Thus, we bring you a list of healthy breastfeeding snacks you can whip up in no time. However, before we dive into the list, here is a question that may pop up in your mind.

What Makes A Good Breastfeeding Snack?

This is a question stamped on every nursing mother's mind. Here are some key points you must remember while looking for a good breastfeeding snack.
  1. It must meet your calorie requirement. As you handle multiple tasks, you need a snack that will replenish the energy spent. Complex carbohydrates such as oats, whole wheat, and brown rice, beans, lean proteins, etc., would keep you full longer and provide you with sustained energy (3).
  1. It should be nutritious. This should be a priority as you do not need empty calories. Vegetables, nuts, and fruits are packed with vitamins and minerals. These foods ensure that both you and your child receive an optimal dose of nutrients (4).
  1. It should be hydrating. Your body requires water to produce breast milk. A hydrating food not only quenches your thirst but also keeps you full longer. Fruits, vegetables, yogurt, and milk are good options (5).
  1. It should partially contribute to increased milk production. A few foods are effective in increasing milk production. Such foods are termed "galactagogues." Oats, barley, chickpeas, lentils, moringa leaves, garlic, fennel, dill, almonds, sesame seeds, flaxseeds, dates, ginger, turmeric, carrots, yams, beets, dark green leafy vegetables, and brewer's yeast are well-known galactagogues (6) (7).
Now that you know what makes a good breastfeeding snack, here are 35 breastfeeding snacks that can be made at home. We have also included a few healthy store-bought snacks that you can nosh on during breastfeeding.

Homemade Breastfeeding Snacks

Nothing compares to a good homemade breastfeeding snack. These snacks contain no preservatives and can be made of ingredients readily available at every home.

1. Greek yogurt and granola

[caption id="attachment_766855" align="alignnone" width="720"]Greek yogurt and granola Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1/4 cup granola
  • 1/2 cup Greek yogurt (preferably low-fat)
  • 1-2tsp desiccated coconut (optional)
  • 1/4 cup mixed berries — raspberries, blueberries (optional)
How to prepare
  • Take 1/4th cup of granola and pour in the Greek yogurt.
  • Add in berries of your choice and relish.
  • You can alter the granola flavor for a refreshing taste each time.
  • Also, for the vegan variant, you can substitute Greek yogurt with coconut yogurt.

2. Lactation cookies

[caption id="attachment_766856" align="alignnone" width="720"]Lactation cookies Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 2/3 cups oat or wheat flour (can be gluten-free)
  • 1 cup coconut sugar
  • 3/4 cup old fashioned rolled oats (can be gluten-free)
  • 2/3 cup dark chocolate chips (optional)
  • 1/3 cup coconut oil, melted and cooled
  • 1/4 cup brewer’s yeast (preferably debittered)
  • 1/4 cup flaxseed meal
  • 1/4 cup water
  • 1tsp vanilla extract
  • 1/2tsp baking soda
  • 1/2tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1/4tsp salt
How to prepare
  • Mix the flaxseed meal with water. Let it sit for five minutes. You can also substitute them with three eggs. Whisk them well before use.
  • Now add melted and cooled coconut oil, coconut sugar, and vanilla extract into the beaten egg. Mix well until all the ingredients are well combined.
  • In another bowl, mix oat or wheat flour, rolled oats, brewer’s yeast, baking soda, cinnamon powder, and salt.
  • Sieve the dry ingredients into the wet ingredients.
  • Add some nuts or dark chocolate chips.
  • Scoop cookie dough of the desired size onto a parched baking tray. Bake at 350 °F for 10-13 minutes or until the sides are golden.
  • These homemade lactation cookies stay fresh for a week under room temperature.
  • You can also freeze them in a Ziploc bag for two months.

3. Hard-boiled eggs and whole-grain crackers

[caption id="attachment_766857" align="alignnone" width="720"]Hard-boiled eggs and whole-grain crackers Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 2 eggs
  • 2-4 whole-grain crackers
  • 1tsp of chives (optional)
  • A pinch of salt (optional)
How to prepare
  • Add 3-4 cups of water in a saucepan, enough for the eggs to submerge.
  • Add in the eggs once the water starts to boil.
  • Cover with a lid for ten minutes.
  • Turn off the stove and discard the water.
  • Pour in cold water to hasten the cooling process of the eggs.
  • Once the eggs have cooled, peel off the shell.
  • Cut the eggs into slices. Sandwich them in between crackers.
  • You may add in chopped chives or any other seasoning of your preference.

4. Trail mix with nuts and dried fruit

[caption id="attachment_766858" align="alignnone" width="720"]Trail mix with nuts and dried fruit Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 cup of nuts — pecans, cashews, almonds, walnuts, etc., (raw or home-roasted)
  • 1 cup of dried fruits (unsweetened)
  • 1/2 cup of seeds — sunflower, pumpkin
  • 1/2 cup of broken pretzels or aired popcorn (optional)
  • A pinch of salt or nutmeg (optional)
How to prepare
  • In a big bowl, combine all the preferred ingredients.
  • Store it in a clean mason jar or a Ziploc bag.
  • It can be stored for a month.

5. Whole wheat bagel with hummus

[caption id="attachment_766859" align="alignnone" width="720"]Whole wheat bagel with hummus Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 small whole-wheat bagel
  • 1/2 cup hummus
  • 1/4 cup chickpeas (optional)
How to prepare
  • Cut the bagel in half and spread some hummus.
  • You can also add some chickpeas on top for extra protein.

6. Air-popped popcorn

[caption id="attachment_766860" align="alignnone" width="720"]Air-popped popcorn Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1/4 cup corn kernels
  • Seasoning of your choice
How to prepare
  • Place a non-stick pan over the stove and heat it over medium flame.
  • Sprinkle a few drops of water to check if the pan is hot enough. If the water evaporates immediately, your pan is ready to pop the corn.
  • Add in corn kernels and close the lid.
  • Shake it every two to six seconds.
  • The kernels would start to pop after two or three minutes.
  • Remove the pot from the heat when you don't hear a pop for five or six seconds.
  • Transfer the lightweight air-popped corn into a bowl and toss in seasonings of your choice.

7. Dark chocolate and berries

[caption id="attachment_766861" align="alignnone" width="720"]Dark chocolate and berries Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1/4 cup dark chocolate
  • 1/2 cup raspberries or strawberries
How to prepare
  • Chop up the dark chocolate and add it to a bowl of raspberries.
  • You can also melt the chocolate and dip the raspberries or strawberries in it. Freeze it for some time and voila! you have a travel-friendly snack.

8. Edamame

[caption id="attachment_766862" align="alignnone" width="720"]Edamame Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • Edamame
  • Salt (optional)
How to prepare
  • Boil raw edamame for a few minutes until they're tender.
  • Sprinkle some salt and relish the high-protein snack.
  • Pre-cooked and ready-to-eat edamame can be consumed as such.

9. Banana and rice cake

[caption id="attachment_766864" align="alignnone" width="720"]Banana and rice cake Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1-2 rice cake (organic)
  • 1 banana
  • 1tbsp all-natural peanut butter (optional)
  • 1tsp honey or maple syrup (optional)
How to prepare
  • Take a rice cake and spread peanut butter over if preferred.
  • Peel and slice the bananas.
  • Place the chopped slices on the rice cake.
  • Drizzle with honey or maple syrup.

10. Crackers and cheese

[caption id="attachment_766865" align="alignnone" width="720"]Crackers and cheese Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 2-4 whole-grain crackers
  • 2 cheddar cheese slices
  • Vegetables (optional)
How to prepare
  • Place slices of cheese in between two whole-grain crackers. Add vegetables as per your preference.
  • This is a quick snack filled with complex carbohydrates and protein, provided you have both the ingredients available.

11. Apple slices and peanut butter

[caption id="attachment_766866" align="alignnone" width="720"]Apple slices and peanut butter Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 apple (cored and sliced)
  • 1/2 cup all-natural peanut butter
  • Berries (optional)
How to prepare
  • Spread some peanut butter or any nut butter of your preference on the sliced apples.
  • Add some chopped berries for additional nutrition.

12. Veggie egg muffins

[caption id="attachment_766867" align="alignnone" width="720"]Veggie egg muffins Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 4 eggs
  • 1/4 cup milk
  • 1/2 cup diced vegetables
  • A pinch of salt and pepper
How to prepare
  • Break and whisk the eggs in a bowl.
  • Add in diced vegetables of your choice. Carrots, onions, tomatoes, broccoli, mushroom, and spinach go well with eggs.
  • Pour this batter into muffin trays.
  • Bake them in a preheated oven for 15-20 minutes at 350 °F.
  • You can store them in a freezer for five days. Avoid onions or other watery vegetables to increase the shelf-life.
  • If you're a cheese lover, place a cube of cheese in the center of the muffin before baking.

13. Cherry tomato and mozzarella basil bites

[caption id="attachment_766868" align="alignnone" width="720"]Cherry tomato and mozzarella basil bites Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 4-5 cherry tomatoes (halved)
  • 4-5 mozzarella balls
  • 1tsp extra virgin olive oil
  • Salt and pepper (to taste)
  • 4-5 basil leaves
How to prepare
  • Place a mozzarella ball and a basil leaf in between two tomato halves. Pierce a toothpick to hold them together.
  • Drizzle some extra virgin olive oil on the top.
  • Sprinkle some salt and pepper.

14. Oat and nut waffles

[caption id="attachment_766869" align="alignnone" width="720"]Oat and nut waffles Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1-1/2 cups of whole wheat flour
  • 1 cup quick-cooking oats
  • 1 cup chopped nuts
  • 1/4 cup melted butter or vegetable oil
  • 2 large eggs (lightly beaten) or flax eggs
  • 2tbsp honey or maple syrup
  • 2tsp baking powder
  • 1/2tsp salt
  • Sliced peaches for serving (optional)
How to prepare
  • Mix all the dry ingredients in one bowl and all the wet ingredients in another.
  • The eggs can be substituted with flaxseed powder for a vegan version. To prepare flax eggs, mix two tablespoons of ground raw flaxseed powder with five tablespoons of water. Let it sit for five minutes.
  • Sift the dry ingredients into the wet ingredients carefully.
  • Mix the ingredients well.
  • Pour the mixture over pre-heated waffle iron and cook until the waffles are slightly golden.
  • Take them off the iron and drizzle some maple syrup or honey. Serve alongside some sliced peaches.

15. Milk and protein bars

[caption id="attachment_766870" align="alignnone" width="720"]Milk and protein bars Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • One protein bar
  • A glass of milk
How to prepare
  • This simple yet nutritional snack only requires you to sit back and enjoy.

16. Hummus and celery

[caption id="attachment_766871" align="alignnone" width="720"]Hummus and celery Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1/4 cup hummus (homemade or store-bought)
  • 2 celeries
How to prepare
  • Wash the celeries and slice them into sticks
  • Dip them into hummus and enjoy a delicious healthy snack within minutes.

17. Oatmeal protein balls

[caption id="attachment_766872" align="alignnone" width="720"]Oatmeal protein balls Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1–1/2 cup oats
  • 2/3 cup peanut or almond butter
  • 2–3tbsp honey or maple syrup
How to prepare
  • Add all the ingredients to a food processor and powder it until you get a crumbly texture.
  • Make balls out of them or spread them on a parchment sheet to create protein balls.

18. Antipasto kabobs

[caption id="attachment_766873" align="alignnone" width="720"]Antipasto kabobs Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 2-3 deli meat (2 inches in length each), rolled or folded
  • 2-6 flat-leaf parsley or basil leaves
  • 2-3 pieces preserved artichoke hearts
  • 2-3 pitted olives
  • 2-3 mini mozzarella cheese balls
  • 2-3 cherry tomatoes
  • 2-3 mini wooden skewers
  • A pinch of oregano
  • 1-2tsp of extra virgin olive oil
How to prepare
  • Roll or fold the deli meat.
  • Arrange all the ingredients in order on clean and dry skewers.
  • Arrange them on a plate, drizzle some olive oil, and sprinkle some oregano.

19. Cottage cheese and pineapple

[caption id="attachment_766874" align="alignnone" width="720"]Cottage cheese and pineapple Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 cup cottage cheese (preferably low-fat)
  • 1/2 cup fresh pineapple (crushed or sliced)
How to prepare
  • Shred the cottage cheese into a bowl.
  • Top it with sliced or crushed pineapple.

20. Granola bars

[caption id="attachment_766875" align="alignnone" width="720"]Granola bars Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1-1/2 cups puffed brown rice cereal
  • 1-1/2 cups quick oats
  • ¾ cup natural almond or all-natural peanut butter
  • ½ cup nuts and berries
  • 1/3 cup honey or maple syrup
  • ¼ cup dark chocolate chips (optional)
  • 3tbsp ground flax seed
  • 2tbsp brewers yeast (optional)
  • 1/4tsp sea salt
  • 1/2tsp vanilla extract
How to prepare
  • Combine all the dry ingredients in a bowl.
  • Melt the almond or peanut butter in a saucepan. Add the maple syrup or honey into it. Pour this heated mixture along with other wet ingredients into the dry ingredients.
  • The mixture should be crumbly. Finally, add nuts, berries, and chocolate chips gently.
  • Line a baking tray with parchment paper.
  • Spread the granola mixture evenly on parchment paper.
  • Refrigerate for an hour or overnight.
  • Cut the well-set granola into squares of the required size.
  • These granola bars stay fresh for four days at room temperature and up to two months when frozen.

21. Pitted dates stuffed with peanut butter and walnuts

[caption id="attachment_766876" align="alignnone" width="720"]Pitted dates stuffed with peanut butter and walnuts Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 2 Medjool dates (halved)
  • 1tbsp all-natural peanut butter
  • 4 walnuts
How to prepare
  • Spread peanut butter into each halved date.
  • Place a walnut on each date and savor this simple, nutritious snack filled with the goodness of healthy fats and sugars.

22. Pretzels and cheddar cheese

[caption id="attachment_766877" align="alignnone" width="720"]Pretzels and cheddar cheese Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • Pretzels
  • Cheddar cheese (any form)
How to prepare
  • Cut the cheese and eat along with pretzels.
  • You may also dip them in cheese sauce.
  • Alternatively, add some butter or popcorn oil to a pan over medium heat.
  • Toss in some pretzels and sprinkle some cheddar cheese powder.
  • Toss until the oil is absorbed along with the cheese.

23. Tuna and apples

[caption id="attachment_766878" align="alignnone" width="720"]Tuna and apples Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 2-3 chunk light tuna (water drained)
  • 1 small apple (cored and diced)
  • ¼cup minced red onion
  • ¼cup olive oil or mayonnaise
  • 2tbsp lemon juice
  • 2tbsp fresh basil or celery (minced)
  • Salt and pepper
How to prepare
  • Cut the tuna into small pieces.
  • Add all the ingredients to a bowl.
  • Sprinkle salt and pepper as per taste.

24. Cucumbers with cream cheese and smoked salmon

[caption id="attachment_766879" align="alignnone" width="720"]Cucumbers with cream cheese and smoked salmon Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1/2 large cucumber or 1 small cucumber
  • 1/4 cup cream cheese of any flavor
  • 1-2ounces smoked salmon
  • Chives or dill (minced)
How to prepare
  • Cut the cucumber into slices.
  • Top them with cream cheese and strips of smoked salmon.
  • Garnish with minced chives or dill.

25. Dried fruit

[caption id="attachment_766880" align="alignnone" width="720"]Dried fruit Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • A handful of dried fruits of your choice
How to prepare
  • The only preparation needed is for you to open up the jar or pouch.
  • Go for unsweetened dried fruits as they are healthier than sweetened dried fruits.

26. Banana blender muffins

[caption id="attachment_766881" align="alignnone" width="720"]Banana blender muffins Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 3 bananas
  • 2 cups rolled oats
  • 2 eggs or 2tbsp flaxseed meal
  • ¼ cup honey
  • 1/2tsp baking soda
  • 1/2tsp salt
How to prepare
  • If you plan to use flax eggs, mix two tbsp of flaxseed meal in 5tbsp of water. Stir well and let it sit for five minutes.
  • Now, blend all the ingredients in a blender.
  • Scoop the batter into muffin tins and place them in a preheated oven.
  • Bake at 350 °F for 10-15 minutes.

27. Toast with peanut butter and banana

[caption id="attachment_766882" align="alignnone" width="720"]Toast with peanut butter and banana Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 slice of whole-wheat bread
  • 1/2 banana
  • 1tbsp all-natural peanut butter
How to prepare
  • Toast the bread slightly.
  • Spread the peanut butter evenly on the toasted bread.
  • Slice bananas and place them on the toast for a wholesome and quick snack.
  • You can also add a few frozen or fresh berries on top.

28. Fruit and yogurt smoothie

[caption id="attachment_766883" align="alignnone" width="720"]Fruit and yogurt smoothie Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • ½ cup plain Greek yogurt
  • 1 frozen banana
  • 1/2 cup frozen or fresh berries
How to prepare
  • Toss all the ingredients into a blender jar and whip them up for a quick and healthy smoothie.

29. Watermelon ‘fries’ with yogurt dip

[caption id="attachment_766884" align="alignnone" width="720"]Watermelon ‘fries’ with yogurt dip Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 cup chopped watermelon for fries
  • 1 cup plain or flavored Greek yogurt
  • Seasonings
How to prepare
  • Add your favorite seasoning to yogurt. It can be as simple as salt, pepper, or a complicated yogurt dip made of lime juice, honey, and chili powder.
  • Place the chopped watermelon pieces on top of the yogurt and relish.

30. Hummus and veggies

[caption id="attachment_766885" align="alignnone" width="720"]Hummus and veggies Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • Vegetables of your choice
  • Hummus of your preferred flavor
How to prepare
  • Carrots, radishes, bell peppers, avocado, cucumbers, celery, and tomatoes, go well with hummus.
  • You can also eat hummus with baked sweet potato, sliced or baked zucchini, and steamed cauliflowers.

31. Vanilla overnight oats

[caption id="attachment_766886" align="alignnone" width="720"]Vanilla overnight oats Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • ½ cup rolled oats
  • 1 cup unsweetened almond milk (vanilla flavored)
  • 1-2tsp of honey or maple syrup
How to prepare
  • This is a recipe that needs to be prepared beforehand.
  • In a mason jar, pour in rolled oats, almond milk, and preferred sweetener.
  • Stir it well and stack it in the fridge for a few hours or overnight.

32. Whole wheat waffle with applesauce

[caption id="attachment_766887" align="alignnone" width="720"]Whole wheat waffle with applesauce Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 whole-wheat waffle
  • 1-2tbsp unsweetened applesauce
How to prepare
  • Prepare whole-wheat waffles the usual way. You may also use frozen ones.
  • Pour the delicious unsweetened applesauce over the waffle to enjoy a quick snack filled with complex carbohydrates.
  • You can also top it off with some fruit yogurt, coconut cream, or berries of your choice.

33. Pumpkin smoothie

[caption id="attachment_766888" align="alignnone" width="720"]Pumpkin smoothie Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1/3 cup fresh pumpkin puree
  • 1 frozen banana
  • 1 cup almond milk (unsweetened)
  • 1tbsp honey or maple syrup
  • A pinch of cinnamon
How to prepare
  • Toss all the ingredients into a blender and whisk them.
  • That is all it takes to get a healthy glass of smoothie filled with complex carbs, carotenoids, and good fats.
  • You can also add a few nuts or dates of your choice and sprinkle some cinnamon on top.

34. Roasted pumpkin seeds

[caption id="attachment_766889" align="alignnone" width="720"]Roasted pumpkin seeds Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1 cup pumpkin seed
  • 1tbsp olive oil
  • 1/4tsp garlic powder
  • Salt to taste
How to prepare
  • Place a parchment sheet on a baking tray.
  • Spread the pumpkin seeds evenly on the sheet.
  • Drizzle some olive oil, and sprinkle garlic powder and salt.
  • Bake at 350 °F for 10-15 minutes. Stir it every five minutes for even roasting of the seeds.
  • These roasted seeds can be stored for up to two weeks.

35. Dark Chocolate and almonds

[caption id="attachment_766890" align="alignnone" width="720"]Dark Chocolate and almonds Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1/2cup almonds
  • 1/2cup dark chocolate chips
How to prepare
  • Crush the almonds into chunks. Roast them over medium flame until they turn brown.
  • Spread the toasted almonds evenly on a baking tray lined with parchment paper.
  • Melt chocolate on a double boiler.
  • Pour the melted chocolate over the roasted almonds. Let it cool. Break them into even pieces and store them in a jar.
  • You can prepare these homemade, preservative-free chocolate in batches. Sprinkle some sea salt in the melted chocolate for enhanced flavor.

36. Avocado chocolate pudding

[caption id="attachment_766891" align="alignnone" width="720"]Avocado chocolate pudding Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1/2 ripe avocado
  • 1tbsp cocoa powder (unsweetened)
  • 2tbsp milk
  • 1tbsp maple syrup or honey
  • 1/4tsp vanilla essence
How to prepare
  • Blend all the ingredients in a jar and transfer them into a bowl.
  • This snack, filled with good fats and antioxidants, can be prepared within minutes.

37. Roasted chickpeas

[caption id="attachment_766892" align="alignnone" width="720"]Roasted chickpeas Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need
  • 1-1/2 cups cooked chickpeas
  • 1tbsp extra-virgin olive oil
  • Sea salt
  • Seasonings
How to prepare
  • Wash the cooked chickpeas and remove any loose skins.
  • Spread a parchment sheet on a baking tray. Fill up the baking tray with chickpeas.
  • Drizzle olive oil over them and add a generous amount of salt.
  • Toss them until all the chickpeas are evenly coated.
  • Roast in an oven at 350 °F for 20 minutes or until the chickpeas are crispy.
  • Mix them every five minutes for even roasting.
  • These healthy munchies stay fresh for two days.

Store-Bought Breastfeeding Snacks

No time to cook snacks? Here are a few healthy breastfeeding store-bought snacks.

1. KIND cinnamon oat bars

KIND cinnamon oat barsThe Cinnamon oat bars by KIND are filled with oats, a natural galactagogue. This bar would reduce your hunger cravings and also increase your milk supply. Its gluten-free and low-sugar content makes it a great munchie even for midnight snacking.

2. That’s It apple blueberry bars

That’s It apple blueberry barsAs the name suggests, this bar is filled with apples and blueberries. Tickle your sweet tooth with this bar filled with naturally concentrated sugar.

3. Trader Joe’s seasoned kale chips

Trader Joe’s seasoned kale chipsWith no artificial preservatives, Trader Joe's seasoned kale chips are a healthy snack for savory lovers. The tahini sauce with kale makes these chips a good source of iron and calcium and the ideal healthy pickup snack for breastfeeding moms.

4. Alaska Smokehouse king salmon jerky

Alaska Smokehouse king salmon jerkyThe Alaska Smokehouse salmon jerky is a healthy and tasty snack that is designed to meet protein needs. Each serving of the jerky provides 15 grams of protein.

5. Sahale Snacks mango tango almond trail mix

Sahale Snacks mango tango almond trail mixThe trail mix by Sahale is a treat for food lovers who like sour foods. It has peanuts, almonds, and banana chips perfectly balanced in the tanginess of mango. Filled with protein, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates, this a quick and healthy snack for lactating moms.As a nursing mother, nourishing yourself is extremely important. Even if you don’t find time to eat a wholesome meal, gorging on healthy snacks could make a huge difference. We hope we have done our share in bringing the best breastfeeding snacks to you.

References:

1. Maternal diet; CDC 2. Eating for Two, Take Two - Eating Optimally for Breastfeeding; Lamaze International 3. Top 10 superfoods for breastfeeding moms; Stanford Health 4. Diet for breastfeeding mothers; Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia 5. Your Nutrition and Breastfeeding; Stanford Children’s Health 6. F.J. Nice;Common Herbs and Foods Used as Galactogogues; ICAN Infant Child & Adolescent Nutrition (2011). 7. Lisa Marasco;Inside track. Increasing your milk supply with galactogogues; Journal of Human Lactation (2008).
[post_title] => Breastfeeding Snacks: 42 Easy and Healthy Options [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => easy-quick-healthy-breastfeeding-snacks [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-28 13:35:42 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-28 08:05:42 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766836 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[18] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766705 [post_author] => 309462 [post_date] => 2021-08-27 20:24:25 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-27 14:54:25 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766724" align="alignnone" width="720"]Muffins For Babies Right Age, Tips And Recipes To Try Image: iStock[/caption][mj-toc]Muffin is a baked product usually made with all-purpose flour, milk, egg, butter or shortening, raising agent, and flavoring. It could also contain nuts, fresh or dried fruits, and seeds. You can buy sweet and savory muffins from the market, but you can customize their ingredients and size by baking them at home.A well-baked muffin has an easy-to-hold, moist-spongy texture, making muffins a good weaning food for babies. But what is the right age to feed muffins to babies? Also, should you worry about possible allergens, such as milk and egg?Read on to learn about the right age to introduce muffins to babies with some age-appropriate recipes to try.

Right Age To Feed Muffins To Babies

Most babies can begin eating muffins anytime between six and nine months of age (1). Muffins are multi-ingredient foods made with common allergens, such as milk, egg, and nuts. So, before you introduce muffins to your baby, consult your pediatrician. However, this doesn’t mean you need to delay feeding muffins to your babies.According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), parents can introduce potential allergens early in life to prevent allergies (2). Once you have the doctor’s permission, try age-appropriate muffin recipes for your little one. You can prepare healthy yet delicious baby-friendly muffins using some tips shared in the next section.

Tips To Make Muffins Healthier

Muffins contain certain ingredients which aren’t healthy for babies and even adults. However, you can make healthy muffins at home by following some simple tips.
  • Replace all-purpose flour with healthy alternatives, such as whole-wheat, oats, quinoa, or millets. Experiment a few times with these and several other healthy ingredients to get the perfect blend for a customized muffin recipe.
  • Add fresh fruit, such as blueberries, mango, apple, and banana, in the form of mash, puree, or pieces. Fruits add color and sweetness to the preparation. You can also use dried fruits, such as figs and dates, to make the muffins naturally sweet and healthy.
  • Add different veggies in puree, mash, grated, or chopped forms to create savory muffins. Avocado, broccoli, butternut squash, zucchini, carrot, and spinach are some good choices. You can add two or more veggies to make the recipe versatile.
  • Include nuts and seeds powder for younger babies, whereas for older babies and toddlers, use finely chopped or coarsely powdered nuts and seeds. Adding nuts and seeds, such as walnut, almond, and sesame seeds, offer your baby and toddler several vital nutrients, such as calcium and omega-3.
  • Replace white or brown sugar with jaggery powder. Fruits and dried fruits, such as prunes and raisins, are also good choices to sweeten a muffin. Honey, maple syrup, and molasses are other options for babies older than 12 months.
  • Use whole milk in recipes instead of low-fat milk as babies under two years of age require fat for healthy brain growth and development (3). If whole milk isn’t available, plant-based milk, such as almond and oats milk, is another option. Greek yogurt is another option that one can use to replace milk in muffins.
  • Replace margarine or butter with vegetable oils, such as olive oil or flaxseed oil. If you are using butter for a particular recipe, prefer unsalted butter to salted butter. It will cut the recipe’s sodium content, which is necessary for reducing undue stress on the baby and toddler’s kidneys.
  • Replace salt with herbs and spices, such as oregano, cinnamon, fennel, nutmeg, rosemary, thyme, and basil. These add flavor and aroma to the food while also imparting some therapeutic benefits.
  • You may also try other ways to make healthy, customized muffins. For instance, you could reduce the size of regular muffins to mini, controlling the portion size. The next section includes some easy, age-appropriate recipes that you can try for baking muffins for your baby and toddler.

Muffin Recipes For Babies And Toddlers

Muffin recipes for six months+ babies

At around six months of age, babies have just started eating solids. Therefore, first try simple muffins recipes that include fewer ingredients, especially those that the baby is already eating. As the baby adjusts to the muffin's taste and digestibility, gradually move to multi-ingredient muffin recipes. You can quarter a muffin and give it to your baby to self-feed. Here are some easy-to-make yet tasty muffin recipes for six-month babies.

1. Banana mini muffin

[caption id="attachment_766713" align="alignnone" width="720"]Banana Muffin Image; Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 cup whole-wheat flour
  • ½ cup unsalted butter
  • 2 ripe bananas (pureed)
  • 1tbsp lime or lemon juice
  • 1tsp baking powder
  • ½ tsp baking soda
How to make: 1. Preheat the oven to 356°F (180°C). Line the muffin tin with paper liners and set it aside. 2. In a bowl, mix banana puree and unsalted butter using a whisk until the oil combines with the puree. 3. Add lime or lemon juice to the mixture and mix well. Keep the mixture aside. 4. Now, sieve whole-wheat flour, baking soda, and baking powder in the puree mixture. 5. Gently fold the dry ingredients into the puree mixture using a spatula until the batter looks smooth and well combined. 6. Spoon the batter in muffin liners till they are filled up to their three-fourth. 7. Once done, place the muffin tin on the center rack of the oven. 8. Bake the muffins for 30 to 35 minutes until their top looks golden brown. Then, check their readiness by inserting a toothpick into the center of a muffin. If the toothpick comes out clean, it means the muffins are ready. 9. After 35 minutes, take out the muffin tin from the oven and place it on the wire rack to cool. 10. Cut a muffin into semi-thick slices, which the baby could hold for self-feeding.

2. Blueberry and banana muffin

[caption id="attachment_766714" align="alignnone" width="720"]Blueberry and banana muffin Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 cup blanched almond flour
  • 1 cup very ripe bananas (mashed)
  • 1 cup frozen blueberries (pureed)
  • 1 egg
  • 1tsp baking soda
  • 1tbsp canola oil
How to make: 1. Preheat the oven to 350°F (176.6°C). Line the muffin tin with paper liners and set it aside. 2. In a mixing bowl, mix almond flour and baking soda and set the bowl aside.  Now, take another bowl and whisk canola oil and egg in it. 3. Add the wet ingredients into the almond flour mixture with constant stirring until everything combines. 4. Add mashed bananas and blueberry puree into the batter. Mix well and check the batter's consistency. 5. Now, spoon the batter into each muffin cup. Bake for 35 to 40 minutes until the muffin develops a golden brown top. 6. Check the doneness by inserting a toothpick into the center of the muffin. If the toothpick comes out clean, the muffin is ready. 7. Take the muffin tin out of the oven and keep it on the wire rack to cool. 8. Quarter the muffin and give it to the baby to practice self-feeding.

3. Apple, banana, and carrot mini muffin

[caption id="attachment_766715" align="alignnone" width="720"]Apple, banana, and carrot mini muffin Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 150g whole-wheat flour
  • 100g apple (cooked and pureed)
  • 50g carrot (cooked and pureed
  • 50g banana
  • 50g unsalted butter (melted)
  • 1 egg
  • 1tbsp almond and walnut powder
  • 1tsp baking powder
  • Olive oil, for greasing
How to make:1. Preheat the oven to 356°F (180°C). Grease the muffin tin with olive oil and set it aside. 2. Combine egg and butter in a mixing bowl. Add apple and carrot puree to the mixture and mix well using an electric or hand-held beater until the mixture turns smooth and frothy. 3. Add whole-wheat flour, almond and walnut powder, and baking powder to the mixture and beat it well for 30 to 60 seconds. 4. Spoon this mixture into the muffin cups until each of them is only half full. 5. Bake the muffins for 15 to 20 minutes until the muffin’s top turns golden brown. 6. After 20 minutes, take out the muffin tin from the oven and place it on the wire rack to cool completely. 7. Give small muffin fingers to your baby. Store the remaining muffins in an airtight container for up to three days. You can also freeze these muffins for longer use, although it is good to make a fresh batch every ten to 15 days.

4. Mini pumpkin muffin

[caption id="attachment_766716" align="alignnone" width="720"]Mini pumpkin muffin Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need: 
  • 1 cup whole-wheat flour
  • ½ cup pumpkin puree
  • ⅓ cup unsalted butter (melted)
  • ¼ cup almond milk
  • 1 large egg
  • ½ tsp baking soda
  • ½ tsp baking powder
  • 1tsp cinnamon powder
  • 1tsp pumpkin pie spice
How to make: 1. Preheat the oven to 350°F (176.6°C). Line the muffin tin with paper liners and set it aside. 2. In a bowl, whisk flour, baking soda, baking powder, cinnamon powder, and pumpkin pie spice. Set the bowl aside. 3. Take a large bowl and whisk pumpkin puree, butter, egg, and milk until the mixture looks uniform and smooth. 4. Pour the dry ingredients into the pumpkin puree mixture. Gently fold the ingredients until they are well combined. 5. Scoop the batter into the muffin tin filling each muffin mold to its two-third. 6. Place the muffin tin into the oven and bake for 12 to 15 minutes until the crust turns golden brown. 7. Take out the muffin tin from the oven and set it aside to cool on a wire rack. 8. Give your baby appropriately sliced pumpkin muffin fingers to relish.

Muffin recipes for ten months+ babies

By the time babies turn ten months, they have a relatively mature digestive system and refined motor and oral skills. They can now hold firmer finger foods and even point at the food they like (4).

5. Applesauce and oats muffin

[caption id="attachment_766717" align="alignnone" width="720"]Applesauce and oats muffin Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 cup rolled oats
  • ½ cup almond milk
  • ¾ cup whole-wheat flour
  • ½ cup applesauce
  • 1 large egg
  • 4tbsp unsalted butter (melted)
  • 1tbsp mixed nuts (coarsely powdered)
  • 1tsp baking powder
  • 1tsp cinnamon powder
  • ½ tsp baking soda
How to prepare: 1. Preheat the oven to 375°F (190°C). Line the muffin tin with paper liners and set it aside. 2. In a medium bowl, mix rolled oats, applesauce, milk, egg, and butter. Set the bowl aside. 3. In a large bowl, whisk together the wheat flour, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, and mixed nuts powder. 4. Make a well in the center of the mixture and pour in the applesauce mixture. Stir the mixture well until you get a smooth-flowing batter. 5. Spoon the batter into lined muffin molds and put the muffin tin into the oven. 6. Bake for 15 to 20 minutes until muffins look slightly brown at the top. 7. Remove the muffin tin from the oven and put it on the wire rack to cool completely. 8. Once done, slice one muffin into bite-sized pieces and serve it to your baby to hone their pincer grasp skills.

6. Carrot cake muffin recipes

[caption id="attachment_766718" align="alignnone" width="720"]Carrot cake muffin recipes Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • ½ cups carrots (grated)
  • ½ cup whole-wheat flour
  • ½ cup all-purpose flour
  • ½ cup coconut (grated)
  • ¼ cup unsweetened applesauce
  • ⅛ cup flax seeds powder
  • ¾ cup fresh orange juice
  • ½ tsp baking powder
  • ¼ tsp baking soda
  • ½ tbsp cinnamon powder
  • 1 egg
  • Olive oil, for greasing
How to make:1. Preheat the oven to 350°F (176.6°C). Grease the muffin tin with olive oil and set it aside. 2. Meanwhile, mix flour, flaxseed, cinnamon, baking powder, and baking soda in a bowl. 3. Now, with constant stirring, add egg, applesauce, and orange juice to the bowl. Mix until everything is well combined. 4. Fold in grated carrots and coconut in the flour mix until everything blends well. 5. Once done, spoon the mixture into the muffin tin, filling each mold up to its two-third. 6. Put the baking tins into the oven and bake for approximately 20 minutes until the muffins develop a brown crust. 7. After 20 minutes, take the tin out of the oven and keep it on the wire rack to cool. 8. Feed the muffin to your baby with a dip or fruit puree.

7. Quinoa, spinach, and goat cheese muffin

[caption id="attachment_766719" align="alignnone" width="720"]Quinoa, spinach, and goat cheese muffin Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:• ½ cup quinoa (cooked) • ½ cup whole cow milk • 10oz. spinach (steamed, strained, and water squeezed out) • ½ oz. goat cheese • 3 eggs • ½ tsp garlic powder • ¼ tsp black pepper powder • Olive oil, for greasingHow to make:1. Preheat the oven to 400°F (204°C). Grease the muffin tin with olive oil and set it aside. 2. In a large mixing bowl, mix eggs and milk until the mixture begins to froth. 3. Add the remaining ingredients and whisk well to combine everything into a smooth-flowing batter. 4. Pour the batter into the muffin molds filling them into their halves. Bake for 24 to 27 minutes until the muffin looks firm and slightly brown. 5. You can also do the toothpick test to see if the muffins are cooked through. 6. Once the muffins are evenly baked, transfer the muffin tin to a wire rack to cool the muffins. 7. Break a muffin into bite-sized pieces and give it to your baby to eat. Store the remaining muffins in an airtight container or zip-lock pouch in the refrigerator for later consumption.

8. Veggie and sesame seed muffin

[caption id="attachment_766720" align="alignnone" width="720"]Veggie and sesame seed muffin Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1 medium zucchini (grated)
  • 1 carrot (grated)
  • 2 cups whole-wheat flour
  • ¼ cup frozen peas
  • ¼ cup frozen corn
  • ½ cup cheddar cheese (grated)
  • ½ cup whole cow milk
  • ¼ cup plain Greek yogurt
  • ¼ cup canola oil
  • 2 eggs
  • 3tsp baking powder
  • 2tsp herbs mix
  • 2tsp sesame seeds
How to make:1. Preheat the oven to 356°F (180°C). Grease the muffin tin with oil and set it aside. 2. In a large mixing bowl, add zucchini, carrot, peas, corn, herbs mix, cheese, milk, yogurt, sesame seeds, eggs, and oil. Mix well until the mixture turns into a uniform mixture. Set the bowl aside. 3. Take another bowl and add wheat flour and baking powder into it. Mix well. 4. Add this mixture to the veggie mixture by gently folding the dry ingredients into wet ingredients to make a smooth batter. 5. Spoon the mixture into the muffin mold, filling them up to their half. 6. Place the muffin tin into the oven and bake for 20 to 25 minutes. 7. After 25 minutes, take the tin out of the oven and place it on the wire rack to cool. 8. Take a muffin and cut it into bite-sized pieces before serving it to your baby. You can serve this savory muffin with hummus or beetroot dip.

Muffin recipes for toddlers

Once your baby turns one, they have plenty of food options to explore. You can stir your imagination and prepare healthy sweet and savory muffin recipes for your toddler. A toddler can have a mini muffin or a normal-sized muffin that has been quartered.

9. Almond and sweet potato muffin

[caption id="attachment_766721" align="alignnone" width="720"]Almond and sweet potato muffin Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • 1½ cup almond flour
  • ½ cup sweet potato (mashed)
  • ¼ cup natural peanut butter
  • ¼ cup overripe banana (mashed)
  • 1 egg
  • 2tbsp nuts powder
  • 1tbsp maple syrup
  • 1tsp baking soda
  • 1tsp cinnamon
  • ¼ tsp nutmeg
  • ¼ tsp salt
  • Olive oil, for greasing
How to make: 1. Preheat the oven to 350°F (176.6°C). Grease the muffin tin with olive oil and set it aside. 2. Mix sweet potato, peanut butter, banana, eggs, nuts powder, and maple syrup in a large bowl. 3. In another small bowl, mix almond flour, baking soda, salt, cinnamon, and nutmeg. 4. Stir in dry ingredients mixture into wet ingredients and mix well to form a smooth batter. 5. Fill the mixture into the muffin molds up to the brim. Put the muffin tin inside the oven and bake for 13 to 15 minutes until the top of the muffin turns slightly brown. 6. Take out the muffin tin from the oven and place it on a wire rack to cool. 7. Serve one muffin to your toddler with a cup of warm milk. Store the remaining muffins in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to four days or a freezer for up to three months.

10. Oatmeal and cranberry muffin

[caption id="attachment_766722" align="alignnone" width="720"]Oatmeal and cranberry muffin Image: Shutterstock[/caption]You will need:
  • ½ cup rolled oats
  • ½ cup plain yogurt
  • ½ cup olive oil
  • ¼ cup brown sugar
  • ¾ cup cranberries (chopped)
  • 1 egg
  • ½ cup wheat flour
  • 1tsp baking powder
  • ½ tsp baking soda
  • 1tsp orange rind (grated)
How to make:1. Preheat the oven to 400°F (204°C). Line the muffin tin with paper liners and set it aside. 2. Soak rolled oats in yogurt just enough to make it moist. 3. Sift flour, salt, baking powder, and baking soda into a bowl. Set the bowl aside. 4. In a separate bowl, mix oil and egg. Beat until the mixture gets frothy. 5. Gently fold this mixture into the dry ingredients. 6. Add cranberries and orange zest. Mix well until everything is well combined. 7. Spoon the mixture into the muffin tin and bake for 20 minutes. 8. Once done, take out the muffin from the oven and set the tin aside to cool. 9. Serve one muffin with applesauce to your toddler and store the remaining for later consumption.

Precautions To Take While Feeding Muffins To Babies

The following precautionary steps could ensure that your baby or toddler can consume muffins safely.1. Bake muffins at home: Most commercially prepared muffins contain a lot of unwanted additives and are also high in sugar and sodium. These ingredients aren’t healthy for the baby’s health. Therefore, prefer baking muffins at home for your baby.2. Try muffins with minimum ingredients first: Introduce simple muffins with minimum ingredients to your baby. It gives the baby ample time to adjust to the muffin’s texture and digestibility. Also, if the baby has any reaction to it, such as an upset stomach, you will easily know the cause.3. Ensure proper storage for prolonged use: Store the muffins in an airtight container or zip-lock bag only. You can freeze muffins for up to one to three months. However, try making them fresh as much as possible, especially for young babies.4. Defreeze and thaw muffins properly: If you are serving frozen muffins for your baby, thaw them thoroughly. If thawing isn’t done properly, the muffin might contain hardened flour or moisture chunks that can be a potential choking hazard for babies.5. Stay alert on allergy: Staying vigilant on the common signs of a possible allergic reaction ensures prompt medical intervention when needed. During an episode of food allergy, a baby or toddler may exhibit the following symptoms within minutes to a few hours after eating an allergenic food (5).
  • Swelling of the lip, mouth, or tongue
  • Skin rashes (hives)
  • Itching
  • Wheezing
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Vomiting/diarrhea
  • Tightening of the throat and trouble breathing (anaphylaxis)
8. Never leave baby unsupervised: Muffins have a soft texture, so they aren’t a common choking hazard. Nevertheless, you must always feed or let your baby self-feed a muffin while seated upright. Never leave your baby unattended during mealtimes, especially when you are following baby-led weaning.9. Select age-appropriate muffin recipes: Check the ingredients in a muffin recipe to select age-appropriate recipes for babies and toddlers. If your baby is allergic to a specific food, replace it and know about other foods that can cause cross-reactivity. For young babies, serve muffins in the form of easy-to-hold, thick strips or fingers. Older babies can consume bite-sized pieces. Also, ensure the recipes for young babies don’t contain whole nuts and seeds.Muffins are a delicious preparation that you can prepare at home. Once you get a go-ahead nod from your doctor, you can serve sweet and savory muffins to your baby and toddler to expose them to different textures and tastes. In addition, you can customize the muffin’s ingredients and size to make them age-appropriate.

References:

  1. Finger Foods for Babies 6 - 12 Months British Columbia
  2. AAP Clinical Report Highlights Early Introduction of Peanut-based Foods to Prevent Allergies AAP https://www.healthychildren.org/English/news/Pages/Early-Introduction-of-Peanut-based-Foods-to-Prevent-Allergies.aspx
  3. Cow's milk and children Medline Plus https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001973.htm
  4. Ten Steps for Feeding Babies (0-12 months) Infant And Toddler Forum https://infantandtoddlerforum.org/babies-the-first-year/ten-steps-for-feeding-babies-0-12-months/
  5. Symptoms Food allergy NHS https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/food-allergy/symptoms/
[post_title] => Muffins For Babies: Right Age, Tips And Recipes To Try [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => muffins-for-babies-age-recipes-tips [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-12 18:06:57 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-12 12:36:57 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766705 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[19] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766487 [post_author] => 309462 [post_date] => 2021-08-27 15:08:30 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-27 09:38:30 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766544" align="alignnone" width="720"]How To Warm Breast Milk Different Ways And Safety Tips Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), breast milk doesn’t require heating. One can feed room temperature or cold breast milk to their baby (1). Yet, several parents prefer warming refrigerated or frozen breast milk mainly for two common reasons.Firstly, warming stored breast milk helps to mix fat layers that tend to separate during storage. Secondly, some babies like consuming warm milk rather than cold, so warming milk in such cases becomes necessary. Thus, knowing the safe ways to warm breast milk can be helpful for parents feeding stored breast milk to their babies.This post tells you about the methods and ideal temperature to warm stored breast milk and precautions to take while warming milk.

What Is The Ideal Temperature To Warm Milk?

Experts suggest putting the milk bottle or milk storage bag in lukewarm water (98.6°F to 104°F or 37°C to 40°C) for a few minutes. The ideal time would be 20 minutes for warming thawed milk (2). Alternatively, you can use a bottle warmer to warm up the milk. But if you do so, ensure the temperature does not exceed 104°F (40°C).The milk should feel lukewarm or comfortably warm to the touch. Avoid overheating breast milk since it alters its nutritional and immunological properties (3). In case you accidentally overheat breast milk, you can still cool it down and feed the baby.

Different Ways To Warm Breast Milk

Here are some methods to warm refrigerated or frozen milk (1) (4).1. Warm running water: Place a tightly-sealed bag or bottle of breast milk directly under a running tap for a few minutes until the bottle starts feeling warm. Ensure the tap water is warm or lukewarm but not hot. Once you reach the desired temperature, swirl (not shake) the bottle or bag to mix the fat layers. Although the method looks quick, it wastes a lot of water, and holding the bottle under the tap for long may not be comfortable.2. Warm water bath: Heat water in a pan or bowl to 98.6°F to 104°F (37°C to 40°C) and then switch off the heat. Place tightly-sealed milk bottle or bag into the bowl/pan for a few minutes until it feels warm to touch. Once the milk container feels warm, take it out, and swirl. Check milk’s temperature by dropping a few drops at the back of your hand or on your wrist. The milk must feel neutral or slightly warm but not hot.3. Bottle warmer: A bottle warmer is a convenient electrical appliance to warm breast milk. You need to place a milk bottle in the warmer and select the desired warming setting. The milk is warm and ready to feed within a minute to three minutes. However, overheating is a concern that often arises with bottle warmers, so reading the user instruction manual before use is necessary.Additionally, keep a food thermometer handy to check the milk temperature before feeding it to the baby.You can use the same methods to warm frozen milk, but you need to thaw the milk before warming. You can thaw frozen milk in several ways, such as thawing in the refrigerator or putting the milk bottle or bag under warm running water (1).

What Not To Do While Warming Breast Milk?

Warming breast milk at the right temperature and for the appropriate duration is imperative to maintain breast milk quality. Here are some don’ts that you need to follow.1. Don’t use boiling hot water to warm the milk. Using hot water overheats the breast milk, changing the milk’s composition. It destroys heat-sensitive nutrients, such as folate, fat, enzymes, and beneficial probiotics (5) (6) (7). It also breaks down and inactivates milk’s bioactive proteins (3). Loss of these key components may affect the baby’s total nutritional intake, affecting their overall health over time.2. Never heat breast milk directly on the stove. You should never pour the breast milk into a pan or bowl and heat it over the flame. Doing so exposes the milk to high heat that does extensive damage to the milk’s composition. Besides, it could increase the risk of bacterial contamination of breast milk.3. Don’t microwave breast milk. The microwave generates high heat that alters breast milk’s nutritional composition and degrades its anti-infective properties. Besides, the milk heats unevenly in a microwave, creating hot spots that can scald your baby’s mouth and throat (8) (9). Additionally, placing ordinary plastic bottles in the microwave could cause BPA and phthalates to leak into the milk (10). It is why experts recommend using BPA-free plastic bottles to store milk (11).It is essential to follow the right method to warm breast milk, like how it is important to choose an appropriate breast milk storage method. You may consult your lactation consultant or healthcare provider to clear your doubts.

How Long Can Heated Breast Milk Stay Outside?

You must feed breast milk to your baby as soon as you warm it. If the baby isn’t ready to feed, the milk can stay outside for one to two hours. Throw away any leftover breast milk after it has stayed at room temperature for over two hours (1).Do not refreeze or reheat/rewarm the milk that has already been heated once. Doing so could deteriorate milk’s quality. It could also expose the baby to germs that might have contaminated the milk while it was outside.Breast milk is the primary source of nutrition for babies. Feed freshly expressed breast milk whenever possible. Store expressed milk properly and warm it appropriately. When milk is heated correctly, it conserves its nutritional value. Therefore, warming breast milk to the right temperature and appropriate duration is imperative for the baby’s nourishment.

References:

[post_title] => How To Warm Breast Milk? Different Ways And Safety Tips [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => how-to-warm-breast-milk-ways-tips [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-27 15:08:30 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-27 09:38:30 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766487 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[20] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766509 [post_author] => 313645 [post_date] => 2021-08-27 12:45:24 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-27 07:15:24 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766511" align="alignnone" width="720"]9 Reasons Why Baby Won't Nap And 6 Tips To Help Them-1 Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Age-appropriate naps during the daytime are essential for a baby to get the required hours of sleep since they won’t sleep for longer stretches at nighttime. Babies require fewer naps as they grow older, but it is essential to supplement their nighttime sleep with naps for optimal development.Although it can be challenging to establish a nap schedule for a baby who won’t nap, the benefits of napping are worth the effort. Read this post to know more about nap schedules, reasons why some babies don’t nap, and tips to help a baby nap with minimal fuss.

How Many Naps Does A Baby Need?

The number of naps and their duration may vary depending on the baby’s age. The following table provides the number of naps based on the infant’s age1.
AgeNumber of naps
0 - 5 months1 - 5 naps per day
6 - 11 months1 - 4 naps per day
12 - 35 months0 - 2 naps per day
Source: Sleep program by Queensland GovernmentA newborn may have a short sleep duration, with each sleep session lasting 50-60minutes since they feed more frequently than older babies. When babies reach three months of age, they tend to sleep longer at night and take fewer naps during the day. The number of daily naps decreases as your baby grows (2).By four months, each nap may last 30 minutes to two hours. A six-month-old may nap up to a total of six hours a day. The duration of each nap and total naptime could vary among babies of the same age (3). Once your baby turns a toddler at the age of one year, their total nap duration may reduce to up to 4.5 hours a day. At two years, the total naptime may reduce to up to three hours a day.

Reasons Why Babies Won't Nap

Babies may refuse to nap for various reasons ranging from simple ambient disturbances to physical discomfort or anxiety. The following are the various reasons why a baby may not nap (4).
  1. Not tired enough: Tired babies tend to fall asleep easily. Stimulating activities before naptime and excess nighttime sleep may prevent babies from feeling tired, making it difficult for them to nap.
  1. Too tired: Overtired babies may often be hyperactive and cranky, making it difficult for a parent to soothe them to sleep. Regular bedtime and naptime routines could prevent overtiredness in infants.
  1. Disturbances in the room: Noises, bright lights, the presence of others in the room, and other distractions could prevent the infant from falling asleep during naptime.
  1. Hunger: Hungry babies may cry for food and may not fall asleep. In such cases, they may take a nap immediately after feeding.
  1. Wet or soiled diapers: Babies can be irritated with wet or soiled diapers and often refuse to nap unless the diapers are changed.
  1. Teething and other issues: Babies may refuse to nap due to teething pain and other physical discomforts. They may appear sick, fussy, and may not be able to soothe themselves to nap.
  1. Sleep associations: Babies who are used to napping in a baby seat, swing, or stroller may get used to it, making it difficult for them to nap anywhere else. The absence of pre-naptime routines, such as rocking, may also interfere with naps if the baby is used to them. You may gradually change these sleep associations to make them fall asleep in their crib.
  1. Separation anxiety: Some babies may develop sleep problems due to separation anxiety, especially around six months of age. Fear of being away from parents may cause them to wake up with the inability to fall asleep again.
  1. Sleep regressions: Babies can revert to an erratic sleep pattern once in a while due to sleep regressions. These are normal and temporary and even occur in sleep-trained babies. The excitement of achieving new milestones and growth spurt could lead to sleep regressions in babies.

Tips To Help Babies Nap

Most babies refuse to nap for simple reasons, and careful observation can help the caregiver or parent identify and resolve the cause. The following tips may help babies have adequate naps for a sufficient duration per day (5).
  1. Follow a nap routine: Although you may feel the daytime nap is random, it is not. Establishing a routine can help the baby to nap easily. You may incorporate play, meal, diaper changes, and naptime to make the baby understand that it is time to nap after feeding or changing diapers.
  1. Nap in the crib: It is better to have a constant place for napping. Baby crib is the safest place and often lets the parent or caregiver rest at the same time. Do not place the baby in a stroller or your arms for naps since they may get used to it and later refuse to nap in the crib.
  1. Look for sleep cues: Observe your baby’s sleep cues, such as rubbing eyes, yawning, and fussing, and place them in the crib right away. Ignoring baby sleep cues may make you miss the sleep-readiness window, causing the baby to become overtired and difficult to soothe for naps.
  1. Meet basic needs: Babies love to take a nap when they are comfortable. You may ensure that they feel dry, warm, and fed before nap time.
  1. Playtime between naps: Allowing tummy time and playtime can help tire your baby, ensuring a solid nap. You may incorporate a daily play and activity routine for your little one.
  1. Manage physical discomfort and separation anxiety: Babies who won’t nap due to an illness or teething may need pediatric help. Pay extra attention to separation anxiety cues and alleviate them before they interfere with the baby’s naps.
Sleep regressions may last for some time and disappear. You may teach your baby to self-soothe and take a nap whenever your baby naps so that you can meet your baby’s needs without exhausting yourself. Babies who won’t nap due to ambient disturbances or physical discomfort may sleep once the issue is resolved.

Does Sleep Training Work For Babies Who Won’t Nap?

Nighttime sleep training may also help babies nap easily. It is usually recommended to begin sleep training between four and six months since the baby is old enough to regulate sleep needs and self-soothe. You may try various sleep training methods that work for your baby. The same tactic that you use before nighttime sleep could also work for daytime naps. Try different methods and find the best sleep training method that works for your baby.Naps are essential for babies, especially newborns, since they need a lot of rest to grow healthily. There could be scenarios where a baby may refuse to nap. Look for potential reasons and tackle the cause to make it easier for a baby to nap. If napping-related problems are due to illness or teething, you may consult a pediatrician to resolve the issues.

References:

1. Sleep health and sleep development in Early Childhood Education and Care; Early Childhood Education and Care Queensland Government 2. How Much Sleep Do Babies and Kids Need?; Sleep Foundation 3. Bedtime Habits for Infants and Children; U S National Library of Medicine 4. Baby Sleep 2-12 Months; Raising Children Network 5. Sleep In Infants (2-12 months); Nationwide Childrens Hospital
[post_title] => 9 Reasons Why Baby Won't Nap And 6 Tips To Help Them [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => newborn-baby-wont-nap-reasons-tips [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-27 12:46:18 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-27 07:16:18 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766509 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[21] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766499 [post_author] => 315546 [post_date] => 2021-08-27 12:17:23 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-27 06:47:23 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766501" align="alignnone" width="720"]10 Causes Why A Baby Gasps For Air And How To Help Them-1 Image: iStock[/caption][mj-toc]New parents may get anxious when they notice their babies gasping for air. Babies gasping for air may not always be a cause for concern. Nevertheless, it helps to know the normal and the abnormal causes that may lead to gasping.Babies usually gasp when something is stuck in their throat, such as extra mucus due to a cold. They usually grow out of gasping as their respiratory systems mature. Read about the different reasons that may cause gasping in babies and when to be concerned.

Possible Causes Of Baby Gasping For Air

A newborn baby is born with non-inflated lungs that are filled with fluid. The baby takes their first breath in about ten seconds after birth, and this breath may sound like they are gasping for air(1). Beyond their first breath, the following conditions may cause a baby to gasp for air while breathing.

1. Respiratory infections

Infections of the nose, sinuses, throat, airway, or lungs are known as respiratory tract infections. Viruses such as rhinoviruses, influenza, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, enterovirus, coronaviruses, and some strains of adenoviruses are the leading causes of respiratory infections in infants(2).Respiratory infections cause excess mucus secretion and inflammation of the respiratory tissues, causing gasping due to difficulty breathing. Other signs and symptoms include fever, cold, cough, sore throat, and pain in the ear(3).

2. Asthma

Asthma is a disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the airways. The root cause of asthma is unknown (4).  According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, asthma can cause labored breathing, panting, wheezing, persistent coughing, difficulty sucking, and fatigue(5).

3. Exposure to second-hand cigarette smoke

Smoking in the same room as the baby may irritate their respiratory tracts. It may also lead to asthma. Therefore, smokers should be discouraged from smoking in the house where the baby lives (4).

4. Laryngomalacia

Laryngomalacia is the leading cause of noisy breathing in infants. It happens due to floppy tissues above the vocal cords. It gets corrected in 70% of infants by the time they are one year old and in 90% of the infants by the time they are two years old(6).

5. Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a sleep-related breathing disorder. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs due to the narrowing of passages between the nose and the lungs. Babies with sleep apnea may pause for breaths, gasp for air, and have noisy breathing(7).

6. Pertussis (Whooping cough)

Whooping cough is a contagious bacterial infection. Babies with pertussis infection make a whooping sound when they breathe in after coughing(8). The infection may also cause a baby to gasp for air. The vaccine for whooping cough could significantly prevent the risk of developing the infection.

7. Premature babies

Respiratory distress is a common problem in premature babies. Babies born before 37 weeks are at a higher risk of developing respiratory distress syndrome. Babies with respiratory distress syndrome have to work very hard to regulate their breathing and might gasp for air (9).

8. Meconium aspiration syndrome

Meconium aspiration syndrome occurs when the newborn inhales amniotic fluid along with the meconium while still in the mother’s womb. The meconium (baby’s first poop)may clog or irritate the airways, injuring the lungs and making it difficult to breathe. Babies with this condition may need to be admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)(10).

9. Reflux

Reflux happens when the muscle at the end of the esophagus is loose or opens up when not needed. It may cause food and stomach acids to flow upward to the throat, irritating the airways along the way. Severe or persistent reflux may lead to breathing problems in babies, causing signs such as gasping (11).

10. Dry air

Some babies may gasp when the ambient air is dry. In such cases, the baby will be healthy and will not show any sign of disease or distress. Gasping due to dry air can be easily avoided by installing a cold-mist humidifier in a baby’s room.

When To See A Doctor?

You must consult a doctor soon if your baby displays the following signs.
  • Notable signs of infection, such as fever, poor appetite, lethargy, or crankiness
  • Baby’s skin, especially that of the face, appears blue, indicating poor oxygen levels in the body
  • You suspect the baby is gasping due to a foreign body stuck in the airways
  • Gasping is accompanied by wheezing or whistling sounds
  • Baby has chest contractions suggesting severe difficulty in breathing
  • Baby began gasping after coming from outdoors or due to exposure to a substance, such as aerosol spray
  • Baby started gasping after eating a food item

Ways To Reduce Gasping In Babies

Knowing the cause may help reduce gasping in babies, especially in cases of infections. The following interventions could reduce and prevent gasping in babies.
  • Feed the baby in the right position to prevent reflux. You may hold the baby in your arms for some time after feeding them. For bottle-fed babies, you may hold the bottle in a horizontal position. It mimics breastfeeding as the milk drips down slowly from the bottle. This is known as paced bottle feeding. Speak to the pediatrician and change the formula milk to check if it helps relieve reflux.
  • Always put the babies to sleep on their back. It reduces the risk of choking on any regurgitated milk. It also reduces the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
  • Vaccinate your baby as per the pediatrician’s recommendations. Vaccines may help prevent several respiratory tract infections that often cause gasping.
  • Use saline drops to clear their noses and keep their airways open. Speak to a pediatrician who may show you the right way to clear the baby’s nose.
  • Avoid exposure to any second-hand cigarette smoke and vehicular smoke. If your baby has allergies or asthma, keep them away from potential allergens.
  • Use a cool-mist humidifier if the air is dry, such as during winters. Moist air could make breathing easier for a baby.
It is best to consult a pediatrician if you notice your baby gasping for air since it could occur due to serious conditions as well. General steps of care at home, such as avoiding allergy triggers, often help avoid the condition. You may check with the doctor if they suggest using humidifiers or vaporizers in the baby’s room to keep the airways moist and open.

References:

1. Changes in the newborn at birth; US National Library of Medicine 2. Brenda L Tesini Overview of Viral Respiratory Tract Infections in Children; MSD Manual 3. How to spot respiratory tract infections in children; British Lung foundation 4. Asthma in Infants and Young Children; Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America 5. Asthma in Infants; Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America 6. Laryngomalacia; Nationwide Children’s Hospital 7. Sleep Apnea in Babies Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatment; The Children\'s Mercy Hospital 8. Whooping Cough (Pertussis) in Children; University of Rochester Medical Center Rochester 9. Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) in Premature Babies; Cedars Sinai 10. Meconium aspiration syndrome; US National Library of Medicine 11. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in Infants; Nationwide Children’s Hospital
[post_title] => 10 Causes Why A Baby Gasps For Air And How To Help Them [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => newborn-baby-gasping-for-air-causes-tips [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-27 12:19:07 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-27 06:49:07 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766499 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[22] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766489 [post_author] => 313645 [post_date] => 2021-08-27 10:58:36 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-27 05:28:36 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766491" align="alignnone" width="720"]One Breast Produces More Milk Is This Normal, Causes And Tips-1 Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]It is normal for one breast to produce more milk and have a faster milk flow than the other breast(1). Women may notice uneven milk supply in breasts within a few days of initiating breastfeeding or expressing milk. Some women may also notice that their babies often prefer feeding from the more milk-producing breast.Many mothers and babies prefer one-sided feeding from the more milk-producing breast, increasing its milk production further while reducing the production of the other. It is recommended to feed from both breasts if possible to maintain adequate milk production. Read this post to know about the causes and tips to improve uneven milk supply.

Causes Of Uneven Milk Supply In The Breasts

Uneven milk supply or less milk supply in one breast than the other is common and normal in most cases. There is nothing to be concerned about if both the nursing mom and the baby are comfortable.The following factors may lead to uneven milk supply in some breastfeeding women (1).
  • Baby's preferences: Some babies may prefer to latch and feed on one breast than the other. This may cause more milk supply in the preferred breast than the other one. Physical discomfort from birth injuries, nasal congestion, and ear infections may make babies prefer certain nursing positions, causing them to choose one breast over the other. Some babies may feed on one side after vaccinations for a few days; this can be due to pain at the injection site. The size and shape of the nipple (inverted or flat nipple) may vary in some cases, and the baby may tend to feed from the breast where they can latch easily.
  • Nursing mom's preferences: Some mothers may unknowingly prefer feeding from one breast more often or more time than the other side. This can be due to comfortable feeding positions or other reasons. One-sided breastfeeding may make your breasts look lopsided due to uneven milk production.
  • Insufficient glandular tissue: The amount of glandular tissue (milk-making tissues) and the milk ducts or lactiferous duct (tubes that carry milk from the glandular tissue) may vary in each breast. Most women may have asymmetrical breast size and shape due to various factors, including fat deposits. Uneven breast size due to fat deposits may not impact the amount of milk supply.
  • Letdown differences: Less forceful letdown can also be associated with less milk supply in one breast. The letdown reflex causes breast milk flow. When the baby sucks, nerves are stimulated, leading to the release of prolactin and oxytocin hormones that help in milk production and flow(2).
  • Breast trauma and breast surgeries: Milk supply can be affected by injury and surgery of the breast tissue. This can be due to damage or removal of milk-producing tissues.
Babies may often demand more feeding when they are fed from the less-producing breast. It is always recommended to look for the reasons and make necessary nursing changes to overcome this issue. Seeking help from a certified lactation consultant can be beneficial.

Does Unequal Milk Production Affect The Baby?

Many nursing mothers can adequately feed their babies from one side alone. Uneven milk supply may not affect the baby's nutritional needs since they can be fed from both breasts, and milk production increases with increasing demand. Frequent feeding may help the baby to get adequate nutrition in such cases.You can check for signs that indicate the baby is well-fed, such as weight gain, adequate soiled diapers per day, good activeness, and timely achievement of developmental milestones (3). You may seek help from a lactation professional if there is a concern.

Tips To Achieve Equal Milk Production In Both Breasts

 Uneven milk supply due to fewer milk-making tissues cannot be changed. Changing mom's and baby's preferences may help to maintain a good milk supply in both breasts. The following tips may help to enhance and even milk supply in both breasts.
  • Always begin to feed on the slow side: Babies vigorously begin to feed when they are hungry, and their sucking reflex may help enhance the milk supply in the less milk-producing breast. Feeding the slow side and shifting to the other side can help moms to maintain even milk supply.
  • Nurse more frequently from the low-producing side: Frequent feeding helps to enhance milk production. The sucking reflex stimulates more milk production in the low-producing breast. However, never neglect to feed on high-producing breasts since this may lead to engorgement and
  • Avoid one-sided breastfeeding: You may feed on both breasts from the initial days of breastfeeding to avoid uneven milk production. Try beginning to feed on alternate breasts on each feeding section. One-sided breastfeeding is usually recommended for moms who have any conditions preventing milk supply from the other breast.
  • Try massage with hands: Massaging the low-producing breast with hands may enhance milk flow. You may do massages from the base towards the nipple.
  • Express milk: You may use breast pumps to express milk from the less productive breast after a feeding session to increase milk production. Milk supply is directly related to the demand, so pumps can be helpful in case the baby refuses to feed on one side.
  • Change baby's preferences: Encourage your baby to feed on the less preferred side by changing nursing positions. Try to feed on the less preferred side when they are too hungry or tired to avoid refusals. Identifying and managing physical discomforts may help to reduce your baby's aversion towards one breast.
These tips can help breastfeeding moms enhance milk supply in both breasts and often avoid lopsidedness. In most cases, lopsidedness (uneven breasts) improves when the baby starts to wean on solids.Uneven milk supply is not a cause of concern if your baby can meet its nutritional needs. A lactation professional can help nursing moms learn the correct feeding positions and techniques to encourage feeding from both breasts. It can help improve the milk production and supply of the low milk-producing breast.

References:

1. One Sided Breastfeeding; Australian Breastfeeding Association 2. The Physiological Basis of Breastfeeding; US National Library of Medicine 3. How Can I Tell If My Baby Is Getting Enough Milk?; La Leche League International
[post_title] => One Breast Produces More Milk: Is This Normal, Causes And Tips [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => one-breast-produces-more-milk-normal-causes-tips [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-27 10:59:25 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-27 05:29:25 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766489 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[23] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766480 [post_author] => 315546 [post_date] => 2021-08-27 01:27:42 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-26 19:57:42 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766481" align="alignnone" width="720"]Reasons Why A Toddler Holds Poop And 6 Tips Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]It is common for toddlers to withhold poop by not passing stool. There may be psychological or physical factors behind a toddler withholding poop. It is essential to resolve it in time to avoid other health problems. Understanding the causes can help parents tackle the issue appropriately.In this post, we tell you the signs and possible causes of a toddler withholding poop and ways to encourage the little one to pass stool and maintain healthy bowel movements.

Signs Of A Toddler Withholding Poop

The most notable sign is your toddler not passing stool for a few days. They may also show the following signs often suggestive of controlling the urge to pass stool (1) (2).
  • Display more gassiness than usual
  • Reduced appetite
  • Make their body stiff
  • Straighten their legs
  • Cross their legs
  • Clench the buttocks
  • Stand on their toes
  • Appear like they are straining as their face may turn red
  • Some toddlers may display urine incontinence (urine leakage)

Why Do Toddlers Withhold Poop?

The following are the common reasons for toddlers to withhold stool.

1. Constipation

Constipation is usually the most common reason for toddlers to withhold poop (1). Toddlers with constipation have hard, dry, and difficult-to-pass stools, which are difficult to pass. It may cause the toddler to prefer withholding the poop, worsening constipation.

2. Fear of bad experiences

A toddler might have some fear of using the toilet due to previous bad experiences. An intimidating experience, such as being ridiculed for an accident by a classmate or sibling, might prevent them from pooping, especially at the place where the accident occurred.At times, the location of the toilet or embarrassment due to the loud sound of the toilet flush may make the child withhold their poop (3).

3. Uncertain about their potty training

Many toddlers have a smooth transition from diapers to the potty seat for peeing but may have problems with pooping out of diapers. They may resist pooping on the toilet seat, leading to the withholding of stool.

4. Independence and control issues

Toddlers develop a habit of asserting independence. They begin to refuse what their parents ask them to do and have a strong power struggle issue. Thus, when parents ask them to poop on the potty seat, they may refuse and withhold poop as they do not want to give in.

5. Engrossed in playing

Toddlers often do not like to spend their time in any other activity other than playing. They may rather spend time playing than visit the toilet. It leads to withholding of poop, becoming a habit eventually.

6. Sensory or anxiety issues

Some toddlers with sensory processing disorders may not like the feeling of pooping. They might be overly sensitive to the smell and appearance of poop (4). In such cases, the toddler may resist going to the toilet for days together despite visible discomfort due to a full bowel.

7. Health problems

Several health issues may cause a toddler to withhold poop deliberately or involuntarily. Most health problems cause other signs and symptoms likely to be more noticeable than withholding poop (5) (6) (7).The following conditions may interfere with the ability to poop, causing the toddler to withhold poop voluntarily or involuntarily (8) (9) (10) (11).
  • Celiac disease
  • Hirschsprung disease
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Fecal impaction
  • Colonic inertia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction

Complications Of Withholding Poop

It is essential to resolve the problem of withholding poop since it may lead to the following complications (12)(13).
  • Stomach pain
  • Flatulence
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Abdominal distension
  • Harder stools that are significantly difficult to pass
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Urinary tract infections

How To Get A Toddler To Poop?

Parents may try the following steps to help the toddler achieve healthy bowel movements (1).

1. Try simple strategies

You may try a strategy that works best for your toddler. A warm bath, a warm glass of milk, or a simple exercise before going to the toilet could work and make the toddler pass stool easily.

2. Choose the correct potty seat

Choose the right-sized potty seat for your toddler. Make sure their feet touch the floor, so they are not scared of falling off. The potty seat should be stable and not shaky so that the toddler isn’t frightened.

3. Educate the toddler

Positive reinforcement is essential and effective. According to the toddler’s age and maturity, explain how the food we eat from the mouth has to leave the body as poop. Get them some books that are available for children being potty trained. Answer their queries and do not use words or expressions that define poop as something gross. Tell them it is a natural process and reinforce it through your words and actions.

4. Change the diet

Consumption of highly processed food items void of fiber can cause constipation in toddlers. Fiber-rich foods, such as whole grains, leafy greens, and fruits, add bulk to the stools, making it easier to pass them. If your toddler has a health condition that restricts the type of food they can eat, speak to a pediatric nutritionist who may suggest an appropriate diet plan.

5. Ensure adequate hydration

A fiber-rich diet with insufficient hydration may make a child’s constipation worse. Make sure the toddler drinks ample fluids. In addition to water, they may consume homemade soups, broths, and smoothies made from fresh fruits and vegetables.

6. Improve activity levels

Toddlers with a sedentary lifestyle may be more susceptible to constipation and poor bowel movements. Encourage your toddler to indulge in physical activities and games. Aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities are great at improving the health and motility of the digestive tract.

7. Schedule poop breaks

If your toddler resists pooping, fix a schedule where you take the toddler to poop at the same time each day. It will help establish a poop routine, causing the toddler to feel the urge to go to the toilet at the same time each day. It could make the toddler stop withholding poop eventually.

When To See A Doctor?

If dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, and positive reinforcement do not help, you may contact the child’s pediatrician. The doctor may look for the underlying cause, such as a health problem or psychological issue, and suggest relevant treatment or management strategies.Toddlers withholding poop is common, and constipation is often the underlying cause. Parents can adopt simple strategies and make helpful lifestyle changes to make it easier for a toddler to poop. Try to understand the underlying cause and address it. Your pediatrician can also guide you on how to inculcate healthy bowel habits in toddlers.

References:

1. Constipation and Stool Withholding; Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai 2. Stool Withholding in Children – more than ‘just constipation’; Eric The Children’s Bowel & Bladder Charity 3. What Should You Do When Your Kid Refuses to Poop; Cleveland Clinic 4. How to get a child with autism to use the toilet; Eric The Children’s Bowel & Bladder Charity 5. Celiac Disease in Children; Celiac Disease Foundation 6. Hirschsprung\'s Disease; Boston Children\'s Hospital 7. Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children; Johns Hopkins Medicine 8. Fecal Impaction (Child); Fairview Health Services 9. Colonic Inertia; Medical University of South California 10. Hypothyroidism; The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia 11. Pelvic Floor Dysfunction; Seattle Children’s 12. Bedwetting: 5 Common Reasons Why Children Wet the Bed; Nationwide Children’s Hospital 13. Why We Talk about Poop for a Peeing Problem; Nationwide Children’s Hospital
[post_title] => 7 Reasons Why A Toddler Holds Poop And 6 Tips To Help Them [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => toddlers-holding-poop-reasons-tips-to-help [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-27 01:28:16 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-26 19:58:16 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766480 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[24] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766473 [post_author] => 315546 [post_date] => 2021-08-27 01:04:57 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-26 19:34:57 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766477" align="alignnone" width="720"]Moles In Babies Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Moles are medically known as melanocytic nevi. If moles are present at birth or appear within the first year of life, they are known as congenital melanocytic nevi (1). They are common and seen in about 1-3% of all newborns (2).A baby could have several moles, and they may appear on the skin or mucous membranes of any part of the body (3). Most moles are brown, but some may also be in shades of pink, red, or black. Some moles may get darker with time. Other usual traits of moles include the presence of tiny hair and a raised texture.This post tells about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of moles in babies.

Different Types Of Moles

The following are the different types of skin moles that could be present in babies (3).

1. Congenital nevi

These are moles seen on a baby’s body when they are born or during the first year of life. They could be classified as small, medium, or large, depending on their size (2). Congenital nevi could vary in their color from light brown to black.Small and medium congenital moles are more common. Large congenital melanocytic nevus (LCMN) is a rare type of congenital mole. It is seen in about 1 in 20,000 newborn babies across the world. They have an area larger than 20cm2  or about eight inches wide in diameter. Giant congenital nevi are the ones that cover an area of 40cm2 (4).

2. Dysplastic nevi

They are also known as atypical moles and are usually the size of few millimeters. They have a characteristic irregular shape since they do not have sharp or defined borders. The center of these moles could be darker than the borders. They are mostly flat with no raised texture and are brown in color.Dysplastic nevi are usually genetically inherited and may occur in babies with a family history of it. An infant could have a few to hundreds of these moles on their body.

3. Spitz nevi

This mole is often pink with a raised, dome-like appearance. It may also occur in black, red, or brown color. Some spitz nevi may ooze fluid or blood, depending on their texture. Spitz nevi may often be mistaken for melanoma (a type of skin cancer), and your baby’s doctor may examine it further during routine checkups.

4. Common nevi

These are common moles that randomly occur on the body with characteristics not resembling any other type of mole. We usually think of common moles when we think of moles. Common moles are usually few in number, and each mole measures less than five millimeters in diameter. They have a distinct edge, and their color can be a shade of pink, brown, or tan (5).Except for congenital nevi, other types of moles may develop at any time during infancy and toddlerhood.

Causes Of Moles In Babies

All moles consist of melanocytes, which are cells that produce melanin, a pigment that gives our skin its color. Moles occur when melanocytes form a cluster. The concentration of the melanocytes in a mole could determine the type of mole. For instance, melanocytes are found in large numbers in congenital melanocytic nevi.The exact reason behind the clustering of melanocytes and the formation of moles is unknown. Genetic factors are believed to be the most common possible reason since some types of moles may occur in babies with a family history of it. Congenital nevi or congenital moles, especially large and giant ones, are believed to occur due to genetic mutations that could occur during the fetal stage. It is not known what causes the genetic mutations, and they could be random (4) (6).

When To Be Concerned About Moles?

Congenital nevi are conspicuous and seldom go unnoticed. Your baby’s doctor will examine them and any other moles to rule out any anomaly, such as melanoma.You must see a doctor if your baby’s mole shows the following signs, even if it was ruled out as normal by the doctor during the initial inspection (6).
  • Change in the appearance, such as color or shape
  • A rapid increase in the mole’s size
  • Baby itches the mole often
  • Baby cries when the mole is touched
  • Bleeding or pus formation on the mole
  • Sudden appearance of new moles on the body
You need to be extra cautious if your baby has large or giant congenital moles since they have a greater chance of turning into melanoma later in life (2). Large dysplastic nevi may also pose a similar risk.Childhood melanomas are very rare, with about 300 to 400 cases reported each year in the United States (7). Nevertheless, you should be alert to any changes in the moles and see a pediatrician if you notice any issues.

Treatment For Moles In Babies

All moles do not need treatment. If your baby has a mole, you may be advised to keep an eye on it. You may click pictures every week or month to track any changes in appearance.Some moles may require treatment, depending on their type and location. The doctor may suggest the removal of a mole in the following scenarios (8).
  • Cosmetic reasons, such as congenital moles present on the face
  • Interferes with the body’s movements or functions, such as moles in skin folds that rub against the skin
  • Moles at risk of turning into melanoma, such as moles that rapidly grow in size
Surgical removal is the choice of treatment for a mole’s removal. It is usually done under local anesthesia. The surgery might leave a scar. The doctor may consider laser or other techniques, which may not leave a scar (6).A team of pediatricians, plastic surgeons, dermatologists, and anesthesiologists collectively perform the surgery. Removal of a problematic mole greatly reduces the probability of the baby experiencing melanoma (6).

Prevention Of Moles In Babies

Moles are natural skin growths, and there is no known way to prevent them. The following steps could help avoid the rapid growth of existing moles and reduce the risk of melanoma (3).
  • Limiting the baby’s sun exposure
  • Making them wear sunscreen lotion whenever outdoors
  • Examining the moles regularly and contacting the doctor if you notice any abnormality

Facts About Moles

Below are some general facts about moles (1) (3).
  • Most moles appear in early childhood or by 20 years of age.
  • It is normal to have 10 to 40 common moles on the skin by adulthood.
  • Moles may disappear even after lasting for decades. New moles may emerge even in adulthood.
  • Moles may change color and texture as our skin ages.
  • Most moles are harmless. They are not contagious and healthy moles never hurt, itch, or bleed.
Moles are common, and babies could have them as well. Most moles are harmless, but you must keep an eye out for any changes in them. Do not hesitate to speak to a pediatrician if you notice any changes in the shape and color of a mole. You may also ask the doctor to examine the baby’s moles at the routine wellness checkups to rule out any anomalies.

References:

1. Moles: Overview; American Academy of Dermatology Association 2. Baby Birthmarks & Rashes; American Academy of Pediatrics 3. Moles; Cleveland Clinic 4. Congenital Nevus (Mole); The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia 5. Common Moles, Dysplastic Nevi, and Risk of Melanoma; National Cancer Institute 6. Moles (Congenital Melanocytic Nevi); Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center 7. Melanoma can look different in children; American Academy of Dermatology Association 8. Moles: Diagnosis and Treatment; American Academy of Dermatology Association
[post_title] => Moles In Babies: Types, Causes, And Treatment [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => moles-on-babies-types-causes-treatment [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-09-13 17:45:27 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-09-13 12:15:27 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766473 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[25] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766468 [post_author] => 315546 [post_date] => 2021-08-27 00:35:20 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-26 19:05:20 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766471" align="alignnone" width="720"]Three-Month-Old's Teething Image: iStock[/caption][mj-toc]While most babies have their first teeth erupt between four and seven months of age, some babies have their teeth erupt sooner. This is called an early eruption. While rare, early eruption is seen in some babies and is usually not a cause for concern.These teeth are not natal or neonatal teeth but just the primary teeth that arrive sooner. According to Stanford Children’s Health, while it is common for teething symptoms, such as drooling and mouthing, to begin as early as three months, tooth eruption at this age is rare. The exact cause and risk factors associated with early eruption are not identified yet.Read on to know about the signs, effects, and management of teething in three-month-olds.

Signs Of Teething In Three-month-old Babies

The following signs may indicate teething in a three-month-old.

Effects Of Early Teething On The Mother's And The Baby's Health

Early teething does not have any remarkable effects. The effects of teething are similar at all ages, such as those mentioned below.

1. Impact on the mother

  • The baby might chew or bite on the mother’s nipples to soothe their irritated gums.
  • Avoid screaming or getting startled as they might find it funny. Instead, say “No biting” in a strict and firm tone. They will gradually get the message.
  • If the baby continues to bite, you may consider pumping and feeding breastmilk in a bottle or using nipple shields.

2. Impact on the baby

  • The baby might be irritable, cranky, and fussy.
  • They may have sore gums and irritation, leading to reduced appetite, increasing the risk of poor weight gain.
  • The baby may rub cheeks or pull ears often due to gum irritation.
  • The baby may drool more than usual, and the excess drool could cause drool rash.
It is important to note that teething does not cause cold, rash, diarrhea, or fever. If any of these symptoms coincide with teething, do not consider them related and take the baby to your pediatrician.

Tips On Easing A Teething Infant’s Discomfort

The following tips may help soothe a teething baby’s gums.
  • Try giving them hard rubber toys, teething rings,or cold teething toys to nibble on. Three-month-olds might not be able to grasp them well. Therefore, you may hold them for the baby.
  • You can get teething mittens for your baby. The three-month-old may chew on teething mittens since they cannot hold teethers properly.
  • You may also consider giving them cold washcloths to chew on.
  • Use your clean index finger to massage the sore gums.
  • You may give your baby an orthodontic pacifier that meets safety guidelines as it will help relieve toothache and not hamper the normal growth of jaws, oral muscles, and teeth.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)warns against the use of teething gels for babies as these products can be harmful. In rare cases, if the baby is in extreme teething pain, the doctor may prescribe baby-safe painkillers.

How To Take Care Of The New Teeth?

The American Dental Association suggests the following measures for oral care in babies.
  • Clean the baby’s mouth using a clean washcloth even before the teeth begin to erupt.
  • An early dental check-up must be done after the first tooth erupts and before the first birthday.
  • As soon as teeth erupt, you must begin brushing your child’s teeth.
  • Avoid giving pacifiers dipped in sweet solutions.
  • Avoid bottle-feeding at night.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Does early teething mean I can introduce solids early?No. Early teething does not warrant the need for the early introduction of solid food. The World Health Organization strongly recommends exclusive breastfeeding for up to six months.2. Does early teething have anything to do with my baby’s intelligence? A tooth’s eruption depends on the tooth germ (or tooth bud) in the jaws and has nothing to do with the baby’s smartness or intellect.3. Does early teething impact mouth development? Some babies may develop a habit of excessive thumb-sucking or pacifier-sucking when they are teething. If these habits form early due to early teething, it may lead to crooked or misaligned teeth in the long run. Speak to a dentist in case your baby is habituated to thumb- or pacifier-sucking.4. Can my baby show symptoms without tooth eruption?Yes. It is possible that teeth do not appear even after the expected period of four to eight days after the symptoms of teething appear. Moreover, because the symptoms of mouthing are similar to that of teething, it is possible to get confused.Early teething in a three-month-old is rare, but it is good to stay alert to it. If you notice early signs of teething in your baby, talk to the doctor. Your doctor will examine the baby’s oral cavity and check for the signs of teeth eruption. Try the tips mentioned above to soothe your teething baby’s irritated gums.

References:

1. Teething; Stanford Children’s Health 2. Karunakaran, S. ThangaKumaran and N. Uma Maheswariet al; “Early baby teeth”: Folklore and facts 3. Teething and Pacifiers; KFL&A Public Health 4. Jennifer Ball, Baby teething gels not recommended; American Academy of Pediatrics 5. Baby Teeth; American Dental Association 6. Infant and young child feeding; World Health Organization
[post_title] => Three-Month-Old's Teething: Signs, Effects And Tips To Soothe Them [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => 3-month-old-teething-signs-effects-tips-to-soothe [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-27 01:07:00 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-26 19:37:00 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766468 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[26] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766117 [post_author] => 315546 [post_date] => 2021-08-26 14:57:33 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-26 09:27:33 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766156" align="alignnone" width="720"]Eruption Cyst in Babies Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Eruption cysts are benign cysts that appear on the gums before a tooth’s eruption. It may appear as a bluish-purple lump and seem like a soft bubble on the baby’s gums. Eruption cysts occur in varying sizes.It may seem unusual to see an eruption cyst on your baby’s gums. However, eruption cysts are usually normal and do not require treatment. Most cysts disappear on their own (1). This post tells you more about the signs, causes, and management of eruption cysts.

Signs And Symptoms Of Eruption Cysts

The following are the common signs and symptoms of eruption cysts in babies (2) (3) (4).
  • They are translucent, elevated, dome-shaped, and compressible boil-like structures seen on the gums’ surface.
  • The color ranges from normal to blue to reddish-brown or black, depending on the amount of blood accumulated in them.
  • They are soft to touch. They usually appear a few days before the tooth is about to erupt.
  • The size of the cyst usually depends on the size of the tooth. A cyst might sometimes enclose more than one tooth. In such scenarios, the cyst might appear bigger.
  • The cysts usually measure approximately 0.6cm in diameter.
  • These cysts can be either on one side of the mouth or on both sides. Also, it is possible to have more than one eruption cyst at a time.
  • They are more commonly seen in the lower jaw in the molar tooth region.
  • Eruption cysts are mostly asymptomatic. In some cases, there could be pain associated with eruption cysts, but it is usually due to secondary factors such as trauma or infection.

What Causes Eruption Cysts In Babies?

An eruption cyst occurs when the dental follicle separates from the tooth’s enamel, creating a follicular space. The follicle gets separated due to fluid or blood accumulation between the tooth’s enamel and the follicle (4).A dental follicle is a loose connective tissue that surrounds the developing tooth, known as tooth germ. The dental follicle plays a crucial role in the formation of the tooth and its supporting structures (5).

Risk Factors For Eruption Cysts

The exact cause of eruption cysts in babies is unknown. However, research suggests that the following factors may increase the risk of eruption cysts in babies (6).
  • Early decay of teeth
  • Trauma
  • Infection
  • Less space available in the jaw for the eruption of the tooth

How Common Are Eruption Cysts In Babies?

Eruption cysts are more common in permanent teeth when compared to deciduous or primary teeth (4). In the pediatric population, these cysts are more commonly seen in the age group of six to nine years. However, they may occur in babies, too (4). Overall, eruption cysts are rare in babies.

Treatment For Eruption Cysts

Eruption cysts do not usually need treatment since they disappear following a tooth eruption or by themselves. In most cases, the cyst ruptures spontaneously, helping in tooth eruption.Surgical intervention is needed when the eruption cyst hurts, bleeds, or becomes infected. The pediatric dentist may choose gentler treatment options for babies, such as removing the cyst’s top layer to permit speedy tooth eruption. If the cyst grows constantly or hinders tooth eruption for several days, partial excision of the cyst’s tissue may be considered. It involves draining the cyst’s fluid and exposing the tooth’s crown.The surgery may be done the traditional way or with laser diodes. Laser cutting is a pain-free procedure that causes less bleeding and helps in faster healing.

When To Take The Baby To A Dentist?

Take your baby to a dentist if you notice any gum swelling that lasts for more than two weeks or if any swelling makes the baby uncomfortable, causing feeding problems. A baby should first visit the dentist when the first tooth erupts (around six months of age) or by the first birthday. Like adults, babies should also have a dental checkup every six months.Eruption cysts are rare in babies, but you may stay alert for them. If you see any swelling in your baby’s mouth and suspect it to be an eruption cyst, you can visit your baby’s pediatric dentist. The doctor will intervene if necessary because most cysts heal without any medical intervention.

References:

1. Teething concerns: eruption cysts;Gateway dental group 2. Alline J de Oliveira et al.,Eruption Cyst in the Neonate;International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 3. Management Considerations for Pediatric Oral Surgery and Oral Pathology;American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 4. NB Nagaveni et al.,Eruption cyst: A literature review and four case reports;Indian Journal of Dental Research 5. Tao Zhou et al,.Dental Follicle Cells: Roles in Development and Beyond;Stem Cells International Journal 6. Aditya Joseph et al.,Eruption cyst: A case report;Saudi Journal of Oral Sciences
[post_title] => Eruption Cyst in Babies: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => eruption-cyst-baby-symptoms-causes-treatment [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-26 14:57:33 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-26 09:27:33 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766117 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[27] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 766028 [post_author] => 313645 [post_date] => 2021-08-26 13:02:59 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-26 07:32:59 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_766045" align="alignnone" width="720"]Birth Asphyxia Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Image: Shutterstock[/caption][mj-toc]Birth asphyxia is when the baby does not get enough oxygen before or during the birth process. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines birth asphyxia as the failure to initiate and sustain breathing at birth. According to WHO statistics, four million babies are born with birth asphyxia every year (1). This is the leading cause of perinatal and neonatal mortality and morbidity in several countries.Read this post to know about causes, risk factors, symptoms, prevention, treatment, and long-term outlook of birth asphyxia in babies.

Signs And Symptoms Of Birth Asphyxia

The cell injury due to birth asphyxia occurs in two stages. First, there will be a lack of blood flow, and cells do not get enough oxygen during the initial stage of birth asphyxia. In the second stage, there is reperfusion injury, which is tissue damage from toxins released by damaged cells when the oxygen and blood supply return to normal. This stage often lasts for several days to weeks.Signs and symptoms of birth asphyxia may vary in each baby and may include the following (2).
  • Pale or bluish skin
  • Weak cry
  • Weak muscles
  • Decreased heart rate
  • Gasping or weak breathing
  • Meconium-stained amniotic fluid
The following signs may indicate perinatal asphyxia (before birth) in babies.
  • Abnormal fetal heart rate patterns
  • Acid-base abnormalities and elevated creatine phosphokinase in baby’s blood
If your baby has signs and symptoms of birth asphyxia, they may be admitted into the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for treatment until they recover.

Risk Factors And Causes Of Birth Asphyxia

Any factors or conditions preventing adequate oxygen supply before, during delivery, and immediately after birth can cause birth asphyxia. Common causes of birth asphyxia may include (3):
  • Less oxygen in maternal blood before or during birth due to respiratory or heart problems
  • Early placental separation from the womb
  • Prolonged and difficult delivery
  • Umbilical cord problems such as umbilical cord compression during delivery
  • Severe maternal or neonatal infections
  • Increased or decreased blood pressure in mother
  • Underdeveloped or blocked airways in the baby
  • Heart or lung problems in the baby
  • Severe anemia or low blood cell count in the baby, limiting the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood
Lack of antenatal care, multiple births, home delivery, and poor nutrition status are maternal risk factors associated with birth asphyxia. Therefore, seek adequate prenatal care and plan home deliveries only under the supervision of an expert as recommended by your doctor.

Complications Of Birth Asphyxia

Low oxygen levels during birth can reduce heart rate, blood pressure, and blood flow from the heart, resulting in reduced circulation to organs and tissues. Birth asphyxia may lead to the development of the following complications in babies (4).
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Hearing impairment
  • Vision impairment
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Developmental delays
  • Motor impairments
  • Learning difficulties
If left untreated, birth asphyxia can be life-threatening since the newborn’s lungs may not deliver adequate oxygen to their brain and body.

Prevention Of Birth Asphyxia

Birth asphyxia is a complex problem that is difficult to predict or prevent at an early stage. Proper prenatal care and identification of risk factors may help to plan cesarean delivery to prevent complications in some cases.

Diagnosis Of Birth Asphyxia

Doctors can diagnose the presence of birth asphyxia by observing the signs and symptoms. pH levels of arterial blood from the umbilical cord, heart rate, and blood pressure help confirm the clinical diagnosis.The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) defines birth asphyxia in hospital-based settings based on three factors. This includes metabolic or mixed academia (pH less than 7) on umbilical cord arterial blood samples, Apgar scores less than three for more than five minutes and neurologic manifestations, and multiorgan dysfunction (1).The Apgar test is done at one minute and five minutes to help identify the newborn's wellbeing. Apgar test evaluates a newborn’s color, heart rate, muscle tone, reflexes, and respiration.

Treatment For Birth Asphyxia

Prompt medical care helps to minimize the effects of inadequate oxygen supply to the baby. Treatment options may vary depending on the age, health status, severity, and baby’s tolerance to medications. Babies with mild asphyxia may receive breathing support until they can breathe independently.The following treatments are often given for babies with severe birth asphyxia (2).
  • Ventilatory assistance: High-frequency ventilation, which sends small, quick puffs of air, is recommended for neonates since high pressure on regular ventilators may damage fragile newborn lungs.
  • Body cooling (hypothermia): Studies show that cooling a baby’s body to 33.5 degrees Celsius for 72 hours protects against brain injury during the second stage of asphyxia. This is best recommended for babies who are born at a minimum of 35 weeks of gestational age. Body cooling is usually started within six hours after birth in asphyxia cases.
  • Inhaled nitric oxide: Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in lungs) or respiratory failure in babies with asphyxia requires treatment with inhaled nitric oxide. This reaches blood vessels in the lung through airways and dilates (open) blood vessels.
  • Extracorporeal life support (ECLS): This is called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), required for babies with heart and lung failure. This machine supplies oxygen to the baby’s brain and the body and removes carbon dioxide.
Besides these treatments, medications to control seizures and blood pressure are given to babies. Most babies may require intravenous (IV) nutrition until they recover. Some babies may require dialysis to support kidney function. Doctors may choose treatment options based on symptoms and complications present.

Long-term Outlook Of Birth Asphyxia

The outcome may vary depending on the duration of birth asphyxia, the oxygen levels, and the type of treatment required. Babies with mild birth asphyxia may completely recover without complications.Babies who receive early treatment may not develop severe long-term problems. However, babies who are oxygen-deprived for a longer time may develop permanent organ damage. Organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys, lungs, and bowels are often affected. Premature babies have a higher risk of developing permanent organ damages from birth asphyxia than full-term babies.Although birth asphyxia cannot be prevented in many cases, early medical care helps to prevent complications. Adequate prenatal care and nutrition during pregnancy can be beneficial. You may do the follow-up visit as recommended by the pediatrician if the baby has birth asphyxia. This may help to identify and manage any complications in the early stages.

References:

[post_title] => Birth Asphyxia: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => birth-asphyxia-symptoms-causes-treatment [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-26 13:49:23 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-26 08:19:23 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=766028 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[28] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 765947 [post_author] => 313645 [post_date] => 2021-08-26 12:50:08 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-26 07:20:08 [post_content] => [caption id="attachment_765997" align="alignnone" width="720"]Fourth Month Shots For A Baby: What Are They And Their Common Reactions Image: iStock[/caption][mj-toc]Most babies receive the second dose of the two-month vaccines during the four-month visit. In addition, doctors may suggest meningococcal vaccines for babies who are at risk. Although most babies have already received the first dose of most four-month vaccines, the second dose is necessary to build stronger immunity.The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend giving vaccinations to babies as per schedule. Delaying or not giving vaccinations does not provide appropriate protection against vaccine-preventable diseases. Read this post to know about the four-month vaccines.

Which Immunization Shots Do Four-Month-Olds Get?

According to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and approved by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), second dose of the following vaccines are included in the immunization schedule of a four-month-old baby (1).

1. DTaP vaccine

DTaP vaccine is given to prevent diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough) in babies. This is the newer version of the DTP vaccine with fewer side effects and more safety. DTaP vaccine contains acellular pertussis antigen (parts of pertussis bacteria) with tetanus and diphtheria toxoids (a modified toxin that is no longer toxic). The older DTP vaccines contained whole-cell pertussis and often caused severe immune reactions, and the vaccine is no longer recommended in many countries.Toxins of Corynebacterium diphtheriae cause diphtheria. These bacteria can spread through air or direct contact and cause symptoms such as sore throat, mild fever, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, and weakness. Diphtheria may result in heart failure, coma, paralysis, or death in babies.Clostridium tetani bacteria cause tetanus. These bacteria can enter the body through skin cuts, and their toxins cause painful muscle spasms. Stiffness in abdominal and neck muscles, swallowing problems, and fever are common symptoms of tetanus. Muscle spasms can lead to severe breathing trouble, broken bones, and death in babies.Pertussis or whooping cough is a highly contagious respiratory disease spread from air and direct contact. A runny nose and severe cough with a pause in breathing (apnea) are the signs of pertussis infection. This may lead to severe pneumonia and death in babies.

2. Hib vaccine

Hib vaccine prevents Haemophilus influenzae type b disease in infants. Hib bacteria can spread through air or direct contact and do not cause symptoms unless they enter the bloodstream. This may cause meningitis, pneumonia, epiglottis, and death in babies.Hib infection may also contribute to intellectual disability in the future. In many cases, epiglottitis may result in life-threatening complications such as windpipe obstruction and severe breathing troubles.

3. IPV vaccine

IPV or inactivated polio vaccine prevents polio or poliomyelitis in babies. Polio can spread from an infected person to others through the air, direct contact, or through the mouth (fecal-oral route). The infection may often go unnoticed since many can be asymptomatic or may have a fever and sore throat. Polio may cause permanent paralysis and death in unvaccinated people.

4. RV vaccine

RV or rotavirus vaccine prevents rotavirus diseases. Rotavirus is spread from the mouth (fecal-oral route) and often causes diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. Severe diarrhea and dehydration can be life-threatening to infants and young children.

5. PCV13 vaccine

PCV13 or pneumococcal conjugate vaccine protects against pneumococcal disease caused by 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria. These bacteria can spread from air or direct contact and often causes no symptoms or pneumonia (lung infection) in babies. Complications of pneumococcal diseases, such as meningitis and blood infection (bacteremia), can be life-threatening in infants.Combination vaccines that contain more than one vaccine in a single shot are available in most countries. This reduces the number of shots and reactions in many babies. Common combination vaccines for the fourth month may include Kinrix with DTaP and IPV combination and Pentacel with DTaP, IPV, and Hib combinations. You may speak to your baby’s pediatrician to learn about the various combination vaccines available in your country or region.

Who Gets The Meningococcal Vaccine At Four Months Of Age?

The second dose of the meningococcal vaccine is given at four months to babies noted to fulfill the following special conditions (2).
  • Functional or anatomic asplenia such as sickle cell anemia
  • Use of complement inhibitor medications, such as bevacizumab or eculizumab
  • Persistent complement component deficiency
Meningococcal vaccines prevent meningococcal disease caused by Neisseia meningitidis bacteria. Babies may get MenB vaccines or serogroup B meningococcal vaccines, such as Bexsero and Trumenba.

Why Are Second Doses Of Some Vaccines Needed?

The number of doses of the particular vaccine depends on the following factors (3) (4).
  • Type of vaccine: Vaccines made from weakened viruses known as live attenuated vaccines provide immunity by reproducing at low levels in the body. Therefore, attenuated vaccines can create strong immune responses in fewer doses. In comparison, vaccines made from toxoids (inactive bacterial toxins) or some proteins may require more amounts to develop adequate immunity.
  • Immune system response: Some vaccines, such as inactivated vaccines, may not give as much immunity with the first dose, and second or more doses are required to build complete immunity. For example, a single dose of the Hib vaccine does not completely protect the baby. In addition, immune responses may fade or weaken over time in some vaccines. In such cases, a booster dose of vaccine is needed to ensure maximum immunity or protection against the disease.
  • Disease burden in the community: The amount of viral or bacterial diseases spreading in a community is directly related to how many people are susceptible (likely to get the disease). Usually, when all people are vaccinated, the amount of disease spreading in the community is less. So, an additional dose of vaccine is required to maintain immunity since the illness may appear less frequently. Thus, sometimes, additional booster doses of vaccine may be given during the outbreak to enhance immunity.
Partial vaccination does not provide complete immunity. Therefore, experts recommend giving all doses and booster doses of vaccines as per schedule to protect your baby from vaccine-preventable diseases.

What Are The Common Immune Reactions Of Four-Month Shots?

Immune reactions mean that the vaccines are working and the body is producing antibodies against the disease. Vaccines can cause temporary injection site reactions such as swelling, pain, and redness and general reactions such as fussiness and fever in most babies.Most four-month vaccines do not cause any severe side effects or reactions in babies. Local (shot site) immunization reactions of most four-month vaccines start within 24 hours of the shot and often last up to three to five days. DTaP vaccine may cause local reactions up to seven days in some babies. Vaccine-related fever may last up to one or two days in most cases.In rare cases, babies may experience severe reactions, such as rotavirus vaccine may cause intussusception in some cases (5). Some babies may develop severe allergic reactions called anaphylaxis within 20 minutes or up to two hours after the vaccination. Therefore, parents are advised to wait for 30 minutes after vaccinations since vaccine administrators are trained to handle such situations and treat anaphylaxis immediately.

When To See A Pediatrician?

You may contact the pediatrician if you think that your baby requires emergency help for immune reactions. Seek help from a pediatrician if your baby has any of the following problems after immunization (5).
  • Breathing trouble
  • Swallowing problems
  • Weakness
  • Not moving or responding
  • Unable to wake up
  • Persistent crying lasting several hours
  • High-pitched crying for more than an hour
  • Severe crying and vomiting after rotavirus vaccine
  • Fever over 40°C (104°F)
  • Increase in redness and swelling at the injection site
It is not recommended to give fever medications to babies before being examined. You may seek pediatric help to manage fever in babies.

Are There Any Reasons Not To Get Four-Month Shots?

Vaccines are not administered if any contraindications are present. Contraindications are health conditions in the baby that increase the chance of severe adverse reactions to a vaccine. Four-month vaccines and other vaccines are not given if any of the following permanent contraindications are present (6).
  • Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction to a vaccine component. All vaccines containing the same component and the subsequent doses of the same vaccine are not given to babies with known anaphylaxis.
  • History of intussusception is contraindication to administer rotavirus vaccine.
  • Encephalopathy occurring within seven days of pertussis vaccine with no other identifiable cause is a contraindication to give a subsequent dose of pertussis-containing vaccine.
  • SCID (severe combined immunodeficiency) is a contraindication to give a rotavirus vaccine.
These four conditions are the only permanent contraindications to vaccination. Immunosuppression is a temporary contraindication to immunization with live vaccines.Four-month vaccines can be deferred or delayed for some babies due to precautions. These are health conditions that may increase the chance of an adverse reaction, cause diagnostic confusion, or compromise the ability of vaccines to produce a desired immune response. If precautions are present, pediatricians may decide whether to vaccinate or not based on the risks and benefits of the vaccine.Permanent precautions to four-month vaccines may include (6):
  • Spina bifida, altered immunocompetence other than SCID, bladder exstrophy (birth defect with bladder developed outside), and chronic gastrointestinal diseases are precautions to administer rotavirus vaccine.
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) happens six weeks or less after a previous tetanus immunization or other tetanus toxoid-containing vaccines.
Temporary precautions to four-month vaccines and other vaccines may include (6):
  • Severe or moderate acute illness.
  • Progressive neurologic disorders such as uncontrolled epilepsy, infantile spasms, and progressive encephalopathy.
  • Arthus-type hypersensitivity reaction to two-month (or previous dose) of diphtheria toxoid or tetanus toxoid vaccine.
The risk-benefit decision is taken if precautions are present. For example, family history of adverse reactions unrelated to SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), immunosuppression, or seizures is not contraindicated for four-month vaccines.The following conditions are often misinterpreted as contraindications or precautions (invalid contraindications or precautions to vaccination) to four-month and other childhood vaccines (6).
  • Mild illness such as low-grade fever, mild diarrhea, cold, other upper respiratory tract infections, or otitis media (ear infection).
  • Allergies to the products in vaccines those are not anaphylactic.
  • Allergies to products not present in the vaccine.
  • Antimicrobial therapy does not influence the immune response to vaccines. Antivirals may need precaution in some vaccines, but they do not interfere with four-month vaccines.
  • Household contact with immunosuppressed persons, pregnant, or breastfeeding mothers.
  • Preterm birth is not a contraindication to vaccination. Preemies are vaccinated based on their chronological age.
  • The use of aerosolized steroids for asthma is not a contraindication to vaccines.
You may talk to the pediatrician to know when your baby can get the delayed dose of four-month vaccines if any of them are postponed due to temporary contraindications or precautions.

What Else Should You Expect At A Four-Month Infant Appointment?

The pediatrician may weigh your baby and measure their length during the four-month checkup to ensure their growth. They may also look for other age-appropriate developments and reflexes in your baby. Doctors may evaluate and ask a few questions to understand the baby's development. The following signs of development are usually assessed during the four-month infant visit.
  • Making sounds and laughing
  • Responding to caregivers or parents voices
  • Smiling
  • Trying to grab things
  • Making eye contact
  • Sucking hands or fingers
  • Copying facial expressions
  • Holding up head
  • Trying to roll over
  • Turning head towards parent or caregiver
  • Pushing up while lying on their tummy
  • Feeding and diaper change frequency
These factors may help the doctor understand whether your baby is reaching their four-month milestones or not. They may also ask about your travel plans and childcare centers to suggest the best ways to keep your little one healthy.Vaccines help to protect babies against many dangerous diseases. Immune reactions are an indication that the vaccine is doing its work in the baby’s body. Most vaccine reactions, such as pain, swelling, and fever, go away within a short time, while not vaccinating can increase the chances of getting diseases that cause permanent disabilities or death. Never delay vaccinating your baby, and stick to the recommended schedule. You may ask the pediatrician if you have any doubts regarding vaccines' efficacy and safety of childhood vaccines in general.

References:

1. 2021 Recommended Vaccinations for Infants and Children (birth through 6 years) Parent-Friendly Version; The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2. Immunization Schedules; The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 3. Vaccine Safety: Dosing Safety; Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia 4. Understanding How Vaccines Work; The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 5. Immunization Reactions; Seattle Children’s Hospital 6. General Recommendations on Immunization; Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases
[post_title] => Fourth Month Shots For A Baby: What Are They And Their Common Reactions [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => 4-month-vaccination-shots-side-effects-reactions [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-26 13:13:02 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-26 07:43:02 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=765947 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )[29] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 765728 [post_author] => 313645 [post_date] => 2021-08-26 09:56:58 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-08-26 04:26:58 [post_content] => Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment[mj-toc]Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a genetic disorder causing overgrowth in babies and children. The congenital condition, affecting about one in 15,000 births, can be recognized at birth since the baby will be born with several features of BWS. However, some babies may only have a single feature of the condition, such as an enlarged limb called hemihypertrophy or hemihyperplasia.Although some babies may inherit this condition from their parents, most of them have new genetic abnormalities causing BWS. Cancer surveillance in early childhood and appropriate treatment can help the baby grow without complications.Read this post to know about the signs, causes, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) in babies.

Signs And Symptoms Of BWS In Babies

The physical features of Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome are part of the 11p overgrowth or 11p overgrowth spectrum. 11p overgrowth includes overgrowth and other features associated with genetic changes at the 11p region of chromosome 11. These features may include (1):
  • Macrosomia is increased birth weight and length
  • Hemihypertrophy or hemihyperplasia is an overgrowth of one side or part of the body
  • Macroglossia is an enlarged tongue
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) or prolonged hypoglycemia during the newborn period due to hyperinsulinism (increased insulin levels)
  • Enlarged abdominal organs such as the liver, pancreas, and kidneys
  • Abdominal wall defects such as omphalocele or umbilical hernia where abdominal organs protrude outside the abdominal cavity
  • Creases and pits on the earlobe or behind the ear

Causes Of BWS In Babies

Several genetic factors are known to cause Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. Changes in gene expression of one or more genes on 11p15 regions on chromosome 11 can cause BWS. In some cases, BWS can be due to mutations of the CDKN1C gene on chromosome 11 (2).BWS can be of two types depending on the cause (3).
  • Sporadic Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and hemihypertrophy account for 85% of cases. These genetic changes occur sporadically without any inheritance. This can be due to improper inactivation of growth-suppressing genes or overexpression of genes encouraging growth. Sporadic BWS occurs without a family history, and there is no risk of having another child with the same condition.
  • Inherited Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome or isolated hemihypertrophy accounts for 10 to 15% of cases. Since it is hereditary, it is passed from parents to their children. There is a 50% chance of an affected parent passing this genetic abnormality to a child. Most hereditary cases are associated with CDKN1C mutation on chromosome 11. This condition can be passed to the next generation, and there is an increased risk of having another child with the syndrome.
The genetic changes may occur only in some cells, resulting in mosaicism. It means that some parts of the body have normal cells with normal gene expression on chromosome 11. This heterogeneity of gene expression is responsible for clinical features called 11p overgrowth.

Diagnosis Of BWS In Babies

BWS can be diagnosed clinically by observing the physical features. However, genetic testing is often ordered to confirm the diagnosis since this can explain the cause.Babies with hemihypertrophy require evaluation from geneticists since this can also be seen as an isolated anomaly or with BWS. Blood samples or tissue samples are collected for genetic testing.

Cancer Risks And Screening In BWS

Babies with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and isolated hemihypertrophy may have an increased risk of developing certain childhood cancers. Approximately 5-10 percent cancer risk is estimated in children with BWS, but this may vary depending on the cause of BWS (3).The following cancers are often associated with BWS in babies (3).
  • Wilms tumor is kidney cancer, most commonly seen in BWS. Nearly 95% of Wilms tumors occur in babies with BWS before age seven.
  • Hepatoblastoma is liver cancer and the second most common type of cancer associated with BWS or isolated hemihypertrophy. This cancer is usually present by two years of age.
  • Other rare childhood cancers such as neuroblastoma (affect nerve cells), rhabdomyosarcoma (involves soft tissue such as skeletal muscle tissue), and adrenocortical carcinoma (affects the outer layer of adrenal glands) can also be associated with BWS.
Regular screening is recommended for babies with BWS until teenage to detect cancers as early as possible. The prognosis depends on the cancer spread since early detection and treatment can improve outcomes. Early detection may also reduce the need for chemotherapy and radiotherapy or may require low-dose therapies.The following screening tests are usually recommended for babies with BWS.
  • Abdominal ultrasound every three months until seven years of age. Images of the liver, kidneys, and other abdominal organs are obtained until four years since the risk for liver cancer declines beyond this age. The renal and adrenal glands ultrasound is obtained until seven years of age.
  • Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels in the blood are screened every three months until four years of age. This protein is released by immature or damaged liver cells, and higher levels indicate a risk of hepatoblastoma. AFP can be normally high in the newborn period, and it may decline later.
Babies with clinical features of BWS and negative genetic test results may also receive similar cancer surveillance and medical management as babies with positive genetic tests results.

Treatment For BWS In Babies

There is no cure for BWS in babies. The existing measures focus on treating symptoms and surgical correction of physical features. The following treatments are given according to the physical features of BWS in babies (4).
  • Abdominal wall repair for umbilical hernia is usually done soon after birth.
  • Hypoglycemia treatment and monitoring of glucose levels every six hours is done for the first few days of life.
  • Pancreatectomy (surgical removal of the pancreas) may be considered if there is severe hypoglycemia.
  • Maxillofacial surgery may be required to treat macroglossia. Speech-language therapists may be involved in the care of macroglossia since this may often cause feeding and speech difficulties and drooling.
  • Orthopedic surgeries to correct the leg lengths are done in later years if one leg is larger than the other. Special orthopedic shoes with adjusted heels are recommended until surgical repairs.
Doctors may give future follow-up plans with various medical specialists such as endocrinologists, orthopedists, plastic surgeons, and oncologists to evaluate and treat possible complications of BWS.

Outlook Of BWS

Most babies with BWS and isolated hemihypertrophy may grow up normally. Physical features may become less noticeable when the child grows and could often be corrected with subsequent surgeries. They may appear larger than their peers in early childhood, but their growth declines gradually.Most babies with BWS tend to have normal growth and reduced cancer risk by adolescence. Most grow up to be adults with above-average height and normal intelligence and lifespan. BWS does not interfere with reproduction in the future.BWS in babies may require long-term follow-up care as recommended by the healthcare provider. Adequate care helps to identify and treat cancers in the early stages. Genetic counseling helps the parents understand the chances of having a second child with BWS. You may ask the pediatrician to know better healthcare plans and programs to facilitate and finance the various treatments required for BWS care.

References:

1. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome; National Institutes of Health (NIH) 2. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome; Cancer.Net 3. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome; Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia 4. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome; UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital
[post_title] => Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome-bws-symptoms-causes-treatment [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2021-08-26 09:56:58 [post_modified_gmt] => 2021-08-26 04:26:58 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://www.momjunction.com/?p=765728 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => post [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ))[post_count] => 30 [current_post] => -1 [in_the_loop] => [post] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 771366 [post_author] => 309431 [post_date] => 2021-09-21 12:08:17 [post_date_gmt] => 2021-09-21 06:38:17 [post_content] => Common Last Names That Start With M[mj-toc]Surnames originated when it was difficult to identify or differentiate people only by their first names. They represented families and lineages. Surnames were based on family businesses, occupations, faith, geographical locations, topographic areas, and cultures. The last names are passed on down through generations only for the convenience of memory and pronunciation.This post brings you some common last names that start with M from around the world.

Common Last Names Starting With M, In Different Origins

Italian Last Names That Start With M

1. Macri

A name of Greek origin, Macri, is the noun version of the adjective "makròs," which represents a massive person.

2. Macaluso

This Arabic derived Italian name means liberated.

3. Macchia

This Italian topographic name means thicket or scrub.

4. Macina

This Italian surname means millstone.

5. Maggio

The famous Italian surname Maggio comes from the same Italian word that denotes the month of May.

6. Maiorani

The roots of this name link back to Marogani, a French family who moved to Italy in the 16th century.

7. Malatesta

Malatesta is a combination of two words. “Mala” means bad and “testa” means character. The word is also Italian slang for a stubborn person.

8. Mammarella

Italians have strong family ties, and this surname is a derivation of the word “mamma,” meaning mother. Carlo Mammarella is a famous Italian footballer.

9. Mancini

A surname of Italian origin and popular in Italy, Mancini is derived from the adjective Mancino. It refers to a left-handed

10. Manzi

With Latin roots, the surname Manzi is derived from the first name Mantius. It is also derived from the Italian word Manzo, which means ‘steer’. Manzi is an occupational name for one who raised steers.

11. Mariani

A derivative of the Latin nickname "Marianus," Mariani is Mariano’s plural or patronymic version.

12. Massarini

Massarini is a descriptive Italian surname that comes from the word "massaro." It refers to a person who is the owner of lands.

13. Morgante

With Old Italian roots, Morgante was a giant in a poem-novel by Italian author Luigi Pulci. The surname is based on the character of Morgante. According to Old French, Morgant is also an adjective, meaning proud or scornful.Check out more Italian names

American Last Names That Start With M

14. Mabins

Mabins is the last name of English origin. It finds roots in the Welsh name Mabon, which refers to a child. This name is also considered a variant of the Scottish name Maben.

15. Macall

Also spelled as McCall, this surname of Scottish and Irish origin comes from a Gaelic word that refers to "the battle chief’s son." Carl McCall was a famous U.S. politician born in 1935.

16. MacNeil

MacNeil is a surname of European origin. It is a derivative of the personal name Niall, which denotes a champion.

17. Maddison

Mathieson is the source of the last name Maddison, a name with English roots. It refers to Matthew’s son.

18. Malcolm

The Old Gaelic word "Mael Coluimb" finds its anglicized version in the surname Malcolm. This name is of European origin.

19. Marshall

With Scottish and English roots, this popular occupational last name belongs to medieval times. It refers to a man who takes care of horses.

20. Martin

Martin is a name of European roots. The names found prominence in the fourth century with a famous saint called Martin of Tours.

21. McDonald

The anglicized version of the Gaelic name Mac Dhamhnuill, McDonald is a popular last name of Scottish origin.

22. Morgan

Morgan is a surname of Old Welsh origin and a derivative of the personal name ‘Morcant.’

23. Murphy

A family name of European origin, Murphy refers to “Murchadh’s descendant.”Check out more American names

Scottish Last Names Starting With M

24. Maack

Obtained from the given name Mack, the surname Maack means “charming” or “delightful” in Scottish and refers to the “greatest” in Latin.

25. Macmaster

Macmaster is a Scottish surname, which means son of a master.

26. Maguire

With probable roots in Scotland and Ireland, this last name is an Anglicized version of the Gaelic word ‘Mag Uidhir,’ meaning “Odhar’s son.” Maguire means “sallow.”

27. Macfee

Macfee is a Scottish name, which means charming.

28. McAllister

McAllister is a surname from Ireland and Scotland. It finds its roots in the Gaelic given name Mac Alasdair. It refers to Alasdair’s son.

29. McCartney

From Northern Ireland and the Scottish Galloway, the surname McCartney is an Anglicized variant of the Gaelic name Mac Artaine, which means “Artan’s son.”

30. McKenzie

Mackenzie is a family name of Scottish origin. It is an Anglicized variant of the Gaelic name Mac Coinnich, a patronymic version of Coinneach denoting someone handsome.

31. McPhail

The surname with roots in Scotland remains popular to date. It is a derivative of the personal given name Paul.

32. Melvin

Melvin is the Scottish variant of Melville or of the French last name de Maleuin or Melwin. It is an Anglicized form of a Gaelic word, meaning ‘gentle chieftain.’

33. Miller

The occupational name finds its emergence in English and Scottish culture. The name represents a miller or one who works at the mill or takes care of a mill.

34. Munroe

A variant of Monroe, Munroe is an Irish and Scottish surname. It is derived from the Gaelic name Rothach, which refers to a man from River Roe.

35. Murray

One of the common Scottish surnames, Murray means, “settlements in the sea.”Check out more Scottish Names

Spanish Last Names Starting With M

36. Madrigal

The Spanish habitational surname is a derivative of the Late Latin word matricale ‘matrix’ referring to a womb or a river bed.

37. Maese

Maese is a Dutch patronymic name derived from the Spanish word ‘maes.’ It refers to a maestro or master, a teacher.

38. Magallanes

A habitational name from a Spanish village by the name of Magaláns, Magallanes is a common surname.

39. Majano

Majano means a ‘heap of stones’ usually used as a boundary. This Spanish topographic last could also be a habitational name from a town called Majano in the province of Toledo.

40. Marcos

This personal name has been adapted into a popular surname. It has multiple meanings, including warring, a defender, and a hammer.

41. Medina

Medina is a Spanish habitational name about multiple places. The Arabic holy city of Medina is one such place. The surname is also used by Sephardic Jews.

42. Mesa

This Spanish family name is a habitational name from southern Spain. The city of La Mesa gets its name from the Latin word mensa, meaning ‘table-top' as in the topographical feature.

43. Milian

Milian is a popular surname used by the Polish and Spanish. It is extracted from the Latin given name Aemilianus or Roman aemulus, meaning enemy or rival.

44. Monroy

The Spanish habitational family name represents people from Monroy, a town in the province of Cáceres. Monroy refers to the ‘red mountain.’

45. Murga

Murga is a place in the Navarre province of Spain. This habitational name also finds its roots in the Romanian word Murgã and the Greek word Mourgas.Check out more Spanish Names

French Last Names Starting With M

46. Mabbit

Mabbit is a French name that means lovable.

47. Mabee

Mabee is derived from the French name Amable or Mable, which means lovingly or lovable person.

48. Maben

This name is popular among the Celtic tribe, which means “great son.”

49. Macadam

Macadam refers to Adam’s son. Adam or Adam Macgregor is the grandson of Gregor Macgregor, the chief of the Gregor clan.

50. Mador

A surname common amongst the French, Mador or Madore, is a shortened form of Amadour. Amadour is a given name derived from the Latin word Amator, denoting a lover.

51. Marseille

A geographical or habitational surname, the surname Marseille is also the name of a French city. These names are based on a person’s residence.

52. Martin

Martin is a patronymic surname after the French Saint Martin of Tours. This was one of the most popular French family names between 1891 and 1990.

53. Meaux

This French habitational name is derived from Seine-et-Marne, which got its name from the Gaulish tribe Meldi or from a town in the Rhône called Meaux-la-Montagne.

54. Melin

A common French name, Melin, is a nickname for the French name Amelin. It could also be a habitational name from places in Côte d’Or and Haute-Saône, where Melin comes from ‘mill’ or the Latin word molinum.

55. Michelin

Michelin is a popular French surname. According to Hebrew literature, Michael denotes one who is Godly or like God.

56. Monet

A nickname for the personal name Simon, Monet is a popular French surname. It could also be a shorter form of any name ending with ‘mon’ like Aymon.

57. Moranville

Moranveille is a place in the Meuse and this habitational surname originates from there. This French last name could also be a combination of the personal name Morand and the Latin word ‘villa’ meaning estate.

58. Moris

Moris or Morris is a common English, Scottish, and Welsh surname. It has many variations in Dutch and German. In France, Moris is a variation of Maurice, which means ‘dark-skinned’ in Latin.Check out more French Names

Irish Last Names Starting With M

59. MacCarthy

A surname of Gaelic origin, history traces back MacCarthy to a Gaelic Irish ruling clan during the Middle Ages. Florence MacCarthy was a famous Irish prince from the 16th century.

60. MacCleary

The French last name MacCleary finds its roots in the Gaelic term Mac Cléirigh, which refers to the priest’s son.

61. MacCoy

MacCoy is a French surname, a combination of Scottish, Irish, and Manx terms. The name also finds Gaelic links with a Celtic pagan God called Mac Aodha, which referred to the “fire’s son.”

62. Maccarone

Maccarone is an Irish derived surname which is an occupational surname for pasta makers

63. Mahony

This family name originates from Mathghamhan, who was the son of a prince in the 10th century. The word means “bear” and is found exclusively in West Munster.

64. Malone

Malone is a surname of Irish origin. The name is derived from the term Maoileoin, which denotes “St. John’s servant.” Bernie Malone was a famous Irish Labour Party lady politician.

65. Marcott

Marcott is the French variant of Marcotte. It is a metronymic occupational surname of “one who grows vines.” The Old French word marcotte refers to a layer formed by a vine shoot.

66. Monaghan

A common surname beginning with the letter ‘M’, Monaghan is extracted from Manacháin meaning “monk.”

67. Mooney

Mooney means wealthy. It is derived from the Irish word Maonaigh, which also refers to someone who can't speak.

68. Moriarty

Moriarty is an Anglicized version of the Gaelic term Ó Muircheartaigh. It comprises two elements, muir meaning sea and ceadach meaning skilled. Moriarty, therefore, refers to a “skilled navigator.”

69. Mulhall

The last name Mulhall is indicative of the descendant of St. Cathal’s follower, Maolchathail. The name denotes a “devotee of Saint Cathal.”Check out more Irish Names

Hispanic Last Names That Start With M

70. Martinez

Martinez is a patronymic surname and refers to “Martin’s son.” It is a derivative of the Latin name Martinus, referring to the Roman god Mars, the protection war God.

71. Moreno

Although the origin of the word is unclear, it may have come from the Late Latin term maurinus meaning “moor.”

72. Munoz

A patronymic last name, Munoz, represents the "son of Muño." The term also means a “hill.” Muñoz is the 40th most popular Hispanic surname.

73. Mendez

It refers to a descendant or son of Mendo or Mendel. The medieval surname Menendo is a derivative of the Visigothic name Hermenegildo, meaning "total sacrifice."

74. Maldonado

The term ‘mal’ means bad. Maldonado comes from the Spanish term mal donado, and the combination means ill-favored, badly bestowed, or given.

75. Mejia

This surname, with Spanish roots dates back to the 1500s. It comes from the Hebrew term messiah, which is a vernacular form of the Latin term Messias.

76. Melendez

This Spanish-Basque last name is commonly spelled as Melendez in the Puerto Rican community of The United States.

77. Meza

A toponymic last name derived from old Spanish, Meza refers to a tabletop or plateau.

78. Molina

Molina is an occupational last name originating in Spain. The term in Latin means “mill” and is derived from the Latin term mola meaning “millstone.”

79. Mora

A surname of Ancient Roman-Latin origin, the Portuguese and Spanish name can be a pet name for Morales, Morais, or Maurier. Mora means ‘blackberry' and was initially believed to be an occupational surname for people who farmed blackberries.

German Last Names Starting With M

80. Maag

With Dutch and German heritage, the surname Maag comes from the Middle German word ‘Mac’ and the Middle Dutch term ‘Mage.’ Maag refers to a ‘kinsman’ or ‘relative.’

81. Mais

A derivative of the German term Maiss, Mais is a topographic surname, meaning a “land clearing.” The name first surfaced in the Rhineland. It also means “May” and could have been borne by someone born in May or someone fond of spring.

82. Maltsberger

This German habitational surname is derived from a place by the name of Maltsberg. Johann Maltsberger emigrated from Germany to TN in the early 19th century, thus, spreading the name beyond his country.

83. Markus

A surname with Latin roots, Markus has multiple meanings including defender, warlike, and even denotes a hammer. Markus also refers to the descendant of Mark, which refers to someone belonging to Mars, the God of war.

84. Mauer

A common German last name, Mauer, is a variant of Maurer. According to German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) literature, Mauer means ‘wall.’ This name could be topographic, denoting a person who lived by a wall or occupational for a builder of walls.

85. Meinberg

The German Habitational surname Meinberg comes from a place by the same name in Westphalia.

86. Meyer

Also spelled as Meier, Meyer is an occupational surname. Initially, it referred to a landlord of a manor, but later it was used for a self-employed farmer.

87. Milch

The popular German surname is a metonymic occupational name. Milch denotes a milk seller. The name is derived from the Middle High German word ‘milich’ meaning milk.

88. Moser

A topographic name from South Germany, Moser refers to a person who resided near a peat bog. According to North German, this is a metonymic occupational surname for a vegetable vendor. Moser could also be a habitational name from a place with the word ‘mos.’

89. Müller/ Möller

A surname of occupational relevance, Müller refers to a miller or one who works in a mill. This is the most common German last name.Check out more German Name

Greek Last Names Starting With M

90. Makris

A popular name in ancient Greek, Makris is a pet name for the Greek term ‘makros,’ which means “tall” or “long.”

91. Mallas

A Greek occupational surname, Mallas, means “trowel.” The name denoted someone who lays bricks for a living.

92. Mandrapilias

The family name Mandrapilias is commonly found in the Spartan region of Greece. The name is derived from a term that refers to a wall made of stone.

93. Manikas

A derivation of the Greek term ‘maniki’ meaning sleeve or handle, Manikas is an occupational surname borne by people who craft handles.

94. Markopoulos

A derivation of the name ‘Markus,’ this Greek last name refers to “Mark’s son.” This ancient surname means “blessed by God Mars,” who was the War-God.

95. Mavros

The Greek last name Mavros describes a person of dark complexion or ‘black.’ This descriptive surname is also used as a prefix for given names.

96. Matraxia

Matraxia is a popular Sicilian surname with Greek roots. Probably a geographical name from Mathraki, the Dorian Island, which Dorians left to create the famous Magna Graecia.

97. Metaxas

A common amongst Greek surnames starting with ‘M,’ Metaxas is acquired from the Greek term metaxi, which means ‘silk’ or refers to a person who works with silk.

98. Mikos

This Greek last name is believed to be a shortened form of Demetrios. The name is the Greek equivalent of Nicholas. The Greeks consider Mikos to be a descendant of Michos or Michael, who they worship like a God.

99. Moralis

The Greek surname Moralis finds roots in the Spanish last name ‘Morales.’ This name is a derivation of the Spanish word ‘moreras,’ denoting ‘mulberry trees.’Check out more Greek Name

Polish Last Names Beginning With M

100. Macak

A Polish patronymic surname, Macak, is a shortened form of the given name Maciej, which is the Polish equivalent of Mathew. Mathew in Hebrew refers to a gift from God.

101. Mace

This Polish surname means bitterness of the sea.

102. Maleski

This habitational Polish surname denotes people from places like Malesze in Białystok voivodeship or Malesin in Skierniewice voivodeship.

103. Mazurek

One of the most popular last names in Poland, Mazurek, is of Polish and Ukrainian descent. It is diminutive of the given name Mazur meaning “rustic.” It is a regional name for a person belonging to the Masovia or Mazowsze province, including modern Masuria.

104. Mieczysław

Mieczysław is a modern version of the Old Polish surname Miecisław, derived from mietać. The term means 'to throw.'

105. Mielcarek

The common Polish last name is a diminutive of the Polish term mielcarz, which means ‘maltster.’ The name is an equivalent of the Jewish and German occupational surname Meltzer, referring to a maltster or one who brews malts.

106. Mieszko

Mieszko is a popular historical surname belonging to the first ruler of Poland. Though it is becoming rare with time, it is often used as a given name. The surname is believed to be a derivative of Miecisław.

107. Mirosław

One of the oldest Polish family names, Miroslaw is a word formed in combination of two productive Polish Slavic name lexemes in reverse order. The reconstruction refers to “one who worships peace” and “one who becomes famous by establishing peace and order.”

108. Mleczko

A derivative of mleko meaning ‘milk,’ the Polish surname Mleczko is an occupational name denoting a milkman.

109. Mosakowski

A habitational surname, Mosakowski, refers to a person belonging to a town called Mosaki in Ciechanów voivodeship. It is an extension of the given name Mosak, a nickname for many names beginning with Mo.

110. Motyka

Motyka is a surname of Polish, Slovak, and Ukrainian popularity. The term refers to a “hoe.” It speaks of a person who often takes off on a wild goose chase. A famous bearer of this surname is the Polish historian Grzegorz Motyka born in 1967.Check out more Polish Names

Portuguese Last Names Starting With M

111. Machado

A family name of Spanish and Portuguese origin, Machado means ‘hatchet’ or ‘axe.’ The name dates back to 2nd Century Europe and is commonly found in Spain, Portugal, Latin America, Brazil, and parts of India due to Portuguese colonization.

112. Mascarenhas

A popular surname to date, Mascarenhas is a habitational family name with roots in the civil parish of Mascarenhas in Mirandela, Portugal. Pedro Mascarenhas was a famous Portuguese colonial administrator and explorer.

113. Matos

Also spelled as Mattos or prefixed as de Matos, this is a famous Portuguese and Sephardic surname. Matoš is also a popular Croatian surname. The toponymic name gets its fame from the region Lamego in Portugal. In Hebrew, the term means “tribe” or “wooden sticks.”

114. Mello

Originating from Italy, this Portuguese surname is also popular in Brazil. A famous bearer of this surname is the Portuguese author Dom Francisco Manuel de Mello.

115. Mesquita

Mesquita is a Galician and Portuguese last name that means “mosque.”  The Portuguese writer Raul Mesquita is a well-known bearer of this surname.

116. Miranda

Miranda refers to someone who is “admirable.” This surname finds its roots in many countries, including Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, Italy, and in languages such as Sephardic Jewish and Maltese.

117. Modesto

Originating in Latin Europe, the surname Modesto is commonly found in Spain, Portugal, and Italy. The term means modest, humble, or virtuous.

118. Moleiro

This occupational surname refers to a “miller”. Moleiro is a name of Galician and Portuguese origin and popularity.

119. Mota

Mota is a topographic surname of Portuguese and Spanish origin. It represents a person who resided near a fortified castle.

120. Munhoz

According to the Portuguese language, the surname Munhoz originated from Spanish and is a variant of the Spanish word Muñoz.Check Out more Portuguese NamesSurnames are an identity of families, heritage, and lineage. Originating from ancient times, these surnames can help you find your roots from around the world. A thorough study from our end brings you the most common last names that start with M with meanings.

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